Teaching Vocabulary


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Techniques in teaching English vocabulary i.e. through games and so on proposed by various experts.

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Teaching Vocabulary

  1. 1. Teaching Vocabulary Julien Arief Wicaksono Ahmad Faiz
  2. 2. Sosialisasi KTSP RATIONALE • Vocabulary is a bridge to learn other language skills and components. • The core of a language is its vocabulary (Zimmerman in Amer, 2002 and Coady & Huckin, 1997:5). • Vocabulary mastery can affect the mastery of a language (Tarigan, 1989:2). • Thus, mastering vocabulary is required to master a language.
  3. 3. Sosialisasi KTSP RATIONALE • In order to master a language, students must learn its vocabulary. • the more vocabulary students know, the better understanding they will have (Bob, 2010). • Most common hurdle for students in learning vocabulary is memorizing the meaning (Batia, 1988:6). • Hence, students are reluctant to learn new vocabulary. • This hurdle can lead to restrict students vocabulary mastery. • As a result, students can only communicate with the target language in limited vocabulary.
  4. 4. Sosialisasi KTSP RATIONALE • To puzzle out this, teachers need to find an interesting technique for teaching vocabulary. • Students need to be motivated to learn vocabulary (Sasson, 2007). • Using games in classrooms can motivate students to take part in teaching & learning activities (Sasson, 2007 and Ludwig & Swan, 2007:xi). • Games can be a medium in using a language (Shemesh and Waller, 2000). • Various games can be applied in teaching vocabulary, “Bingo” is one of recommended games (Sasson, 2007). • Bingo is a good example game to teach vocabulary since a lot of people know how to play and almost every skill can be put into this game (Peterson, 2006).
  5. 5. Sosialisasi KTSP VOCABULARY • Vocabulary is a kind of words that students must know to comprehend the text (Lehr et al, 2001). • Thus, if they do not have enough vocabulary, their understanding of the text will not maximize.
  6. 6. Sosialisasi KTSP CLASSIFICATION OF VOCABULARY Adapted from William, C. B., 1970 Vocabulary Large Vocabulary Nouns Verbs Adjectives Adverbs Small Vocabulary Pronouns Articles Auxiliary Verbs Conjunctions Interjections
  7. 7. Sosialisasi KTSP AMERICAN ENGLISH & BRITISH ENGLISH VOCABULARY • English has many varieties. • The most common varieties used in Indonesia are American English (AmE) and British English (BrE). • There are few differences of grammar and spelling, and rather more differences of vocabulary and idiom (Swan, 2007:50). • However, somehow these two varieties sometimes caused problems to Indonesian students. • For instance, students usually understand the word “taxi” but they don’t know the word “cab” and so on.
  8. 8. Sosialisasi KTSP AMERICAN ENGLISH & BRITISH ENGLISH VOCABULARY • There are many differences in vocabulary between AmE and BrE. • Sometimes the same word has different meaning (AmE mad = ‘angry’; BrE mad = crazy). • Sometimes different words are used for the same idea (AmE truck = BrE lorry). • The following is a few examples of the words in American English and its equivalents in British English adopted from Practical English Usage by Michael Swan.
  9. 9. Sosialisasi KTSP For a larger list with more complete information, see The British/American Dictionary by Norman Moss, published by Hutchinson.
  10. 10. Sosialisasi KTSP TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING VOCABULARY • Gairns and Redman (1986: 73-76) suggest three techniques that can be used in teaching vocabulary: 1. Visual Techniques a) Visuals b) Mime and Gesture 2. Verbal Techniques a) Use of illustrative situation (oral or written) b) Use of synonymy and definition c) Contrast and Opposites d) Scales e) Examples of the type 3. Translation
  11. 11. Sosialisasi KTSP STAGES IN TEACHING VOCABULARY • Generally there are three stages in teaching vocabulary (Nation and Newton, in Coady and Huckin, 1997:240; Gairns and Redman, and 1998:73; Woodward, 1997:96). 1. Presentation 2. Practice 3. Revision
  12. 12. Sosialisasi KTSP KINDS OF GAME TO TEACH VOCABULARY  Koprowski (2006) has suggested that there are ten good games to teach students vocabulary. They are: 1. Taboo 2. Memory Challenge 3. Last One Standing 4. Pictionary 5. Bingo 6. Outburst 7. Concentration 8. Scrambled Letters 9. Q & A 10. Categories
  13. 13. Sosialisasi KTSP BINGO • Bingo is a variation of an Italian lottery game by the name of Lo Giuoco Del Lotto d'Italia. • Bingo can be used as a wonderful game for playing and teaching (Squidoo, 2010:1). • Bingo is a good and competitive game that can be used to concentrate students’ attention (Agoestyowati, 2010:7). • Moreover, Word Bingo is a fun way to teach spelling and vocabulary (Smith, 2010:1).
  14. 14. Sosialisasi KTSP THE PROCEDURE TO PLAY BINGO IN TEACHING VOCABULARY • This procedure is adapted from Uchida (2003:1), Wright et.al (1996:114), Amazon (2010:1), and Jones (2001:1). They were formulated as follows: 1. The teacher gives Bingo card to each group. (Uchida) 2. The teacher demonstrates the procedure of playing Bingo Game. (Uchida) 3. The groups have a few minutes to look through and observe the Bingo board. (Jones) 4. The groups write the words provided by the teacher on the Bingo card. (Amazon) 5. One group says a word in its bingo loudly and clearly two times. (Uchida) 6. The other group should cross the word was called. (Wright) 7. The group who has crossed five words vertically, horizontally or diagonally shouted Bingo. (Wright) 8. Then the teacher asked that group to read aloud his/her five words. If his or her answer is correct, he becomes the winner. (Uchida)