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Jason

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Jason and the Argonauts, who sailed in search of the Golden Fleece is one of the most famous stories in Greek Mythology. The story is made into movie and TV series several times.

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Jason

  1. 1. JASON
  2. 2. JASON’S FAMILY  Jason belonged to the ruling family of Iolcus, and the Euxine Sea
  3. 3. HIS BIRTH  Like many heroes’ stories, Jason’s birth also starts with an oracle.  When Jason’s uncle, Pelias, deposed Jason’s father from the throne of Iolcus and drove his family into exile, Jason was sent to be raised and protected by a centaur, Chiron. Meanwhile, Pelias received a peculiar oracle: “Beware of the man wearing one sandal!”
  4. 4. JASON TO RECLAIM HIS THRONE  He was journeying back to Iolcus, and had to cross a swollen river. An old woman stood beside the river. “Can I help you across, ma’am?” asked Jason. The old woman nodded and let Jason carry her. As they proceeded across the river, Jason lost one of his sandals in its muddy bed. The old woman had been Hera in disguise
  5. 5. JASON ENCOUNTERS PELIAS  Pelias recognizes the man with one sandel and feeling the danger, sends Jason to get the Golden Fleece.  Jason as a result assembled a large group of presumably fifty heroes, who are referred to as Argonauts.  The Argo was Jason’s ship, built by the skilled shipman Argus under the direction of Athena.
  6. 6. JASON AND THE ARGONAUTS
  7. 7. SOME OF THE ARGONAUTS  the great musician Orpheus  the twin brothers of Helen of Troy named Castor and Polydeuces (Pollux)  Heracles  Peleus (father of Achilles)  Telamon (father of Ajax the Greater)  Oileus (father of Ajax the Lesser)  Castor was a great horseman  Polydeuces a first-rate boxer  Lynceus could see under the earth  Zetes and Calais were the sons of the North Wind and could fly
  8. 8. A POSSIBLE ROUTE FOR THE VOYAGE OF JASON AND THE ARGONAUTS
  9. 9. SOME OF THE ADVENTURES IN THE WAY  The Argonauts meet Hypsipyle, the queen on the isle of women, Lemnos. Hypsipyle takes a liking to Jason.
  10. 10. ON THE ISLAND OF CIUS  The Argonauts abandon Hylas, Heracles’ friend. (in fact, on the island of Cius, the nymphs of the pool fall in love with Hylas and drag him to live with them)
  11. 11. ON THE SHORE OF THRACE  Their next stop was on the shore of Thrace where a seer named Phineus lived. The Argonauts help free Phineus from the Harpies, half-bird half-woman creatures.
  12. 12. THE CLASHING ROCKS  Grateful Phineus warns the Argonauts about the Symplegades, the Clashing Rocks. Athena also helped them pass through the rocks by holding one rock and pushing the Argo forward.
  13. 13. AT COLCHIS  The Argonauts pass by Prometheus and arrive in Colchis. Hera and Athena see them land and discuss how to help them.  Hera and Athena scheme to help the Argonauts.  They ask Aphrodite for help Aphrodite bribes Eros for help in the goddesses’ scheme. Eros agrees to shoot one of his arrows into Aeetes’ (king of Colchis) daughter Medea
  14. 14. AT CALCHIS  Jason plans to ask King Aeetes of Colchis for his help. He asks for the Golden Fleece.  Aeetes tests the Argonauts and plans to kill them. Aeetes tells Jason to drive two bronze-footed bulls over the field of Ares, sow dragon’s teeth and then kill the armored men that are grown from the seeds.  The Argonauts urge Jason to get Medea’s help.  Medea prepares a charm and meets Jason.  Medea gives him the magic ointment and tells him what to do. Then Jason asks Medea to return with him after the task is done.
  15. 15.  Jason yokes the bulls and sows the dragon’s teeth. Then from the dragon’s seeds, armored men sprang up and Jason killed them the way Medea had advised him. Jason is victorious.  Medea’s treason is revealed and she flees, helping Jason retrieve the Golden Fleece, and getting his promise of marriage.
  16. 16. THE GOLDEN FLEECE  Jason follows Medea’s directions to where the Golden Fleece is protected by a dragon. Medea holds down the creature constantly calling on Sleep to charm the dragon and praying to Persephone. After the creature is laid unconscious, Jason approaches the oak tree and brings down the Golden Fleece.
  17. 17. SAILING HOME  The Argonauts set sail, pursued by Absyrtus, Medea’s brother.  Jason kills Absyrtus, cuts his body and scatters its pieces on the sea.  This action angers Zeus, as the Speaking Plank of the Argo warns, and Jason has to seek purification from Circe, a witch and Medea’s aunt.  After seeking purification from Circe, Jason and Medea marry in Phaeacia.
  18. 18.  Their final adventure on the voyage involved a bronze giant named Talus who guarded the island of Crete.  Medea helps the Argonauts to slay Talus, a bronze giant, at Crete.
  19. 19. JASON IS BACK  Back in Iolcus, Jason hands over the Golden Fleece to Pelias.  Medea Restores youth to Jason’s father, Aeson.  Medea takes Revenge upon Pelias on behalf of Jason.
  20. 20. JASON AND MEDEA IN EXILE  Jason and Medea went into exile in the city of Corinth for their role in Pelias’ death.  In exile at Corinth, Jason’s infidelity with Glauce Outrages Medea.  Medea Secures refuge for herself, and a day’s leave to take revenge on Jason.  Medea’s gift, a poisoned robe, kills Glauce.  Medea Murders the children born to Jason and herself.  Medea Receives asylum in Athens; Jason dies without glory.
  21. 21. FROM MEDEA BY EURIPIDES  MEDEA [to Jason]: Go, for you must be possessed by longing for your newly won girl. being so long away from the palace. Play your role as bridegroom; Perhaps—and with god's help I will say this—you have made such a marriage that will end up to your
  22. 22. RESOURCES  Colakis, Marianthe and Mary Joan Masello. Classical Mythology and more: A Reader Workbook. Bolchazy-Carducci Publishers, Inc. Wauconda, Illinois USA: 2007  Morford, Mark P. O.. Classical mythology. Oxford University Press. New York: 2003

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