An outline of american history: American civil war
By Fabiola Rivera
Senior Senator from Illinois. He proposed the policy of «popular sovereignity» Political doctrine that allowed settlers of the U.S. federal territories to decide whether to enter the Union as free or slave states. He was influential in the passage of the Compromise of 1850 Series of measures passed by the U.S. Congress to settle slavery issues and avert secession.
Douglas’s bill proyected the organization of Kansas andNebraska, and permited settlers to carried slaves into them. - It was not accepted by northeners. - There were series of debates about it. The bill passed the Senate.
The Whig Party sank into its death. A powerful new organization arose: The Republican Party Its primary demand The figure of was that slavery should Abraham Lincoln be excluded from all arose the territories «Bleeding Kansas»
A Missouri slave who was taken to Illinois and Missouri territory. When he came back, Scott began suit for liberation.The southern- dominated court decided that by voluntarily returning to a slave state, Scott had lost whatever tittle he possessed to liberty and ruled that any attempt to Congress to prohibit slavery in the territory was invalid.
He had long regarded slavery as an evil. According to him, al national legalization should be framed on the principle that slavery was an institution to be restricted and ultimately abolished. «Popular sovereignty» principle was false. Slavery was a concern for the whole U.S. He became a strong rival of S. Douglas for the Senate of Illinois.
The Republican Party Proposals: • No more slavery. • Free homestead to settlers. Abraham Lincoln WON THE ELECTION
Government of 11 southern states that seceded from the Union.- Lincoln refused to recognize the secession, considering “legally void.”- He made a plea for restoration, but the south didn’t listen.
- 23 states - Pop. = 22 000 000North - Facilitation of arms and ammunition - 11 statesSouth - 9 000 000 - Well watered territory The main theaters of action: - Mississippi Valley - The sea - Seaboard states.
In 1863, Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which freed the slaves and invited them to join the armed forces of the nation. In 1865, end of the war. The North defeated the South.
620, 000 deaths. The south was devastated. The Union was preserved. Slavery as abolished.