SEMINAR PERDANAKESELAMATAN & KESIHATAN PEKERJAAN DI INDUSTRI KECIL & SEDERHANA 2011 JANGAN PANIK & JANGAN CEMAS
Topics for the Day1 How to Control bleeding – effective manner2 POISONING – Emergency treatment3 ELECTROCUTION - emergency4 BURNS & SCALDS – emergency treatment5 Q & A – Theory Session6 Q & A - Practical Session
How to Control bleeding – effective manner Using your fingers or palm, press down1 directly on the wound. Use a clean pad if possible. Maintain pressure on the wound for at least 10 minutes to allow the blood to clot.
How to Control bleeding – effective manner Do not apply pressure if an object is2 embedded in the wound. Instead, push the edges of the cut together as much as possible, and press down firmly on both sides.
How to Control bleeding – effective manner If the wound is on an arm or leg, you can3 slow the blood flow by lifting the limb above the level of the victims heart.
WARNING - NEVER USE A TOURNIQUET Note Never use a tourniquet. You could make thebleeding worse and cause further damage to the injured tissues.
POISONING – Emergency treatment If a person has swallowed an acid or burning1 poison, such as kerosene or any other household chemicals
POISONING – Emergency treatment a. Give sips of milk or water to the2 victim, making sure she does not choke. b. Help the victim to the health centre immediately. DO NOT make a person vomit acid poison, as this will cause more burning
POISONING – Emergency treatmentIf a person has swallowed a poison that is not acid (for example,poisonous berries, seeds, mushrooms, pesticide or medicines) and is still awake: a. Give sips of water to the victim, making sure she does not choke. Help the victim to the health centre immediately. b. Do not induce vomiting. If the victim vomits on her own however, bring a sample to the health centre so medical personnel can identify the poison.
ELECTROCUTION - emergencyIf the person is still in contact with the electricity, you MUST do the following before you administer First Aid:
ELECTROCUTION - emergency1 Look for danger! Stop the current! Switch off the2 electrical current at the main switch before pulling out the plug.
ELECTROCUTION - emergency If you cannot stop the3 current, you MUST: Remove the electrical source from the person. To protect yourself, stand on a piece of wood or folded paper, and wear rubber shoes. Using a piece of dry wood (for example, a broom) or rolled papers, knock the electrical source away from the person.
BURNS & SCALDS – emergency treatment Lay the victim down, taking1 care that the burn does not come in contact with the ground. Rinse the burn with cold water for 10 minutes, checking the victims pulse and breathing as you do so.
BURNS & SCALDS – emergency treatment Gently peel back clothing,2 but do not touch it if it is stuck to the burn. Remove watches, jewelleries , belts, tight clothing and anything similar before swelling begins.
BURNS & SCALDS – emergency treatment Cover the burn with a sterile3 dressing. If one of suitable size is not available, use ordinary kitchen cling film instead. However, remember to discard the first two turns from the roll to avoid contaminating the wound with germs. Cover the victim with a blanket to keep her warm and prevent shock. Call an ambulance and check the4 victims pulse and breathing as you wait