Research Methods in U.S. History 1 AMH 3170 Civil War and Reconstruction Farley Jenkins1Library of Congress, Civil War Maps Collection. http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.gmd/g3824g.cw0331000 (accessedNovember 6, 2011).
What is history? 2 • History is what happened • Concerned with the broad overview of events • Synthesis of many different forms of inquiry2Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USP6-2415-A DLC.http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/ppmsc/00000/00052v.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).
Historical Research 3 • Must be objective • Consider the source • Consider the context3Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Historic American Buildings Survey, HABS VA,44-RICH,146-1. http://memory.loc.gov/pnp/habshaer/va/va1600/va1628/photos/162402pv.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).
Types of Resources 4 5 Primary Sources Secondary Sources • Produced during the time • Produced after the period time period • Authors have first-hand • Authors will be knowledge historians or other • Letters, diaries, scholars newspaper articles • Books, scholarly journal articles4Library of Congress, African American Odyssey, aaohtml 0413.http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/odyssey/archive/04/0413001r.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).5Frederic L. Paxson, The Civil War (New York: Henry Holt and Company, 1911), http://books.google.com/ (accessedNovember 6, 2011).
Finding Sources 6 7 In Print Online • Allows browsing • Exact searching • More in-depth • Quick facts • Less volatile • Easily transferrable6Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Detroit Publishing Company Collection, LC-D4-42760 DLC.http://memory.loc.gov/service/pnp/det/4a20000/4a20000/4a20400/4a20433v.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).7Creative Commons image by Flickr.com user laffy4k. http://www.fotopedia.com/items/flickr-182219003 (accessedNovember 6, 2011).
How can the library help? 8 • Lots of books and other print resources • Many database subscriptions • Help with finding what you need8CreativeCommons image by Flickr.com user Athanasius. http://www.flickr.com/photos/keithpatterson/444003440/(accessed November 6, 2011).
Finding Resources in the Library 9 • Circulating non-fiction • Reference • Special collections9Creative Commons image by Donald Tetto. http://photos.tetto.org/4131/ (accessed November 6, 2011).
Searching the Catalog• Log in to http://www.lib.usf.edu/• Find items in library or in databases• Enter a few words to start, then more to narrow it down
Library Databases 10 • Authoritative and trustworthy resources • Both primary and secondary sources • Remotely accessible, can be downloaded10Editorial, "Hang Out Your Banners," New York Times, April 10, 1865. ProQuest Historical Newspapers (accessedNovember 6, 2011).
Google Scholar• Limits results to scholarly resources• Can be used to find items in library databases• Can be searched just like Google Web, the more words in your search the more specific the results will be
omg u can txt ur ?s!• Stop by 1st floor reference desk• Call (813) 974-2729• Text (813) 344-2795• Visit the Website to email a question, get help via instant messaging or schedule a time to meet with a librarian for in-depth research assistance
Pathfinder• List of library resources on a topic and where to find them• http://fjenkins.myweb.usf.edu/pathfinder.html
Digital Libraries 11 • Library collections of downloadable files • e.g., Library of Congress American Memory Project at http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/index.html11New York Historical Society, Civil War Treasures, nhnycw/ad ad36013.http://memory.loc.gov/ndlpcoop/nhnycw/ad/ad36/ad36013v.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).
Images 12 • A picture is worth 1,000 words • Must be cited like any other resource • Most images on the Web subject to copyright12New York Historical Society, Civil War Treasures, nhnycw/aj aj14027.http://memory.loc.gov/ndlpcoop/nhnycw/aj/aj14/aj14027v.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).
Plagiarism• Using someone else’s words or ideas and not giving them credit• Can result in failing a course or dismissal from the university• When in doubt, cite!
Turabian Style• Used for history papers• Kate L. Turabian, A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7th ed. (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007).• Quick guide available from http://www.libs.uga.edu/ref/turabian2009.pdf.
Google Books 13 • Great place to look for primary sources • All books published prior to 1923 can be downloaded free13CharlesH. Lynch, Civil War Diary (Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brannard, 1915). http://books.google.com(accessed November 6, 2011).
Discussion Questions 14 • Why is an objective understanding of history important? • What is the difference between scholarly and popular history? • Why did you choose to study history?14CreativeCommons image by Flickr.com user Susan Sermoneta. http://www.flickr.com/photos/en321/28927666/(accessed November 6, 2011).
Presentations 15 • 3 resources for your topic • At least 1 primary source, 1 secondary source, 1 print source, 1 online source, 1 book, and 1 image • Tell us why you selected each source and how it supports your topic15Creative Commons image by Flickr.com user dcJohn. http://www.flickr.com/photos/dcjohn/72584084/ (accessedNovember 6, 2011).
Thank you! 16 “To forget history is to remain forever a child.” —Cicero16CreativeCommons image by Wikimedia Commons user Gunnar Bach.http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Thorvaldsen_Cicero.jpg (accessed November 6, 2011).