Managing Livestockand Horsegoals And Overview


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Managing Livestockand Horsegoals And Overview

  1. 1. History and Goals of 4-H Livestock & Horse Projects Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  2. 2. Objectives <ul><li>The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition </li></ul><ul><li>The Growth of Livestock Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Life skill development through livestock and animal science participation </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  3. 3. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition <ul><li>Limited written documentation on where and when livestock exhibition was introduced </li></ul><ul><li>Elkanah Watson “father of U.S. agricultural fairs ” (International Association of Fairs & Expositions, 2002) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First sheep fair in 1807 in Pittsfield, Mass. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted to prove U.S. sheep produced equal quality wool to that of England </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Today well over 3,000 fairs across the country annually. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  4. 4. The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition <ul><li>Provide industrial exhibits, demonstrations, and agricultural commodities aimed to increase quality of agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Provide competition for youth to exhibit livestock for show </li></ul><ul><li>Most importantly, raising and exhibiting livestock has proven to develop and enhance life skills in youth </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  5. 5. Growth of Livestock Projects <ul><li>Calf, swine, and dairy clubs increased significantly during World War I through 4-H due to increased support of private donors </li></ul><ul><li>1917 states began to have youth shows </li></ul><ul><li>First youth show in Minnesota (Wessel and Wessel, 1982) </li></ul><ul><li>Minnesota State Livestock Breeders’ Association was first show to offer youth cash prizes to help counties hold calf and colt shows. </li></ul><ul><li>T.A. Erickson and W.A. McKerrow joined this livestock breeders association to establish first junior livestock show </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  6. 6. Growth of Livestock Projects <ul><li>2000, Texas 4-H and FFA members accounted for over 75,000 county livestock show entries for cattle, swine, meat goats, and sheep across the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly half were from the Texas 4-H program. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  7. 7. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Six major benefits as a result of competition through showing livestock: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social relations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Competition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning new cultures and environments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helping finance the youth’s education </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  8. 8. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Study done with 4-H alumni showed specific life skills that included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to make decisions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of a spirit of inquiry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to relate to others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintaining of records </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public speaking </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give positive self-esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help accept responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4-H animals science programs have a positive influence on life skill development </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  9. 9. Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects <ul><li>Boleman (2003) asked parents of youth exhibiting livestock projects their perceptions on life skill development </li></ul><ul><li>Parents stated life skills were enhanced and the following skills were increased: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Accepting responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop self-discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the livestock industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build positive self esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision making </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  10. 10. Conclusions <ul><li>Understanding the history of Livestock projects is important for County Extension Agents </li></ul><ul><li>Life skill development is an important topic that should be discussed with stakeholders. </li></ul><ul><li>The ultimate goal for County Extension Agents is to develop youth!! </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  11. 11. Overview of the 4-H Livestock Project Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  12. 12. Objectives <ul><li>General information </li></ul><ul><li>Did you know? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits of Competitive Livestock Showing </li></ul><ul><li>You are a role model </li></ul><ul><li>Livestock Shows </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  13. 13. General Information <ul><li>Takes a total commitment from youth, parents, County Extension Agents, volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Responsibility of CEA to provide oversight and leadership to 4-H livestock program </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  14. 14. Did you know? <ul><li>Texas is the number one state in total livestock shows, major livestock shows, prize money rewarded to youth, premium auction sales, youth participation, volunteer support, and scholarships provided </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  15. 15. Benefits of Competitive Livestock Showing <ul><li>Learn Seven Life Skills </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Setting Goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop Self-discipline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowledge of the livestock industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build positive self esteem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decision making </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Important to emphasize life skills as well as demonstrate them. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  16. 16. You are a role model <ul><li>County Extension Agents have a responsibility to be a role model for youth and adults </li></ul><ul><li>Agents must do the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate ethical practices dealing with livestock projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrate good sportsmanship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide resources to youth </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  17. 17. Livestock Shows <ul><li>Livestock shows go year around </li></ul><ul><li>County Agent responsible for making sure that families have all necessary tools to raise a livestock project and to follow rules and guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>List of major 4-H livestock project types: </li></ul>Breeding sheep Breeding goats Breeding Swine Breeding Cattle Dairy Cattle Dairy Goats <ul><ul><ul><li>Market steer </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Market lamb </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Meat goats </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Market swine </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Poultry </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rabbits </li></ul></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  18. 18. Conclusions <ul><li>It is very important County Extension Agents promote life skill development associated with livestock projects </li></ul><ul><li>It is the Agents goal to develop blue ribbon kids vs. blue ribbon animals </li></ul><ul><li>“ Always keep your focus on the right end of the halter.” </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  19. 19. Overview of the 4-H Horse Project Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  20. 20. Objectives <ul><li>General information </li></ul><ul><li>Western Emphasis </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter </li></ul><ul><li>Drill Team & Precision Riding </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership, Age and Competition Rules </li></ul><ul><li>District-Wide Competitive Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Texas State 4-H Show </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Educational and Competitive Activities and Events </li></ul><ul><li>Educational Support </li></ul><ul><li>Additional Information </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  21. 21. General Information <ul><li>Opportunities exist at the county, district, and state levels, with additional competitive activities at the Southern Regional, Western and National levels </li></ul><ul><li>Texas has excellent support from volunteers and very active 4-Hers!! </li></ul><ul><li>Major objective of the Texas 4-H horse program is to help initiate, support and promote education via hands-on involvement with horses. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  22. 22. General Information <ul><li>8,000 – 10,000 youth enroll annually in Texas 4-H Horse Project </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages 4-H youth to identify and maintain one or more horses of various ages as a project on or before May 1 st of each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Horse project is first and foremost, a horsemanship project area, with additional opportunities present </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  23. 23. Western Emphasis <ul><li>Judged Western – Showmanship, trail, western pleasure, western horsemanship, reining, western riding & halter conformation </li></ul><ul><li>Speed Events – Pole bending, barrel racing, and stakes racing </li></ul><ul><li>Cattle-related – Working cow horse, team penning, cutting, team roping, breakaway roping, and tie-down calf roping </li></ul><ul><li>Futurity projects – Reserved for older, more experienced 4-Hers who are ready to accept the (Western Pleasure) or three-year old (Stock Horse) </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  24. 24. Hunter (English Emphasis) <ul><li>Hunter under Saddle </li></ul><ul><li>Equitation </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter Hack </li></ul><ul><li>Working Hunter </li></ul><ul><li>Equitation over Fences </li></ul><ul><li>Jumping </li></ul><ul><li>Hunter Showmanship </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  25. 25. Drill Team & Precision Riding <ul><li>Introductory Precision work advancing up to more advanced Mounted Drill Team competition </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  26. 26. Ownership, Age and Competition Rules <ul><li>Show rules and regulations available on 4-H and animal science web-sites. </li></ul><ul><li>Key points include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4-H year starts on September 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse(s) must be owned by May 1 of the current 4-H year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May 1 deadline strictly enforced by countywide Horse Validation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse project(s) must be owned by the 4-Her, parent, grandparent, sibling, or legal guardian. Leased, loaned, borrowed or rented horses are not eligible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validated Horses for each 4-Her are maintained in County, District & Statewide databases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only horses owned and validated on or before May 1 each year can be shown in 4-H shows </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  27. 27. District-Wide Competitive Activities <ul><li>12 district horse shows across the state in June of each year </li></ul><ul><li>Showcase 20 + counties that come together for competitive activities </li></ul><ul><li>4-Her must enter and show their district horse to have a chance to qualify for the state show. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 1450 youth participate at the district horse show </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  28. 28. Texas State 4-H Horse Show <ul><li>Held last full week of July in Abilene </li></ul><ul><li>Over 800 youth bringing over 1,000 horses in various emphasis areas </li></ul><ul><li>State show culminates a year of activity, progress, and effort with one or more horses </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  29. 29. Additional Educational and Competitive Activities and Events <ul><li>Horse Judging – County teams of 3 or 4 members </li></ul><ul><li>Method Demonstration and Public Speaking – County teams of 1-5 members, or individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Horse Quiz Bowl – County teams </li></ul><ul><li>Hippology – County teams of 3 or 4 members </li></ul><ul><li>Record Books – Individual record keeping and Record Book Competition </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  30. 30. Educational Support <ul><li>Early summer Horse program assistants trained and sent to 35-40 counties to put on two or three day trainings </li></ul><ul><li>Information about trainings is available in the September and January issues of the CEA Horse Newsletter </li></ul><ul><li>Programs are hands-on, learn-by-doing </li></ul><ul><li>Clinics taught from late May to early July </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  31. 31. Educational Support <ul><li>Specialty Clinics – Offered with emphasis on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reining – Team Roping – Calf Roping -Working Cow Horse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horse Judging Team Coaches’ Clinic – Youth Horse Judging Camps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Master Volunteer Leader Training </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  32. 32. Additional Information <ul><li>CEA Horse Newsletter – published in January, May & September posted online at – sent to all County Extension Agents electronically </li></ul><ul><li>Texas 4-H Horse Show Rules and Regulations – updated annually </li></ul><ul><li>Texas 4-H Roundup Guide – Rules and procedures on Horse Judging, Method Demonstration, Public Speaking and Quiz Bowl. </li></ul><ul><li>Youth & Collegiate Horse Judging Leader Guide –available in print and DVD. </li></ul><ul><li>Texas 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl Guide – available via the 4-H Office </li></ul><ul><li>Texas Horse Owners’ Reference Guide – available from </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  33. 33. Conclusions <ul><li>There are numerous opportunities available to youth through the 4-H Horse Program. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 8-10 thousand youth participate a year in the horse program </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities other than horse projects are also available </li></ul><ul><li>Youth should be aware of all the rules and regulations in the horse program. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development