EDUCATION IN THE UNITED ESTATES• Education in the US is mainly provided by the public sector with control and fundig coming from three levels: Federal, state and local.• Child education is compulsory and the ages can vary by state.• The American educational system comprises 12 grades of study over 12 calendar years of primary and secondary education before graduating and becoming eligible for college admission. After pre- kindergarten and kindergarten there are five years in primary school (normally known as elementary school). After completing five grades, the student will enter junior high or middle school and then high school to get the high school diploma.
• In most public and private schools education is divided into three levels: Elementary school Middle school (Junior high school) High school ( Secondary education)• The US uses Ordinal numbers for naming grades.• Post-secondary education, better known as “college” in the united states, is generally governed separately from the elementary and high school. Undergraduate School Graduate School
BASIC CURRICULAR STRUCTURE Generally, at the high school level, students take a broad variety of classes without special emphasis in any particular subject. Curricula vary widely in quality and rigidity.• Science (usually three years minimum, normally biology, chemistry and physics)• Mathematics (usually four years minimum, normally including algebra, geometry, pre-calculus, statistics, and even calculus)• English (usually four years minimum, including literature, humanities, composition, oral languages, etc.)• Social sciences (usually three years minimum, including various history, government/economics courses)• Physical education (at least two years)
ELECTIVES• Computers (word processing, programming, graphic design)• Athletics (cross country, football, baseball, basketball, track and field, swimming, tennis, gymnastics, water polo, soccer, softball, wrestling, cheerleading, volleyball, ice hockey, field hockey, crew, boxing, skiing/snowboarding, golf)• Career and Technical Education (Agriculture/Agriscience, Business/Marketing, Family and Consumer Science, Health Occupations, and Technology Education, including Publishing (journalism/student newspaper, yearbook/annual, literary magazine))• Performing Arts/Visual Arts, (choir, band, orchestra, drama, art, ceramics, photography, and dance)• Foreign languages (Spanish and French are common; Chinese, Latin, Greek, German, Italian, Arabic, and Japanese are less common)• Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps
LIST OF TOP 10 UNIVERSITIES OF THE UNITED STATES1. Harvard University2. Stanford University3. University of California - Berkeley4. Massachusetts Institute of Technologies5. California Institute of Technology6. Columbia University7. Princeton University8. The University of Chicago9. Yale University10. Cornell University
THE STATE-FUNDED SCHOOL SYSTEM• State-runs schools and colleges are financed through national taxation and take pupils free of charge between the ages from 3 to 18. the schools may levy charges of activities such as swimming, theatre visits and field trips.
CURRICULUM All the maintained schools in England are required to follow the national curriculum, which is made up of twelve subjects. The core subjects English, mathematics and science.• Art and design• Citizenship• Design and technology• Geography• History• Information and communication technology• Modern foreign language• Music• Physical education
SCHOOL GOVERNANCEAlmost all state-funded schools in England aremaintained schools which receive their fundedfrom local authorities. since 1998 there havebeen 4 main types of maintained schools:• Community schools• Voluntary controlled schools• Voluntary aided schools• Foundations schools
EDUCATION OTHERWISE THAN BY SCHOOLING• The education act requires parents to ensure their children are educated either by attending school or otherwise. Small but increasing numbers of parents are choosing the otherwise option. This style of education is often referred to as elective home education.
HIGHER EDUCATION• The state does not control university syllabuses, but it does influence admission procedures through the office for fair access (off) which approves and monitors `access agreements` to safeguard and promote fair access to higher education.