SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 35
Download to read offline
FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN, HUMANAS
Y TECNOLOGÍAS
GRAMMAR VI
NAMES:
Daysi Ayala Martínez
Fabián Martínez
Alexis Ramírez
Jorge Salazar
CLASS: 6th Semester
• It is a noun made from a verb. It structure is base form
of the verb + ing
• Examples:
 Reading helps you learn English.
 Her favorite hobby is reading.
 I enjoy reading.
A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. It is
always singular. Use a third-person singular
verb after a gerund.
Voting is an important responsibility.
• Gerund Verb Object
• Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money.
• NEGATIVE
• Not inviting him will cause resentment.
EXERCISES
(cook) is one of her hobbies.
(cycle) is fun.
(Get) a good job is not easy.
(Find) a parking space is quite difficult in this area.
(drive) becomes more and more expensive
No (smoke) in this area.
• I have received several awards for my gardening. (The
awards have been given for the results of the activity.)
• This is a good rule. It has no exceptions!
• If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be a gerund.
It is impossible to use an infinitive after a preposition. So for
example, we say:
I will call you after arriving at the
office.
Please have a drink before leaving.
I am looking forward to meeting you.
Exercises
• Preposition Gerund
• She insist going out every weekend.
• She have a reason not inviting Michael.
Many verbs in English have gerunds as objects.
Verbs: Avoid, consider, enjoy, keep, mind.
Example:
• John enjoys meeting new people.
• He should avoid working late.
They act as complement that describe or explain the subject
of the sentence.
Example:
• My favorite activity is skiing.
• I do my gardening in the morning.
subject verb Subject
complement
My hobby is reading.
They act as complement that describe or explain the object of
the sentence.
Example:
Marco found Peter writing letters.
subject verb object object
complemen
t
Jonh spends time reading
We often use go + gerund to describe activities
Examples:
My family goes bowling every Sunday.
Alison went jogging with her dog.
She goes dancing every night.
Recognize if the gerund is used as a subject (S) subject complement
(SC) or object complement (OC) in the following sentences.
 Nathan has trouble making friends.
 My favorite occupation is reading detective stories.
 He enjoys meeting new people.
 Swimming builds endurance
 Mary spends time playing cards.
• Structure
Examples:
Singing is his favorite hoby.
Smoking on the streets is disrespectful
Gerund subject verb complement
Losing books is A bad habit.
• Structure
Examples:
Having taken a physics class helped me in calculus.
Having studied grammar gave me more knowledge of
English.
Gerund Verb in past
participle
complement
Having watched El clasico was
interesting.
Thank you

More Related Content

What's hot

Gerunds and Infinitives With Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives With Different FunctionsGerunds and Infinitives With Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives With Different FunctionsRuben-Toranzo
 
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different FunctionsGerunds and Infinitives with Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different FunctionsRuben-Toranzo
 
Grammar book
Grammar bookGrammar book
Grammar booksancho25
 
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beam
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beamWriting skill nuy,tomg,beam
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beamTJ Beam
 
Complex sentences
Complex sentencesComplex sentences
Complex sentencesmkwoods77
 
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )5th group ( dependent and independent clause )
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )Yudhie Indra
 
Punctuation and Mechanics
Punctuation and MechanicsPunctuation and Mechanics
Punctuation and MechanicsRebecca Sims
 
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences Clauses, Phrases and Sentences
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences Caroll Perez
 
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文Complex Sentence - 複雑な文
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文COCOJUKU plus
 
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-ComplexSentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-ComplexBelachew Weldegebriel
 
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentence
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentenceAn introduction to phrases clauses and sentence
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentenceMohan Raj Raj
 

What's hot (18)

Gerunds and Infinitives With Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives With Different FunctionsGerunds and Infinitives With Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives With Different Functions
 
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different FunctionsGerunds and Infinitives with Different Functions
Gerunds and Infinitives with Different Functions
 
Eng 7 Clause
Eng 7 ClauseEng 7 Clause
Eng 7 Clause
 
Grammar book
Grammar bookGrammar book
Grammar book
 
Articles
ArticlesArticles
Articles
 
Articles in English
Articles in EnglishArticles in English
Articles in English
 
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beam
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beamWriting skill nuy,tomg,beam
Writing skill nuy,tomg,beam
 
Determiners
DeterminersDeterminers
Determiners
 
Complex sentences
Complex sentencesComplex sentences
Complex sentences
 
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )5th group ( dependent and independent clause )
5th group ( dependent and independent clause )
 
Punctuation and Mechanics
Punctuation and MechanicsPunctuation and Mechanics
Punctuation and Mechanics
 
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences Clauses, Phrases and Sentences
Clauses, Phrases and Sentences
 
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文Complex Sentence - 複雑な文
Complex Sentence - 複雑な文
 
Pronouns
PronounsPronouns
Pronouns
 
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-ComplexSentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
Sentences Types: Simple, Compound, Complex, Compound-Complex
 
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentence
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentenceAn introduction to phrases clauses and sentence
An introduction to phrases clauses and sentence
 
Questions in english
Questions in englishQuestions in english
Questions in english
 
Question Formation
Question FormationQuestion Formation
Question Formation
 

Similar to Gerunds grammar 6

Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitive
Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitivePrecentacion gerund3 and toinfinitive
Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitivealeelmaestro
 
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).ppt
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).pptSubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).ppt
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).pptDanilynSukkie
 
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct Object
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct ObjectEnglish 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct Object
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct ObjectVince Cailing
 
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDF
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDFPPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDF
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDFEugenioFouz
 
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.mrzeledonb
 
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.charly2011
 
Gerundsvsinfitives
GerundsvsinfitivesGerundsvsinfitives
GerundsvsinfitivesMarijoeber
 
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45NataliaSoto72
 
types of gerunds.pptx
types of gerunds.pptxtypes of gerunds.pptx
types of gerunds.pptxHajiraGrade6
 
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3UTPL UTPL
 
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.ppt
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.pptsubjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.ppt
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.pptHendAshmony
 

Similar to Gerunds grammar 6 (20)

Gerund
GerundGerund
Gerund
 
Gerunde
GerundeGerunde
Gerunde
 
Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitive
Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitivePrecentacion gerund3 and toinfinitive
Precentacion gerund3 and toinfinitive
 
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).ppt
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).pptSubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).ppt
SubjectVerbAgreement-1 (1).ppt
 
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct Object
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct ObjectEnglish 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct Object
English 9 Gerunds as Subject, subject complement, and Direct Object
 
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDF
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDFPPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDF
PPA.Bus Eng 1.-2nd term.ef17. 20pp.IlovePDF
 
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
 
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.Grammar 3  gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
Grammar 3 gerunds and infinitives- i co-2011.
 
uses of Gerund
uses of Gerunduses of Gerund
uses of Gerund
 
Gerundsvsinfitives
GerundsvsinfitivesGerundsvsinfitives
Gerundsvsinfitives
 
Uses of nouns
Uses of nounsUses of nouns
Uses of nouns
 
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45
Gerund and infinitive. natalia soto. esc.45
 
Verb and verbals
Verb and verbalsVerb and verbals
Verb and verbals
 
UNIT 8 FOR ADVANCE 2
UNIT 8 FOR ADVANCE 2UNIT 8 FOR ADVANCE 2
UNIT 8 FOR ADVANCE 2
 
Unit 8 for Advance 2
Unit 8 for Advance 2Unit 8 for Advance 2
Unit 8 for Advance 2
 
UNITAdv 2 unit 8
UNITAdv 2 unit 8UNITAdv 2 unit 8
UNITAdv 2 unit 8
 
types of gerunds.pptx
types of gerunds.pptxtypes of gerunds.pptx
types of gerunds.pptx
 
Subject & verb agreement
Subject & verb agreementSubject & verb agreement
Subject & verb agreement
 
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3
(Recurso 3)listening and speaking 3
 
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.ppt
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.pptsubjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.ppt
subjectverbagreement how to match subject with verb.ppt
 

Gerunds grammar 6

  • 1. FACULTAD DE CIENCIAS DE LA EDUCACIÓN, HUMANAS Y TECNOLOGÍAS GRAMMAR VI NAMES: Daysi Ayala Martínez Fabián Martínez Alexis Ramírez Jorge Salazar CLASS: 6th Semester
  • 2.
  • 3. • It is a noun made from a verb. It structure is base form of the verb + ing • Examples:  Reading helps you learn English.  Her favorite hobby is reading.  I enjoy reading.
  • 4. A gerund can be the subject of a sentence. It is always singular. Use a third-person singular verb after a gerund. Voting is an important responsibility.
  • 5. • Gerund Verb Object • Smoking cigarettes costs a lot of money. • NEGATIVE • Not inviting him will cause resentment.
  • 6. EXERCISES (cook) is one of her hobbies. (cycle) is fun. (Get) a good job is not easy. (Find) a parking space is quite difficult in this area. (drive) becomes more and more expensive No (smoke) in this area.
  • 7. • I have received several awards for my gardening. (The awards have been given for the results of the activity.)
  • 8. • This is a good rule. It has no exceptions! • If we want to use a verb after a preposition, it must be a gerund. It is impossible to use an infinitive after a preposition. So for example, we say:
  • 9. I will call you after arriving at the office. Please have a drink before leaving. I am looking forward to meeting you.
  • 10. Exercises • Preposition Gerund • She insist going out every weekend. • She have a reason not inviting Michael.
  • 11. Many verbs in English have gerunds as objects. Verbs: Avoid, consider, enjoy, keep, mind. Example: • John enjoys meeting new people. • He should avoid working late.
  • 12. They act as complement that describe or explain the subject of the sentence. Example: • My favorite activity is skiing. • I do my gardening in the morning. subject verb Subject complement My hobby is reading.
  • 13. They act as complement that describe or explain the object of the sentence. Example: Marco found Peter writing letters. subject verb object object complemen t Jonh spends time reading
  • 14. We often use go + gerund to describe activities Examples: My family goes bowling every Sunday. Alison went jogging with her dog. She goes dancing every night.
  • 15. Recognize if the gerund is used as a subject (S) subject complement (SC) or object complement (OC) in the following sentences.  Nathan has trouble making friends.  My favorite occupation is reading detective stories.  He enjoys meeting new people.  Swimming builds endurance  Mary spends time playing cards.
  • 16.
  • 17.
  • 18.
  • 19.
  • 20.
  • 21.
  • 22.
  • 23.
  • 24.
  • 25.
  • 26.
  • 27.
  • 28.
  • 29.
  • 30.
  • 31.
  • 32.
  • 33. • Structure Examples: Singing is his favorite hoby. Smoking on the streets is disrespectful Gerund subject verb complement Losing books is A bad habit.
  • 34. • Structure Examples: Having taken a physics class helped me in calculus. Having studied grammar gave me more knowledge of English. Gerund Verb in past participle complement Having watched El clasico was interesting.