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  2. 2. Taharat (Purity) Najasat (Impurity) Remove from your body and cloths two Impurities before prayers. • Najasat Haqeeqi are those impurities which can be seen and felt and in the material form. [a. Ghaliza (High) b.Khafifa (light)] • Najasat Hukmi [a. Need for Wudu (ablution) b.Need for Ghusul (bath)]
  3. 3. a. Ghaliza (High) b. Khafifa (light) A. Urine, congealed blood, carrion, wet skin, Urine of those animals whose meat is not eaten, dog droppings, etc. B. Horse urine, Urine of those animals whose meat is eaten, dropping of dead birds.
  4. 4. Types of cleaning • Istinja • Wudhu • Ghusul
  5. 5. Istinja (Abstersion) 1. Bismilah should be read outside when entering the toilet, and then the following Du’a: 2. ‫والخبائث‬ ‫الخبث‬ ‫من‬ ‫بك‬ ‫أعوذ‬ ‫إني‬ ‫أللهم‬ O Allah! I seek refuge with you from impure male and female Jinn. 3. One should enter to the toilet with the left leg. 4. The left hand should be used to wash. 5. Sit leaning on the left side for stool come out easier in this manner. 6. The hands up to the wrists should be washed. 7. Wash the parts until you are thoroughly satisfied that the body is clean. 8. But the doubtful person should wash three or seven times. 9. It is prohibited to stand and urinate.
  6. 6. 10. It is prohibited to face or turn one’s back towards the Qiblah and pass stool or urinate. For Elders and children both. 11. It is prohibited to make Istinja with bones, impurities, cool, glass, Edible, etc. 12. One should not enter the toilet bare headed, nor wearing the ring on which is the name of Allah or His Prophet or Qur’an verses. 13. Allah’s name should not be taken inside, If ones sneezes, then reply should be recited in the heart only. 14. Leaving toilet one should step out with the right foot first . 15. After leaving the toilet the following Du’a should be recited: ‫وعافاني‬ ‫الذى‬ ‫عني‬ ‫أذهب‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫لله‬ ‫الحمد‬ ‫غفرانك‬ I seek Your forgiveness, O Allah praise be to Allah who has removed from me this discomfort and granted me tranquility.
  7. 7. Things that one should abstain from when passing stool or urine 1. To talk 2. To cough unnecessarily 3. To read some verse of the Qur’an, Hadith or respected things. 4. To take some things on which the respected things are written. 5. To relieve oneself in a standing position without genuine case. 6. To remove all cloths. 7. To make Istinja with right hand.
  8. 8. Makrooh (things should be avoided) 1. It is Makrooh to face moon or sun 2. To do on the bank of river, pond, etc. even the impurity is not fall inside. 3. to do under the trees in whose shade people sit, under fruit and flowering trees where people sit in winter in order to get sunshine.
  9. 9. Makrooh Tahrimi (things should be avoided extremely) • To do this in following places: • Among animals, very close to Masjid or Eid-gah, in a graveyard, at a place where people make Wudu or Ghusul, on the road, in the direction of wind, in a hole, on the road side, near a caravan or some gathering, In other words, it is Makrooh to relieve oneself in such a place where people move around and are caused discomfort, and also in such a place where the impurity can flow back towards the person.
  10. 10. Fardh Compulsory acts of Wudu • There are Four Fardh acts in Wudu mentioned in the verse: ‫فاغسلوا‬ ‫الصلوة‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫قمتم‬ ‫إذا‬ ‫آمنوا‬ ‫الذين‬ ‫يأيها‬ ‫الكعبين‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫وأرجلكم‬ ‫برؤسكم‬ ‫وامسحوا‬ ‫المرافق‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫وأيديكم‬ ‫وجوهكم‬ ‫المائدة‬ ‫))سورة‬O you who believe, when you rise for Salah (prayer) wash your faces and your hands up to the elbows, and make Masah (wiping by hands) of your heads and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. 1. To wash the entire face once. 2. To wash both hands up to and including elbows once. 3. To make masah of one-quarter of the head once. 4. To wash both feet up to and including the ankles once.
  11. 11. Sunnah acts for Wudu 1. To Say ‫العظيم‬ ‫العلي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫والحمد‬ ‫ال‬ ‫بسم‬ 2. To wash both hands up to wrists. 3. To rinse the mouth. To use Miswak 4. To wash the nose. 5. To make Masah of the entire head. 6. To wash each part three times. 7. To make Masah of the ears. 8. To make Khilal of the fingers and toes. 9. After Wudu Surah AlQadar should be recited, and then the following Du’a: ‫من‬ ‫واجعلني‬ ‫التوابين‬ ‫من‬ ‫اجعلني‬ ‫اللهم‬ ‫الصالحين‬ ‫عبادك‬ ‫من‬ ‫واجعلني‬ ‫.المتطهرين‬ O Allah! Make me of the repentants, and make me of the purified, and iclude me among your pious servants. 10. And recites the Kalimah Shadah.
  12. 12. Things that break Wudu 1. Passing urine, or stool, or air. 2. Any flowing impurity Blood, pus, from such a body part which is washed in Wudu or Ghusul. 3. Vomit of food, clots of blood, or yellow water which is mouthful. 4. Bleeding from teeth when it is equal to or more than spittle. 5. Sleeping 6. Laughing in such a salat that has ruku and sajdah. 7. Consuming any form of intoxicants. 8. Madness 9. Unconsciousness. 10.Emission of semen due to shock, fall. b/c due to sex the Ghusul becomes compulsory.
  13. 13. Ghusul (Bath) Allah stated: ‫فاطهروا‬ ‫جنبا‬ ‫كنتم‬ ‫وإن‬ If you are in a state of major impurity, cleanse yourselves well (by taking bath) There are three Faraidh in Ghusul • Washing the inside of mouth • Washing the inside of nose • To wash the whole body once no part to be left dry.
  14. 14. That which makes Ghusul Fardh 1. Semen was found on body or cloth and thanked it is due to sex. 2. On inserting of penis in any of two private parts. 3. After haidh 4. After nifas 5. Ihtilam
  15. 15. Some fluids 1. Semen (mony) 2. Mazy 3. Wadi 4. Urine 5. Haidh 6. Nifas 7. Istihadha