Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Mmcpmerged 100628150159-phpapp01


Published on

African Dialogue Rough Draft Slides--Child Protection and eCommerce

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Mmcpmerged 100628150159-phpapp01

  1. 1. Mobile Mayhem:<br />Designing an E-Commerce Regime to Regulate Dangerous Behavior in Mobile Environments <br />Professor Joshua Fairfield<br /><ul><li>Associate Professor of Law, Washington and Lee University School of Law
  2. 2. Director, Frances Lewis Law Center © 2010
  3. 3.  </li></ul>Professor Robin Fretwell Wilson<br />Washington and Lee University School of Law<br />© 2010<br />
  4. 4. RoadMap<br />Mobile Mayhem: What Can the ‘Net Teach Us About the Future of Mobile Environments?<br />Failures of Real-World Enforcement Regimes in Novel Contexts<br />3. Incentives: Workable Alternatives to Enforcement<br />
  5. 5. Mobile Mayhem: Mutating Issues<br />“Measured in terms of depravity, insularity and traffic-driven turnover, the culture of /b/ has little precedent. /b/ reads like the inside of a high-school bathroom stall, or an obscene telephone party line, or a blog with no posts and all comments filled with slang that you are too old to understand.”<br />–Matthias Schwartz, “The Trolls Among Us,” inThe New York Times, 2008<br />Marginal Conduct Appeared on the Internet Immediately<br />
  6. 6. Mobile Mayhem: Mutating Issues<br /><ul><li> Virtual Worlds made this Marginal Conduct
  7. 7. more graphic
  8. 8. more real, and
  9. 9. more accessible </li></ul>to Children<br /><ul><li>Virtual Worlds Accept/Target Children via Gaming Model
  10. 10. and provide parent-free venue for kids to bully/speak explicitly to each other
  11. 11. Mobile Environments offer LESS supervision and GREATER variety</li></li></ul><li>Mobile Mayhem: Sex<br /><ul><li>Sexting: Early Indicator of Marginal Conduct Moving from Desktop to Mobile
  12. 12. Augmented Reality Objectification
  13. 13. “Jiggletits”: user takes pics of women & manipulates their bodies
  14. 14. “Bikini Camera”: user takes pics of clothed women and overlays bikini-clad women over them
  15. 15. Pornographic MMS, Websites, Ads, & Apps</li></li></ul><li>Mobile Mayhem: Violence<br /><ul><li>Augmented Reality
  16. 16. Brings Violence Closer to Real Life
  17. 17. Will get more gruesome (realistic) as devices progress</li></li></ul><li>Mobile Mayhem: Privacy & Anonymity<br />Geolocation Services<br /><ul><li>Passive (unlike Desktop “cookies,” which operate on click)
  18. 18. Constant (unlike cookies, which stop logging you when you log off)
  19. 19. Necessary for the Commerce Services</li></li></ul><li>Mobile Mayhem: Privacy & Anonymity<br />Social Network Integration<br /><ul><li>Real Life ID Connection
  20. 20. Broadcasting Private Information
  21. 21. Makes Users Easier to Contact in Real Life</li></li></ul><li>Imagine that instead of “Capt. Tim’s Galley,” this showed your presence at the local jail, or the free clinic, or your child’s daycare facility.<br />
  22. 22. Mobile Commerce is now much more threatening to personal privacy than any world government.<br />
  23. 23. Mobile Mayhem: Holistic Approach<br />Invasions of Privacy<br />Hate Speech, Cyber-Bullying, Kid-to-Kid Explicit Chat<br />Adult Content Accessible to Children<br />Users Must Be Protected from Social AND Economic Misconduct in Online Environments<br />Deceptive Advertising<br />Fraud/Scamming<br />Technical Attack<br />
  24. 24. Mobile Mayhem: Scams & Fraud<br />USER-Focused<br /><ul><li>SMShing
  25. 25. VOIP phishing
  26. 26. Fraudulent Apps or Websites</li></ul>Mobile Devices offer more varied means of contact, increasing risk that user will be unaware of threat and trust communication too easily.<br />
  27. 27. Mobile Mayhem: Technical Attack<br />DEVICE-Focused<br /><ul><li>Signal-borne
  28. 28. Wifi
  29. 29. Bluetooth
  30. 30. Email
  31. 31. Download
  32. 32. SMS/MMS
  33. 33. Containment Problems
  34. 34. Mobility = Infection Opportunity
  35. 35. Hardware Theft
  36. 36. More Common than Stationary Desktop Devices</li></li></ul><li>Mobile Microtransactions<br />
  37. 37. The U.S. system of<br />COLLECTION<br />SALE, and <br />RESALE<br />of personal information <br />cannot be allowed to migrate to mobile markets.<br />
  38. 38. Traditional Enforcement Regimes have been <br />Forced into Novel <br />Environments <br />(the internet, virtual worlds, and now the mobile marketplace)<br />
  39. 39. Enforcement is Ineffective<br />Low Equipment Cost<br />$1000s Profit Through Comm. Fraud<br />Strong Incentive to Defraud<br />+<br />=<br />Many Wrongdoers Engaging in Fraud<br />Strong Incentive to Defraud<br />Ineffectiveness of Even Harsh Penalties<br />+<br />=<br />
  40. 40. Email<br /><ul><li>costs nothing to send
  41. 41. incentives strongly in favor of abuse
  42. 42. CAN-SPAM act limits recovery to ISPs, and has been nonexistent</li></ul>Fax<br /><ul><li>costs more to receive than to send
  43. 43. TCPA enforcement destroyed legitimate business models </li></ul>Text Messaging<br /><ul><li>can cost to send or receive
  44. 44. abuse low where sending costly
  45. 45. enforcement has led mostly to prosecuting children: punishing children for things they do offline anyway</li></ul>Telephone<br /><ul><li>do-not-call list: arguably best abuse prevention of all
  46. 46. businesses know who they may/may not contact
  47. 47. enforcement serves as backstop</li></ul>Failures of Enforcement Regimes<br />
  48. 48. The Myth of the Tech-Savvy Third Grader:<br />She may know which buttons do what, but she does NOT know how to keep herself [or her (parents’) money] safe.<br />
  49. 49. Make Abuses Less Profitable!<br />Lower Profit Margins, and Lower Incentive for Abuse<br />Lower Profit Margins, and Lower Incentive for Invasion<br />Fewer Users Falling For Scams<br />Fewer Devices Vulnerable to Attack<br />Fewer Users Allowing Privacy Invasions<br />Competitive Marketplace for Non-Invasive Products<br />+<br />=<br />+<br />=<br />
  50. 50. "Double Opt-In" Procedures<br />Cross-Account & Cross-Device Authentication<br />Cross-Device Password Protection<br /><ul><li>DO NOT store multiple passwords on mobile phones
  51. 51. Use DIFFERENT passwords for each device and account</li></ul>Technological Authentication<br /><ul><li>Apple’s new iPhone heart </li></ul> monitor patent<br /><ul><li>Pantech’s ten-digit speed dial fingerprint reader</li></ul>Multi-Part User Authentication<br />
  52. 52. Regulation of Private Money<br /><ul><li>Real-world-backed currencies are problematic
  53. 53. Online fiat currencies do well</li></li></ul><li>Educating Users about Dangers to Children<br />
  54. 54. Carrier and Industry Provided Programs<br />
  55. 55. Public (Gov’t) Provided Programs<br />
  56. 56. Other Accessible Info<br />
  57. 57. Mobile Mayhem:<br />Designing an E-Commerce Regime to Regulate Dangerous Behavior in Mobile Environments <br />Joshua Fairfield<br /><ul><li>Associate Professor of Law, Washington and Lee University School of Law
  58. 58. Director, Frances Lewis Law Center
  59. 59.  </li></ul>Professor Robin Fretwell Wilson<br />Washington and Lee University School of Law<br />© 2010<br />