One of the most famous, rich and
unique civilizations the world had ever
known is the : Ancient Greek civilization
Located in southeastern Europe, Greece is defined by a series of
mountains and surrounded on all sides by water except the north.
2- History :
• Greek CIVILIZATION started ,the Greek people
had built fortified cities in the major valleys
around 2000 B.C. By 1600 B.C
• the Greeks UNITED to defeat the invading
In 480 B.C
• two city-states, ATHENS AND SPARTA are built.
Around 477 B.C
• Greece had its GOLDEN AGE in Athens.
around 477 - 431 B.C
• ALEXANDER THE GREAT, leader of the country
of Macedonia to the north.In 334 B.C
Based on Agriculture: The most important crops were: olives,
grapes, and barley.
CROPS: The Greeks used OLIVES for eating and to make olive oil.
GRAPES:to make wine.
BARLEY: was used to make bread .
LIVESTOCK: The ancient Greeks kept CHICKENS, PIGS,
SHEEP, and GOATS (for milk and meat).
Generally, they did not eat a lot of meat, but instead depended
on FISH and Vegetables.
3- Economy :
4- Government :
The Greeks had a lot of different kinds of governments, because there were
many different city-states in ancient Greece.
TYPES OF GOVERNMENT:
(rule of the people)
(rule of a king)
(rule of the few)
5- Architecture :
the Greeks created a wonderful and lasting legacy of
Types of buildings: Besides just houses and marketplaces, Greek cities had many
different types of specialized buildings.
Theater of DionysiusParthenon Stoa of Eumenes
The Greeks were POLYTHEISTIC and did not
all worship the same gods.
Some of the most famous gods were :Zeus,
Hera, Apollo, Artemis, Poseidon, Aphrodite,
Athena , Ares, and Hades.
MEN did most of the hard works
The WOMEN took care of THE HOUSEHOLD
and CHILDREN , grow SMALL GARDENS around
GREEK HOUSING: Citizens wanted to live
within the CITY because it was the
CENTER OF CIVIC LIFE
GREEK CLOTHING: Greek clothing was very
Men and women wore LINEN IN THE
SUMMER and WOOL IN THE WINTER.
Clothes were MADE BY THE MOTHER, her
daughters, and female slaves.
the first OLYMPICS took place in 776 BC. They
became a central aspect of Greek culture .
The Greeks were the first Europeans to learn to write with an alphabet,
and from them alphabetic writing spread to the rest of Europe.
They adopted the alphabet of the Phoenician script.
when paper was hard to get, they did
actually use goat and sheep skins to write on.
Plato and father
of the system