Bits and equipment

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Description of which Bits can and Which Bits can not be used in 4-H District and State Horse Shows

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Bits and equipment

  1. 1. Bits and Equipment Texas State 4-H Horse Show Rules and Regulations
  2. 2. Snaffle Bit <ul><li>A bit where the headstall, keeper and reins all attach to one ring and are free-moving </li></ul><ul><li>Uses direct pressure, not leverage </li></ul>
  3. 3. Curb Bit <ul><li>A bit where the headstall, curb chain and reins attach at different locations </li></ul><ul><li>Uses leverage </li></ul>
  4. 4. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Legal Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth snaffle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece at least 5/16” diameter, measured 1” from corner of mouthpiece </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3-piece connecting ring of 1¼” or less diameter or connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾” (top to bottom) with a maximum length of 2” is acceptable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rings no larger than 4” diameter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leather keeper strap acceptable – attached below reins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Split reins mandatory </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Legal Snaffles </li></ul>
  6. 6. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Legal Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bosal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible, braided rawhide, leather or rope </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Core may be rawhide or flexible cable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>No rigid material under jaw </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Approximately 1½” between bosal and nose </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous hackamore rein permitted </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical hackamore </li></ul>
  8. 8. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Gag bits </li></ul>
  9. 9. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Twisted-wire snaffles </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martingale Tie down </li></ul></ul>2-Yr-Old Futurity
  11. 11. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Draw reins </li></ul>
  12. 12. 2-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Protective boots and leg wraps </li></ul>
  13. 13. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Legal Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth snaffle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mouthpiece at least 5/16” diameter, measured 1” from corner of mouthpiece </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3-piece connecting ring of 1¼” or less diameter or connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾” (top to bottom) with a maximum length of 2” is acceptable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rings no larger than 4” diameter </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Leather keeper strap acceptable – attached below reins </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Split reins mandatory </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Legal Snaffles </li></ul>
  15. 15. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Bosal </li></ul>
  16. 16. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical hackamore </li></ul>
  17. 17. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Gag bits </li></ul>
  18. 18. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Twisted-wire snaffles </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Martingale Tie down </li></ul></ul>3-Yr-Old Futurity
  20. 20. 3-Yr-Old Futurity <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Draw reins </li></ul>
  21. 21. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Legal Bits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curb Spade Half-breed </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Legal Bit Examples </li></ul>
  23. 23. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Curb bits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Shanks no longer than 8½” (total of upper and lower shank) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Port no higher than 3” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curb chains and straps at least ½” wide and lie flat </li></ul></ul>Shank length Port height
  24. 24. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Curb bits </li></ul><ul><li>Mouthpieces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Round, oval or egg shaped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth and unwrapped metal of 5/16” to ¾” in diameter measured 1” from the cheek </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing may protrude below mouthpiece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(ex: extensions or prongs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be 2 or 3 pieces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 piece connecting ring of 1 ¼” or less in diameter, or a connecting flat bar of 3/8” or ¾” (top to bottom) with a maximum length of 2” which lies flat in mouth is acceptable </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Snaffles </li></ul>
  26. 26. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Bosal </li></ul>
  27. 27. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical hackamore </li></ul>
  28. 28. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Gag bits </li></ul>
  29. 29. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Prong Bits </li></ul>
  30. 30. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive Port </li></ul>
  31. 31. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Twisted mouthpieces </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Martingale Tie down Noseband </li></ul>Western Performance Classes
  33. 33. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Draw reins </li></ul>
  34. 34. Western Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Protective boots and leg wraps </li></ul>Not allowed in halter, showmanship, western pleasure, western riding or trail
  35. 35. Timed Event Classes <ul><li>Western-type equipment must be used </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical hackamore, gag bit or other bridle is contestant’s choice </li></ul><ul><li>Tie downs are legal </li></ul>
  36. 36. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Legal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Snaffle Kimberwick Pelham Full bridle </li></ul>Note: Pelham bits and Full bridles must be used with two sets of reins.
  37. 37. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Legal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Cavesson noseband Breastplate </li></ul><ul><li> (mandatory) (optional) </li></ul>
  38. 38. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Mouthpieces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nothing may protrude below mouthpiece </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid and broken mouthpieces must be between 5/16” to ¾” diameter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May be inlaid, synthetic wrapped, including rubber or plastic or incased, but must be smooth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>On broken mouthpieces only, connecting rings of 1¼” or less in diameter or connecting flat bar of 3/8” to ¾” (top to bottom) with max length of 2” which lie flat in mouth are acceptable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Snaffle bit rings no larger than 4” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any bit with fixed rein requires curb chain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curb chain must be at least ½” in width and lie flat </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Legal mouthpieces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth round </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow twist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corkscrew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single twisted wire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Double twisted wire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Straight bar or solid </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximum 1½“ port </li></ul></ul>
  40. 40. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal mouthpieces </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cathedral bits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Donut bits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prong bits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rough or sharp edges </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Square stock, metal wrapped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Polo bits </li></ul></ul>
  41. 41. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Martingales </li></ul><ul><li>(not allowed in flat classes or hunter hack) </li></ul>
  42. 42. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Draw reins </li></ul>
  43. 43. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical hackamore </li></ul>
  44. 44. Hunter Performance Classes <ul><li>Illegal Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Protective boots and leg wraps </li></ul>Exception: boots or leg wraps are legal in open jumping
  45. 45. Resources <ul><li>http://www.avilaproshop.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.bitandbridleshop.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.davismanufacturing.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greenrivertack.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.horsetackinternational.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.hought.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.kyhorse.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.rein-aid.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tackranch.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.tackroominc.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.thinklikeahorse.org </li></ul>

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