Countries and flags


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Countries and flags

  1. 1. Pangaea 300 million years ago, the supercontinent Pangaea dominated our planet. 200 million years later, Pangaea broke into pieces called continents.
  3. 3. However, geological processes were not the only ones that divided our planet. Also, the human being divided each continent into nations.
  4. 4. The human being demarcated lands and created *boundaries giving birth to different nationalities, cultures, governments, rules, laws and also, economic and political differences. They created countries.
  5. 5. What is a country? A country is an area of land under the rule of a single government.
  6. 6. RUSSIA There are very vast countries as Russia, which is the biggest country in the world. Other countries are very small like San Marino. Most of the countries are independent as United States and others are dependencies, which means, they are ruled by other countries. Some countries *join up to form a single nation and others break into smaller nations.
  7. 7. How many countries are there in the world? It is difficult to answer this question, because there are dozens of territories and colonies that may become countries.
  8. 8. For example, South Sudan is the newest country in the world. It was founded in 2011.
  9. 9. However, according to the U.S. Department of State, there are 195 countries in the World.
  10. 10. Which is the oldest country in the World? It is San Marino, a small country located inside Italy. It was founded in 301, on 3 September.
  11. 11. It’s Saudi Arabia! *Desalination plants *Underground reservoirs Which is the country with no rivers? It is Saudi Arabia! Most of their fresh water comes from *Desalination plants and *undergroung resevoirs.
  12. 12. Which country can’t join FIFA? It is Greenland! According to FIFA, the weather and the lack of grass make Greenland unsuitable to play soccer. Soccer fields are not green enough… Poor guys!
  13. 13. Which country fits inside a city? It is Vatican City! It was declared an independent country in 1929. St. Peter’s Square
  14. 14. The Pope is in charge of this country. He is the «president». The Swiss guard is in charge of its security.
  15. 15. The St. Peter’s Basilica The museums The Vatican Gardens If you want to visit this country, you do not need a passport, but money to buy a ticket. Ticket You can visit:
  16. 16. Which is the country with most languages spoken? Over 820 languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea. They correspond just to the 12 % of the world’s total!
  17. 17. Flags are the symbols or *badges of nations. They can be seen flying from buildings or boats.
  18. 18. The flag of Kenya has a *shield with *spears. The flag of Lebanon has a cedar tree which was plentiful in ancient times. Flags represent the history of a country or something that may be very important there. For example:
  19. 19. “The most beautiful flag in the World” The flag of Mexico HOPE UNIT BLOOD Because of its colors and what they represent.
  20. 20. The flag of Fryslan People in Fryslan may love Chinese fortune cookies or cute red hearts. That is the only explanation for the design of this flag…
  21. 21. The flag of Guam It seems like someone bought a t-shirt from the nearest souvenir shop… Awful!
  22. 22. The flag of Libya The green color has a deep significance for *Muslims. But, couldn’t they think in more colors?
  23. 23. The flag of Benin A naked man decapitating another one with a *sword… What a friendly country!
  24. 24. AK-47??? The flag of Mozambique Good colors, nice design. It is apparently a normal flag. But wait! Is that an AK-47? Another friendly country…
  25. 25. Thank you! Andrea Stefania Ortega Silva 5th Semester Listening & Speaking
  26. 26. *Badge (n.) /bædʒ/ a device or emblem. E.g. Flags are badges of nations. *Underground reservoirs (n.) A natural or artificial pond or lake used for the storage and regulation of water. E.g. Underground reservoirs are used in areas where there is no fresh water.
  27. 27. *Boundary (n.) /ˈbaʊndərɪ/ Something that indicates a border or limit. E.g. Boundaries of China are very extensive. *Desalination plants (n.) Plants for the extraction of fresh water from saltwater by the removal of salts, usually by distilling. E.g. In Saudi Arabia, the fresh water is produced using desalination plants. *Join up (v.) /dʒɔɪn ʌp/ to unite or connect. E.g. Sometimes several countries join up to form a single new nation.
  28. 28. *Muslim (n.) /mʊzlɪm/ Person who follows the Islamic religion. E.g. Muslims believe in Ala. *Shield (n.) /ʃild/ a broad piece of armor made of metal which is carried in the hand for protection against weapons. E.g. Achilles used a shield in the Trojan War. *Sword (n.) /sɔd/ a cutting weapon made of iron. E.g. In fairy tales, knights used swords to kill dragons.