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Waste To Taste
Table of Contents
• Mushroom Production
• The Process
(of mushroom cultivation)
• Taxonomy of the Mushroom Industry
• Ekology of System Ekofungi
• Anatomy of Ekofungi
Mushroom Production
• Currently the only viable, socially-acceptable, and
wide-spread biotechnology to convert waste into
high-quality food
• Fungi are nature’s decomposers
• Mushrooms are functional food
Food Safety Malnutrition
Ecological Footprints Feed the World
Waste Management GHG Emissions
The Process
Organic Residues Compost Conducive Environment Mushrooms
Spent Mushroom Compost
Mushroom Industry Taxas
• Intensive Production
• Good yields, Good Profits, Good Quality
• Heavy reliance on energy, transportation, technology, logistics
• Inflexible inputs
• Problems with waste disposal & pollution
• Extensive Production
• Integrated with agriculture & society
• Low yields, variable quality
• Boutique Production
• High quality, non-polluting
• High production costs & input limitations
• Ekofungi Production
• Waste to Taste
• Save Energy
• Use local waste streams
• Knowledge-based practical solutions
• Production adjusted to local conditions
• Good Yields & Good Quality & Good Profits
• Productive use of waste compost
EkoSystem Ekofungi
ProductionR & D
Optimization and development
through innovation
Grounded in practice,
Direct feedback
Grounding in the reality of a
Serbian agrobusiness
Connections with NGOs,
Government
Public Relation
Promotion
Innovation,
Technology
Transfer,
Education
Business Diversification,
Supplier Contacts
Market Trend
Information,
Marketing,
Buyer Contacts
Ekofungi Anatomy
Organic Wastes
Patented EkoComposting
Compost
Oyster Mushrooms
Champignons
Spent Mushroom Compost
Plant Production
Geothermal Pumps
Cultivation Tunnels
$
Energy
Silaging
Vermicomposting
Ruminant
Feed
Soil
AmendmentCarbon Dioxide 20°C Air
Enzymes Medicinal
Compounds
Other Mushrooms
Dried
Mushrooms
Classical Composting
IP status
Patent Application has been filed to Serbian
Intellectual Property Office on 09/08/2012,
Registration No. 2012/0341. The ownership of the
intellectual property has been granted to Ivanka
Milenkovic the founder of the Ekofungi d.o.o
EkoComposting
EkoComposting Finances
• Substrate Production - Total Capacity 1,200 kg
• Per growing bag of 14 kg:
147.71 RSD (1.23 EUR) vs 163.02 (1.36 EUR)
Name Description % of Total Costs
Ekocomposting Traditional
Straw Dry – Bales 11.5% 10.4%
Mycelium Sylvan HK 37 47.5% 43.1%
Cleaning Agents Disinfection, Protection 0.4% 0.4%
Packaging Grow bags 9.0% 8.2%
Energy Electricity, Gas 9.0% 23.1%
Wages Seasonal Workers 14.2% 12.9%
Services Transport, Storage 2.3% 2.0%
100% 100%
Oyster Mushroom Finances
Ekocomposting Traditional
Average Production Price per kg 110.18 RSD 116.61 RSD
Average Sale Price per kg 175.65 RSD 175.65 RSD
Total Costs 315,000 RSD 333,000 RSD
Total Revenue 502,000 RSD 502,000 RSD
Profit 187,000 RSD 169,000 RSD
59.4% 50.63%
i

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Igor Milosavljević, Ekofungi, From waste to taste, 27. 3. 2015.

  • 2. Table of Contents • Mushroom Production • The Process (of mushroom cultivation) • Taxonomy of the Mushroom Industry • Ekology of System Ekofungi • Anatomy of Ekofungi
  • 3. Mushroom Production • Currently the only viable, socially-acceptable, and wide-spread biotechnology to convert waste into high-quality food • Fungi are nature’s decomposers • Mushrooms are functional food Food Safety Malnutrition Ecological Footprints Feed the World Waste Management GHG Emissions
  • 4. The Process Organic Residues Compost Conducive Environment Mushrooms Spent Mushroom Compost
  • 5. Mushroom Industry Taxas • Intensive Production • Good yields, Good Profits, Good Quality • Heavy reliance on energy, transportation, technology, logistics • Inflexible inputs • Problems with waste disposal & pollution • Extensive Production • Integrated with agriculture & society • Low yields, variable quality • Boutique Production • High quality, non-polluting • High production costs & input limitations • Ekofungi Production • Waste to Taste • Save Energy • Use local waste streams • Knowledge-based practical solutions • Production adjusted to local conditions • Good Yields & Good Quality & Good Profits • Productive use of waste compost
  • 6. EkoSystem Ekofungi ProductionR & D Optimization and development through innovation Grounded in practice, Direct feedback Grounding in the reality of a Serbian agrobusiness Connections with NGOs, Government Public Relation Promotion Innovation, Technology Transfer, Education Business Diversification, Supplier Contacts Market Trend Information, Marketing, Buyer Contacts
  • 7. Ekofungi Anatomy Organic Wastes Patented EkoComposting Compost Oyster Mushrooms Champignons Spent Mushroom Compost Plant Production Geothermal Pumps Cultivation Tunnels $ Energy Silaging Vermicomposting Ruminant Feed Soil AmendmentCarbon Dioxide 20°C Air Enzymes Medicinal Compounds Other Mushrooms Dried Mushrooms Classical Composting
  • 8. IP status Patent Application has been filed to Serbian Intellectual Property Office on 09/08/2012, Registration No. 2012/0341. The ownership of the intellectual property has been granted to Ivanka Milenkovic the founder of the Ekofungi d.o.o EkoComposting
  • 9. EkoComposting Finances • Substrate Production - Total Capacity 1,200 kg • Per growing bag of 14 kg: 147.71 RSD (1.23 EUR) vs 163.02 (1.36 EUR) Name Description % of Total Costs Ekocomposting Traditional Straw Dry – Bales 11.5% 10.4% Mycelium Sylvan HK 37 47.5% 43.1% Cleaning Agents Disinfection, Protection 0.4% 0.4% Packaging Grow bags 9.0% 8.2% Energy Electricity, Gas 9.0% 23.1% Wages Seasonal Workers 14.2% 12.9% Services Transport, Storage 2.3% 2.0% 100% 100%
  • 10. Oyster Mushroom Finances Ekocomposting Traditional Average Production Price per kg 110.18 RSD 116.61 RSD Average Sale Price per kg 175.65 RSD 175.65 RSD Total Costs 315,000 RSD 333,000 RSD Total Revenue 502,000 RSD 502,000 RSD Profit 187,000 RSD 169,000 RSD 59.4% 50.63%
  • 11. i