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Lobbying webinar for habitat april 2016

This is to help stakeholders understand Habitat III and how to engage in the negotiations

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Lobbying webinar for habitat april 2016

  1. 1. Lobbying and Advocacy for Habitat IIIWebinar: Subtitle
  2. 2. Felix Dodds • Felix Dodds is a Senior Fellow at the Global Research Institute and a Senior Affiliate of the Water Institute at the University of North Carolina and an Associate Fellow at the Tellus Institute. • He was the co-director of the 2014 Nexus Conference on Water, Food, Energy and Climate. • Felix was the Executive Director of Stakeholder Forum for a Sustainable Future from 1992-2012. • He has been active at the UN since 1990 attending and actively participating in the World Summits, Conferences and has advised the Danish and UK Governments and the European Union • In 2011 he chaired the United Nations DPI 64th NGO conference - 'Sustainable Societies Responsive Citizens'. • From 1997-2001 he co-chaired the UN Commission on Sustainable Development NGO Steering Committee. • He has coordinated some of the most innovative stakeholder dialogues at the intergovernmental level Bonn Water (2001), Bonn Energy (2004) and Bonn Nexus (2011). • He has written or edited thirteen books the latest is due out in May 2016 The Water, Food and Climate Nexus: Challenges and an agenda for Action which he edited with Jamie Bartram. • His next one out in September is Negotiating the Sustainable Development Goals: A transformational agenda for an insecure world with Ambassador David Donoghue and Jimena Leiva Roesch Felix Dodds www.felixdodds.net2
  3. 3. What were Habitats I and II? • Habitat I in Vancouver, 1976 • The chief outcome of Habitat I was the Vancouver Declaration on Human Settlements comprised of an action plan with 64 recommendations for national action. • It also led to the United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (UNCHS), which would ultimately become UN-Habitat, the official UN agency for cities & human settlements. • Habitat II, Istanbul 1996 – the City Summit • Provided a new mandate for the UNCHS. (1)to ensure adequate shelter for all and (2) to guarantee sound development of human settlements in an urbanizing world. • Its chief outcomes were the Istanbul Declaration on Human Settlements adopted jointly as a new global action plan to realize sustainable human settlements • Habitat II +5 • Recommended the upgrading of the UNCHS to UN Habitat a progarmme of the UN 3
  4. 4. Defining Non-Governmental Organisations How do you describe an NGO? One survey found 48 different terms and acronyms. Here is a sample: In short, there is no agreed terminology for describing the NGO sector. In some ways, it is easier to describe what NGOs are not, rather than what they are. It is generally agreed that NGOs are not: • part of government, or • organized primarily for private profit. BINGOs Big International NGOs BONGOs Business Organized NGOs CBOs Community Based Organizations CSOs Civil Society Organizations ENGOs Environmental NGOs GONGOs Government Organized NGOs MONGO IPOs Indigenous Peoples Organizations GROs Grassroots Organizations GSCOs Global Social Change Organizations NPOs Nonprofit Organizations Vos Voluntary Organizations NGI
  5. 5. Definitions and players • Stakeholders:Those impacted by a decision or impact on a decision • Social movements: are a type of group action.They are large, sometimes informal, groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues. In other words, they carry out, resist, or undo a social change. • Civil society: is the "aggregate of non-governmental organizations and institutions that manifest interests and will of citizens. • Global citizenship: defines a person who places their identity with a "global community" above their identity as a citizen of a particular nation or place. • The idea is that one’s identity transcends geography or political borders and that the planetary human community is interdependent and whole; humankind is essentially one July 22, 2012 Footer text here5
  6. 6. NGOs, constituent, civil society, or major groups? “Major Groups” is a term that was introduced in Agenda 21, agreed by governments at the Rio Earth Summit. It describes nine sectors of society identified as having a significant role in sustainable development: 1. Women 2. Children and youth 3. Indigenous people 4. NGOs (Civil Society Organizations) 5. Local authorities 6. Workers and trade unions 7. Business and industry 8. The scientific and technical community (Research and Academia) 9. Farmers 10. Grass roots organizations 11. Parliamentarians 12. Foundations and philanthropies 13. Professionals 14. Media 15. Older Persons
  7. 7. Stakeholders in Intergovernmental Processes FOUR important functions: • Setting agendas • Negotiating outcomes • Conferring legitimacy • Implementing solutions
  8. 8. What is the process up to Habitat III 18-20 April Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Meeting – Mexico 25-29th Open ended consultations with Policy Units – New York 16-17th May Informal hearings for local and sub national governments – New York 18-20th May Informal negotiations – New York 1-2 June German Conference on Habitat III invitation only – Berlin 6-7th June Informal hearings with CSOs – New York 8-10th June Informal negotiations – New York 25-27 July Third Prepcom – Surabaya Indonesia 17-20 October Habitat III - Quito Ecuador 8
  9. 9. Zero draft: THE NEW URBAN AGENDA –THE HABITAT III OUTCOME DOCUMENT – Outline 1. QUITO DECLARATION: MOVINGTOWARDSA NEW GLOBAL URBANAGENDA. (Guiding principles and vision) 2. Sustainable HousingAnd Urban Development Action Plan A. TheTransformative Commitments For A Sustainable Urban Development. (To AchieveWhat AndWhy) • Leave No One Behind, Urban Equity And Poverty Eradication • EcologicalAnd ResilientCities And Human Settlements • Create SustainableAnd Inclusive Urban Growth, ProsperityAnd Opportunities For All B. Effective Implementation (How AndWithWhom) • BuildingThe Urban Structure: EstablishingA Supportive National Framework • PlanningAnd ManagingThe Urban Spatial Development: StrategicAnd Integrated Planning • FinancingThe New Urban Agenda: EnhancingThe Means Of Implementation C. Framework For Action: NationalAnd Local UrbanAgenda (Actions,Actors,Timeline For Action) D. Follow-UpAnd Review
  10. 10. Hard and Soft Law – SDGs are soft law Hard Law ▪ Legally binding ▪ MEAs that conform to the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties ▪ Enforceable in law • Soft Law • Non-binding • Global or regional instruments that do not strictly conform to the Vienna Convention but could play positive role in national policy-making. • Important influence on international and national policy • Can lay the groundwork for multilateral accords 10
  11. 11. SWOT analysis Strengths a. What is the unique nature of the campaign? b. What does the team do well? c. What do other people see as your strengths? Weaknesses a. What can you improve? b. What are your resource limitations? c. What do you do badly? d. How do others perceive your campaign? e. Do you know what all the key governments think of your campaign? 11
  12. 12. SWOT analysis (cont.) Opportunities a. Where is the campaign’s support? b. What academic evidence is there in support of your campaign? c. What are the key media chances you could utilise in the future to support your campaign? d. Who is seeing key government officials in the short term Threats a. What are the obstacles facing the campaign? b. What funds do you have to support the campaign? c. What are the views of other stakeholders? d. Which of the key country blocks oppose your campaign? 12
  13. 13. National Preparations What CanYou Do? • What do you want? • Have a briefing paper no longer than two pages • Have some paragraphs ready • Know the government officials in charge of the Habitat in capital and meet with them • Utilize parliament to raise the issue to the Minister • Write article for national newspaper • Town Hall Meetings – Citizens Charter • Follow up – start a conversation with government now • Projects to implement 13
  14. 14. Traditional Media Traditional media tends to be one way where you read an article, listen to a radio programme or watch a TV news item. You have a very limited range of engagement with traditional media you can write a letter to the editor and sometimes join a phone in for a radio programme. • Press releases • News items • Fact sheets for the media • Video news releases • Opinion articles – which could be syndicated • Editorials 14
  15. 15. Social Media Social News: Twitter, Digg, Propeller, Reddit. Interact by short messaging, voting for articles and commenting on them. Social Networking: Facebook, Google Plus, LinkedIn (which now enables blog placements too) Hi5, Last.FM, MySpace. Interaction by adding friends and colleagues, commenting on profiles, joining groups and having discussions. Social Photo andVideo Sharing: YouTube, Pinterest, Flickr. Interact by sharing photos or videos and commenting on user submissions. Wikis: Wikipedia,Wikia. Interact by adding articles and editing existing articles. Website: Easily accessible explaining what the Coalition is doing Blogging : A regular blog posting where Coalition members share the responsibility to do this over the year – possibly with a blog every month to start with. E-newsletters –These now can be created very easily with Coalition members generating content 15
  16. 16. Why attend UN meetings? • To influence the text that will be negotiated; • To build and cultivate alliances for future work; • To show case studies of successes that your organization has achieved; • To learn about how intergovernmental negotiations work; • To raise funds for your work. www.tellusorg16
  17. 17. Understanding the countries • European Union Netherlands (Jan-June 16), Slovakia (Jul-Dec 15) • G77 (134) and China Chair: Thailand ( ) • Key G77 countries: Antigua and Barbuda,Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, China, Cuba, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Singapore, South Africa,Tanzania • Key EU 27 countries: Denmark, Germany, France, Czech Republic, Netherlands, Sweden • Single decision countries: eg Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Monaco, Russia, Switzerland, Ukraine United States, • AOSIS (43 countries) Bureau Ahmed Sareer (Chair) from the Maldives; Mahe ’Uli’uli Sandhurst Tupouniua fromTonga; and LoisYoung from Belize. www.tellus.org17
  18. 18. Understanding the countries • Regional Blocks • Africa (chair Egypt 2015-17) (54) UNGA President 4 and 9 – • Asia (53) UNGA President 1 and 6) • Latin America and the Caribbean (33) UNGA President 2 and 7 – • Eastern Europe (23) UNGA President 3 and 8 • Western Europe and Other Group (28) UNGA President 05 – Denmark President of UNGA in September 2015-2016 18
  19. 19. The Bureau • The Bureau plays a critical role in managing the process. • They can guide the direction of the negotiations through the structuring of the text and the inclusion in first drafts of certain ideas. • Bureau members are in touch with thinking in the different groups and discussing ideas with them • You should find out who the Bureau members are and meet with them well before the relevant meeting. • An early visit to NewYork before the UN meeting to meet Bureau members, key government representatives in the Missions and the UN Secretariat is well worth doing. • Share your positions with Bureau members if they are sympathetic to your views. July 22, 2012 Footer text here19
  20. 20. The Bureau • María Duarte (Ecuador) • Maryse Gautier (France) • Mamadou Mboji (Senegal) • Eric Miangar (Chad) • Barbara Richards (Chile) (no photo) • DanielaGrabmullerova (Czech Republic) • Tania Roediger –Vorwek (Germany) • Majid Hasan Mohammed Alsuwaidi (United Arab Emirates) (no photo) • Elena Szolgayova (Slovakia) (no photo) July 22, 2012 Footer text here20
  21. 21. UN Secretariat • For any UN process the Secretariat will play a critical role.This will include: • Analysing the national, regional and thematic reports. • Preparing the background documents and zero draft. • Producing negotiating text arising from the discussions. • Making available all official documents. • Servicing the negotiations. • Producing or updating a website for the meeting. • Producing promotional material for the meeting. • Accrediting stakeholders. July 22, 2012 Footer text here21
  22. 22. Key people and coalitions • The Secretary General of the Conference (Executive Director of UN-Habitat) – Dr Clos • The “fixer” - Ana Moreno • The NGO or Stakeholder relations person – Laney Stone • The General Assembly of Partners (GAP) - Shipra Narang Suri and Genie Birch • The person in charge of the text section you are interested in www.tellus.org22
  23. 23. ATypical Day 8-9:00 a.m. Individual Government delegations will usually meet internally to prepare their own country lobbying position and to review the previous day. Stakeholder morning sessions 9-10:00 a.m. Governments will usually attend meetings of the relevant groupings they are members of, e.g., G77 or European Union. NGOs and other stakeholders will also usually hold their consultations to prepare for the day. 10 a.m. to 1 p.m. Meeting sessions. 1 p.m. to 3 p.m. Lunch time – side events, an opportunity to spend time with government officials. Sometimes, if the venue is difficult to access, Stakeholders may hold their own consultations over lunch (try to avoid this if possible). 3 p.m. to 6 p.m. Meeting sessions (additional sessions will be added when they are needed, often into the night or even through the night). 6 p.m. to 8 p.m. Side Events can also be held at this time. July 22, 2012 Footer text here23
  24. 24. Before the meeting Government Strong For Weak For Not yet declared Weak Against Strong Against Capital New York Other Venues For key governments
  25. 25. The world of brackets • Alternative brackets • Contentious brackets • Suspicious brackets • Tactical or trading brackets • Uncertain brackets • Waiting brackets • Weary brackets www.tellus.org25
  26. 26. Brackets  Who put the bracket in?  When you know who put it forward, ask why.  The ‘why’ may not be clear to other delegations and you can play an important role in highlighting the ‘why’ in your lobbying. www.tellus.org26
  27. 27. : Why have they bracketed? • If it was because they are waiting for instructions from the capital, then phone your colleagues in the capital and get them to raise the issue with relevant civil servants or ministers.This only works if you are completely on top of the negotiations and can act immediately. • If it involves trading brackets with somewhere else in the text, then you need to be able to work with the stakeholders who are trying to lobby on that section. • If it is because of exhaustion brackets, then make some text suggestions.This can be a very opportunistic time as officials are tired and looking for a way through the darkness – or even to go home for the night! • If there are suspicious brackets, then it is important to work out why and try to help build trust. www.tellusorg27
  28. 28. What participation and influence mechanisms should stakeholders employ ?  Game plan for the whole negotiation – Coalition should be asking national partners to before you arrive at a UN meeting organize several meeting in capitals with key governments  brief the media, place early stories in the media Meet with key parliamentarians before leaving – initiated a debate in parliament Set up a rapid response mechanism in the capital in case you need it Try to get an NGOs on delegation and allowed to attend pre inter- departmental meetings before the event www.tellus.org28
  29. 29. What participation and influence mechanisms should you employ ?  At the UN event a coalition should:  have a photo booklet of key negotiators and UN staff so they are easy to find  Designate point contacts for all key people eg G77, EU, US, key countries, Bureau members, UN officials,  There should be floor managers in each negotiation room  Use coffee bar diplomacy, receptions  Use any informal possibilities drinks/dinner/dancing  If you are spending more than 20% of your time with other Stakeholders you are not doing your job. 29
  30. 30. What levers of influence do they have in the negotiation stages ?  Much less as the process moves to end game  Offer to support smaller states eg FIELD helped AOSIS in the climate change negotiations  Organize side events  Talking with your own government daily  Be there until 4am to offer text changes  Key G77 countries: Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Colombia, China, Cuba, Egypt, Guatemala, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Nigeria, Pakistan, Singapore, South Africa,Tanzania  Key EU countries: Denmark, Germany, Netherlands, Sweden, France  Single decision countries: eg Australia, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico, New Zealand, Norway, Monaco, Russia, Switzerland, Ukraine, United States, 30
  31. 31. Why go on a government delegation? • You will have access to the brief of your country; • You may be able to sit in on delegation meetings within blocks; • You may be able to sit in on delegation meetings between blocks; • You will be able to push for the NGO or stakeholder position during the appropriate meetings of the delegation; • You can be asked to act as the intermediary between the NGOs and the government; • You will be aware of where there is possible movement in a negotiation and may be asked to draft text for your delegation to put forward; • You will be able to cultivate relationships with the delegation for future work. July 22, 2012 Footer text here31
  32. 32. The downside of being on a delegation • If you do join a government delegation you will lose some independence. Some governments will require NGOs on a delegation to sign an official document saying they will not divulge what they have heard in delegation meetings; • You will have limited time available for being with other NGOs if you are an active member of the delegation; • You may be seen as the doorkeeper for NGOs with the delegation; • You may be viewed as having ‘switched sides’ and joined the government team more than what is expected; • You may not be allowed to speak publicly on a position – if you find this something that you cannot agree to, do not join a delegation or resign when it becomes difficult for you. Some delegations allow their NGOs to speak but they just have to first ask the Head of delegations permission. July 22, 2012 Footer text here32
  33. 33. WHAT NOTTO DO (AT A MEETING) • Do not go up to a government when they are speaking • Do not sit in a government seat – unless you are on that government’s delegation • Do not interrupt the meeting • Do not target a government in your intervention • Do not wear inappropriate clothes • Do not do a demonstration inside the venue • Do not take a countries flag/name • Do not deviate from your message when you are speaking as a representative of the caucus July 22, 2012 Footer text here33
  34. 34. Documents -/INF/ Information series -/L… Limited distribution, generally of draft documents -/NGO/ Statements by NGOs -/PET/ Petitions -/PV… Verbatim records of meetings -/R… Restricted distribution -/RES/ Resolutions -/SR… Summary of meetings -/TP… Technical Papers -/WP… Working Papers -/Add… Addendum - /Amend … Amendment to the document -/Corr… Corrigendum (i.e., an error to be corrected or reorganization of the text) -/Rev… Revision (supersedes a previously issued document) July 22, 2012 Footer text here34 The final letters indicate the number sequence 1, 2, 3 etc. or a modification of the document: ‘Non-papers’ will also be distributed informally during sessions to facilitate negotiations. These usually contain proposed text amendments from government negotiators.
  35. 35. What are the conditions needed for a coalition to succeed ?  KnowYour Own Goals  Know the Decision-making Process inYour Country  KnowWhenToWork atWhat Level  Know the Decision-makingContext  Know theTools atYour Disposal  KnowWhenTo MakeYour Position  Know the Government Officials  Know the Key UN Officials  KnowYour Allies  KnowYour Adversaries  KnowYour Limits  KnowYour Brackets andTerms 35
  36. 36. Now its upto you