Social structure, definition and meaning
• When men relate themselves to each other
• They establish a structure, form
• Every society has pattern of organization
composed of structures
• Associations of men with each other
• Structure- stable inter relationships among
• Social structure- inter related acts of members.
Rad cliff Brown:
• Components of structure- human beings
• Structure- arrangement of persons in
• Institutionality defined, regulated.
• Talcott parsons:
• Arrangement of inter related institutions,
agencies social patterns statuses and roles.
• Features or nature of elements of social
• Normative system:
• Ideas ,values
• Individuals perform roles according to norms
• Position system:
• Statuses, roles of individuals
• Individuals fulfill desires if roles assigned
according to capacities.
• Sanction system
• for enforcement of norms
• Integration of parts depends on conformity.
• Sanction system helps stability
• System of anticipated responses:
• Anticipatory preparation for future roles
• Gives him good training
• He learns to fulfill the duties
• Action system:
• Members to be prepared to accept a role and
• Goals to be arrived at by social structure
• An abstract phenomena
• Associations ,institutions are units
• Associations ,institutions- inter related
• Social structure –external aspect of society
• Social structure maintained for a time and changes.
• No structure permanent, stable.
• Structure dynamic.
• Understood by functional approach
• Social structure- differentiation of
• Social structure- network of relations
• Social structure-cultural patterns of
• It includes subgroups,norms,values.
• Formal and informal social structure:
• Formal structure - legality of authority
- hierarchy in office
- reward and communication
- large organisations
• Informal structure:
• Not in regular order
• They lack objectiveness
• Authority rest on primary group
• Informal relations among position leaders.