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Chapter 15                    Creating Collaborative                        PartnershipsMcGraw-Hill/Irwin        © 2008 Th...
Learning Outcomes15.1 Identify the different ways in which     companies collaborate using technology15.2 Compare the diff...
Learning Outcomes15.4 Provide an examples of a content     management system along with its     business purpose15.5 Evalu...
Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances  • Organizations create and use teams,    partnerships, and alliances to:    – Undertak...
Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances• Collaboration system – supports the work of teams by  facilitating the sharing and flo...
Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances • Organizations form alliances and   partnerships with other organizations   based on t...
Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances  • Information technology can make a business    partnership easier to establish and ma...
Collaboration Systems• Collaboration solves specific business  tasks such as telecommuting, online  meetings, deploying ap...
Collaboration Systems• Two categories of collaboration  1. Unstructured collaboration (information     collaboration) - in...
Collaboration Systems• Collaborative business functions                                     15-10
Collaboration Systems• Collaboration systems include:  –   Knowledge management systems  –   Content management systems  –...
Knowledge Management Systems •   Knowledge management (KM) – involves     capturing, classifying, evaluating, retrieving, ...
Explicit and Tacit Knowledge•   Intellectual and knowledge-based assets    fall into two categories    1. Explicit knowled...
Explicit and Tacit Knowledge• The following are two best practices for  transferring or recreating tacit knowledge  – Shad...
Explicit and Tacit Knowledge• Reasons why organizations launch  knowledge management programs                             ...
KM Technologies• Knowledge management systems  include:  –   Knowledge repositories (databases)  –   Expertise tools  –   ...
KM and Social Networking• Finding out how information flows  through an organization  – Social networking analysis (SNA) –...
Content Management• Content management system (CMS) –  provides tools to manage the creation,  storage, editing, and publi...
Content Management•   Content management system vendor overview                                                15-19
WORKING WIKIS• Wikis - Web-based tools that make it  easy for users to add, remove, and  change online content• Business w...
Workflow Management Systems •   Work activities can be performed in series or in     parallel that involves people and aut...
Workflow Management Systems • Messaging-based workflow system –   sends work assignments through an e-   mail system • Dat...
Groupware Systems• Groupware technologies                           15-23
Groupware Systems•   Groupware – software that supports team interaction    and dynamics including calendaring, scheduling...
VIDEOCONFERENCING• Videoconference - a  set of interactive  telecommunication  technologies that allow  two or more locati...
WEB CONFERENCING• Web conferencing  - blends audio, video,  and document-  sharing technologies  to create virtual  meetin...
INSTANT MESSAGING•   E-mail is the dominant form of collaboration    application, but real-time collaboration tools    lik...
INSTANT MESSAGING• Instant messaging application                                  15-28
CHAPTER FIFTEEN Opening Case Study Questions1.   Identify which systems eBay could use to collaborate     internally2.   E...
CHAPTER FIFTEEN CASE    DreamWorks Animation Collaboration•    DreamWorks and Hewlett-Packard were the     first to introd...
Chapter Fifteen Case Questions 1.   How can companies use Halo to increase their      business efficiency? 2.   Explain ho...
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Chapter 15

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Chapter 15

  1. 1. Chapter 15 Creating Collaborative PartnershipsMcGraw-Hill/Irwin © 2008 The McGraw-Hill Companies, All Rights Reserved
  2. 2. Learning Outcomes15.1 Identify the different ways in which companies collaborate using technology15.2 Compare the different categories of collaboration technologies15.3 Define the fundamental concepts of a knowledge management system 15-2
  3. 3. Learning Outcomes15.4 Provide an examples of a content management system along with its business purpose15.5 Evaluate the advantages of using a workflow management system15.6 Explain how groupware can benefit a business 15-3
  4. 4. Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances • Organizations create and use teams, partnerships, and alliances to: – Undertake new initiatives – Address both minor and major problems – Capitalize on significant opportunities • Organizations create teams, partnerships, and alliances both internally with employees and externally with other organizations 15-4
  5. 5. Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances• Collaboration system – supports the work of teams by facilitating the sharing and flow of information 15-5
  6. 6. Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances • Organizations form alliances and partnerships with other organizations based on their core competency – Core competency – an organization’s key strength, a business function that it does better than any of its competitors – Core competency strategy – organization chooses to focus specifically on its core competency and forms partnerships with other organizations to handle nonstrategic business processes 15-6
  7. 7. Teams, Partnerships, and Alliances • Information technology can make a business partnership easier to establish and manage – Information partnership – occurs when two or more organizations cooperate by integrating their IT systems, thereby providing customers with the best of what each can offer • The Internet has dramatically increased the ease and availability for IT-enabled organizational alliances and partnerships 15-7
  8. 8. Collaboration Systems• Collaboration solves specific business tasks such as telecommuting, online meetings, deploying applications, and remote project and sales management• Collaboration system – an IT-based set of tools that supports the work of teams by facilitating the sharing and flow of information 15-8
  9. 9. Collaboration Systems• Two categories of collaboration 1. Unstructured collaboration (information collaboration) - includes document exchange, shared whiteboards, discussion forums, and e-mail 2. Structured collaboration (process collaboration) - involves shared participation in business processes such as workflow in which knowledge is hardcoded as rules 15-9
  10. 10. Collaboration Systems• Collaborative business functions 15-10
  11. 11. Collaboration Systems• Collaboration systems include: – Knowledge management systems – Content management systems – Workflow management systems – Groupware systems 15-11
  12. 12. Knowledge Management Systems • Knowledge management (KM) – involves capturing, classifying, evaluating, retrieving, and sharing information assets in a way that provides context for effective decisions and actions • Knowledge management system – supports the capturing and use of an organization’s “know-how” 15-12
  13. 13. Explicit and Tacit Knowledge• Intellectual and knowledge-based assets fall into two categories 1. Explicit knowledge – consists of anything that can be documented, archived, and codified, often with the help of IT 2. Tacit knowledge - knowledge contained in people’s heads 15-13
  14. 14. Explicit and Tacit Knowledge• The following are two best practices for transferring or recreating tacit knowledge – Shadowing – less experienced staff observe more experienced staff to learn how their more experienced counterparts approach their work – Joint problem solving – a novice and expert work together on a project 15-14
  15. 15. Explicit and Tacit Knowledge• Reasons why organizations launch knowledge management programs 15-15
  16. 16. KM Technologies• Knowledge management systems include: – Knowledge repositories (databases) – Expertise tools – E-learning applications – Discussion and chat technologies – Search and data mining tools 15-16
  17. 17. KM and Social Networking• Finding out how information flows through an organization – Social networking analysis (SNA) – a process of mapping a group’s contacts (whether personal or professional) to identify who knows whom and who works with whom – SNA provides a clear picture of how employees and divisions work together and can help identify key experts 15-17
  18. 18. Content Management• Content management system (CMS) – provides tools to manage the creation, storage, editing, and publication of information in a collaborative environment• CMS marketplace includes: – Document management system (DMS) – Digital asset management system (DAM) – Web content management system (WCM) 15-18
  19. 19. Content Management• Content management system vendor overview 15-19
  20. 20. WORKING WIKIS• Wikis - Web-based tools that make it easy for users to add, remove, and change online content• Business wikis - collaborative Web pages that allow users to edit documents, share ideas, or monitor the status of a project 15-20
  21. 21. Workflow Management Systems • Work activities can be performed in series or in parallel that involves people and automated computer systems • Workflow – defines all the steps or business rules, from beginning to end, required for a business process • Workflow management system – facilitates the automation and management of business processes and controls the movement of work through the business process 15-21
  22. 22. Workflow Management Systems • Messaging-based workflow system – sends work assignments through an e- mail system • Database-based workflow system – stores documents in a central location and automatically asks the team members to access the document when it is their turn to edit the document 15-22
  23. 23. Groupware Systems• Groupware technologies 15-23
  24. 24. Groupware Systems• Groupware – software that supports team interaction and dynamics including calendaring, scheduling, and videoconferencing 15-24
  25. 25. VIDEOCONFERENCING• Videoconference - a set of interactive telecommunication technologies that allow two or more locations to interact via two-way video and audio transmissions simultaneously 15-25
  26. 26. WEB CONFERENCING• Web conferencing - blends audio, video, and document- sharing technologies to create virtual meeting rooms where people “gather” at a password-protected Web site 15-26
  27. 27. INSTANT MESSAGING• E-mail is the dominant form of collaboration application, but real-time collaboration tools like instant messaging are creating a new communication dynamic• Instant messaging - type of communications service that enables someone to create a kind of private chat room with another individual to communicate in real-time over the Internet 15-27
  28. 28. INSTANT MESSAGING• Instant messaging application 15-28
  29. 29. CHAPTER FIFTEEN Opening Case Study Questions1. Identify which systems eBay could use to collaborate internally2. Explain which Internet technologies have facilitated the way in which eBay collaborates with both its customers and business partners3. List the four collaboration systems discussed in this chapter and rank them in order of importance to eBay’s business4. Describe how eBay could leverage the power of a knowledge management system for its employees and for its customers 15-29
  30. 30. CHAPTER FIFTEEN CASE DreamWorks Animation Collaboration• DreamWorks and Hewlett-Packard were the first to introduce a collaboration studio for simulating face-to-face business meetings across long distances• By connecting its California teams in Glendale and Redwood City, DreamWorks was able to speed up production of Shrek 2 15-30
  31. 31. Chapter Fifteen Case Questions 1. How can companies use Halo to increase their business efficiency? 2. Explain how a company like PepsiCo can use Halo to gain a competitive advantage in its industry 3. How can knowledge management be increased by using a product such as Halo? 4. Why would a company like DreamWorks, that is not IT focused, be interested in collaboration technology? 15-31

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