Back Injury Prevention

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  • four out of five persons in the workforce will have a back injury in their working life near $600,000,000 in GNP lost annually due to back injuries Most Disabling Type of Industrial Injury Most predictive factor for permanent disability is previous back injuries
  • Vertabre
  • Functions of spine
  • Types of injuries
  • more types
  • close ou look at facet joints / nerve
  • nervous system
  • sketal system
  • back muscles
  • chest
  • steps to safer lifting
  • more lifting guidelines
  • two person lifts
  • Common mistakes
  • Review basic points
  • Back Injury Prevention

    1. 1. Back Injury Prevention Basics Risk Factors and Primary Causes of Back Pain
    2. 2. Disabling Injuries <ul><li>Back Injuries due to lifting and trauma </li></ul><ul><li>Head Injuries Including Auto Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Limb - Machine & Auto </li></ul>
    3. 3. General Industry Injury Costs
    4. 4. Strain/Sprain Injury <ul><li>Average Annual Direct Cost of $ 6,803 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Cost $ 2,952,303 </li></ul><ul><li>Low Back Injuries Average Annual Direct Cost = 8,902 </li></ul><ul><li>Total Cost of Low Back Inj. = $1,034,102 </li></ul>
    5. 5. R equired S ales to Cover Direct Costs ( assuming a 3% profit Margin) Strains will require $100,000,000 in sales Low Back Injuries will require $36,666,667
    6. 6. Required Sales to Cover Direct & Hidden Costs $400,000,000 for Strains $122,666,668 for Low Back Injuries alone
    7. 7. Functions of the Spine <ul><li>Support your body </li></ul><ul><li>Protects your brain from shock </li></ul><ul><li>Pipe line for the Nervous System </li></ul>
    8. 8. TYPES of INJURIES <ul><li>STRAINS & SPRAINS - Ligaments stretched or torn </li></ul><ul><li>MUSCLE SPASM - stress, weather or strain related </li></ul><ul><li>NEUROLOGICAL - nerve involvement </li></ul><ul><li>HERNIATED DISK - protrusion of a disk </li></ul>
    9. 9. TYPES of INJURIES <ul><li>CONGENITAL - from birth </li></ul><ul><li>DEGENERATIVE - from aging, Osteroarthritis </li></ul>
    10. 10. Primary Causes of Low Back Pain 65% DISC DEGENERATION Including Aging & Lifting Stress 20 % INFLAMMATION - cold - spasm 10 % TRAUMA - falls - whip lash 5 % MISCELLANEOUS CAUSES
    11. 12. Some Common Terms <ul><li>SCIATICA: Pressure on the Sciatic Nerve (L5 - S1) </li></ul><ul><li>SLIPPED DISK: Herniation of a disc and protrusion of the disc material </li></ul><ul><li>OSTEOPOROSIS: calcium degeneration of bone </li></ul><ul><li>SPONDYLOLISTHESIS: constricted disc space and fusion of vertebrae </li></ul>
    12. 13. The Nervous System
    13. 16. Major Chest Muscles
    14. 17. Risk Factors <ul><li>Staying in one position for long periods </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive vibrations </li></ul><ul><li>Cigarette smoking </li></ul><ul><li>Overweight increases disk pressure </li></ul><ul><li>Sedentary Lifestyle </li></ul><ul><li>Improper Footwear </li></ul>
    15. 18. STEPS to SAFER LIFTING <ul><li>KNOW YOUR LIMIT </li></ul><ul><li>ESTIMATE THE WEIGHT - lift a corner, read a label etc....... </li></ul><ul><li>MAKE SURE YOU HAVE FIRM FOOTING </li></ul><ul><li>GET A GOOD GRIP </li></ul><ul><li>BEND YOUR KNEES </li></ul>
    16. 19. With the weight on your mind the force is straight down- when you bend the weight is multiplied by the distance to your back Poor Form for Lifting
    17. 20. MORE HINTS <ul><li>BRING THE WEIGHT CLOSE TO YOUR CENTER OF GRAVITY </li></ul><ul><li>TIGHTEN YOUR STOMACH MUSCLES </li></ul><ul><li>KEEP YOUR BACK IN A STRAIGHT COMFORTABLE POSITION </li></ul><ul><li>LIFT WITH YOUR LEGS </li></ul><ul><li>TURN YOUR BODY - DON’T TWIST </li></ul>
    18. 21. TWO PERSON LIFTS <ul><li>Follow the steps for Safe Lifting & </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plan Your Moves Before You Start (doorways, steps, obstacles etc...) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chose a Partner about the Same Size </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COORDINATE YOUR ACTIONS </li></ul></ul>
    19. 22. COMMON MISTAKES <ul><li>Lifting with the Back Bent & Legs Straight </li></ul><ul><li>Using a Jerking Motion </li></ul><ul><li>Bending & Twisting </li></ul><ul><li>Poor Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Holding the Load far away </li></ul><ul><li>WILL GET YOU TO THE DOC </li></ul>
    20. 23. REMEMBER <ul><li>Plan your lift </li></ul><ul><li>Bend your knees </li></ul><ul><li>Get a grip </li></ul><ul><li>Insure Good footing </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t Twist </li></ul>30 LB. Ouch!

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