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Past perfect tense

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Explanantion of form and use of the Past Perfect tense.

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Past perfect tense

  1. 1. PAST PERFECT TENSE USE OF ENGLISH
  2. 2. PAST PERFECT TENSE COMPARE: 1. a. I did my household chores. b. Then, I went shopping with my friends. WHICH ACTION happens FIRST? Which follows? ANSWER: a+ b 2. a. She watched TV for a while. b. Before that, she did her homework. WHICH ACTION happens FIRST? Which follows? ANSWER: b+a  PAST PERFECT TENSE is used to talk about an action which HAPPENS BEFORE another action in PAST SIMPLE, both in the past, and finished. : 1. I WENT shopping WHEN/ AFTER I HAD DONE my household chores. 2. She HAD DONE her homework BEFORE she WATCHED TV for as while.
  3. 3. SPECIAL USAGES ON + GERUND PERFECT = AFTER/AS SOON AS + PAST PERFECT On HAVING PLAYED the football match, it STARTED TO RAIN On + present perfect means the same as AFTER/AS SOON AS + past perfect to talk about actions that happen before other actions in the past: Trasnform the sentence ABOVE: 1. On HAVING PLAYED the football match, it STARTED TO RAIN SOON It started to rain………………………………………………………the football match. 2. On HAVING PLAYED the football match, it STARTED TO RAIN AFTER It started to rain………………………………………………………the football AS SOON AS WE HAD PLAYED AFTER WE HAD PLAYED
  4. 4. PAST PERFECT TENSE ACTION 2: simple past When we ARRIVED at the Opera House ACTION 1: Past perfect The concert HAD already STARTED
  5. 5. FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION) 1. She hasn’t seen her aunt for at least two years LAST It’s at least two years………………………………………………………….her aunt. 2. The last time I spoke English was five years ago FOR I have………………………………………………………………..………………..five years 3. My father met my mother when they made a journey together KNOWN My parents………………………………………………..…..they made a journey together
  6. 6. 4. We sold our old car two hours ago. JUST We ……………………………………………..……………………our old car 5. These are the best hollidays we have had for ages! NEVER We ………………………………………………………………best hollidays than these ones. 6. My parents moved here from Canada ten years ago. FOR My parents………………………………………………………ten years FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION)
  7. 7. 7. The plane was going to take off at two and it is still in the runaway YET The plane……………………………………………………………..……….. 8. This is the first time Sara go to the city zoo. NEVER She……………………………………………………………….the city zoo before FCE Use of English Part 4 PERFECT TENSES II (REVISION)

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