Workplace OH Management by Dr Mohd Hatta Usul


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COSH 2011

Published in: Health & Medicine, Business
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Workplace OH Management by Dr Mohd Hatta Usul

  1. 1. Empowerment Accountable Responsive Lt. Col. (R) Dr Mohd Hatta Usul Group Health Adviser, PETRONAS
  2. 2. Occupational Diseases Process safety Personal InjuriesDMHU July 2011 2
  3. 3. Workers off work at least 1 month due to accidents at work and work- related health problems in the past 12 months 3.5 3 2.5 % of Workers 2 1.5 1 0.5 0 15-24 25-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 Age Group Accident Health Problems July 2011 063-EN.PDF 3
  4. 4. Main Findings • 3.2% of workers in the EU-27 had an accident at work during a one year period, which corresponds to almost 7 million workers. • Approximately 10% of these accidents were a road traffic accident in the course of work.• 8.6% of workers in the EU-27 experienced a work-related health problems in the past 12 months, which corresponds to 20 million persons.• Bone joint or muscle problems and stress, anxiety or depression were most prevalent.• 40% of workers in the EU-27, i.e. 80 million workers, are exposed to factors that can adversely affect physical health.• 27% of workers, i.e. 56 million workers, are exposed to factors that can adversely affect mental well-being. EN.PDFDMHU July 2011 4
  5. 5. • 1.3 million people who worked during the last year were suffering from an illness with 555,000 of these were new conditions which started during the year.• 2,249 people died from mesothelioma in 2008 and thousands more from other occupational cancers and diseases.• 152 workers were killed at work.• 233 000 reportable injuries occurred, according to the Labour Force Survey.• 28.5 million days were lost overall (1.2 days per worker), with 23.4 million due to work-related ill health and 5.1 million due to workplace injury. HSE UKDMHU July 2011 5
  6. 6. (HSE UK Statistics)DMHU July 2011 6
  7. 7. DMHU July 2011 Source: SOCSO Report 1995-2005 7
  8. 8. Occupational Diseases Reported to SOCSO 1999-2003 Probable Cases of Occupational Diseases Among MOH Hospital Admission 1999=2003DMHU July 2011 8
  9. 9. * Difficulty in recognizing occupational diseases * Long latent period between exposure and disease * Low awareness among employees and employers * Intentional under reporting * Exclusion of certain group of workers * Competency of HSE and medical practitioners * Reporting processDMHU July 2011 9
  10. 10. Health hazards and risks not adequately managed Emergence of new issues and challengesDMHU July 2011 10
  11. 11. DMHU July 2011 11
  12. 12. *DMHU July 2011 12
  13. 13. *Low level of awareness *Lack of legal push *Low on enforcement *Lack of economic push *Perceived low ROI *Lack of resources *Lack of infrastructure *Low in competencyDMHU July 2011 13
  14. 14. Health hazards and risks not adequately managed Emergence of new issues and challengesDMHU July 2011 14
  15. 15. • 99.2% or 518,996 of total establishments in the three main economic sectors of manufacturing, services and agriculture.• 65% of total workforce or 3 million for the 3 sectors (DOS Malaysia, 2005 Census)• Low budget/expenditure operations• No proper OSH management system• No resources DMHU July 2011 15
  16. 16. *Drive for more productivity, increasing pace of work, shorter deadlines. *People are working harder and for longer hours, with implications for both physical and mental health. *While traditional physical hazards still dominate in high risk sectors such as construction, psychosocial risks have assumed greater importance in the public and white collar sectors. *DMHU July 2011 16
  17. 17. DMHU July 2011 17
  18. 18. *Reproductive health issues *Domestic issues *Sexual harassment *Work-life balance issuesDMHU July 2011 18
  19. 19. * • Unskilled and poor OHS awareness • Social problems • Communicable diseases • Mental health • Use of public resourcesDMHU July 2011 19
  20. 20. • Lifestyle diseases• Occupational diseases• Mental health• Burden on medical care and OH servicesDMHU July 2011 20
  21. 21. *Better delivery of OH services *Better reporting and data *Increased awareness among employees, employers and public *Better infrastructure to provide support to industries *Laws and regulations *Better competency among OH professionals *More impactful OH programs *DMHU July 2011 21
  22. 22. *OH programs targeted to change mindset and work culture *Enforcement with support *Priority of focus areasDMHU July 2011 22
  23. 23. *National level *Industry/ enterprise levelDMHU July 2011 23
  24. 24. 1. * Caucus of OH practitioners, enforcement agencies and employers * Develop medium and long term plan to develop and enhance OH management practices * Determine target and performance indicators * Development of required infrastructure * Provide support to industries especially the SMEDMHU July 2011 24
  25. 25. July 2011 25
  26. 26. *Improve processes in reporting and data gathering * Collaboration of public and private agencies * Self reporting on occupational diseases * Incentive for reporting by OHD *Set realistic target and KPI *Company to report performance 2.DMHU July 2011 26
  27. 27. * July 2011 27
  28. 28. Social Discipline Window CONTROL *Laws and regulation with clear instruction on compliance SUPPORT *Punitive enforcement with restorative action 3.DMHU July 2011 28
  29. 29. * OH professionals and OSH officers should be provided with basic knowledge on business management* OHD provided with in-depth knowledge on core OH management knowledge* Improve quality and delivery of OH training 4.DMHU July 2011 29
  30. 30. *National level *Industry/ enterprise levelDMHU July 2011 30
  31. 31. * To promote and create awareness in employers and employees of the benefits of work and of a positive working;* To reduce the prevalence and incidence of work-related illness and disease and improve the health and well-being;* To put in place programs designed to enhance the health and well- being of workers through promotion, prevention and rehabilitation;* To define the information and data required for monitoring workplace health and well-being, including key indicators and collection methodologies *DMHU July 2011 31
  32. 32. Occupational Voluntary Health Programs Health Practices Workplace OH Management Organizational CultureDMHU July 2011 32
  33. 33. * Programs targeted at changing mindset and work/ organization culture * Improve delivery of OH services * Competency * Resources * Planning * Data and information gathering * Monitoring and review *DMHU July 2011 33
  34. 34. * Focus on human behavior * Behavior based health program * UA-UC program * Increase awareness among employees & management * Tool-box meeting, HAZOP, HEMP * Enhance competency * OSH officers trained on OH management * Access to OH expertise * Supportive organizational culture * Management participation * Proactive programs * Guidelines and procedures * Performance indicators *DMHU July 2011 34
  35. 35. Control SupportDMHU July 2011 35
  36. 36. * Occupational diseases will be a major concerns to government and industries in the near future * We need workable strategies and enhance OH services delivery to reduce foreseeable impacts * Achievement depends on collaborative efforts from all stakeholders the government, the industry, the OH professionals and the employees *DMHU July 2011 36
  37. 37. Question? Change now or later *DMHU July 2011 37