07 It Application01 Intro

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07 It Application01 Intro

  1. 1. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS IN CONSTRUCTION
  2. 2. Construction Process <ul><li>Whole life cycle of a building from conception, to design, construction and maintenance </li></ul>
  3. 3. RIBA Plan of Work <ul><li>The RIBA Plan of Work is a robust process protocol which describes the activities from appraising the clients requirements through to post construction </li></ul><ul><li>It is recognised throughout the construction industry as a model framework for running a job - it assists in the management of projects and is a basis for office procedures </li></ul>
  4. 4. RIBA Plan of Work <ul><li>RIBA (Royal Institute of British Architect) Plan of Work process protocol describes the construction in 11 stages: </li></ul>
  5. 5. Construction Process <ul><li>Appraisal : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>identification of client’s requirements and possible constraint for the development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation of studies for client to decide whether to proceed and to select probable procurement method </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic briefing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By or on behalf of client confirming key requirements and constraints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification of procedures, org. structures, range of consultants and others to be engaged for projects </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Construction Process <ul><li>Outline proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commence development of strategic brief into full project brief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation of outline proposal and estimate of cost review of procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Detailed proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete development of project brief </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation of detail proposal </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Construction Process <ul><li>Final proposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation of final proposal for the project sufficient for co-ordination of all components and elements of the project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Production information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Production info to enable tender to be obtain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production info required under building contract </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Construction Process <ul><li>Tender documentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation and collation of tender documentation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tender action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identification and evaluation of potential contractors/ specialists for the construction of project </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtaining and appraising tenders and submission of recommendations to the client </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Construction Process <ul><li>Mobilisation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Appointing the contractor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arranging site handover to the contractor </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction to practical completion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of the building contract up to and including practical completion </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Construction Process <ul><li>After practical completion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Administration of the building contract after practical completion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Making final inspections and settling the final account </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Construction Process <ul><li>11 stages can be divided into 5 phases: </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement analysis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. Appraisal and Strategic Briefing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. Outline proposals, Detailed proposals, Final proposals, Production of Information </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Construction Process <ul><li>Tendering phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. Tender Documentation and tender action stages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Construction phase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl. Mobilisation and Construction to Practical Completion </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers the After Practical Completion </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Construct IT Bridging the Gap <ul><li>Software applications are available to support most aspects of a construction project… (DoE, 1995) </li></ul><ul><li>Department of Environment. (1995). Construct IT Bridging the Gap, An Information Technology Strategy for the UK Construction Industry . Department of Environment. UK </li></ul>
  14. 14. IT Applications <ul><li>A list of 1650 programs from over 500 software houses for use in the design, construction and maintenance of building (CICA, 2003) </li></ul><ul><li>CICA. (2003). Software Directory. Construction Industry Computing Association (CICA). www.cica.org.uk </li></ul>
  15. 15. IT Applications <ul><li>Can be classified into six categorised: </li></ul><ul><li>Business and Information Management </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Aided Design and Visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>Building Engineering Applciations </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Aided Cost Estimating </li></ul><ul><li>Planning, Scheduling, Site Management </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Aided Facilities Management </li></ul>
  16. 16. “ Roadmap” of IT Applications in Construction Shared Project Database Requirements Design Tendering Construction Maintenance Business and Information Management CAD and Visualisation Computer Aided Cost Estimating Building Engineering Applications Planning, Scheduling, Site Management Computer Aided Facilities Management Integration
  17. 18. In Brief <ul><li>Business and Information Management </li></ul><ul><li>Common type of information incl: site survey, cost analysis, design drawings, specification, regulations, BoQ, project planning, job costing and estimate etc </li></ul><ul><li>The info is presented in a range of paper drawings, documents, correspondence, fax, computer files or emails </li></ul>
  18. 19. In Brief <ul><li>Business and Information Management </li></ul><ul><li>E.g. Electronic Document Management (EDM) System creates environment within which disparate forms of information can be linked together to achieve easy access and control </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Working System </li></ul>
  19. 21. In Brief <ul><li>Computer Aided Design and Visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>CAD widely used by design professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Popular CAD packages: Microstation; ArchiCAD; MiniCAD; FastCAD etc </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced traditional drawing board </li></ul><ul><li>Basic function: allowing users to </li></ul>
  20. 22. In Brief <ul><li>Computer Aided Design and Visualisation </li></ul><ul><li>Basic function: allowing users to build up drawings by manipulating lines, circles, rectangles and text interactively on the screen </li></ul><ul><li>Or even provide graphical libraries of commonly used building elements such as doors, windows etc (AutoCAD Architectural Desktop) </li></ul>
  21. 24. In Brief <ul><li>Building Engineering Applications </li></ul><ul><li>Clients want their buildings to look good visually, to be safe structurally, to provide comfortable living environments for their occupants and to consume less energy in operation etc </li></ul><ul><li>To simulate accurately the building’s performance at the design stage so that problems can be identified and solved </li></ul>
  22. 25. In Brief <ul><li>Building Engineering Applications </li></ul><ul><li>To predict building performance in thermal, lighting, acoustic and structural aspects </li></ul><ul><li>Application for energy analysis, HVAC design, structural analysis, lighting simulation </li></ul><ul><li>Allow designers to evaluate alternative design solutions in order to reach optimum design </li></ul>
  23. 27. In Brief <ul><li>Computer Aided Cost Estimating </li></ul><ul><li>Allow project managers to perform estimation and to keep track of project spending </li></ul><ul><li>Assist in quantity take-off by helping estimator to measure, count, compute and tabulate quantities, lengths, areas, volumes etc of objects found in plans and specs. </li></ul>
  24. 29. In Brief <ul><li>Planning, Scheduling, Site Management </li></ul><ul><li>On-site operation is mainly physical work </li></ul><ul><li>Requires careful planning and skillful management of human and physical resources </li></ul><ul><li>Can assist on-site managers to plan ahead, evaluate different options, adopt and execute the most efficient construction operations </li></ul>
  25. 30. In Brief <ul><li>Planning, Scheduling, Site Management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Incl: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drawing receipts and distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subcontractor procurement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Issue of instruction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outstanding works and defects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E.g. Microsoft Project, Primavera </li></ul>
  26. 32. In Brief <ul><li>Computer Aided Facilities Management </li></ul><ul><li>FM is a new discipline emerged in the early 1980s </li></ul><ul><li>Recognise the importance of building operation and maintenance and the impact to life cycle cost of a building </li></ul><ul><li>Building layout, asset management, online reporting are part of this </li></ul><ul><li>E.g: Archibus, CMMS, CAFM </li></ul>
  27. 34. In Brief <ul><li>Integration </li></ul><ul><li>Different IT application developed by different IT vendors </li></ul><ul><li>They used their own formats which are not compatible with each other </li></ul><ul><li>As a result, data cannot be exchanged electronically between them </li></ul><ul><li>Increasing need for integration </li></ul><ul><li>E.g Gallicon </li></ul>

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