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2010-07-28 Can You See Me Now?

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Subtitle: "The Growing Problem of Sexting Among School-Age Children." A presentation delivered to the Catawba County School District on July 28, 2010, in Conover, NC.

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2010-07-28 Can You See Me Now?

  1. 1. Can You See Me Now? Frederick S. Lane Catawba County School District 28 July 2010 The Growing Problem of ‘Sexting’ In the Public Schools www.FrederickLane.com
  2. 2. Seminar Overview • Introduction • Technology & Students • Cyberbullying & Sexting • Emotional and Social Consequences • Legal Consequences • Warning Signs • Prevention • Materials Available at: http://bit.ly/cZJAW9 www.FrederickLane.com
  3. 3. Introduction • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer www.FrederickLane.com
  4. 4. Introduction • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer • Author of 5 Books www.FrederickLane.com
  5. 5. Introduction • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer • Author of 5 Books • Computer Forensics Expert www.FrederickLane.com
  6. 6. Introduction • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer • Author of 5 Books • Computer Forensics Expert • Chair, Burlington (VT) School Board www.FrederickLane.com
  7. 7. Introduction • Attorney, Educational Consultant & Lecturer • Author of 5 Books • Computer Forensics Expert • Chair, Burlington (VT) School Board • Student Safety & Privacy Advocate www.FrederickLane.com
  8. 8. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call www.FrederickLane.com
  9. 9. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call • 1995 – Web explodes www.FrederickLane.com
  10. 10. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call • 1995 – Web explodes • 1996 – Jennicam www.FrederickLane.com
  11. 11. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call • 1995 – Web explodes • 1996 – Jennicam • 2002 – 1st US camera phone www.FrederickLane.com
  12. 12. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call • 1995 – Web explodes • 1996 – Jennicam • 2002 – 1st US camera phone • 2006 – ½ of all cell phones have cameras www.FrederickLane.com
  13. 13. Communication at the Speed of Light • 1983 – 1st US mobile call • 1995 – Web explodes • 1996 – Jennicam • 2002 – 1st US camera phone • 2006 – ½ of all cell phones have cameras • 2008 – 1.9 billion camera phones www.FrederickLane.com
  14. 14. Kids & Cell Phones • 2001 ~ An estimated 20% have cell phones • 2001 ~ Cell phone companies discover the teen market • 2006 ~ 40% of teens have cell phones • 2009, that figure doubled to 83% • More than 50% of kids 8-12 own a phone • Average age of cell phone ownership : < 10 www.FrederickLane.com
  15. 15. Amazingly Busy Fingers • 2008 ~ 900 billion SMS text messages. • Another 32 billion MMS messages were sent, a 120% increase over 2007 • 2009 ~ An estimated 250 billion digital photographs were taken with cell phones • As phones and networks get more powerful, number of MMS messages will rise sharply. www.FrederickLane.com
  16. 16. Two Definitions Cyberbullying • A new twist on old behavior …. www.FrederickLane.com
  17. 17. Two Definitions Cyberbullying • The use of the Internet, cell phones, or other devices to send or post text or images intended to hurt or embarrass another person www.FrederickLane.com
  18. 18. Two Definitions Sexting • An almost entirely new behavior … www.FrederickLane.com
  19. 19. Two Definitions Sexting • “The act of sending sexually explicit photos, images, or messages electronically, primarily by cell phone or the Internet” www.FrederickLane.com
  20. 20. Culture & Sexting • Television & Movies • The Internet • Porn Chic www.FrederickLane.com
  21. 21. Culture & Sexting • Television & Movies • The Internet • Porn Chic • Celebrity Sexting • Hormones www.FrederickLane.com
  22. 22. The Scope of the Sexting Problem • Findings of a Fall 2008 study by the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy: – 20% of teens 13-19 have sent or posted a nude photo or video – 2/3 of those sent the content to a boyfriend/girlfriend, 15% of whom forwarded it. – 15% of teens sending nude photos/videos have sent the content to people they only know online www.FrederickLane.com
  23. 23. Sexting Study – April ‘09 • 30% of girls 9-15 have “sexted” • Typical age to start sending “sexts” – 12 • Typical age to start receiving “sexts” – 10 • Reasons for sending a “sext” message? – To get attention – 82% – To be cool – 67% – To be like the popular girls – 60% – To find a boyfriend – 55% www.FrederickLane.com
  24. 24. Sexting Study – December ‘09 • PewInternet and American Life survey of teens 12-17: • 4% of teens have sexted • 15% of teens have received a nude or nearly nude photo of someone they know via MMS • Incidence of Receipt Rises with Age: – 4% of 12-year-olds – 20% of 16-year-olds – 30% of 17-year-olds • No statistically significant gender difference • Significant concern about underreporting www.FrederickLane.com
  25. 25. WAY Beyond “Kiss and Tell” • Three Most Common “Sext” Scenarios: 1. Romantic Couple Exchanges Sexts 2. Sext Messages Are Initially Private, but Are Redistributed by One Individual to Boast, for Revenge, etc. 3. Individual Solicits Sext as a Prelude to a Relationship, or As An Offer For One • No Such Thing As “Casual” or “Safe Sexts” www.FrederickLane.com
  26. 26. When Sharing Circles Go Bad World Wide Web Email / MMS / Social Networking Camera phone www.FrederickLane.com
  27. 27. Endless Distribution Options Facebook YouTube Flickr MySpace MetaCafe MobileMe MyYearbook Zude Hi5 Vimeo Bebo Friendster Orkut PerfSpot Yahoo Tagged Vox Xanga Virb MocoSpace Stickam Twitter Netlog (mostly Europe) Buzznet TagWorld HoverSpot GaiaOnline
  28. 28. Prevention and Education • Clear School District Policies – Acceptable Use Policies – Anti-Harassment and Anti-Cyberbullying • Student & Parent Education – Personal Privacy Curriculum • Staff Training • Law Enforcement & Legislative Outreach www.FrederickLane.com
  29. 29. Detection and Response • Be Aware of What’s Going on in Schools • Notify Parents • Interview Faculty, Staff & Students • Isolate & Lock Down Evidence • Get Legal / Law Enforcement Help ASAP • Follow Established Disciplinary Procedures • Use as a Teachable Moment www.FrederickLane.com
  30. 30. Emotional & Social Consequences • Short Term: – Sexual Blackmail – Bullying, Harassment, & Ostracization – Embarrassment • Long Term: – Depression & Mental Illness – Loss of Scholarships, Admissions, Jobs – Self-Injury & Suicide www.FrederickLane.com
  31. 31. Jesse Logan • 18 year old high school senior in Ohio • Sent nude photos of herself to her boyfriend • When they broke up, he forwarded them to hundreds of students • Logan was harassed, taunted, and even physically assaulted because of the photographs • In July 2008, Logan committed suicide www.FrederickLane.com
  32. 32. Student Legal Consequences • School Sanctions: – Violation of various school policies – Removal from extra-curriculars or school • Civil Liability: – Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress – Invasion of privacy (depending on state) • Criminal Prosecution: – Federal child pornography statutes (< 18) – State child pornography statutes (varies) www.FrederickLane.com
  33. 33. Relevant Child Pornography Laws • Federal Law: – 18 U.S.C. § 2252A – Elements of Crime & Penalties – 18 U.S.C. § 2256 – Definitions – Jail time can range from 5 to 20 years • North Carolina Law: – N.C. GEN. STAT. § 14-190.16. First degree sexual exploitation of a minor (pecuniary gain) – N.C. GEN. STAT. § 14-190.17. First degree sexual exploitation of a minor (no pecuniary gain) – N.C. GEN. STAT. § 14-190.17A. Third degree sexual exploitation of a minor (possession) www.FrederickLane.com
  34. 34. District Legal Consequences • Disruption of Educational Activities: – Possible investigation / seizure of network • Criminal Liability for Employees: – Relationship-Based Crimes – Possession / Distribution of Child Pornography • Civil Lawsuits – Failure to provide /maintain a safe environment – State child pornography statutes (varies) www.FrederickLane.com
  35. 35. Changing Legal Landscape • Vermont, 2009 – Gives prosecutors discretion in handling sexting cases involving 13-17 year olds • North Carolina, 2009 – Adopts law making cyberbullying a misdemeanor • A Few Other States Considering Similar Measures • Miller v. Mitchell (3rd Cir. Mar. 17, 2010) – Tunkhannock, PA sexting case • Massachusetts, 2010 – “An Act Relative to Bullying in Schools” – Response to the suicides of two Mass. students www.FrederickLane.com
  36. 36. Additional Resources • CommonSenseMedia.org • WiredSafety.org • FBI “A Parent’s Guide to Internet Safety” -- http://www.fbi.gov/publications/pguide/pg uidee.htm • iKeepSafe.org • iSafe.org www.FrederickLane.com
  37. 37. Materials and Feedback • You Can Download a PDF of the Slides at: http://bit.ly/cZJAW9 • Please take a couple of minutes and fill out my online feedback survey at: – AM: http://bit.ly/anSv7e – PM: http://bit.ly/diEWOW – Parents: http://bit.ly/dqYxMJ www.FrederickLane.com
  38. 38. Can You See Me Now? Frederick S. Lane Catawba County School District 28 July 2010 The Growing Problem of ‘Sexting’ In the Public Schools www.FrederickLane.com

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