Seminar Cakna KKP - CONFINED SPACE To Make A Safe Space


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State the definition of confined space at workplace, explain the legislation related to the confined space occupations, application procedures on AGT/ES registration.

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Seminar Cakna KKP - CONFINED SPACE To Make A Safe Space

  1. 1. Introduction, Legislation andRegistration of Confined SpaceHusdin Che AmatIndustrial Hygiene & Ergonomic DivisionDOSH1
  2. 2. Scope Upon completion of this chapter,participants will be able to:• State the definition of confined space atworkplace,• Explain the legislation related to the confinedspace occupations.• Application procedures on AGT/ES registration.2
  3. 3. Definition of Confined SpaceWhat is a confined space?• An enclosed or partially enclosed space,• Is at atmospheric pressure during occupancy,• Is not intended or designed primarily as a place ofwork, and• Is liable at any time to :i. Have an atmosphere which contains harmful levels ofcontaminantsii. Have an oxygen deficiency or excessiii.Cause engulfment and• Could have restricted means for entry and exit.(From Industry Code Of Practice For Safe Working In Confined Space 2010)3
  4. 4. Worker :1. Inexperience : Not recognizing space as a confined space,not educated on potential hazards2. Familiarity : assuming that conditions will remain the same;trusting their senses, and underestimating the danger3. Taking short cuts : Failure to use, or failure of respiratoryequipment, and failure to apply for PTW4. Responding to an accident : Trying to rescue othersManagement :1. No confined space entry program2. Not equipped to manage the emergency situation4Causes of Incidents
  5. 5. Types of Confined SpaceConfined spaces can also be classified into 2 categories :1.Open-topped enclosures with depths which restrict natural movement of air,(e.g. pits, tanks, excavations, trenches, hoppers, vaults)2.Enclosures with limited openings for entry and exit (e.g. Sewers, ducts,tunnels, pipes, silos, cooling towers, columns, boilers, furnaces, ships, )5
  6. 6. Examples of Confined Space6
  7. 7. Examples of Confined Space7
  8. 8. Examples of Confined SpaceManhole8
  9. 9. Example of Confined SpaceManhole9
  10. 10. Examples of Confined Space10
  11. 11. 11Examples of Confined Space
  12. 12. A. Because you are doing a job involving work inconfined space such as :– Cleaning, inspection, painting, maintenance– Modification involving hot work, repairs, etcB. Because you are the Authorized Gas Tester, and itis your job to test the atmosphere and ensure it issafe for others to enterC. Because you are with the emergency rescue team :– To rescue people in trouble in the confined space12Why Do You Have To EnterConfined Space?
  13. 13. OSHA 1994• General duties of employersand self-employed personsto their employees– Section 15(1)– Section 15(2)13
  14. 14. OSHA 1994 (Cont.)• Penalty under section 19 foroffences under sections 15to 18;– Be liable to a fine not exceedingfifty thousand MalaysiaRinggit or to imprisonment fora term not exceeding two yearsor to both14
  15. 15. General Duties of Employee Part VI: General duties of employees atwork (OSHA 1994)- Section 24 (1) - Section 24 (2)A person who contravenes the provisions of this sectionshall be guilty of an offence and shall, on conviction, beliable to a fine not exceeding one thousand MalaysiaRinggit or to imprisonment for a term not exceedingthree months or to both15
  16. 16. [CONFINED SPACES]• Regulation 13 (1) :Where any work has to be done inside anychamber, tank, vat, pit, pressure or othervessel or other confined space in whichdangerous fumes are liable to be present tosuch an extent as to involve risk to anyperson being overcome thereby, suchconfined space shall, unless there is otheradequate means of egress, be provided witha manhole; such manhole may berectangular, oval or circular in shape, andshall not be less than sixteen inches wideor not less than eighteen inches indiameter if circular.16FMA 1967 : SHW Reg 1970
  17. 17. No person shall be required or permitted to enter any confined space unless:-a. All practicable steps have been taken to remove any fumes which may bepresent and to prevent any ingress of fumes;b. It has been ascertained by a suitable test that the confined space is freefrom dangerous fumes;Provided that where such test cannot be carried out, theperson entering a confined space shall wear an efficientrespiratory protective device suitable for the dangeroussubstance that is to be expected and a suitable safety beltwith attached life line of adequate dimensions leading to aconvenient point outside the tank or vessel.c. A reliable and competent person is stationed at the entrance to the tank orvessel to supervise the operations and to take such action as may benecessary in any emergency17Factories & Machinery(Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations 1970 –Regulation 13 (2)
  18. 18. • Produced by Department ofOccupational Safety and Health(DOSH)• Enforced by DOSH• Does not apply to:– Underground mining– Other places not at atmosphericpressure• Organisations involved in draftingthe code:• DOSH, Petronas, JPP, IWK, TM, TNB,Putrajaya Holding Sdn Bhd, PejabatKesihatan (DBKL), BOMBA, JPP, CabotMaterials Research Sdn Bhd18Industry Code Of Practice(ICOP)
  19. 19. ICOP Confined Space• Industry Code Of Practice For SafeWorking In A Confined Space 2010–Gazetted on 22nd July 2010• Gazette no.[P.U.(B) 324 / 2010]19
  20. 20. ICOP Confined SpaceContents◦ PART II : Confined Space Entry Program (15 elements)◦ PART III : Detail Requirements– Permit to work– Isolation requirements– Hazardous Atmosphere– Rescue and Emergency Services– Health Requirement– Training– Additional Precautions– Record Keeping◦ PART IV : Duties of Responsible Persons20
  21. 21. • To post danger sign such as– DANGER – CONFINED SPACE.DO NOT ENTER –In both Bahasa Malaysia andEnglish• To develop and implement awritten confined spaceprogramme• To take measures to preventunauthorized persons fromentering the confined space21Highlights in ICOP 2010
  22. 22. • Section 38(a) : The approved industrial codeof practice shall be admissible in evidence inproceedings• Section 51 : General Penalty not exceedingRM10,000.00 or 1 year imprisonment, or both22OSHA 1994 : ICOP
  24. 24. Dokumen Permohonan• Tujuan permohonan• Butiran lengkap latihanSuratpermohonan• Dilengkapkan dan dikemukakan bersamasurat permohonanBorangpendaftaranpusat pengajar• Dasar KKP• Jumlah kakitangan• Jenis urusan utama syarikat• Carta organisasi & sistem pengurusan• Salinan sijil pendaftaran denganSuruhanjaya Syarikat Malaysia (ROC)Latar belakangsyarikat & profilsyarikat24
  25. 25. Dokumen Permohonan• Tenaga pengajar (tetap/jemputan) perlumendapat kebenaran daripada JKKP.• Surat perjanjian di antara pusat pengajardan pengajar (tenaga pengajar jemputan)Senarai danmaklumat pengajarkursus (termasukCV)• Berdasarkan kepada modul latihan yangtelah ditetapkan.• Perlu diberikan kepada peserta latihansemasa latihan dijalankan.Nota lengkaplatihan• Berdasarkan kepada modul latihan yangtelah ditetapkan.• Perlu digunakan sebagai panduan olehtenaga pengajar semasa mengendalikanlatihan.Plan pembelajaran25
  26. 26. Dokumen Permohonan• Berdasarkan kepada modul latihan yangtelah ditetapkan & nota pembelajaran.• Perlu digunakan oleh pengajar semasalatihan.• Microsoft power point/tranparensi.Slaidpersembahan• Borang maklumbalas peserta• Tatacara penyimpanan rekod peserta• Salinan surat-surat perjanjian yangberkaitan• Dokumen-dokumen sokongan.Dokumen-dokumen lain26
  27. 27. Modul Latihan• Modul latihan bagi bekerja selamat diruang terkurung untuk Orang YangDibenarkan Masuk dan Orang Menjaga(AESP)• Modul latihan bagi bekerja selamat diruang terkurung untuk Penguji GasBertauliah (AGT ) dan PenyeliaKemasukan (ES)• Ditetapkan dan diluluskan oleh JKKP.Modul latihan• Modul latihan semula bagi bekerja selamatdi ruang terkurung untuk AESP• Modul latihan semula bagi bekerja selamatdi ruang terkurung AGT /ES• Ditetapkan dan diluluskan oleh JKKP.Modul latihansemula(refreshercourse)27
  28. 28. Tenaga Pengajar Ruang TerkurungDokumen PermohonanBorang maklumat tenaga pengajarSalinan biodata diri (CV)Salinan sijil kursus “Train TheTrainer” (NIOSH)Salinan Sijil “Trainer for AGT” (NIOSH)Surat pelantikan tenaga pengajarSurat persetujuan daripada pusatpengajarSurat perjanjian di antara pusat pengajardan pengajar (tenaga pengajar jemputan)Salinan resit pembayaran KWSP (tenaga pengajar tetap)KelayakanMinimum 3 tahunpengalaman kerjasebagai AGT & ESberdaftarMinimum 2 tahunpengalamanmengajar bidangKKP28
  29. 29. Tempoh Kelulusan PengiktirafanTempoh• 2 tahunPenggantungan/Pembatalan• Jika syarat yangdinyatakan dalamsurat kelulusan atausyarat-syarat lainJKKP tidakdipatuhi• Gagal kemukakanpermohonanlanjutan dalamtempoh yangditetapkan.Lanjutan• Permohonan 3 bulan sebelumtamat tempoh pendaftaran.• Mengemukakan maklumat:•Surat permohonan lanjutan.•Semua dokumen/maklumatberkaitan permohonan (rujukperenggan 6.2 ICOP).•Carta organisasi terkini.•Maklumat latihan dalam tempohkelulusan terdahulu.•Senarai pengajar tetap ataujemputan terkini.29
  31. 31. Penguji Gas Bertauliah (AGT) /Penyelia Kemasukan(ES)• Minimum SPM atau setaraf dengannya dan kredit dalam subjekSains atau sekurang-kurangnya gred C dalam subjek Sains• Menghadiri kursus AE-SP dan AGT-ES• Lulus peperiksaan AE-SP dan AGT-ES yang dikendalikan olehNIOSH• Minimum 3 tahun pengalaman kerja dalam bidang ruangterkurung31
  32. 32.