Wounddressing 100814034410-phpapp01 (1)

6,415 views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,415
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
4
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
300
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Wounddressing 100814034410-phpapp01 (1)

  1. 1. WOUND DRESSING
  2. 2. Wound It is a break in the continuity of the skin, mucous membranes, bone, or any body organ
  3. 3. TYPES OF WOUNDS
  4. 4. INCISION It is cause by sharp instrument. Ex knife or scalpel.
  5. 5. CONTUSION Cause by blow From a blunt Object. Closed wound Skin appears ecchymotic
  6. 6. ABRASION Surface scrape, either Unintentional or Intentional. It is an open wound Involving the skin, Painful.
  7. 7. PUNCTURE Penetration of the Skin and often, the Underlying tissues From a sharp Instrument.
  8. 8. LACERATION Tissues torn apart, Often from accidents.
  9. 9. PENETRATING WOUND • Penetration of the Skin and the Underlying tissues.
  10. 10. KINDS OF WOUNDS DRAINAGE Exudate - is material, such as fluid and cells, that has escaped from blood vessel during the inflammatory process and is deposited in tissue or on tissue surfaces.
  11. 11. 1. Serous exudate - consist chiefly of serum or the clear portion of the blood derived from the blood and serious membranes. 2. Purulent Exudate - It is thicker than serous exudate due to presence of pus.
  12. 12. • 3. Sanguineous exudate - Consist of large amounts of red blood cells, indicating damage to capillaries that is severe enough to allow the escape or red blood cells.
  13. 13. THE RYB COLOR CODE This concept is based on the color of an open wound Red, Yellow, Black.
  14. 14. • Red wound - are usually in the late regeneration phase of tissue repair and are clean and uniformly pink in appearance this type of wound needs to be protected.
  15. 15. Protect the Red wound a. gentle cleansing b. avoiding the use of dry gauze or wet to dry saline dressings. c. applying a topical antimicrobial agent. d. changing the dressing as infrequent as possible.
  16. 16. YELLOW WOUNDS •- Characterized by primarily by liquid to semiliquid “slough” that is often accompanied by purulent discharges.
  17. 17. CLEANSE THE YELLOW WOUNDS Yellow wounds should be Cleanse to absorb drainage and remove nonviable tissue. 1. Apply wet to wet dressing. 2. Hydrogel dressings 3. Exudate absorbent dressings
  18. 18. BLACK WOUNDS This type of wound is covered with necrotic tissue. BLACK WOUNDS requires debridement ( removal of infected and necrotic material)
  19. 19. GUIDELINES IN WOUND CLEANING  Use Isotonic saline or lactated ringers solution to clean or irrigate the wound. Warm the solution to body temperature before use.
  20. 20. If wound is grossly contaminated by foreign material, bacteria, or necrotic tissue, clean the wound at every dressing change. If wound is clean, has little exudate, and reveals healthy tissue avoid repeated cleaning.
  21. 21.  Use gauze squares. Avoid using cotton balls and other products that shed fibers onto the wound surface. The fibers become embedded in the granulation tissue and act as a foci for infection
  22. 22. Consider cleaning superficial noninfected wounds by irrigating them rather than by mechanical means.
  23. 23. Purpose of wound Dressings To protect the wound from mechanical injury To protect the wound from microbial contamination To provide or maintain high humidity of the wound
  24. 24. To provide thermal insulation To absorb drainage or debride the wound To prevent haemorrhage To splint or immobilize the wound site and prevent further injury

×