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RAMUNA BINTI MOHAMEDPOLICY AND RESEARCH DIVISIONDEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTHLATEST UPDATE OF OSH LAW
INTRODUCTION TO OSH FRAMEWORKUPDATES OF OSH ACTSUPDATES OF OSH REGULATIONSUPDATES OF OSH SUPPORT DOCUMENTSCONCLUSIONCONTEN...
OSH = CROSS-DISCIPLINARY AREA CONCERNEDWITH PROTECTING THE SAFETY, HEALTH ANDWELFARE OF PEOPLE ENGAGED IN WORK OREMPLOYMEN...
INTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATION TOOLS : TO ASSIGN SCOPE OF APPLICATION FORMATION OF OSH COUNCIL ROLE & RESPONSABILITIES...
ACTREGULATIONINDUSTRYCODES OFPRACTICESCONVENTIONSTANDARDSGUIDANCESINTRODUCTION :OSH FRAMEWORK
INTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKCONSTITUTIONALPROVISIONSLAWS RE...
Employment Act 1955 (Act 265)Labor Ordinance of Sarawak (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act A1237)Labor Ordinance of Sabah (Amendmen...
o APPROVED BY PARLIMENTo SETS OUT : DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS TOWARDS Employees Members of the public DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES TO...
ACTPSMA 1984 [Act 302]OSHA 1994 [Act 514]FMA 1967 [Act 139]An Act to make further provisions forsecuring the safety, healt...
o APPROVED BY MINISTERo MADE UNDER THE PROVISION OF THE ACTo MORE EXPLICITo GOAL SETTINGo LEAVE EMPLOYERS FREEDOM TO DECID...
OSH REGULATIONSFMA1967[ACT139]PSMA1984[ACT302]OSHA1994[ACT514] SAFETY & HEALTHPOLICY, 1995 CIMAH, 1996 SAFETY & HEALTHC...
OSH ICOPo APPROVED BY MINISTERo HAVE A SPECIAL LEGAL STATUSIf employers are prosecuted for a breach of OSHA and it isprove...
OSH CONVENTIONS OSH CONVENTIONS = A TREATY ADOPTED BYTHE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR CONFERENCEOF ILO WHICH IS MADE UP OFGOVERNM...
OSH STANDARDS STANDARD = A DOCUMENT ESTABLISHEDBY CONSENSUS AND APPROVED BY ARECOGNIZED BODY THAT PROVIDESFOR COMMON AND ...
OSH GUIDELINES COVER WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECTS NOT COMPULSORY AND EMPLOYERSARE FREE TO TAKE OTHER ACTION NORMALLY ENOUGH T...
OSH GUIDELINES THE MAIN PURPOSES OF GUIDANCEARE TO: Interpret & understand the law Help to comply with the law Give te...
UPDATE OF ACT :PROPOSED NEW ACTNewActAct514Act139
UPDATE OF ACT :PROPOSED NEW ACTTECHNICALSPECIFICATIONPOWER OFDIRECTORGENERALSECTION 2 :INTERPRETATIONOF FACTORYPART III: P...
UPDATE OF REGULATIONS :PROPOSED NEW REGULATIONNO REGULATION PURPOSE STATUS1 Occupational Safety andHealth (Occupational Sa...
NO REGULATION PURPOSE STATUS4 Factories and Machinery(Special Scheme ofInspection)(Risk BasedInspection) 201XTo provide ne...
NO REGULATION PURPOSE OF AMENDMENT STATUS1 Factories and Machinery(Persons in Charge) Regulations201XTo update new require...
NO REGULATION PURPOSE OF AMENDMENT STATUS4 Occupational Safety and Health(Safety and Health Committee)Regulations 201XTo i...
NO ICOP PURPOSE GAZZETTENO.1 Occupational Safety andHealth Industry Code ofPractice on ChemicalsClassification andHazard C...
NO CONVENTION PURPOSE DATE RATIFIED1 C187 :PROMOTIONALFRAMEWORK FOROSH, 2006TO PROVIDE FRAMEWORKFOR OSH PROMOTING CONTINU...
NO STANDARDS PURPOSE GAZZETTE NO.1 Occupational Safety andHealth (OSH)Management Systems –Requirements (FirstRevision)To p...
NO STANDARDS PURPOSE GAZZETTE NO.1 Safety Rules For TheConstruction AndInstallation Of ElectricLiftTo provide requirements...
UPDATE OF GUIDELINES COVER WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECTS CURRENTLY : 55 GUIDELINES DEVELOPED AVAILABLE IN DOSH WEB SITELATEST ...
UPDATE OF GUIDELINESLATEST STANDARDSNO GUIDELINES PURPOSE PUBLISHED DATE2 Guideline for MediaProfessionalsTo provide media...
CONCLUSION DOSH WILL CONTINUE TO REVIEW ANDUPDATE THE OSH LEGISLATION ALL PARTIES ARE WELCOME TO GIVEFEEDBACK FOR FURTHE...
THANK YOURAMUNA BINTI MOHAMEDDEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHMINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCESLEVEL 2, 3 & 4 BLOCK D...
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Seminar Cakna KKP - Latest Update Osh Law

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INTRODUCTION TO OSH LEGISLATION, INTRODUCTION TO OSH FRAMEWORK, UPDATES OF OSH ACTS, UPDATES OF OSH REGULATIONS, UPDATES OF OSH SUPPORT DOCUMENTS
CONCLUSION

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Seminar Cakna KKP - Latest Update Osh Law

  1. 1. RAMUNA BINTI MOHAMEDPOLICY AND RESEARCH DIVISIONDEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTHLATEST UPDATE OF OSH LAW
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION TO OSH FRAMEWORKUPDATES OF OSH ACTSUPDATES OF OSH REGULATIONSUPDATES OF OSH SUPPORT DOCUMENTSCONCLUSIONCONTENTINTRODUCTION TO OSH LEGISLATION
  3. 3. OSH = CROSS-DISCIPLINARY AREA CONCERNEDWITH PROTECTING THE SAFETY, HEALTH ANDWELFARE OF PEOPLE ENGAGED IN WORK OREMPLOYMENTOSH GOAL = FOSTER A SAFE WORK ENVIRONMENT PROTECT PERSONS (CO-WORKERS, FAMILYMEMBERS, EMPLOYERS, CUSTOMERS,SUPPLIERS, NEARBY COMMUNITIES, ANDOTHER MEMBERS OF THE PUBLIC WHO AREIMPACTED BY THE WORKPLACEENVIRONMENT)INTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATION
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATION TOOLS : TO ASSIGN SCOPE OF APPLICATION FORMATION OF OSH COUNCIL ROLE & RESPONSABILITIES POWER COLLECTION OF FEES
  5. 5. ACTREGULATIONINDUSTRYCODES OFPRACTICESCONVENTIONSTANDARDSGUIDANCESINTRODUCTION :OSH FRAMEWORK
  6. 6. INTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKOCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORKCONSTITUTIONALPROVISIONSLAWS RELATED TOOCCUPATIONALSAFETY AND HEALTHMAJOR LAWS ONOCCUPATIONAL SAFETYAND HEALTH
  7. 7. Employment Act 1955 (Act 265)Labor Ordinance of Sarawak (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act A1237)Labor Ordinance of Sabah (Amendment) Act 2005 (Act A1238)Children and Young Persons (Employment) Act 1966 (Act 350)Employees Provident Fund Act 1991 (Act 452)Employees’ Social Security Act 1969 (Act 4)Workmen’s Compensation Act 1952 (Act 273)Workers’ Minimum Standards of Housing and Amenities Act 1990 (Act 446)Wages Council Act 1947 (Act 195)Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad Act 2001 (Act 612)Industrial Relations Act 1967 (Act 177)Employment Information Act 1953 (Act 159)Private Employment Agencies Act 1981 (Act 246)Environmental Quality Act 1975 (Act 127)Atomic Energy Licensing Act 1984 (Act 304)Gas Supply Act 1993 (Act 501)Fire Services Act 1988 (Act 341)Uniform Building by Laws 1984Electricity Supply Act 1990 (Act 447)Pesticides Act 1974 (Act 149)CONSTITUTIONALPROVISIONSLAWS RELATED TO OSHFederal ConstitutionINTRODUCTION :OSH LEGISLATIVE FRAMEWORK
  8. 8. o APPROVED BY PARLIMENTo SETS OUT : DUTIES OF EMPLOYERS TOWARDS Employees Members of the public DUTIES OF EMPLOYEES TO Themselves Otherso QUALIFIED DUTIES BY THE PRINCIPLEOF ‘SO FAR AS IS PRACTICABLE’OSH ACT
  9. 9. ACTPSMA 1984 [Act 302]OSHA 1994 [Act 514]FMA 1967 [Act 139]An Act to make further provisions forsecuring the safety, health and welfareof persons at work, for protecting othersagainst risks to safety or health inconnection with the activities of personsat work, …An Act to provide for the control offactories with respect to mattersrelating to the safety, health andwelfare of persons therein, theregistration and inspection ofmachinery and for matters connectedtherewith.An Act to consolidate laws relating tosafety in the transportation, storageand utilization of petroleum and toprovide for matters relating thereto.OSH ACTS
  10. 10. o APPROVED BY MINISTERo MADE UNDER THE PROVISION OF THE ACTo MORE EXPLICITo GOAL SETTINGo LEAVE EMPLOYERS FREEDOM TO DECIDEHOW TO CONTROL UNLESS RISKS ARE SO GREAT PROPER CONTROL MEASURES SO COSTLY NOT APPROPRIATEOSH REGULATIONS
  11. 11. OSH REGULATIONSFMA1967[ACT139]PSMA1984[ACT302]OSHA1994[ACT514] SAFETY & HEALTHPOLICY, 1995 CIMAH, 1996 SAFETY & HEALTHCOMMITTEE , 1996 CPL, 1997 SHO, 1997 SHO ORDERS, 1997 PROHIBITION OFUSE OF SUBSTANCEORDER, 1999 USECHH , 2000 NADOPOD, 2004 CERTIFICATE OFCOMPETENCY -EXAMINATION, 1970 ELECTRIC PASSENGER &GOOD LIFTS,1970 FENCING OF MACHINERY &SAFETY,1970 NOTIFICATION OF FITNESS &INSPECTIONS, 1970 PERSON –IN-CHARGE, 1970 SAFETY, HEALTH &WELFARE, 1970 STEAM BOILER & UPV, 1970 ADMINISTRATION, 1970 COMPOUNDING OFOFFENCES (REVOCATION),2009 COMPONDABLE OFFENCES(REVOCATION), 2009 LEAD, 1984 ASBESTOS PROCESS, 1986 BOWEC, 1986 NOISE EXPOSURE, 1989 MINERAL DUST, 1989 TRANSPORTATIONOF PETROLEUM BYPIPELINES, 1985 TRANSPORTATIONOF PETROLEUM BYWATER, 1985
  12. 12. OSH ICOPo APPROVED BY MINISTERo HAVE A SPECIAL LEGAL STATUSIf employers are prosecuted for a breach of OSHA and it isproved that they have not followed the relevant provisionsof the ICOP, a court can find them at fault unless they canshow that they have complied with the law in some otherwayo OFFER PRACTICAL EXAMPLES OF GOODPRACTICEo GIVE ADVICE ON HOW TO COMPLY WITHTHE LAWA guide to what is ‘AS FAR AS PRACTICABLE’
  13. 13. OSH CONVENTIONS OSH CONVENTIONS = A TREATY ADOPTED BYTHE INTERNATIONAL LABOUR CONFERENCEOF ILO WHICH IS MADE UP OFGOVERNMENT, WORKER AND EMPLOYERDELEGATES FROM THE 183 MEMBER STATESOF THE ILO OSH CONVENTION MORE THAN 40 CONVENTIONS (STANDARDS) 40 CODES OF PRACTICE NOT COMPULSORY COUNTRY’S OBLIGATION
  14. 14. OSH STANDARDS STANDARD = A DOCUMENT ESTABLISHEDBY CONSENSUS AND APPROVED BY ARECOGNIZED BODY THAT PROVIDESFOR COMMON AND REPEATED USE,RULES, GUIDELINES ORCHARACTERISTICS FOR ACTIVITIES ORTHEIR RESULTS, AIMED AT THEACHIEVEMENT OF THE OPTIMUMDEGREE OF ORDER IN A GIVEN CONTEXTRefer : ISO/IEC GUIDE 2:1996 NOT COMPULSORY
  15. 15. OSH GUIDELINES COVER WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECTS NOT COMPULSORY AND EMPLOYERSARE FREE TO TAKE OTHER ACTION NORMALLY ENOUGH TO COMPLY WITHTHE LAW SPECIFIC TO Safety and Health problems of an industry Particular process used in the industry
  16. 16. OSH GUIDELINES THE MAIN PURPOSES OF GUIDANCEARE TO: Interpret & understand the law Help to comply with the law Give technical advice
  17. 17. UPDATE OF ACT :PROPOSED NEW ACTNewActAct514Act139
  18. 18. UPDATE OF ACT :PROPOSED NEW ACTTECHNICALSPECIFICATIONPOWER OFDIRECTORGENERALSECTION 2 :INTERPRETATIONOF FACTORYPART III: PERSONIN CHARGE ANDCERTIFICATES OFCOMPETENCYPART V : NOTICEOF OCCUPATIONOF FACTORY,ANDREGISTRATIONAND USE OFMACHINERY PART I: PRELIMINARY PART II: APPOINTMENT OF OFFICER PART III: NATIONAL COUNCIL FOROCCUPATIONAL SAFETY & HEALTH PART IV: GENERAL DUTIES OFEMPLOYERS & SELF EMPLOYEDPERSONS PART V: GENERAL DUTIES OFDESIGNERS, MANUFACTURERS &SUPPLIERS PART VI: GENERAL DUTIES OFEMPLOYEES PART VII: SAFETY & HEALTHORGANIZATIONS PART VIII: NOTIFICATION OFACCIDENTS, DANGEROUS OCCURRENCE,OCCUPATIONAL POISONING &OCCUPATIONAL DISEASES, & INQUIRY PART IX: PROHIBITION AGAINST USE OFPLANT OR SUBSTANCE PART X: INDUSTRY CODE OF PRACTICE PART XII: LIABILITY FOR OFFENCES PART XIII: APPEALS PART XIV: REGULATIONS
  19. 19. UPDATE OF REGULATIONS :PROPOSED NEW REGULATIONNO REGULATION PURPOSE STATUS1 Occupational Safety andHealth (Occupational Safetyand Health ManagementSystem) Regulations 201XEnsure certain industryimplementing OSHmanagement system tomanage OSH issues atplace of workAttorneyGeneralChambers(AGC)2 Occupational Safety andHealth (Inquiry Procedures)Regulations 201XTo provide legal inquiryprocedureAttorneyGeneralChambers(AGC)3 Occupational Safety andHealth (Chemical ClassificationLabeling and Safety DataSheets) Regulations 201X[CLASS]To align with GloballyHarmonised Systems (GHS)implementation.Will replace CPLRegulations 1997.AttorneyGeneralChambers(AGC)
  20. 20. NO REGULATION PURPOSE STATUS4 Factories and Machinery(Special Scheme ofInspection)(Risk BasedInspection) 201XTo provide new scheme ofcertificate of fitness (CF)for industry whoimplementing RBIAttorneyGeneralChambers(AGC)5 Occupational Safety And Health(Dangerous Machinery)Regulations 20XXTo provide requirementsand responsibilities toperson dealing withdangerous machineryDOSHUPDATE OF REGULATIONS:PROPOSED NEW REGULATION
  21. 21. NO REGULATION PURPOSE OF AMENDMENT STATUS1 Factories and Machinery(Persons in Charge) Regulations201XTo update new requirementfor steam engineer anddriver tailored with industryneededAttorneyGeneralChambers(AGC)2 Occupational Safety and Health(Safety and Health Officer)Regulations 201XEnsure certain industryimplementing OSHmanagement system tomanage OSH issues at placeof workDOSH3 Occupational Safety and Health(Safety and Health Officer)Order 201XTo specify the class ordescription of industries thatrequire to employ safetyand health officerDOSHUPDATE OF REGULATIONS:PROPOSED AMENDMENT
  22. 22. NO REGULATION PURPOSE OF AMENDMENT STATUS4 Occupational Safety and Health(Safety and Health Committee)Regulations 201XTo improve and strengthenthe function andeffectiveness of SHCDOSH5 Factories and Machinery(Building Operation and Worksof EngineeringConstruction)(Safety) 201XTo update new requirementtailored with constructionindustry neededDOSH6 Occupational Safety and Health(Use and Standards of Exposureof Chemicals Hazardous toHealth) Regulations 201XTo update new requirementfor the usage and exposureof hazardous chemicalsDOSHUPDATE OF REGULATIONS:PROPOSED AMENDMENT
  23. 23. NO ICOP PURPOSE GAZZETTENO.1 Occupational Safety andHealth Industry Code ofPractice on ChemicalsClassification andHazard CommunicationTo provide guidance to employersand employees on the proper andeffective methods of classifyingchemicals and communicatinghazard of chemicalsP.U.(B)250/2012UPDATE : NEW ICOPNO ICOP REASON GAZZETTENO.1 Occupational Safety andHealth Industry Code ofPractice on ChemicalsClassification andHazard CommunicationTo align with the regulation DOSHAMENDMENT ICOP
  24. 24. NO CONVENTION PURPOSE DATE RATIFIED1 C187 :PROMOTIONALFRAMEWORK FOROSH, 2006TO PROVIDE FRAMEWORKFOR OSH PROMOTING CONTINUOUSIMPROVEMENT TOPREVENT OCCUPATIONALINJURIES, DISEASES &DEATH ACHIEVING SAFETY &HEALTHY WORKINGENVIRONMENTJUN 20122 C155 :OCCUPATIONALSAFETY & HEALTHCONVENTION, 1981TO PROVIDEFORMULATION,IMPLEMENTATION &REVIEW OF NATIONAL OSHPOLICYCONSIDERING TORATIFYUPDATE OF CONVENTION
  25. 25. NO STANDARDS PURPOSE GAZZETTE NO.1 Occupational Safety andHealth (OSH)Management Systems –Requirements (FirstRevision)To provide requirements onOSHMS and basis for thedevelopment of a sustainablesafety and health culture in theorganisationWill be madeknown laterUPDATE OF STANDARDS DOSH = SWO COVER WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECTS UNDER ISC W CURRENTLY : 218 MS DEVELOPED 163 (ADOPT - ISO) & 55 (INDIGENOUS)PROPOSE MANDATORY STANDARD
  26. 26. NO STANDARDS PURPOSE GAZZETTE NO.1 Safety Rules For TheConstruction AndInstallation Of ElectricLiftTo provide requirementsforConstruction And InstallationOf Electric Lifts20122 Safety Rules For TheConstruction AndInstallation Of Lifts -Hydraulic LiftsTo provide requirementsforConstruction And InstallationOf Hydraulic Lifts2012UPDATE OF STANDARDS ALSO UNDER ISC F (MECHANICALENGINEERING ) CURRENTLY : 334 MS DEVELOPED 209 (ADOPT - ISO) & 125 (INDIGENOUS)PROPOSE MANDATORY STANDARD
  27. 27. UPDATE OF GUIDELINES COVER WIDE RANGE OF SUBJECTS CURRENTLY : 55 GUIDELINES DEVELOPED AVAILABLE IN DOSH WEB SITELATEST STANDARDSNO GUIDELINES PURPOSE PUBLISHED DATE1 Guidelines onOccupational Safety andHealth ManagementSystems (OSHMS)To guide and assistorganizations on theimplementation of theMS1722: occupational safetyand health managementsystems - requirementsstandardDec 2010
  28. 28. UPDATE OF GUIDELINESLATEST STANDARDSNO GUIDELINES PURPOSE PUBLISHED DATE2 Guideline for MediaProfessionalsTo provide media professionalswith information regardingsafety practices while working.20113 Guidelines on MercuryManagement in Oil andGas IndustryTo provide information andrecommendations on how tomanage mercury in the Oil &Gas industry in compliancewith the Occupational Safetyand Health (Use andStandards of Exposure ofChemicals Hazardous toHealth) Regulations 2000.2011
  29. 29. CONCLUSION DOSH WILL CONTINUE TO REVIEW ANDUPDATE THE OSH LEGISLATION ALL PARTIES ARE WELCOME TO GIVEFEEDBACK FOR FURTHERIMPROVEMENTOF OSH LEGISLATION
  30. 30. THANK YOURAMUNA BINTI MOHAMEDDEPARTMENT OF OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTHMINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCESLEVEL 2, 3 & 4 BLOCK D3, PARCEL DFEDERAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION CENTER62530 PUTRAJAYA, MALAYSIA 03-88865078 03-88892352 ramuna@mohr.gov.my

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