Millets And Climate Change, Mar 24, 2010

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Presentation by dr. P.V. Satheesh at the North East Consultation on 'Millets' - 24th and 25th March 2010

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Millets And Climate Change, Mar 24, 2010

  1. 1. CLIMATE CHANGE Whose Climate, Whose Change?
  2. 2. Climate of Institutionalisation • Focus on eco industry • Ecological entrepreneurs • Eco scientists • Eco institutions
  3. 3. Government Climate • PM’s Climate Change Plan • Epochal Plan has no space for people and participation • Formal Science, Conservationists, industry and bureaucracy • Seven missions
  4. 4. Climate of Contradictions • Revitalizing and upscaling community-based initiatives such as joint Forestment Management and Van Panchayat committees for forest management • Enhancing public and private investments for raising plantations for enhancing the cover and the density of forests.
  5. 5. Biodiversity Climate • Creation of biodiversity registers (at national, and local levels) for documenting genetic diversity & associated trad knowledge = commodification, IPR regime • Effective implementation of the National Biodiversity Conservation Act, 2001
  6. 6. Adaptation Climate • Not adaptation, but response. We will fight climate change with our knowledge. We will refuse to roll over and adapt. • Let our vulnerable communities lead the path, not once again become helpless recipients
  7. 7. AGRIBIZ Climate • Focus would be on improving productivity of rainfed agriculture. India will spearhead efforts at the international level to work towards an ecologically sustainable green revolution.
  8. 8. G E Climate • make Indian agriculture more resilient to climate change. • develop new varieties especially thermal resistant crops and alternative cropping patterns, capable of withstanding extremes of weather, long dry spells, flooding, and variable moisture availability
  9. 9. G E Climate • This will be supported by the convergence and integration of traditional knowledge and practice systems, information technology, geospatial technologies and biotechnology
  10. 10. G E Climate • Use of genetic engineering to convert C-3 crops to the more carbon responsive C-4 crops to achieve greater photosynthetic efficiency for obtaining increased productivity at higher levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere or to sustain thermal stresses
  11. 11. Climate Compliant Crops • High Heat, low rainfall • Drought conditions • High malnutrition • Millets as answers to all these challenges • Wheat & rice may disappear
  12. 12. Heat & The Millet • Sorghum and high heat • Bajra and high heat • Drought tolerance capabilities • Natural C4 crops • Thermally sensitive wheat • GHG producing paddy rice
  13. 13. Water guzzlers vs water conservers Comparision of Water Requirement of Different Crops (in mm) Pulses 2500 Bajra (Pearl millet) 2100 Ragi (Finger millet) 2000 Jowar (Sorghum millet) 1500 1250 Groundnut 1000 Maize 600 400 450 500 Cotton 500 300 350 350 Rice 0 Sugarcane Water requirement (mm)
  14. 14. Price Water Couper • One kg of paddy needs 3-4000 litres of water • If priced for water, will cost Rs.40 per kg @ one paise/litre; rice: Rs.70 • Every acre of paddy uses up 6 mln litres of water • Imagine the savings by millets
  15. 15. Rain Uncertain • Traditional millet farming systems, diversity • Early rain, normal rain, delayed rain, low rain, heavy rain: a solution for every rain • Non irrigated environments • Uniform experience all across India
  16. 16. Protein Fibr Min Iron Cal CROP (g) (g) (g) (mg) (mg) Pearl millet [SAJJA] 10.6 1.3 2.3 16.9 38 Finger millet [RAGI] 7.3 3.6 2.7 3.9 344 Foxtail millet [KORRA] 12.3 8 3.3 2.8 31 Little millet 7.7 7.6 1.5 9.3 17 Rice 6.8 0.2 0.6 0.7 10 Wheat 11.8 1.2 1.5 5.3 41
  17. 17. Carbon Sequesters • Traditional millet cropping systems • Legumes with sorghum and millets • Carbon sequestering capacity
  18. 18. Honouring Millets * ANNOUNCE • Biodiversity bonus • Water conservation bonus • Climate change bonus • Rs.5000/Ha for minor millets • Rs.2000/Ha for major millets • Peanuts in front of 140000 cr subsidy on chemical fertilisers
  19. 19. People - Climate • Food, nutrition and health Sovereign communities • Dryland communities where most poor and marginalised live • Non irrigated rainfed crops • Create multiple securities • Honour and build communities of the poor and the marginalised
  20. 20. WE HAVE THE POWER TO HEAL THE PLANET

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