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  1. 1. Objectives & Guidelines By Faizan Quddoos And M.Fahd-Un-Nabi Khan X-O Usman Public School
  2. 2. In the Name of Allahthe Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
  3. 3. "O my Lord Open my chest;""Ease my task for me; "And remove the impediment from my speech. "So they may understand what I say: sura Ta- Ha---25 / 28
  4. 4. Meaning of Zakat  Two Meaning  To Clean , To make it Pure  To Remove impediments and help in growth and development.  Both meanings are Applicable
  5. 5. Concept / Philosophy To share a small part of Allah’s material blessings with people Who are materially less blessed Help society at micro and macro level to provide basic needs to all members with dignity and love To establish the Writ of Allah S WT
  6. 6. Objectives of Zakat  Establish a welfare System in the Society  Ensure circulation of wealth  Create spirit of sharing  Reduce love for Wealth  Generate harmony/love in the community A Way to Earn Rewards
  7. 7. Salat & Zakat Mostly referred In Quran together Both are the Fundamental form of Worship Mostly mentioned after “Eaiman” Practical demonstration of “Eaiman” Salat Connect Human being with Allah Zakat Connect Human being with Others
  8. 8. One of Key Pillars So establish regular Prayer give regular Zakat and hold fast to Allah! He is your Protector the Best to protect and the Best to help! Al-Hajj /78
  9. 9. Zakat key element ofFaithAnd they have been commanded no morethan this: to worship Allah offering Himsincere devotion being True (in faith); toestablish regular Prayer; and to practiceregular Zakat; and that is the Religion Rightand Straight. Al-Baiyina /05
  10. 10. One of the most ImportantElement The Believers must (eventually) win through Those who humble themselves in their prayers; Who avoid vain talk; Who are active in deeds of Zakat; Al-Muminun-1/4
  11. 11. Criteria for being Muslim But (even so) if they repent establish regular prayers and practice regular Zakat they are your brethren in faith: (thus) do We explain signs in detail for those who understand. Al-Tauba-9/11
  12. 12. Believer pay ZakatThe believers men and women are protectors of oneand another: they enjoin what is just and forbid what isevil: they observe regular prayers practice regularZakat and obey Allah and His apostle. On them willAllah pour His mercy: for Allah is Exalted in powerand Wise. At-Tauba /71
  13. 13. Zakat is a WorshipAnd be steadfast in prayer andregular in zakat: and whatevergood ye send forth for your soulsbefore you ye shall find it withAllah; for Allah sees well all thatye do. Al-Baqara /110
  14. 14. Who should pay zakat Any one who has in his possession more than equivalent of the value of 85 gm gold or 634gm of silver ,over and above his living expenses On agricultural produce zakat is payable if the value of crop is more than 3265kg of wheat, rice or corn (popular grain) All adults individually responsible
  15. 15. Applicability of Zakat On the Personal Wealth (including income less expenses ) In case of business: -On value of merchandise working capital -on income / profit
  16. 16. Typical Things on which Zakat isApplicable Investment: Income less Expense : Bank balance  Agricultural produce Property, i.e., plots  Minerals Shares /fixed deposits  Business assets like Machinery/Warehouse, Provident fund factories etc Life insurance  House, Buildings/Cars Gold for rent
  17. 17. Effective Rate P.A “On wealth and Income 2.5% “ On Agricultural produce Irrigated 5.0% Non irrigated” 10.0% “ On Natural resources” 20.0% “Based upon Lunar Calendar”
  18. 18. What is Exempted House in which one lives or maintained for personal purposes. (on House given on rent its on rent income) Personal goods of use, cars, furniture Jewelry of daily use (not for investment purpose) Operating assets like machinery, building etc(The zakat is an the income less expenses )
  19. 19. Zakat is not a Tax zakat Tax It is a burden /Tax It is Purification of wealth/income It is a Liability It is a Worship No rewards Earn reward for paying Obligation between Govt., Obligation between servant and its Citizen And Lord of lords Changes from time to time Fixed rates & Rules Only Govt., uses as per its discretion Could be distributed directly Used for all purposes Used for specific purposes Lot of ways and means to No way to hide /cheat reduce/cheat/hide
  20. 20. Who Qualify for ZakatAlms are only (exclusively) for the poor and theneedy and those employed to administer, and thosewhose hearts are to be reconciled and to free thecaptives and those in debt and in the way of Allahand the wayfarer a duty imposed by Allah and Allahis Knowing, Wise” Surah Tuba:60
  21. 21. Recipient of Zakat 1. Fuqara 2. Maskeen 3. Administrator 4. Influencing heart 5. Freeing from bondage 6. Debtors 7. In way of Allah 8. Wayfarer
  22. 22. Fuqara & Maskeen Fuqara is penny less and Maskeen is needy one Poor & Needy, one or two classes? The operative criteria which determines poverty is not how little a person has, but whether it is enough or not Basic need includes food & clothing for the person and his family as well as reasonable accommodation and furniture and necessary tools for his trade and means of transportation Richness means owning what is enough for ones need; A person in need qualifies as poor & needy
  23. 23. Administrators Aameleen; Those employed for Collection and maintenance of record, paid from Zakat, even if they are rich Wages should not exceed half the Zakat collection Only those employed by State
  24. 24. Influencing Hearts Maallafatatil Quloob; Influence hearts towards Islam thru charity, kindness This function can be performed only by the State and not individuals
  25. 25. Freeing from Bondage Riqab; neck, signifies someone who is freed from bondage Slaves and captives of war
  26. 26. Debtors Gharimeen; Debt, bankruptcy Condition that debtor himself should not possess sufficient funds or goods to clear the debt Debt incurred for legitimate purpose incl. Blood money, unexpected penalty and not due to gambling, drinking, intoxicants or lavish expense in marriage
  27. 27. In Way of Allah Fe sabeelillah; Wide interpretation, implication and application, incl. Jihad, invitation to Islam, education, anything serving the cause of Islam
  28. 28. Traveler Ibnis Sabeel; Can be paid from Zakat, even though he may be rich at home, if during the journey he becomes destitute and unable to meet his expenses to return
  29. 29. Hadith on Distributionof Zakat “Allah has not entrusted the distribution of Zakat to a prophet, given a message to convey or to an angel who has a favored position with Allah. He Himself has ruled on its distribution and divided it between 8 groups of people. If you belong to any of these, I will give you Zakat. If not then you may not have any of it”
  30. 30. Where zakat can’t beused For persons with sufficient / adequate means of living For ones dependents like “parents, children. Trust for investments. Buying luxury goods. On wasteful Activities. On road works and infrastructure.
  31. 31. Why Pay Zakat
  32. 32. Zakat Increases WealthThe interest that you give in order to increasethe wealth of the people, does not increase inthe sight of Allah: and the Zakat that you pay inorder to win Allah’s approval, its payer doindeed increases their wealth. Ar-Rum-39
  33. 33. People who pay Zakat areSuccessful Those who establish regular Prayer and give regular Zakat and have (in their hearts) the assurance of the Hereafter. Luqman/04
  34. 34. People who will be rewarded Allah deprives Interest of all blessing and develops Charity, and Allah does not like an ungrateful, sinful person. As to those who believe and do good deeds, establish Salat and pay Zakat, they will most surely have their reward with their Lord and they will have nothing to fear nor to grieve. Al Baqra
  35. 35. Zakat is Over and Above the NormalSadaqat
  36. 36. Zakat is Over and Above the NormalSadaqat It is no virtue that you turn your faces towards the east or the west, but virtue is that one should sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Book and the Prophets and, out of His love, spend of ones choice wealth for relatives and orphans, for the needy and the wayfarer, for beggars and for the ransom of slaves, and establish Salat and pay Zakat. And the virtuous are those who keep their pledges when they make them and show fortitude in hardships and adversity and in the struggle between the Truth and Falsehood; such are the Truthful people and such are the Pious Al-Baqara-177
  37. 37. Punishment for not Paying Zakat“& those who hoard up gold & silver & do notspend in the way of Allah, proclaim a grievouspunishment, on the day when it (hordedwealth) shall be heated in the fire of Hell, thentheir foreheads & their sides & their backsshall be branded with it, this is what youhoarded up for yourself, now taste what youhorded” Surah Tuba
  38. 38. Hadith on Punishmentfor not Paying Zakat Narrated by Abu Huraira “Whoever is made wealthy by Allah and does not pay the Zakat of his wealth then on the Day of Resurrection his wealth will be made like a bald-headed poisonous male snake with two black spots over the eyes. The snake will encircle his neck and bite his cheeks and say, “ I am your wealth, I am your treasure,” Al Bokhari 486, Chapter Zakat
  39. 39. Why Muslims are Suffering "O Muhajirun, beware of five traits: if ever immorality spreads in a community and there is no sense of shame on its occurrence or mentioning it [and people talk about it as if nothing bad has taken place], diseases which were not present in the time of their predecessors will spread among them. If they decrease the measure and weight (of sold grains or food), they will be overcome by poverty, their provisions will decrease and their ruler will be unjust. If they refrain from paying the zakah due on their properties, they will be deprived of rain, unless they get it only for the sake of their cattle. If they renounce their commitment to Allah and His Messenger, they will be governed by an enemy who is a stranger to them and who will take away some of what they possess. If their rulers do not rule according to Allahs Book, they will be afflicted by civil war. Allah forbid that these should happen to you." Ibn Maja
  40. 40. O my Lord! Be merciful to us because of (our link with)the Quran; Make it for us a leader, and a source oflight, guidance and mercy, cause us to recall from itwhat we have failed to understand; give us strength torecite it day and night; and make it a plea for oursalvation, O Lord of the worlds – Ameen!