10 using ethanol_for_domestic_energy_supply_in_west_africa
Project to Promote The Use Of Ethanol As a New Household Fuel For NigeriaANGA, SIMEON BOMA CHAIRMAN CASSAVA AGRO INDUSTRIES – 03-2012
Why the use of ethanol for Cooking?The rationale (Statement of Problems) The costs of fossil fuels are rising and so are the budgets of most African Countries who spend an average of 55-60% of national budget on importation and subsidization of liquid petroleum fuels for their domestic economies. African countries cannot cope with this rising cost. Most African economies may experience stagnation & worsen the poverty trap except alternative bio fuels are produced to substitute the unsustainable imports of petroleum. Nigerian Goverment to commence Deregulation in the 1st quarter of 2011
WHY USE ETHANOL FOR COOKING? Blackened pots, walls and ceiling Health: eye irritation, coughing Long distances for gathering 6-8 hours or more Rape, beatings, intimidation, threat of murder, theft Falls and injuries, dehydration, injuries to back, legs and kidneys Lack of wood Lack of time for education, income generation, or access to services
The retail fuel market in Nigeria has beenplagued by high prices, scarcities, andquality problems. Purchasing fuels fromabroad creates a FOREX problem. Long lines await delivery of kerosene in a fuel station. Replacing kerosene with ethanol is financially more rewarding than replacing gasoline, since Nigeria pays more for kerosene.
Traditional fuels for salein Nigeria. The city’s casheconomy pulls in thesewood fuels, but they areno longer cheap.
Two examples of dirty, smoky fuels in common use: Animal dungTif tif for sale.This fuel is a blendof charcoal dust andclay.
Emissions Along the Energy Ladder 40 40 35 35 30 30 25 25 PM10 (g/meal)CO (g/meal) CO (g/meal) 20 20 PM10 15 15 PM10 are small soot particles 10 μ in size 10 10 or less. PM10 indicates that even 5 5 smaller, more dangerous particles 0 0 are present. Dung Crop Wood Kerosene Gas Alcohol Electricity Our tests show that alcohol fuels used in the CleanCook stove are the cleanest and safest alternative for the 80%+ of homes in the developing world that do not have adequate or reliable access to electricity.
Sub Sahara Africa homes suffer from extreme energy poverty.
Mother and child in a smoky Kitchen cooking in NigeriaExtremely high particulate matter and CO. kills360,000 women and children every year in SubSaharan Africa (WHO 2006)
The Cassakero VISION“To provide Sub Saharan Africa Rural Households with a locally made bio- ethanol Cooking fuel and appliances for household use that will be available, affordable and accessible, creating new jobs and reducing poverty while enhancing food and energy security in the nation without harming the environment.”
Multi Energy crops Refinery: farms of 1-100 haCassava Banana Coffee residues Ethanol (99,5%) Sweet potato Sugar cane Sweet sorghumSmall rural communities Central storage Plant (bulking) Micro-plants 1.000 – 2.000 lt/day 5 – 10 t crop/day < – 1 ha crop/day Ethanol (99%) Transport
PROJECT MISSION“To establish a dedicated national bio-ethanol output of 4 million liters per day produced from small scale-bio ethanol refineries to provide the household Cooking fuel requirement of 4 million families in four years (2012-2015).”
Immediate Objectives To set up in collaboration with the Government of Nigeria & other donor international partners a National pilot & demonstrational ethanol plant complete with a system for the feedstock production & the supplies of appliances as a proof of concept. To advocate the formulation of favorable policies to promote the emergence of this new industry in Nigeria. Secure funds Nov2010-January.2011 Pilot: Construction Start January 2011 ends April 2011
The ProjectTo establish an integrated pilot plant as a “proof of concept” to demonstrate the feasibility and economic viability of ethanol production from farm gate base refineries using energy crops and its use as clean low cost cooking and household fuel.Capacity: 1,000 Liters/dayProviding fuel for: 1,000 household50 Out growers: 100 hectaresFeedstock: Non Edible Cassava, sweet sorghumClean Cook Stoves: 1,000 : total project cost:$250,000
Where are we? Project conceptual documents fully developed Business plan & feasibility study for a pilot plant already developed Partnership with ethanol technology providers and input suppliers already developed Cooking Stoves and other appliances suppliers already in place. Commercial roll out plan already in place.
What Do we need from NEPAD?A seed fund of $230,0000 to finance the proof of concept and create a leaning model that can be replicated and scaled up across West Africa.
Project costProject cost $230,000 (N34.5 Million)the cost covers: Project Land N1 Million Building & Borehole: N2.5Million Naira Complete small scale Ethanol refinery N18 Million 1,000 Stoves: N10 million Working Capital: N3 Million
Proposed Funding Working Capital : Cassava Agro industries Services Ltd N3 Million Ethanol refinery: AU/NEPAD N25M Contract Out grower contract: IFAD N5M Training, demonstration and capacity building : SDEDAN/Cassava Agro Industries Stoves: Project Gaia, individuals, Carbon Credits N10 Million
Cost Comparison and Viability Analysis of Feedstock for Ethanol Production Sweet Sweet Cassava Potato SorghumCrop yield (t/ha) 35 40 40Ethanol yield(liters/t feedstock) 180 125 40Ethanol yield (liters/ha) 6,300 5,000 1,600Ethanol production cost 54.7 59.3 56.5(N/liter)Selling price (N/liter)* 80.0 80.5 80.0Gross profit (N/liter) 34.7*Mark up 40% production cost All prices are indicative with specifics established only after a project feasibility study
The Distribution of the Liquid The Ethanol toserve as a cooking & Household fuel
The Cassakero Cooking fuel Cassakero is safe and easy to handle and user friendly. it is less volatile and as a bio-fuel, it is easily absorbed into the environment with no known health hazard. The ethanol will be denatured with Bitrex, a bitter substance to render it undrinkable, and a colorant to give it a distinguishing color.
EXPECTED PROFILE OF ETHANOL FUEL Ethanol content (at 250) 94 – 96% Methanol (g/100L) - 5 max Ethyl Carbamate (g/100L) - 150 max Ethyl Acetate (g/100L of ethanol) - 150 max Toluene (g/100L) - Nil Benzene (g/100L) - Nil Cyclohexane - Nil Zinc - 5mg/L max Copper - 2mg/L max Lead - 0.2mg/L max Cadmium - 0.1mg/L max Appearance - Clear, Colourless Liquid Odour - Characteristic of Spirit Taste - Bitter as a result of the Bitrex Denaturant Bitrex 2.5ppm level 23
The Stove Technical Specifications Technical Specifications-Width:596:mm-Depth:326mm-Height:137mm fuel tank:1,21-Burn time: approximately 4.5hrs. At maximum effect.
The electric & ethanol stove Combination ORIGO C200,220-240V, electric & ethanol double stoveORIGO C100,220-240V, electric & ethanol stove
The CleanCook fuelingsystem: The fuel ischarged into the canisteras a liquid and adsorbedonto a fiber filling. Thefuel will not spill andcannot explode. Theresult it is a very safestove.
The CleanCook stove will make itpossible for ethanol to enter into andtake command of the householdenergy market—a new and importantopportunity for CAR.
In 2002, kerosene, which wassubsidized, cost 32¢ per liter.Kerosene is priced in the “official”market today at about 80¢ and inthe black market at well over $1.00per liter. It is often adulteratedwith gasoline since gasoline is nowcheaper.
The otherApplicationsof Ethanol asa householdfuel
Bio-electricity 4 liters hydrated ethanol = 1 hour electricity110-220 v ; 8.5 kwa 400 light bulbsCrops processing at village levelImproved quality of life in poor rural households
Ethanol poweredShower with heater The shower head
Social Impacts & Benefits Rural/Agro-Industrial Employment “Energy Poverty” Reduction Safe Usage for Women & Children (Non-Spill & Non-Explosive) Clean Cooking Environment (No Smoke, Fumes or Smell) Adaptable to Existing Wood fuel & Kerosene Stoves/Cooking Practices
Bio-fuels Initiative in Africa Key Stakeholders1. Energy security & diversification2. Higher convertible currency exports NEPAD,Govs, Private Development sector Banks3. New revenue stream for agro- Development Commercial industries & Partners Banks farmers Sub-regional, Regional. &4. Carbon finance International NGOs Institutions Civil Research5. Jobs Society6. Local rural energy needs
Please Join Us Make This Dream A Reality! WE CAN’T SPELL “SCCESS” WITHOUT “U”
For Further Details :Contact: Mr. Boma Simeon AngaTHE PROJECT Executive ChairmanCONSULTANTS: Cassava Agro industries Services Limited House 32, 351 Road, off 3rd Avenue, Gwarinpa Estate, Abuja. Tel: +234-(0)803-303-1097, (9)290-7366 Fax: +234-(9)222-4046 WEBSITE: www.cassavaagroindustries.com e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com