Presentation 3 Slides - Marcel Meeus - SUSTESCO

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EMIRI Tech Talk on Batteries for Energy Storage - Masterclass on Battery Technologies and Markets

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Presentation 3 Slides - Marcel Meeus - SUSTESCO

  1. 1. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Introduction to Battery Markets and Technologies EMIRI – Energy Materials Industrial Research Initiative Dr. Marcel Meeus – Consultant Sustesco www.emiri.eu Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 1
  2. 2. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Agenda • 1. General market overview • 2. General technology overview and trends • 3. Specific applications: 3.1 Portables market 3.2 Automotive market 3.3 Stationary market 3.4 Printed batteries • 4. EMIRI program on stationary energy storage, automotive and light weight EV’s 2Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  3. 3. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Agenda • 1. General market overview • 2. General technology overview and trends • 3. Specific applications: 3.1 Portables market 3.2 Automotive market 3.3 Stationary market 3.4 Printed batteries • 4. EMIRI program on stationary energy storage, automotive and light weight EV’s 3Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  4. 4. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap 1.General market overview 2015: source Avicenne 4Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  5. 5. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Li Ion market 2015- MWh/Value 5Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  6. 6. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Growth thanks to many new applications 6Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  7. 7. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Just one example: the E-Bikes (Li Ion China 10%, EU 90%, cap 200-500 Whrs) 7Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  8. 8. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap ...in the automotive field: irreversible trends to electrification 8Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  9. 9. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap ...in the automotive field: emerging sales 9Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  10. 10. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Home electrical storage Maximize self-consumption of solar power Grid storage (Power,Energy) (Power/Energy 10 ( ) Oshawa Power / Tabuchi Electric -Home Solar-Plus- Storage Pilot - 5 kW / 10 kWh per home Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  11. 11. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap General Li Ion market forecast (x4 by 2025) 11Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  12. 12. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Automotive the main growth driver • Depending on scenario’s 12Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  13. 13. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Posible car segmentation by 2020- base case 13Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  14. 14. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap ESS is the next big thing (graphs 2014). 14Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  15. 15. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap The Li-ion ESS battery segment is projected to reach 3,130 MW by 2020, growing at a CAGR of close to 72 percent. 15Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  16. 16. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap also in home storage 16Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 The market for battery storage is growing very fast, especially in Germany where the combination of feed-in tariffs, support schemes for batteries and high electricity prices create particularly attractive conditions for battery deployment.
  17. 17. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap However second life becoming realistic in ESS 17Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 http://www.eol-is.de/ By 2018, says ”Used EV batteries for stationary storage”: second-life supply & costs, the cost of repurposing batteries for second-life applications could go down to as little as USD$49 per kWh.
  18. 18. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Printed batteries still small volumesIDTechEx predicts that this market will grow to become a $471m industry in 2026 from a small market base today. Read more at: http://www.idtechex.com/research/reports/flexible-printed-and-thin-film-batteries-2016-2026-technologies-markets-players-000463.asp 18Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  19. 19. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Key to succes is cost reduction Li Ion • Cathode Material = Key cost / performance driver 19Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 By 2020, the cost in € /kWh has to come down to < 150 €/kWh For stationary applications down to < 0,05 €/kWh/cycle
  20. 20. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap And cost is evolving to targets 20Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  21. 21. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Li Ion expected to remain the technology of choice min.until 2030, megafactories are coming On cell level Current Li Ion 2020 Li Ion 2030 Li Ion Beyond 2030 (Post) Li Ion Energy density (Wh/kg) 90-235 250-350 350-400 > 500 Volumetric energy density (Wh/l) 200-600 750 >750 > 1000 Cost (€/kWh) 180-285 90 75 < 75 Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  22. 22. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Agenda • 1. General market overview • 2. General technology overview and trends • 3. Specific applications: 3.1 Portables market 3.2 Automotive market 3.3 Stationary market 3.4 Printed batteries • 4. EMIRI program on stationary energy storage, automotive and light weight EV’s 22Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  23. 23. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Battery criteria 23Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  24. 24. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Key parameters: requirements home storage and automotive are different 24Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  25. 25. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Type of batteries (post Pb-acid) 25Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 NiMH (1.2V) Li-Ion (~3.8V) Advanced Li-Ion (3.8V-5.0V ) New Systems
  26. 26. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Advanced Li Ion batteries 26Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  27. 27. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Typical Cathode materials- trends to NMC types 27Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 Major types cathode materials for rechargeable Li ion batteries: - Layered cathodes (incl. LiCoO2 (LCO), NMC, NCA) : > 90% of market • - Phosphates (LiFePO4) (LFP) • - LiMn2O4 spinel (LMO)
  28. 28. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Market trends 2015-2020 28Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  29. 29. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Future evolution to higher voltage battery systems 29Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 Solvay R&I
  30. 30. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Developments 5V cathode materials: www.fivevb.eu 30Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 Xu, J. T.; Dou, S. X.; Liu, H. K.; Dai, L. M. Nano Energy 2013, 2, 439
  31. 31. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Paired with high capacity novel anode materials www.spicy-project.eu www.sintbat.eu Si/C composites 31Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  32. 32. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Electrolyte modifications (1) 32Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  33. 33. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap And trends to more polymer types and solid state batteries • For improved safety 33Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 HS-GLASSion
  34. 34. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Advanced materials and competencies play a key role. 34Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  35. 35. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Battery systems beyond Li-ion: focus > 400 Wh/kg, > 1000 Wh/l • Alternative ion-based systems:Na-ion, Al-ion,... • Metal-Air (Li,Zn...) • Sulphur based batteries • Flow batteries • ..... 35Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  36. 36. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation GapAlternative Metal-Ion systems: Na-ion, Al-ion www.alionproject.eu www.naiadesproject.eu 36Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  37. 37. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Metal (Zn,Li) - Air Issues: dendrites,rechargeability,bi-functional air catalysts,electrolyte choice... 37 sintef.no/zas Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 ucsd.edu
  38. 38. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Na-S / high t°(NGK) Li-S / ambient t° 38Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 www.aliseproject.com www.helis-project.eu www.greencarcongress.com
  39. 39. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Redox Flow EU projects GLOBE (all organic), InFluENCE (Semi-Solid Flow Batteries)... 39Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  40. 40. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Storage maturity curve 40Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  41. 41. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Agenda • 1. General market overview • 2. General technology overview and trends • 3. Specific applications: 3.1 Portables market 3.2 Automotive market 3.3 Stationary market 3.4 Printed batteries • 4. EMIRI program on stationary energy storage, automotive and light weight EV’s 41Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  42. 42. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap • 3.1 Portable batteries: Electronics : Wh/L, safety and low swelling Galaxy Note 7 : the race to the tiniest and higher capacity design with inherent risks 42Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  43. 43. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap 3.2 Automotive applications 43Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  44. 44. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Barriers from the consumers point of view 44Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  45. 45. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Safety improvement by advanced materials 45Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  46. 46. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Safety improvement by system design • Safety characteristics of Li-ion batteries are ultimately determined by the attributes of system design, including mechanical and thermal characteristics, electronics and communications, and control algorithms. • Important are : Choice of materials Battery Management System (BMS) avoiding overcharge and controlling temperature Additives to electrolyte and coatings on separator Rigid mechanical construction Reliable supplier 46Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  47. 47. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Ageing Generally, the capacity fade of Li-ion cells is due to a combination of three main processes • Loss of Li / loss of balance between electrodes • Loss of electrode area • Loss of electrode material / conductivity 47Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 State-of-Health Estimation of Li-ion Batteries: Cycle Life Test Methods: Jens Groot
  48. 48. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap SoC and SoH 48Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  49. 49. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Sales EV’s in Europe: range depending on battery capacity but expected to double for the same battery weight 49Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  50. 50. Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 50
  51. 51. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Charging infrastructure still unsufficient but new announcements will further develop an EU network: 51Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 A consortium of major carmakers is planning a high-powered fast-charging network for electric vehicles in Europe. BMW Group, Daimler AG, Ford Motor Company, Volkswagen Group, Audi and Porsche are targeting an initial 400 sites with chargers of up to 350 kW.
  52. 52. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap FCEV’s will be there in the mid-term with new advanced materials 52Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 2017 New “Hydrogen Council” launches in Davos Air Liquide, Alstom, Anglo American, BMW GROUP, Daimler, ENGIE, Honda, Hyundai, Kawasaki, Royal Dutch Shell, The Linde Group, Total and Toyota
  53. 53. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Example FCH Buses 53Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  54. 54. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Challenges FCEV’s 54Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  55. 55. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap 3.3 Stationary applications 55Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017 • Multiple applications but Li Ion spans power and energy domains
  56. 56. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap And V2G an option for the future 56Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  57. 57. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap 3.4 Printed applications www.basmati-project.com 57Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  58. 58. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Zn MnO2 primary still most widely used 58Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  59. 59. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Agenda • 1. General market overview • 2. General technology overview and trends • 3. Specific applications: 3.1 Portables market 3.2 Automotive market 3.3 Stationary market 3.4 Printed batteries • 4. EMIRI program on stationary energy storage, automotive and light weight EV’s 59Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  60. 60. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap EMIRI Association works for the future of Advanced Materials for low carbon energy (LCE) in Europe 2Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  61. 61. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap The Industry-Driven Initiative promoted by EMIRI calls for prioritization & action in R&I on Adv. Materials 4 KC1 KC3 KC4 KC2 Following collaboration of EMIRI members (Industry, Research Organizations, Associations) with DG R&I (Key Enabling Technologies), a focused R&I program on Advanced Materials for LCE was defined The R&I program is the backbone of the IndustryIndustryIndustryIndustry----Driven Initiative (IDI)Driven Initiative (IDI)Driven Initiative (IDI)Driven Initiative (IDI) called EMERITEMERITEMERITEMERIT (Energy Materials for Europe – Research & Industry innovating Together) The IDI focusses on 23 topics (in range of TRL 4-7) spread over 4 key components4 key components4 key components4 key components addressing the challenges of the European Energy System … and contributing to relevant actions listed in the SET Plan Integrated Roadmap document The IDI aims at bridging the gap between lab and market in Advanced MaterialsThe IDI aims at bridging the gap between lab and market in Advanced MaterialsThe IDI aims at bridging the gap between lab and market in Advanced MaterialsThe IDI aims at bridging the gap between lab and market in Advanced Materials, reducing innovation risks, reducing innovation risks, reducing innovation risks, reducing innovation risks and accelerating innovation in Advanced Materials to enable faster development of low carbon energyand accelerating innovation in Advanced Materials to enable faster development of low carbon energyand accelerating innovation in Advanced Materials to enable faster development of low carbon energyand accelerating innovation in Advanced Materials to enable faster development of low carbon energy technologiestechnologiestechnologiestechnologies EMERITEMERITEMERITEMERIT Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  62. 62. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Among 23 topics promoted by EMIRIT IDI, 9 energy storage related topics are of interest to support Action 4 and 7 of Integrated SET Plan- Energy Union 62Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  63. 63. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap SET Plan-10 targets and key actions 63Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  64. 64. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Action 7 e-mobility/storage - KPI targets (1) 64Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  65. 65. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Action 7 e-mobility/storage - KPI targets (2) 65Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  66. 66. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Action 7 e-mobility/storage - KPI targets (3) 66Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  67. 67. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Example (1) • K3-I3 - Advanced Materials for lower cost, high safety, long cycle life & environmentally friendly electrochemical batteries for E-Mobility-Li Ion batteries (Innovation Actions) • While stationary applications of Li Ion batteries had a particular focus on cycle life, E-Mobility requires moreover the highest possible gravimetric and volumetric energy density combined with the use of low cost materials to achieve KPI cost targets as < 100 €/kWh by 2025. Optimization of Li-ion batteries for low cost, high safety and long cycle life requires the development of Advanced Materials for electrodes (cathode, anode, binders, current collectors), electrolytes and optimized packaging. These Advanced Materials can lead to improved automotive batteries with well specified KPIs for energy and power density, extended lifetime and significantly improved cost while offering full safety. Typical cathode materials can be e.g. Novel NMC compounds or spinels with higher voltage. Typical anode materials can be improved graphite or micron/nano-sized Si/C, Sn/C composites… In addition, electrolyte materials will need to be stable at higher voltages and the same prevails for novel separator materials. Solid-state developments by polymer or solid electrolytes may lead to higher safety levels. All Advanced Materials priorities will need to smartly combine low cost, high energy density and long cycle life. Recyclability and environmental impact should also be considered. 67Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  68. 68. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Example (2) • K3-I5 - Lightweight materials for Battery packaging and Powertrain components (Research and Innovation Actions) • Advanced materials relate to weight reduction in battery packaging and suspension and to the light weight development of electric motors in new low cost and highly efficient motor designs, alternative magnetic materials with reduced rare earth content, and improved motor manufacturing methods. Long-term emphasis must be given to non - rare earth motor architectures to reduce motor costs. Weight reduction is also targeted by the use of light weight advanced materials in thermal management integrating advanced low cost heat transfer technologies, in power electronics, in on-board chargers and in the traction drive system integrating inverter and motor system technologies. 68Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  69. 69. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Example (3) • K3-I6 - Lightweight materials for EV passenger cars and EV Heavy duty (Innovation Actions) • The innovation target focuses on the improvement in the performance of each lightweight material while reducing cost is dependent upon not only low cost raw materials but also on effective and energy efficient manufacturing processes. Materials specific technology gaps include the lack of predictive models, the need for optimized manufacturing, and requirements for improved material performance. For lighter-weight vehicle systems, a multi-material solution presents a flexible approach but requires the cost-effective joining of dissimilar materials. Research must also focus on improving the performance of lightweight materials. Cost reduction – of both raw material and manufacturing – is critical. Methods to mitigate corrosion using low cost techniques are also needed. 69Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017
  70. 70. ENERGY MATERIALS INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH INITIATIVE Bridging the Innovation Gap Thank you for your kind attention Questions? 70Masterclass EMIRI Tech Talk 23-2-2017

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