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PRESENT PERFECT. USE OF ENGLISH F.C.E.

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PRESENT PERFECT. USE OF ENGLISH F.C.E.

  1. 1. F.C.E. USE OF ENGLISH PRESENT PERFECT TENSE
  2. 2. PRESENT PERFECT: OTHER USES
  3. 3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE THE PRESENT PERFECT IS USED WITH THE FOLLOWING ADVERBS: ALREADY, NEVER. EVER, JUST, YET in order to express:  ALREADY: I’ve already done my homework. I can go out now. (FINISHED ACTIONS IN THE PRESENT)  NEVER: I’ve never visited Italica. I think we should go this Saturday. (UNDONE ACTIONS THE LIFETIME)  EVER: Have you ever been to NY?. /No-one has (ever) proved aliens exist.  JUST: I’ve just seen Mary in the park. If you go now, you’ll find her there. (VERY RECENTLY DONE ACTIONS)  YET: I haven’t done my homework yet. I should start now. / have you made the bed yet? (UNDONE OBLIGATIONS) POSITION OF THE ADVERS: BEFORE THE PAST PARTICIPLE, except for YET, at the end of the sentence.
  4. 4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS  PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS emphazises the lenght of an activity: E.g.: I’ve been working on my project all morning.  PPC explains a present situation: E,g,: John is totaly dirty. He’s been playing football. COMPARE>: I have lived here for three years. I have been living here for three years. Is there any contrast? With STATE VERBS (LIVE, WORK, STAY, SLEEP, ETC), there is little contrast.
  5. 5. FCE USE OF ENGLISH, Part 4: Sentence Transformation PAST TENSES. SPECIAL USES 1. I haven’t watched TV for at least three weeks! LAST It’s at least three weeks…………………………………………………………..………...TV. Structure: SINCE I LAST WATCHED IT’S (AT LEAST) + PERIOD OF TIME(*) + SINCE (I) LAST + SIMPLE PAST (*): AGES, A LONG TIME, THREE DAYS, ETC.
  6. 6. FCE USE OF ENGLISH, Part 4: Sentence Transformation PAST TENSES. SPECIAL USES 2. The last time I went to France was three years ago FOR NOT BEEN TO FRANCE FOR I have………………………………………………………………..………………..three years 3. I met Gary when we were at University together KNOWN I…………………………………………………………………….HAVE/’VE KNOWN GARY SINCE we were at university together
  7. 7. FCE USE OF ENGLISH, Part 4: Sentence Transformation 4. We were playing football just now and we are really dirty BEEN We are really dirty because……………………………………………………….football 5. I’ve never eaten a better meal than this EVER This is the……………………………………………………………………………eaten 6. Who was your opponent in that tennis match I saw you play YESTERDAY? PLAYING Who……………………………………………………………………against in that tennis match I saw yesterday? WE HAVE BEEN PLAYING BEST MEAL I HAVE EVER WERE YOU PLAYING
  8. 8. FCE USE OF ENGLISH, Part 4: Sentence Transformation 7. I didn’t feel very well this morning and I don’t feel any better now. FEELING HAVE FELT/’VE BEEN FEELING I…………………………………………………………..ill all day. 8. This is my first visit to the USA NEVER HAVE/’VE NEVER BEEN TO I……………………………………………………………….the USA before 9. We sold our old car two hours ago. JUST HAVE JUST SOLD We ……………………………………………..……………………our old car
  9. 9. FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION) 1. She hasn’t seen her aunt for at least two years LAST It’s at least two years………………………………………………………….her aunt. 2. The last time I spoke English was five years ago FOR I have………………………………………………………………..………………..five years 3. My father met my mother when they made a journey together KNOWN My parents………………………………………………..…..they made a journey together
  10. 10. FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION) 4. We sold our old car two hours ago. JUST We ……………………………………………..……………………our old car 5. These are the best hollidays we have had for ages! NEVER We ………………………………………………………………best hollidays than these ones. 6. My parents moved here from Canada ten years ago. FOR My parents………………………………………………………ten years
  11. 11. FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION) 7. The plane was going to take off at two and it is still in the runaway YET The plane……………………………………………………………..……….. 8. This is the first time Sara go to the city zoo. NEVER She……………………………………………………………….the city zoo before

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