Submitted To:
                Miss. Kiran Irshad

Submitted By
                1. FURQAN QAISER         Roll No. IUB107111...
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IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICIANT
             THE MERCIFULL




     Dedication
            we want to dedic...
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                  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
       First of all we surrender our compliance, capitulation, submission and pass...
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      3
            Economy of pakistan                                   07

      4
            The real global thre...
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Economics is a social science. Who tell about the production, distribution and the consumption of
the wealth in the de...
7




DEFINATION

1. Activities related to the production and distribution of goods and services in a particular
geographi...
8




There is a debate going on in the west on the issue of a possible threat from Lashkar-e-Taiba – A
Jihadi group fight...
9


Although the group advocates revival of Khilfphah in the Muslim world but at the same time, it also
believes in Pakist...
10


allies in the future but Al-Qaeda is ‘an enemy’. The simplest definition of Al-Qaeda is ‘anyone who
attacks the west ...
11


Jamat-ud-Dawah works in rural Sindh province to help Christians and Hindus but the author of the
article mentioned on...
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India to come out of the fear that if it gives up Kashmir the whole India will disintegrate. A nation
of more than a ...
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   7.
        Pakistan Cricket Board
        PCB Suffered a loss of 51.22 million dollars
   8.
       Pakistan Touri...
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THREAT TO PAKISTAN’S EXTERNAL SECURITY: NO CHANGE IN ISI’S

Global Geopolitics & Political Economy

The Inter-Servi...
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Pakistan, a Failed State and a Global Threat

I write this article both as an Indian and as a citizen of this world.
...
16


In sports, particularly cricket, with the active participation of underworld and the betting fraternity,
it has made ...
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Furqan project

  1. 1. Submitted To: Miss. Kiran Irshad Submitted By 1. FURQAN QAISER Roll No. IUB1071110 2. AMIR SOHAIL Roll No. IUB1071109 3. M.IMRAN Roll No. IUB1071126 BS (com) 1st Semester Session 2010-14 1
  2. 2. 2 2
  3. 3. 3 IN THE NAME OF ALLAH THE MOST BENEFICIANT THE MERCIFULL Dedication we want to dedicate our Project to Last and Ever Last Prophet of Almighty Allah , Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) And To the persons who are cause of our success, These are our Loving and Caring Parents Who are always sources of successes for us, & Who are always ready to give their children, May God make us able to give the smallest part of what they gave us from our childhood to infinity Old age. (Aamin) 3 3
  4. 4. 4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT First of all we surrender our compliance, capitulation, submission and passivity to “Allah” for his entire blessing on us, in each and every step in my life and to accomplish this report. This ability knowledge strength and competence required for this report are bestowed to us by the omnipotent “Allah” as boons. My heartfelt respect for my parents, who have supported me to reach the point where I stand now and Insha Allah, will stand in future by the blessings of Almighty. Our respectable, experienced and gifted teachers that to what extent we have completed this task, but we feel highly obliged to our venerated teacher “Miss Kiran Irshad” for providing this precious opportunity, to have a practical experience in this project. We are really grateful to Miss Kiran Irshad, (our respectable teacher) who helped us to get the experience in communication. He is so much devoted towards the students that he guided us in studies whether it is day or night. Who cooperate, guide and help us in the accomplishment of our objectives. Their sympathetic behavior has printed deep and everlasting on our heart. TABLE OF CONTENTS Sr. no. Topics Pages 1 Executive Summary 06 2 Definition of economics 07 4
  5. 5. 5 3 Economy of pakistan 07 4 The real global threat in pakistan 08 5 Economics terrorism in pakistan 13 6 Threat to pakistan external security no change isps 15 7 Pakistan, a Failed State and a Global Threat 16 8 Reference 18 Executive Summary 5 5
  6. 6. 6 Economics is a social science. Who tell about the production, distribution and the consumption of the wealth in the defferent events. The act by any group or state for the sole and illegal purpose of creating economic chaos and collapse as a means of destroying the attendant society. Is the most lethal weapon for any anti-social element. Economic terrorism is costing Pakistan both economical and human lives loss. In 2009, Pakistan’s GDP rate remained 3%. The inflation in Pakistan is high i.e. 18.85%. Thousands of people have died due to suicide bombing Government of Pakistan should focus on should focus on eliminating the potential threat of economic terrorism. Build awareness among the people. Import better technology to tackle terrorists. Build trust greater trust among the allies ECONOMICS 6
  7. 7. 7 DEFINATION 1. Activities related to the production and distribution of goods and services in a particular geographic region. 2. The correct and effective use of available resources Economy of Pakistan The economy of Pakistan is the 25th largest economy in the world in terms of purchasing power, and the 45th largest in absolute dollar terms. Pakistan has a semi-industrialized economy,[9][10][11] which mainly encompasses textiles, chemicals, food processing, agriculture and other industries. Growth poles of Pakistan's economy are situated along the Indus River,[11][12] diversified economies of Karachi and Punjab's urban centers, coexist with lesser developed areas in other parts of the country.[11] The economy has suffered in the past from decades of internal political disputes, a fast growing population, mixed levels of foreign investment, and a costly, ongoing confrontation with neighboring India. However, IMF-approved government policies[citation needed], bolstered by foreign investment and renewed access to global markets, have generated solid macroeconomic recovery the last decade. Substantial macroeconomic reforms since 2000, most notably at privatizing the banking sector have helped the economy. GDP growth, spurred by gains in the industrial and service sectors, remained in the 6-8% range in 2004-06 due to economic reforms in the year 2000 by the Musharraf government.[13] In 2005, the World Bank named Pakistan the top reformer in its region and in the top 10 reformers globally.[14] Islamabad has steadily raised development spending in recent years, including a 52% real increase in the budget allocation for development in FY07, a necessary step toward reversing the broad underdevelopment of its social sector. The fiscal deficit - the result of chronically low tax collection and increased spending, including reconstruction costs from the devastating Kashmir earthquake in 2005 was manageable. Is Lashkar-e-Taiba a real global threat 7 7
  8. 8. 8 There is a debate going on in the west on the issue of a possible threat from Lashkar-e-Taiba – A Jihadi group fighting against Indian occupation of Kashmir and blamed for Mumbai attacks in 2008 – to the western interests. There is no doubt Lashkar hates United States for a number of reasons. Apart from the widespread anti-America resentment in almost all Islamic groups across the globe, the group has some of its own reasons to dislike US. US declared Lashkar-e-Taiba a Foreign Terrorist Organization (FTO) a few months after 9/11 without any substantial reason. The group until then never attacked or planned any attack on US interests. Its focus was totally on Kashmir against Indian forces. The group believes that by declaring it terrorist organization US wanted to please India and press Pakistan to back off from freedom struggle in Kashmir. Despite its anger the group refrained from attacking US interests in the region but US was not satisfied with its own measures by putting Lashkar on FTO list of the State Department and went to UN Security Council in 2005 for international sanctions against the group. Eventually UNSC put the group in the list of Al-Qaeda and Taliban affiliates and asked the member countries to freeze its assets and impose embargo on purchase of weapons while its members were banned from international travelling. These sanctions could not affect the group in Pakistan as technically it was not active in Pakistan anymore after January 12, 2002 when the then president of Pakistan Pervez Musharraf banned the Lashkar-e- Taiba, Jaish-e-Muhammad, Sipa-e-Sahaba, and Tehreek-e-Jafria. US also tried its best to put the name of Jamat-ud-Dawah – a charity and preaching Islamic organization accused of being a front for Lashkar-e-Taiba – in the same UNSC list. Nevertheless, China blocked these moves repeatedly until December 10, 2008 when china, on the request of Pakistan, withdrew its technical hold and Jamat-ud-Dawah and the names of its some prominent leaders were included in the list of banned entities. Jamat-ud-Dawah denies any links with Lashkar and interestingly it took US almost five years to conclude that Jamat-ud-Dawah is an alias of Lashkar-e-Taiba. Lashkar was declared FTO in 2001 while US included the name of Jamat-ud- Dawah in the lists of aliases of Lashkar-e-Taiba in 2005. In short, Lashkar has obvious reasons to be an anti-American Jihadi group but we will have to see whether this so-called anti-Americanism is ever translated into a practical action or it is just rhetoric in the west on the provocation of some Indian lobbies active in the west – particularly in the United States. For a number of reasons I believe that Lashkar-e-Taiba is not a direct or indirect threat to western interests. Here are these reasons; 8
  9. 9. 9 Although the group advocates revival of Khilfphah in the Muslim world but at the same time, it also believes in Pakistani nationalism from an Islamic context. For Lashkar, there are only two states on the world map based on ideology, which are Israel and Pakistan. Pakistan came into being exclusively on the base of Islam while Israel is Jewish state. Lashkar believes that protecting Pakistan is like protecting Islam. No transnational pan-Islamic Jihadi group honors geographical borders. For them these borders are un-Islamic and it is sinful to willingly accept these ‘un-Islamic lines’ drawn on the ‘land of Allah’. On the other hand, Lashkar believes Pakistan is a ‘gift of Allah’. Due to this pro-Pakistan ideology, the group naturally becomes closer to Pakistani security establishment. It thinks in the same line as Pakistani armed forces think –India is the number one enemy of Pakistan. It was quite rational for Pakistani security establishment to rely on Lashkar-e- Taiba for freedom of Kashmir. The group has successfully engaged Indian armed forces in Kashmir for almost 15 years along with other Jihadi groups fighting in Kashmir. There was tremendous pressure on the group after 9/11 to join Taliban and Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan to fight against US and NATO forces but the group did not want to create problems for its sympathizers in Pakistani state institutions, therefore it openly declined this popular demand of fighting America. Instead of shifting its focus from Kashmir to Afghanistan, the group expanded its operations from Kashmir to inside India. India accuses Lashkar for attacking dozens of high value targets inside its border including attacks on Mumbai, Indian Military Academy, Red Fort, Akshardham Temple, nuclear institute in Bangalore, Mumbai train attacks in 2006 and others. With its high profile attacks on Indian interests, it appealed the young Indian Muslims who are annoyed by dominating Hindu extremists. Massacres of more than five thousand Muslims by Hindu extremists in Indian state of Gujarat poured oil on fire and provided Lashkar with a great opportunity to exploit the Indian Muslim youths. Pakistani security establishment had/has no problem with Lashkar’s anti-India agenda because India is always suspected for its covet activities in FATA and Baluchistan. Lashkar has ‘sacrificed’ more than five thousand ‘mujahedeen’ in Kashmir. For Lashkar, it will be betrayal to the souls of those five thousand plus martyrs if it leaves the ‘mission Kashmir’ uncompleted and indulges itself in a battle which is already saturated as far as the number of Jihadi groups are concerns. Lashkar believes that by attacking nations other than India will damage its Kashmir campaign. Popularity graph of Lashkar in occupied Kashmir and Pakistan is on its peak. There was a time when Al-Qaeda was the mentor for all Jihadi groups and Osama bin Laden was one of the most beloved people in Pakistan. However, suicide attacks inside Pakistan became counterproductive and as result, Al-Qaeda and Taliban are deprived off their good reputation in Pakistan. However, this is not the case with Lashkar. It has an ideology that forbids attacking Muslim states. Therefore, Lashkar not only refrained from attacking Pakistani interests but it discouraged other groups too. Due to its pro Pakistan ideology and policies, it has deep roots in Pakistani society. It is now able to work as a pressure political group in a number of areas in central and northern Punjab. Although it openly denounces democracy but covertly, it supports candidates of its choice. They can be from any political party. Lashkar knows very well that if it started a global Jihadi campaign it will no longer enjoy such a political advantage in Pakistan. The group very well appreciates its weaknesses and strengths. It is not capable of challenging the whole west. Not only it will be fool enough to create more and more enemies but it will also invite the wrath of Pakistani security establishment, which is not tolerating Al-Qaeda at any cost, although it views Taliban from a different angle. For Pakistani security establishment Taliban are potential 9 9
  10. 10. 10 allies in the future but Al-Qaeda is ‘an enemy’. The simplest definition of Al-Qaeda is ‘anyone who attacks the west and has an Islamic origin’. Therefore, if Lashkar starts attacking western targets, Pakistan will obviously consider it Al-Qaeda. Another reason that Lashkar cannot become ‘Next Al-Qaeda’ is that Al-Qaeda itself does not trust Lashkar. It blames Lashkar as a ‘B’ team of ISI. Due to Lashkar’s reluctance in fighting against US, some of its member defected and tried to join Al-Qaeda but they were considered ‘planted’ people and could not win trust of seniors of Al-Qaeda leaders. One such fighter once told the author of this report, “We are never allowed to see the people of higher ups because they don’t trust us due to our Lashkar background.” While one cannot rule out Lashkar’s support for Afghan Taliban, it seems unlikely that Lashkar and Al-Qaeda can cooperate with each other in current circumstances. Most of the experts in the west quote the example of arrest of Abu Zubaida –a senior leader of Al-Qaeda – from a safe house of Lashkar-e-Taiba but these experts ignore that this arrest was the end of a short love affair between the two groups started right after 9/11. Lashkar was reportedly trying to evacuate ‘Muslim brethrens’ from the war zone but Al-Qaeda members blamed it for betraying and ‘selling’ Abu Zubaida to ISI and US. Some analysts present David Headley’s case –an American citizen with alleged links with Lashkar as well as CIA –as a catalyst to prove that Lashkar has now global reach and next time a Mumbai style attack may occur ‘not in India but in Manhattan’. A question arises that why these experts and analysts ignore the fact that David Headley was working with Lashkar-e-Taiba since 2003. It was very easy for Lashkar to use Headley and his contacts in US to plan and execute an attack on American soil. Headley’s plea agreement clearly shows that an attack on US or other western countries was never even discussed. Headley only confessed to plan an attack on Danish newspaper. It is an exceptional case as the Danish newspaper committed a crime against the whole Ummah and anyone at anytime can go at any extreme in this cartoon-controversy. There is a need to view Headley case from another perspective. While Al-Qaeda uses all its available human resource against western targets, Lashkar-e-Taiba succeeded in utilizing a western human resource against its prime enemy India. Think for a while that if David Headley was affiliated with Al-Qaeda what would have happened? A man with American passport, travelling freely across the world, having blessing of some US intelligence agencies –Al-Qaeda would have loved to use him against Pentagon or CIA headquarters or NATO headquarters in Brussels instead of asking him to scout Mumbai. Virginia Jihad Network also proves that Lashkar is not interested in attacking US or the west. In this case, some American Muslims with Pakistani and Arab origins were allegedly involved in helping Lashkar-e-Taiba for its war against India. US had to enact an old law to convict them because they were not found guilty of harming US citizens. US government accused them that they were trying to harm a US ally. The sentencing of half dozen Muslims was highly criticized by human rights groups. Pakistani experts on militancy also disagree with the hypothesis of a section of western press and US politicians that Lashkar-e-Taiba is a global threat. These Pakistani experts are not ready to buy the ideas that Al-Qaeda and Lashkar-e-Taiba are one and same, and that ‘Lashkar is next Al- Qaeda’. Hamid Mir, a leading Pakistani journalist who interviewed Osama Bin Laden more than twice, while commenting on the article of Newsweek magazine in which Lashkar is presented as Next Al-Qaeda, said, “The author of the Newsweek’s article deliberately ignored certain facts to prove his point. Hafiz Muhammad publically condemns suicide bombings and killings of innocent non-Muslims while al-Qaeda does not condemn suicide bombings or killings of innocent people. 10
  11. 11. 11 Jamat-ud-Dawah works in rural Sindh province to help Christians and Hindus but the author of the article mentioned only its relief activities in Kashmir. Lashkar is not like Al-Qaeda.” Another leading Pakistani journalist and expert on militancy Amir Zia, who works with SAMA TV and News Line Magazine, while talking to the author of this article, said, “Lashkar always remained a Kashmir focused group. It fights against Indian atrocities in Kashmir and tries to attack only military targets. After Mumbai attacks this perception prevailed that this group may become a threat to the west but for me it agenda is limited to Kashmir and India” Defense analyst and a professor at renowned Quad-e-Azam University Islamabad commented on the issue from a different angle and said “It will be premature to say that Lashkar is a bigger threat than Al-Qaeda. The situation is a bit complex. The group is in evolution process. It works in different forms. It also works in the name of Falah-e-Insaniat Foundation to focus on relief activities. There can be some nexus between some old members of the group but as a whole, the group is not focused on the west. It tries to adopt same line as that of the government of Pakistan. Hafiz Saeed now has started to take up political issues between the two countries.” Indeed Lashkar is a real threat to India and it is capable of bringing India and Pakistan to war. This indirectly may affect US interests in the region, as it wants Pakistan’s total focus on its western border. Pakistan can use its influence to keep this group away from any Mumbai style attacks inside India but trying to crush this ‘bunch of savages’ as demanded by anti-Pakistan US senator Gary Ackerman may become counterproductive. Lashkar is not occupying any specific territory just as Tehreek-e-Taliban Pakistan did in Sawat and Waziristan. It is impossible to launch a military operation against the group in Pakistan. If India with its hundreds of thousands of troops stationed in Kashmir could not control a few thousand fighters of Lashkar, how can Pakistan control millions of its supporters across the country? The government of Pakistan can only take administrative measures which it has already taken by arresting 7 top commanders of Lashkar and trying them in an anti terror court. During current strategic dialogue, US officials demanded actions against Lashkar and its leaders. US are very much concerned on the issue. Nevertheless, Pakistan will have to think of its own interests. While Pakistan cannot support a militant group but it also cannot create another Tehreek- e-Taliban in Pakistan. The strategy of crushing the militants is no longer working and the world is compelled to find ways to peruse Afghan Taliban for dialogue. Although Pro India senator Gary Ackerman is trying to convince US policy makers that resolution of Kashmir issue will not satisfy Lashkar-e-Taiba but the reality is that Kashmir resolution will end the reasons for Lashkar and other groups fighting in Kashmir to take up arms. On January 17, 2009, Lashkar itself made it categorically clear that it will lay down arms if Kashmir issue is peacefully resolved. Its spokesperson Dr. Abdullah Ghaznavi had said “Our struggle is only confined to Kashmir and we have no relations or association with armed groups operating at international level. We have no global agenda. We just want freedom of Kashmir and if it comes peacefully we will welcome it. We don’t see armed struggle as the only way to achieve our goal. If the world listens to our cries and play its role in resolving the Kashmir issue there would be no reason for is to fight.” (Greater Kashmir) One can argue that it is just a political statement of Lashkar to mislead the world opinion. Of course, it can be a political statement but if Kashmir issue is resolved then groups like Lashkar-e-Taiba will no longer enjoy sympathies of Pakistan. If the west really wants to contain Lashkar, it should ask 11 11
  12. 12. 12 India to come out of the fear that if it gives up Kashmir the whole India will disintegrate. A nation of more than a billion citizens should not be fearful from giving people their due rights. Boiling Kashmir will spoil the Indian dreams of becoming a permanent member of UNSC. For its growth and prosperity, India must adopt a conflict free policy in the region. This will make the Indian market secure for the western investors. So the west in general, and US and UK in particular, should come forward and help India in resolving Kashmir issue instead of pressing Pakistan for no long- term benefits. Economic Terrorism in Pakistan 1. What is Economic Terrorism? The act by any group or state for the sole and illegal purpose of creating economic chaos and collapse as a means of destroying the attendant society. Is the most lethal weapon for any anti-social element. 2. Economic Terrorism It is carried out to undermine a country to mount defense or even exist. Effects economic terrorism are massive and long lasting. The 9/11 incident is one of the biggest act of economic terrorism. 3. Why Such Terrorism is Preferred by Terrorist? To give massive damage to a country in a single attack. To break the military defense system. To spread fear among average citizen. To cripple the economy of a country. 4. Economic Terrorism in Pakistan Since 9/11, many countries have been subjected to economic terrorism. The incident of 9/11 greatly affected Pakistan’s defense and economic condition. Frequent suicide bombing is the main cause of spreading of economic terrorism in Pakistan. 5. Effects of Economic Terrorism in Pakistan Economic terrorism is costing Pakistan both economical and human lives loss. In 2009, Pakistan’s GDP rate remained 3%. The inflation in Pakistan is high i.e. 18.85%. Thousands of people have died due to suicide bombing. 6. Effects of Economic Terrorism in Pakistan Pakistan is spending a lot of money in counter-terrorist activities. On the name of War on Terror, Pakistan suffered loss of 2080 billion dollars. Pakistan cannot maintain its economy by itself and is now depending on foreign aids. Foreign Investments In 2009,Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) could not improve and fell steeply by 52 per cent. 12
  13. 13. 13 7. Pakistan Cricket Board PCB Suffered a loss of 51.22 million dollars 8. Pakistan Tourism Industry Pakistan tourism Industry suffered a loss of 44 million dollars. 9. Challenges faced Lack of leadership and weak political parties. Unawareness in citizens. Lack of trust in Anti-terrorist allies of Pakistan. Weak economic backbone Inefficient security. 14 10. Conclusion Economic terrorism should not be taken lightly. Economic terrorism is a very lethal weapon that can cripple a country. It is carried out by anti-social elements due to political, social or religious reasons. Pakistan is facing worst terrorism attacks. Such attacks are responsible for the loss of human lives and economic decline in our country. 15 Suggestion Government of Pakistan should focus on should focus on eliminating the potential threat of economic terrorism. Build awareness among the people. Import better technology to tackle terrorists. Build trust greater trust among the allies. 13 13
  14. 14. 14 THREAT TO PAKISTAN’S EXTERNAL SECURITY: NO CHANGE IN ISI’S Global Geopolitics & Political Economy The Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan is a joint agency of the armed forces, normally headed by an officer of the Army, which is responsible for the collection, analysis and assessment of tactical and strategic intelligence having a bearing on Pakistan’s internal and external security. 2. Pakistan does not have separate set-ups for the analysis and assessment of tactical and strategic intelligence similar to India’s Joint Intelligence Committee (JIC) and National Security Council Secretariat (NSCS). India follows the British principle that the same agency should not handle collection as well as analysis and assessment. Pakistan did have an NSC under Gen.Pervez Musharraf, but it has been dispensed with by the present Government.As a result, the Armed Forces, particularly the Army, dominate the process of assessment of likely threats to national security—-internal and external. 3. The ISI is also an action agency which undertakes covert actions in Pakistan as well as abroad.As examples of its covert actions, one can mention its operations in Pakistan against the Bengali nationalists before Bangladesh was born in 1971 and its subsequent operations against Sindhi, Baloch and Pashtun nationalists and its role in the clandestine acquisition of nuclear and missile capabilities. Its use of terrorism against India and its operations in Afghanistan to protect Pakistan’s interests would also come under this category. 4.The ISI views its use of terrorism against India as meant to dilute the asymmetric advantage enjoyed by the Indian armed forces over their Pakistani counterparts.Lt.Gen.Hamid Gul, who was the Director-General of the ISI during Benazir Bhutto’s first term as the Prime Minister (1988-90), used to argue that keeping India preoccupied with internal security problems was equivalent to the Pakistan Army having two extra Divisions at no cost. 5. It has been the assessment of the ISI that India is the principal threat to Pakistan’s external and internal security. The threat to its external security arises from India’s military and nuclear capabilities. In the ISI’s perception, India is also a major threat to Pakistan’s internal security because of its alleged links with the Sindhi and Pashtun nationalists when Gen.Zia-ul Haq was in power and with the Baloch nationalists when Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto was in power before 1977 and even presently. 6. Influenced by the ISI’s assessment, Pakistan’s national security management is focussed on five pre-requisites to protect the integrity of Pakistan: * Firstly, maintaining a high level of preparedness and capability on the Indian border to deter a military conflict initiated by India. * Secondly, constantly improving its nuclear and missile capabilities to deter India from using its capabilities against Pakistan. 14
  15. 15. 15 Pakistan, a Failed State and a Global Threat I write this article both as an Indian and as a citizen of this world. What can you say about a country which has terrorism as its biggest export and is also the biggest exporter of this commodity in this world! Pakistan traces its birth due to the religious divide and the stupidity exhibited by the Indian Leadership at the time of Partition. After missing out on its ambition to merge the Indian states of Kashmir and Hyderabad, it resorted to war on India. Here too it failed miserably. Finally it has resorted to sponsoring terrorism across India. It has engaged in organizing terror camps in the part of Kashmir, which it has occupied illegally and also pushes terrorists into the Indian side every year to create havoc and disrupt the peaceful lives of the Indian populace. The sad aspect is that it has ceased to learn its lessons and has, in fact, embarked on not just destroying India but also decimating the world. The western world, particularly the United States of America has aided and abetted the terrorist actions of Pakistan. The USA has refused to condemn the terrorism being done by Pakistan and has overlooked the global threat looming large over the rest of the world. Pakistan's nuclear scientist, Abdul Qadeer Khan, with the tacit approval of the establishment has shared the nuclear scientists with rogue states and empowered them with nuclear arsenal, which can destabilise the peace in the world. Pakistan has used the funds, given by various countries for natural disasters and other humanitarian activities, to enlarge its scope and hold on terrorism. The US had, at the peak of the Cold War with the USSR, in its conflict over Afghanistan armed Pakistan. The arms and weapons then went over to the Taliban and the whole world knows what happened, starting with 911 in the US and bombing of buildings and places across the world. It's tragic that the US, for the convenience of selling its weapons, been supporting and aiding Pakistan. There's the proverb "A burnt child dreads the fire". But sadly America has not learnt its lessons or is conveniently turning a blind eye to the faults of the Pakistan defence forces. Pakistan's prime export - terror commodity, spans across the length and the breadth of the globe. Its trained operatives have been arrested from the Americas to Africa, Europe (UK, France, Germany and a host of other nations) and are spreading their tentacles to Australia. Pakistan has provided haven to global terrorists, notably Osama bin Laden, Dawood Ibrahim and the like and cocks a hoop at the Interpol. Nothing has been done to destroy these thugs and bring peace in to the world. Doomsday believers have been predicting the end of the world by 2012. While I don't prescribe to the end of the world by 2012, from a purely non-religious perspective I boldly say that unless Pakistan is checked or removed from the global map, 2012 doomsday seems a reality. 15 15
  16. 16. 16 In sports, particularly cricket, with the active participation of underworld and the betting fraternity, it has made mockery of the serious effort being made by its opposing teams to play hard, true and passionate cricket. Wherever Pakistan has entered, it has destroyed the social fabric of the host country and society and brought untold suffering, harm and insecurity to the people. Do we need Pakistan to exist - One country which has brought disaster and terror to the world and does not regret its actions or tries to change its face? REFERANCES • 1.INTERNET WEB. • http://www.articlesbase .com/economic of Pakistan 952277.html#izz1asoprzpj • http://www.wordiq . com.threat in Pakistan of economy. • www.slideshow.com/assignment • www.google.com/ Pakistan, a Failed State and a Global Threat • www.slideshow.net/ The real global threat in pakistan • www.economics.com • http://wiki.answers .com /Q/sampleof an acknowledgement#ixzz1 adzch xhe . Good Luck 16

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