“Moscow Paths” Initiative   “Paths” Network




                                     Fedor Novikov
                       ...
•   Brief overview of Moscow

•   The case: spontaneous paths

•   “Moscow path” initiative

•   Ideas for future developm...
•   Brief overview of Moscow

•   The case: spontaneous paths

•   “Moscow path” initiative

•   Ideas for future developm...
Moscow
Low connectivity, concentration of activity in the center
Dense metropolis with suburban topology
•   Brief overview of Moscow

•   The case: spontaneous paths

•   “Moscow path” initiative

•   Ideas for future developm...
The case: paths
Forget-me-not type
Sidewalk type
Connector type
Adjacent to parking type
Adjacent to parking type




       Parked type
They say, in North Korea people only turn at straight angles
Recreational path
Spontaneous paths in free-layout neighborhoods: Vilnyus
Berlin
Warsaw
Brasilia :: paths as tribute to modernism
                                     source: http://discoveringurbanism.blogspot...
“The smartest path”. Harvard
•   Scale of the problem

•   Ecology (paths contribute to dust in the air)

•   Transport (people tend to walk less and u...
1. Recultivated*

                                     * photo was taken
                                     May 2009,
  ...
Fenced
The very few examples of preservation
~ distance 300 feet

Typical mistakes: lack of systematic approach
<= width =>                  poor pavement quality

              Typical mistakes
Typical mistakes: corners
Turns out, paths are not a problem, but rather a hint to planners
Design case study
Crossing                         Crossing




~ 60 feet + turns                   ~ 30 feet
        50% increase in distan...
“beautiful” vs functional
                            source: http://zyalt.livejournal.com/143040.html
Designing paths: shortest routes
Designing paths: lowest costs
overview of methodology
developed by A. P. Romm, Phd
since 1960s




                                               Entran...
Real life example
Designing paths: optimized network
Designing optimized network
Designing paths: optimized network (example #1)
Designing paths: optimized network (example #2)
Designing network with barriers
Designing optimized neighborhood paths network
Now let’s compare it to a real case
•   Brief overview of Moscow

•   The case: spontaneous paths

•   “Moscow path” initiative

•   Ideas for future developm...
http://dorojki-msk.ru/English




                                             info
                               online ...
Mass media attention
Officials responded: “No, thanks”
•   Brief overview of Moscow

•   The case: spontaneous paths

•   “Moscow path” initiative

•   Ideas for future developm...
Pedestrian infrastructure conditions
Sidewalks?
Public spaces
Public spaces
Access
Access for disabled
=




    Preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes
Option: preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes




      =




          Preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes
Dense metropolis with suburban topology
Concentracion of business activity in the center +

   Poor road connectivity ~ sparse hierarchy
moscow car park ‘86-’06




                          Daily traffic
Sidewalks?
Sidewalks?
Buildings are separated from street
Buildings are separated from the street
Poor accessibility transforms into lack of retail or street activities
- Create a system that would maintain online community
- Restructure inner organization to become more open-sourced
- Deve...
- too few Moscow streets are truly livable and vibrant
- many people supported the project and its expansion
- almost no w...
open source network for urban projects + blogs




just paths    disabled   education      articles   cycling   cycling   ...
Dorojki-Msk.ru/English *
                              * will be accessible by Jan, 1 2010
our partners




              ...
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Moscow Paths Presfor Livable Streets Final Dec15

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Moscow Paths Presfor Livable Streets Final Dec15

  1. 1. “Moscow Paths” Initiative “Paths” Network Fedor Novikov fedor.n@gmail.com +1.917.285.4438
  2. 2. • Brief overview of Moscow • The case: spontaneous paths • “Moscow path” initiative • Ideas for future development of the project + Q&A Presentation plan
  3. 3. • Brief overview of Moscow • The case: spontaneous paths • “Moscow path” initiative • Ideas for future development of the project + Q&A Presentation plan
  4. 4. Moscow
  5. 5. Low connectivity, concentration of activity in the center
  6. 6. Dense metropolis with suburban topology
  7. 7. • Brief overview of Moscow • The case: spontaneous paths • “Moscow path” initiative • Ideas for future development of the project + Q&A The case: paths
  8. 8. The case: paths
  9. 9. Forget-me-not type
  10. 10. Sidewalk type
  11. 11. Connector type
  12. 12. Adjacent to parking type
  13. 13. Adjacent to parking type Parked type
  14. 14. They say, in North Korea people only turn at straight angles
  15. 15. Recreational path
  16. 16. Spontaneous paths in free-layout neighborhoods: Vilnyus
  17. 17. Berlin
  18. 18. Warsaw
  19. 19. Brasilia :: paths as tribute to modernism source: http://discoveringurbanism.blogspot.com/
  20. 20. “The smartest path”. Harvard
  21. 21. • Scale of the problem • Ecology (paths contribute to dust in the air) • Transport (people tend to walk less and use cars more due to poor sidewalks condition) • Economic implications for local businesses and budget • Symptom of poor pedestrian network design skills • “Broken window” effect • Could only be solved at a city-wide level Why is that important?
  22. 22. 1. Recultivated* * photo was taken May 2009, by mid June the path was once again in place How are paths dealt with in Moscow
  23. 23. Fenced
  24. 24. The very few examples of preservation
  25. 25. ~ distance 300 feet Typical mistakes: lack of systematic approach
  26. 26. <= width => poor pavement quality Typical mistakes
  27. 27. Typical mistakes: corners
  28. 28. Turns out, paths are not a problem, but rather a hint to planners
  29. 29. Design case study
  30. 30. Crossing Crossing ~ 60 feet + turns ~ 30 feet 50% increase in distance ~ design?
  31. 31. “beautiful” vs functional source: http://zyalt.livejournal.com/143040.html
  32. 32. Designing paths: shortest routes
  33. 33. Designing paths: lowest costs
  34. 34. overview of methodology developed by A. P. Romm, Phd since 1960s Entrance I II III How do we decide when to cut corners through grass?
  35. 35. Real life example
  36. 36. Designing paths: optimized network
  37. 37. Designing optimized network
  38. 38. Designing paths: optimized network (example #1)
  39. 39. Designing paths: optimized network (example #2)
  40. 40. Designing network with barriers
  41. 41. Designing optimized neighborhood paths network
  42. 42. Now let’s compare it to a real case
  43. 43. • Brief overview of Moscow • The case: spontaneous paths • “Moscow path” initiative • Ideas for future development of the project + Q&A Presentation plan
  44. 44. http://dorojki-msk.ru/English info online petition (313 Moscovites) paths map Major problem to be solved: yet no system that would maintain online community Project & Dorojki-Msk.ru
  45. 45. Mass media attention
  46. 46. Officials responded: “No, thanks”
  47. 47. • Brief overview of Moscow • The case: spontaneous paths • “Moscow path” initiative • Ideas for future development of the project + Q&A Presentation plan
  48. 48. Pedestrian infrastructure conditions
  49. 49. Sidewalks?
  50. 50. Public spaces
  51. 51. Public spaces
  52. 52. Access
  53. 53. Access for disabled
  54. 54. = Preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes
  55. 55. Option: preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes = Preserving paths + creating bicycle lanes
  56. 56. Dense metropolis with suburban topology
  57. 57. Concentracion of business activity in the center + Poor road connectivity ~ sparse hierarchy
  58. 58. moscow car park ‘86-’06 Daily traffic
  59. 59. Sidewalks?
  60. 60. Sidewalks?
  61. 61. Buildings are separated from street
  62. 62. Buildings are separated from the street
  63. 63. Poor accessibility transforms into lack of retail or street activities
  64. 64. - Create a system that would maintain online community - Restructure inner organization to become more open-sourced - Develop partnerships - Integrate georeferenced photo bank - Best practices & library project - Publish methodology - GPS tracking style app’s - Path design software Needed technical improvements
  65. 65. - too few Moscow streets are truly livable and vibrant - many people supported the project and its expansion - almost no web-sites in Russian discuss livable streets From To only Moscow Network of cities (+english?) livable streets + Pedestrians networks + Bike networks only paths + Disabled accessibility + Public spaces quality + TOD Reasons & decision: project should broaden its outlook
  66. 66. open source network for urban projects + blogs just paths disabled education articles cycling cycling architecture Scenario 2
  67. 67. Dorojki-Msk.ru/English * * will be accessible by Jan, 1 2010 our partners Dorojki.msk@gmail.com Fedor Novikov, 1.917.285.4438 Thank you!

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