Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Linking words

1,062 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Linking words

  1. 1. LINKING WORDSLinking words connect different ideas. BECAUSE OF: We use BECAUSE OF when the reason is a NOUN, not a sentence. Claudia knew Damian BECAUSE OF her job. She didn’t recognise him BECAUSE OF the beard. 1. BECAUSE, AS and SINCE, to introduce the reason/cause of an action
  2. 2. LINKING WORDS LINKING WORDS EXPRESSING CONTRAST THOUGH is usually used at the end of the sentence. They played the match. the weather was rainy THOUGH. 1. (AL)THOUGH and EVEN THOUGH MAIN CLAUSE LINKING WORD CONTRAST CLAUSE They won the match ALTHOUGH/ EVEN THOUGH They played awfully
  3. 3. LINKING WORDS LINKING WORDS EXPRESSING CONTRAST DESPITE/ IN SPITE OF are followed by –ing OR A NOUN. The match was not put off DESPITE /IN SPITE OF the rain. IN SPITE OF/DESPITE being raining, the match was not put off. 1. DESPITE/ IN SPITE OF are used to introduce CONTRAST. 1. IN SPITE OF/DESPITE
  4. 4. LINKING WORDS LINKING WORDS EXPRESSING CONTRATS DESPITE THE FACT THAT/ IN SPITE THE FACT THAT are followed by a CLAUSE, and a SUBJECT must be introduced: . We went to the beach IN SPITE THE FACT the weather was cloudy. DESPITE THE FACT THAT Tom didn’t study, he passed the exam. 1. DESPITE THE FACT THAT/ IN SPITE THE FACT THAT.
  5. 5. 2. SO and THEREFORE We say SO and THEREFORE when we give the result of something Their neighbours weremaking a lot of noise………………..they called the police. SO is usually in the middle of the sentence. THEREFORE is in the beginning of a new sentence. It is usually used in writing. LINKING WORDS SO
  6. 6. LINKING WORDS 3. TO and IN ORDER TO and SO AS + INFINITIVE (PURPOSE SENTENCES) 1. (IN ORDER) TO: when both subjects are the same I’m studying hard in order to pass my examinations (POSITIVE) I’m studying hard in order not to fail my examinations (NEGATIVE) She woke up earlier so as to take the first flight to London. 2
  7. 7. 2. SO (THAT)/ SO IN ORDER THAT/SO AS: when both subjects are different or we want to introduce the same subject again: After THAT we always use a CLAUSE (subject + verb) - She called Tom so that / in order that they could make arrangements for the cinema. - She is studying English (in order) to get a diploma for a better job = - She is studying English SO THAT she can get a diploma for a better job. 3. SO AS NOT + INFINITIVE (NEGATIVE) Children should go to bed early SO AS NOT to be sleepy for school. LINKING WORDS
  8. 8. WRITING, PART 1: LINKING WORDS PRACTICE 1. Peter missed his station because he fell asleep on the train Peter fell asleep on the train………………………………missed his station 2. Thieves steal from parked cars. Therefore it is important to lock your vehicle. It is important to lock your vehicle………………………………………..…steal from parked cars. 3. I’m working at home because I want to save money on train fares. I’m working at home………………………………………save money on train fares. 4. Philip opened the parcel since he believed it was for him. Philip believed the parcel was for him…………………………………………opened it. 5. She is applying in order to get a better job. She is applying………………………………she can get a better job. 6. She forgot the file at home so she had to go back. She forgot the file at home.………………………………………she had to go back. SO HE SINCE/BECAUSE THIEVES (IN ORDER) TO SO HE SO THEREFORE
  9. 9. WRITING, PART 1: GENERAL REVISION 1. Tom’s coffee is too hot to drink. Tom’s coffee is………………………………………………..… to drink. 2. Tim asked if the whole class would participate in the contest. He asked:”………………………………..class participate in the contest?” 3. He can’t play tennis any more. He is…………………………………………………play tennis any more. 4. Fortunately, I managed to win the last game. Fortunately, I …………………………………………..win the last game. 5. I need to take the coat to the cleaner’s this week. I need to get…………………………………………………………this week. 6. They suggested to go to the shopping center. They suggested: “………………………………………..to the shopping center?” 7. I finished writing the postcard a minute ago. I’ve …………………………………………………..writing the postcard. 8. You know you mustn’t leave before 3.30 You know you are…………………………………………..leave before 3.30. 9. He learned to drive in order to get a job as a salesman. He learned to drive …………………………………………….he could get a job as salesman. 10. They say that the film has some frightening scenes. They say……………………………………..some frightening scenes in the film. Not cold/cool enough Will the whole Not able to/ unable to Could/ was able to My/ the coat cleaned What/ how about going Just finished Not allowed to So that That there are
  10. 10. WRITING, PART 1: GENERAL REVISION 1. Tom’s coffee is too hot to drink. Tom’s coffee is………………………………………………..… to drink. 2. Tim asked if the whole class would participate in the contest. He asked:”………………………………..class participate in the contest?” 3. He can’t play tennis any more. He is…………………………………………………play tennis any more. 4. Fortunately, I managed to win the last game. Fortunately, I …………………………………………..win the last game. 5. I need to take the coat to the cleaner’s this week. I need to get…………………………………………………………this week. 6. They suggested to go to the shopping center. They suggested: “………………………………………..to the shopping center?” 7. I finished writing the postcard a minute ago. I’ve …………………………………………………..writing the postcard. 8. You know you mustn’t leave before 3.30 You know you are…………………………………………..leave before 3.30. 9. He learned to drive in order to get a job as a salesman. He learned to drive …………………………………………….he could get a job as salesman. 10. They say that the film has some frightening scenes. They say……………………………………..some frightening scenes in the film. Not cold/cool enough Will the whole Not able to/ unable to Could/ was able to My/ the coat cleaned What/ how about going Just finished Not allowed to So that That there are

×