Communication studies lecture 2

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This is the second lecture that dealt with the basics of communication.

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Communication studies lecture 2

  1. 1. Lesson Two Title: The Basics of Communication Module 1: Gathering and Processing Information Term 1; September 23 rd 2010 STUDIES Mr. Farley Chavez Augustine
  2. 2. <ul><li>D efining the concept of Communication </li></ul><ul><li>O utlining the Process of Communication </li></ul><ul><li>I dentifying Elements of Communication </li></ul>
  3. 3. WHAT IS COMMUNICATION?
  4. 4. COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Communication is the activity of conveying </li></ul><ul><li>information. It is the exchange of thoughts, </li></ul><ul><li>messages, or information, as by speech, signals, </li></ul><ul><li>writing, or behavior. </li></ul>
  5. 5. COMMUNICATION (CONT) <ul><li>There is a process by which we assign and convey meaning in an attempt to create shared understanding. This process requires a vast repertoire of skills in intrapersonal and interpersonal processing, listening, observing, speaking, questioning, analyzing, and evaluating . Use of these processes is developmental and transfers to all areas of life: home, school, community, work, and beyond. It is through communication that collaboration and cooperation occur. </li></ul>
  6. 7. THE COMMUNICATION PROCESS <ul><li>Communication begins the SENDER thinking about what to include in the message. </li></ul><ul><li>The MESSAGE is ENCODED in a MEDIUM and conveyed using a CHANNEL . </li></ul><ul><li>The RECEIVER (or audience) DECODES the Message. </li></ul><ul><li>The receiver sends a FEEDBACK , which is evidence of the message being communicated successfully or unsuccessfully. </li></ul><ul><li>The original sender then receives the feedback and the LOOP closes. </li></ul>
  7. 8. and selects a MEDIUM and sends a FEEDBACK
  8. 9. Communication Model II
  9. 10. ELEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION <ul><li>Conceptualization - mental activity before creating the message </li></ul><ul><li>People or Sender </li></ul><ul><li>A message </li></ul><ul><li>Channel - this is the tool used to transmit the message e.g. radio, television, newspapers, internet, billboards, letters etc </li></ul><ul><li>Medium - the means of sending the message e.g. music, speech, poetry, story etc </li></ul><ul><li>A situation or context- the circumstances that generate process </li></ul><ul><li>A receiver or audience </li></ul>
  10. 11. ELEMENTS OF COMMUNICATION (CONT) <ul><li>Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>Hindrance anything that distorts or prevents effective communication </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitators help the communication process </li></ul><ul><li>Encoding is the act of putting the message in a code; code is language (verbal or non verbal) </li></ul><ul><li>Decoding deciphering or interpreting the message </li></ul>
  11. 12. COMMUNICATION <ul><li>It is important to note that: </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is the key reason for language </li></ul><ul><li>Communication operates within a process </li></ul><ul><li>Communication involves several actions </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is described as a loop (it begins at a source and ends at the same source) </li></ul><ul><li>Communication uses symbols </li></ul><ul><li>Communication is a human skill or endeavor. </li></ul>
  12. 13. CLASSROOM ACTIVITY <ul><li>Answer the following questions to the video you are about to watch: </li></ul><ul><li>Identify those who are involved in the process of communication. </li></ul><ul><li>What medium is being used? </li></ul><ul><li>What channel is being used? </li></ul><ul><li>Where is the situation set? </li></ul><ul><li>What communication technology is being used? </li></ul>

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