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SOCIALISATION
Meaning:
 Infront- Biological organism with animal needs
 Gradually moulded into social being
 Learns of ...
PHASES OF SOCIALISATION
1. Primary Socialisation
 In infancy,childhood
 Three sub-stages
i) Oral stage- Feeding time
ii)...
3. Anticipatory Socialisation
 Learning future roles
 Watching others,how they behave
4. Develpoment Socialisation
 Whe...
ELEMENTS OF SOCIALISATION
1. Physical and psychological heritage of individual
 Inborn physical and mental capacities
 I...
FACTORS OF THE PROCESS OF
SOCIALISATION
1. Imitation
 Children imitate others
 Language acquired by imitation
2. Suggest...
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN
SOCIALISATION,SOCIALITY,SOCIALISM
socialisation- inducing individual into social world
Sociality- a qu...
THE PEER GROUP OR FRIENDS,PLAYGROUP OR
NEIGHBOURHOOD
Play mates,friends-same social position
1. Religion (The church)
 To...
THEORIES OF SOCIALISATION
 Development of self-soul of socialsation
 What he precieves himself
1. Theories of socialsati...
FRAUD
 Id,ego,super ego
 ID- institutional, unsocialised
EGO
 It acts with reason
 It discovers what is right, what is...
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Socialisation (Sociology)

  1. 1. SOCIALISATION Meaning:  Infront- Biological organism with animal needs  Gradually moulded into social being  Learns of moulding- Socialisation DEFINITION : Ogburn- “Socialisation”- process to learn norms- To conform to norms
  2. 2. PHASES OF SOCIALISATION 1. Primary Socialisation  In infancy,childhood  Three sub-stages i) Oral stage- Feeding time ii) Anal stage- Toilet training iii) Oedinal stage- Identifies with social rolls 2. Secondary Socialisation  Latter stage of childhood  It is continuous process
  3. 3. 3. Anticipatory Socialisation  Learning future roles  Watching others,how they behave 4. Develpoment Socialisation  When one grows,he changes and moulds  Identifies with society,values,norms 5. Re-Socialisation  Learns new ways of thinking,feeling  Where one converts into another religion  Re-socialisation occurs
  4. 4. ELEMENTS OF SOCIALISATION 1. Physical and psychological heritage of individual  Inborn physical and mental capacities  If defective- cannot socialise himself 2. Environment in which he lives  Environment influences socialisation  Good school, social equality,proper environment 3. The culture of the group  Culture of his group influence  Early or slow socialisation 4. Experience of the individual  Experience of individual  Influence socialisation process
  5. 5. FACTORS OF THE PROCESS OF SOCIALISATION 1. Imitation  Children imitate others  Language acquired by imitation 2. Suggestion  Process of communicaing information  Suggestion influences behaviour 3. Identification  Through identification,he becomes sociable 4. Language  By language- one learns folkways,mores
  6. 6. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN SOCIALISATION,SOCIALITY,SOCIALISM socialisation- inducing individual into social world Sociality- a quality Socialism- a theory-mass of production controlled by state NEED OR IMPORTANCE OR VALUE OF SOCIALISATION  Individual learns folkways ,mores  Self of individual develops  It teaches culture CHIEF AGENCIES OF SOCIALISATION 1. FAMILY  Child initiated  Learns toilet training  Learns language  Teaches norms,regulation 2. THE SCHOOL  For socialising children  To obey rules, regulations
  7. 7. THE PEER GROUP OR FRIENDS,PLAYGROUP OR NEIGHBOURHOOD Play mates,friends-same social position 1. Religion (The church)  To mould beliefs,ways of life  To learn religions practises 2. The state  It makes laws for people  Lays down modes of conduct  Punishments for violation of laws 3. Mass media  Radio,t.v.,influence entire society
  8. 8. THEORIES OF SOCIALISATION  Development of self-soul of socialsation  What he precieves himself 1. Theories of socialsation  Development of self –soul of socialisation  What he percieves himself 2. cooley’s theory(theory of looking glass self)  Our perception of how we look to others  How others evaluate our behaviour 3. Theory of durkheim( collective representation theory)  Beliefs,ideas,feelings,concepts shared by all members  Durkheim called it collective conciousness  Socialisation influenced by collective representation 4. Head’s theory(self-conciousness theory)  Me formed by socialisation  Me- internalised socialisation  I- unsocialised side of self  Development of self-both “I” and me  Role taking process
  9. 9. FRAUD  Id,ego,super ego  ID- institutional, unsocialised EGO  It acts with reason  It discovers what is right, what is wrong  Action of individual guided by ego SUPER EGO  It represents ideals,norms  Moral aspect of personality  It controls both id and ego  When conflict between the two it supports ego  Id- biological  Ego- psychological  Super ego- social factors  If id is strong  Ego weak  One becomes delinquent
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