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“Be Good”
 There is a difference between doing good and
being good.
 An evil person can do good things
occasionally, but that does...
 Character is different from personality. How we
manifest these attributes will differ according to
our circumstances, bu...
 Plato
 Each person functions
on 3 different levels,
each of which
correspond to different
activities of the soul.
 App...
 Each human function has its own virtue. When
appetite is kept under control, the virtue is
temperance.
 Spirit, when fu...
 For Aristotle the virtues are
known through observing and
comparing actual events
 Aristotle says all virtues can be
un...
 In Aristotle approach, good character should
manifest itself in behavior, and 3 conditions
must be present before a cert...
Virtue ethics
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Virtue ethics

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Virtue ethics

  1. 1. “Be Good”
  2. 2.  There is a difference between doing good and being good.  An evil person can do good things occasionally, but that does not make such an individual a good person.  Ethics demands more than just occasional good deeds.  Virtue is the predisposition to do good things, and internal motivation that not only does the right but also loves what is right.
  3. 3.  Character is different from personality. How we manifest these attributes will differ according to our circumstances, but all need them.  Virtues are not just an internal disposition that lead to action. They are good character traits that result in good acts. Thus, virtue ethics involves a belief in ethical truth.  Character ethicists are more concerned with virtue than with virtues. It is not enough that an individual be only courageous, fair or self- disciplined. Virtue is not a multiple-choice affair in which people pick and choose the virtues they like. The goal is to be a good person.
  4. 4.  Plato  Each person functions on 3 different levels, each of which correspond to different activities of the soul.  Appetite  Spirit  Reason
  5. 5.  Each human function has its own virtue. When appetite is kept under control, the virtue is temperance.  Spirit, when functioning correctly, manifests the trait of courage and puts reason’s commands into action, even in the face of resistance.  Wisdom is the virtue of our reason, and since reason is the highest of our functions, it should control appetite and spirit.  This virtues are ideals, exists in the world of forms.
  6. 6.  For Aristotle the virtues are known through observing and comparing actual events  Aristotle says all virtues can be understood in the same manner.  Remorse is the midpoint between indifference and chronic guilt. Generosity is the mean between prodigality (wasteful use of resources) and miserliness.  Every virtue can be distinguished from the “not enough” and “too much” at the extremes.
  7. 7.  In Aristotle approach, good character should manifest itself in behavior, and 3 conditions must be present before a certain behavior can be called a good act:  First, we must understand what we are doing and why it is good.  Second, what we do must be freely chosen.  Finally, the “action must proceed from a firm and unchangeable character”. An honest act is virtuous only if one does it because one is honest.

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