Mid West Australia: Creating A Waterwise Coastal Garden - Water Corporation
Mid West Creating a coastal garden The information in this brochure is tailored to the Mid West region. This covers the Gascoyne, Mid West, Goldfields-Esperance and Wheatbelt – from Lancelin to Exmouth and inland to Norseman.In a coastal garden you need to choose plants that will tolerate MULCHINGgenerally alkaline soils and varying degrees of onshore winds. Bare soil encourages weeds, wastes water and increases stressDespite these often rugged conditions there are plenty to upon plants. A waterwise mulch spread to a depth of 5 to 10cmchoose from. What’s right for your garden will depend on the will reduce evaporation from the soil surface. It will also preventsize and style of your garden and the overall effect you want to erosion, reduce weeds, reduce temperature fluctuation in theachieve. For your coastal garden to be successful and rewarding soil, slowly break down over time to feed the soil and improveyou will need to carry out soil improvement prior to planting, the overall appearance of the garden. A good waterwise mulchmulch after planting, and install an efficient irrigation system. is one that has large, chunky pieces that hold little, if any, water. Always keep mulch just clear of stems and trunks and beSOIL IMPROVEMENT prepared to spread more mulch over the surface as the materialSoil improvement should be carried out prior to planting. breaks down to feed the soil.The best soil improver is organic matter. It dramatically increasesthe moisture and nutrient holding capacity of sandy soil and IRRIGATIONencourages the all important soil micro fauna that are vital for The most efficient irrigation systems are those that deliverhealthy plant growth. the right amount of water to the right place, at the right time,Improving the soil is a simple process: with minimal wastage. The simplest and most efficient system● a hole 25 to 30cm deep and, at a minimum, Dig available to the home gardener is known variously as sub- 3 times the width of the pot. The wider the better. irrigation, integrated dripper or in-line dripper. It is simple to install and delivers water directly to the root system with little or● Replace half the soil with organic matter. no evaporative loss. For further information and expert assistance● Mix thoroughly and replace in the hole in a shallow with irrigation, contact either your local Waterwise Garden saucer shape. Irrigator or Waterwise Irrigation Design Shop. To find your closest● Take the plant out of the pot and place in the bottom Waterwise Specialist check on www.watercorporation.com.au of the saucer. or call the Waterwise Helpline on 13 10 39.● Water in well, applying a wetting agent if necessary.● Organic matter can be purchased as compost, HYdroZONing soil improver or soil conditioner. Hydrozoning is grouping plants with similar water needs together in an effort to be more water efficient. This is oneIn addition to organic matter, the following can also of the most important tools to conserve water in the garden,be incorporated into the soil at planting time: and help save you money.● Bentonite clay (sandy soils only). For information on your watering days visit our website.● Gypsum (reactive clay soils only). There are many waterwise plants available that are suitable● Spongelite and zeolite (all soil types). for your region.● Water storage polymers sold as granules or in sealed bags. Your local Waterwise Garden Centres can assist with plantWhen looking for products for outside the home, keep your selection and water needs. To find your closest Waterwiseeye out for the Smart Approved WaterMark label Garden Centre, check on www.watercorporation.com.au(Australia’s water conservation label, identifying and promoting or call the Waterwise Helpline on 13 10 39.products and services which help save water). Smart Approved WaterMark CMYK Logo
Legend Hydrozone 1 Creating a Hydrozone 2 Hydrozone 3 (including vegetables, herbs fruit trees) Lawn coastal garden Residence Garage Vegetable and herbs in raised garden beds Ht Brai Path Driveway Cq Lawn Anfb Egk Fp C Coa Sa Pg Front Verge Designs provided by Josh Byrne Associates PLANT SPECIES (www.joshbyrne.com.au) Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Abrv Common Name Botanical Name Ground covers Sa Silver Cassia Senna artemisioides* Egk Eremophila ‘Kalbarri Carpet’ Eremophila glabra* Fp Sea Heath Frankenia pauciflora* Pg Portulaca Portulaca grandiflora* Grasses/Strappy Leaf Plants Et Barrier Saltbush Enchylaena tomentosa*∆ Anfb Kangaroo Paw Anigozanthos flavidus* Shrubs (Dwarf) Bush Gem Series Brai Swan River Daisy Brachyscome iberidifolia* Coa Golden Conostylis Conostylis aurea* Cq Kwowdjard or Calothamnus quadrifidus* Trees One Sided Bottlebrush Co Swamp Sheoak Casuarina obesa*∆ C Summer Starflower Calytrix* Ht Cottonwood Hibiscus tiliaceus* Eo Weeooka Eremophila oppositifolia* * These species are endemic to WA or Twin-leaf Emu Bush ∆ Optional Species (not included in illustration) Remember, that by investing in waterwise planning and preparation of your garden now, you will reap the savings in the cost of water in the future.For more waterwise plants go to the Waterwise Plants for WA database on watercorporation.com.au under ‘Being Waterwise’.www.watercorporation.com.auISBN 1 74043 483 8 June 2011This information is available in alternative formats on request.