Exploded Tangent: Liberal Vs. Conservative 1940-1985
(Mis)Understanding  Liberal  &  Conservative <ul><li>In  general , liberals examine and challenge existing attitudes and b...
Historicizing the terms <ul><li>Their meanings have flip-flopped throughout the decades. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The liberal...
1975-1985 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain Great Society (LBJ) </li></ul><ul><li>Insisted on human rights in F-p...
1968-1975 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Withdraw from Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted ERA </li></ul><ul><li>Richard...
1960-1968 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded role of govt. in society </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Vietnam to be a lim...
1940-1960 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. should reg. eco. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt resp for people’s welfare </li><...
<ul><li>Liberals maintained desire to promote change and to challenge conventional thinking and behaviour—increasingly mor...
Questions… <ul><li>How did the New Deal transform thinking about governmental domestic policy? </li></ul><ul><li>How were ...
Exploded Tangent: Liberal Vs. Conservative 1790-1940
1900-1940 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Govt intervention in society </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive social & labor refo...
1865-1900 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Radical Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted honesty in govt. </l...
1840-1865 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Union </li></ul><ul><li>Antislavery </li></ul><ul><li>Favored national pro...
1824-1840 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Personal liberty, weak governement </li></ul><ul><li>Free competition, egalita...
1790-1824 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Favored farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Best govt...
 
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Liberal Vs. Conservative APUSH review

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Liberal Vs. Conservative APUSH review

  1. 1. Exploded Tangent: Liberal Vs. Conservative 1940-1985
  2. 2. (Mis)Understanding Liberal & Conservative <ul><li>In general , liberals examine and challenge existing attitudes and behariours of their society & seek to change them. </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives embrace conventional wisdom of their times, accept the status quo, and support only small, incremental changes. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Historicizing the terms <ul><li>Their meanings have flip-flopped throughout the decades. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The liberal idea of the early 19 th c. Jeffersonians that govt.’s involvment in society should be limited became a conservative belief during the twentieth century. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamilton’s conservative idea of expanding govt.’s role in society during the 1790s to promote public interest was later endorsed by liberals in the 1930s onwards. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. 1975-1985 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain Great Society (LBJ) </li></ul><ul><li>Insisted on human rights in F-policy </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid future Vietnams </li></ul><ul><li>Détente w/ USSR </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted affirmative action </li></ul><ul><li>Supported ERA </li></ul><ul><li>Supported conservation of energy </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Roe v. Wade </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted limited govt. in society </li></ul><ul><li>Increased defense spending </li></ul><ul><li>Acted aggressively overseas </li></ul><ul><li>USSR =s “evil empire” </li></ul><ul><li>Limited fed role in civ. Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained “family values” </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed finding new sources of oil </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-abortion </li></ul>
  5. 5. 1968-1975 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Withdraw from Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted ERA </li></ul><ul><li>Richard Nixon/Watergate a threat to liberty </li></ul><ul><li>Nixon should be impeached </li></ul><ul><li>Great Society must be maintained </li></ul><ul><li>Blacks’ gains must expand w/ busing and affirmative action </li></ul><ul><li>Socio-economic equality must accompany legal equality </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted limited govt. in society </li></ul><ul><li>Peace w/ honor in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain traditional gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>“ Silent majority” should be heard </li></ul><ul><li>Watergate—not that imp. </li></ul><ul><li>Repealed much of Great Society </li></ul><ul><li>No special treatment for minorities to achieve equality </li></ul><ul><li>Legal equality enough </li></ul><ul><li>Maintained that Nixon was no more corrupt than earlier presidents </li></ul>
  6. 6. 1960-1968 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded role of govt. in society </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Vietnam to be a limited war </li></ul><ul><li>Racial justice, national priority </li></ul><ul><li>Protected environ </li></ul><ul><li>Women’s rights important </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. should end domestic poverty (welfare state) </li></ul><ul><li>Youth culture tolerated and even celebrated </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Govt should be limited in society </li></ul><ul><li>Total military victory in Vietnam </li></ul><ul><li>States handle racial problems (Civil War Democrat argument) </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted to restore “law and order” in cities </li></ul><ul><li>Upheld sexual/gender roles </li></ul><ul><li>Defended traditional, family values </li></ul><ul><li>Youth culture deplored (lawlessness) </li></ul>
  7. 7. 1940-1960 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. should reg. eco. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt resp for people’s welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Deficit spending OK! </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. accepts international role (and int. house of pancakes) </li></ul><ul><li>Communism a challenge at home and abroad </li></ul><ul><li>Support organized labor </li></ul><ul><li>Embraced fed support of racial justice & equality </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage flexible military response </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. should be limited in society </li></ul><ul><li>Promoted individual resp. for welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted balanced budget </li></ul><ul><li>Communism was a great domestic threat </li></ul><ul><li>Limited overseas involvement but contained communism via force </li></ul><ul><li>Reconsidered much of New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>States should handle their racial issues (Civil War Democrat argument) </li></ul><ul><li>Encouraged “massive retaliation” as viable component of military response </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Liberals maintained desire to promote change and to challenge conventional thinking and behaviour—increasingly more radical between 1960-1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Conservatives adhered to their beliefs in protecting current societal norms and resisting sweeping, dramatic changes—increasingly more reactionary between 1968-1985 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions… <ul><li>How did the New Deal transform thinking about governmental domestic policy? </li></ul><ul><li>How were Liberals & Conservatives divided over the best ways to the nation to address foreign challenges posed by the Soviet Union </li></ul>
  10. 10. Exploded Tangent: Liberal Vs. Conservative 1790-1940
  11. 11. 1900-1940 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Govt intervention in society </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive social & labor reforms </li></ul><ul><li>Regulation/limitation of Trusts </li></ul><ul><li>Collective Security (league of nations) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumer protection </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents: T. Roosevelt, W. Wilson, FDR </li></ul><ul><li>Direct government relief/welfare in 1930s </li></ul><ul><li>Square Deal, New Deal </li></ul><ul><li>Low Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Old Guard Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Extremely favorable to business interests </li></ul><ul><li>Isolationism </li></ul><ul><li>Rugged Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>Presidents: “Taft,” Harding, Coolidge, “Hoover” </li></ul><ul><li>Normalcy in 1920s </li></ul><ul><li>Best govt is least govt. </li></ul><ul><li>No direct relief or welfare </li></ul><ul><li>High tariffs </li></ul>
  12. 12. 1865-1900 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Radical Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted honesty in govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-Imperialist </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded money supply (paper, silver) </li></ul><ul><li>Supported govt. regulation of business </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted Low Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Resisted Radical Reconstruction </li></ul><ul><li>Tolerated spoils system </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Social Darwinism </li></ul><ul><li>Expansionist </li></ul><ul><li>Gold Standard (tight money) </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-faire </li></ul><ul><li>High Tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Gospel of Wealth </li></ul>
  13. 13. 1840-1865 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-Union </li></ul><ul><li>Antislavery </li></ul><ul><li>Favored national program of roads/canals </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed westward expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed extending slavery into territories </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed secession </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>States’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Proslavery </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed national program of roads/canals </li></ul><ul><li>Favored westward expansion </li></ul><ul><li>Favored extending slavery into territories </li></ul><ul><li>Supported secession </li></ul>
  14. 14. 1824-1840 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Personal liberty, weak governement </li></ul><ul><li>Free competition, egalitarian opportunity </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-National Bank, anti-tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>States should fund roads, canals </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Andrew Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Supported compact theory of govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Weak presidents </li></ul><ul><li>Pro-National Bank </li></ul><ul><li>National govt. should fund roads, canals </li></ul><ul><li>Whigs-opponents of Andrew Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Supported Henry Clay </li></ul>
  15. 15. 1790-1824 <ul><li>Liberal </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson </li></ul><ul><li>Favored farmers </li></ul><ul><li>Best govt. is the least govt. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated states’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>Opposed National Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Supported low taxes/tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>Supported reduced army and navy </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-faire </li></ul><ul><li>Conservative </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Hamilton </li></ul><ul><li>Favored commercial, mercantile groups </li></ul><ul><li>Govt. should be strong </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted centralized govt power </li></ul><ul><li>Favored National Bank </li></ul><ul><li>Believed that tariffs were necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Strong national defense </li></ul>
  16. 17. Questions…

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