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COMPARISON

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PRACTICE FOR P.E.T. WRITING, PART 1, SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION

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COMPARISON

  1. 1. COMPARISON There are several ways to make comparisons: 1. SUPERIORITY: She is TALLER than my sister. - SHORT ADJECTIVES: 1 syllable adjectives add –er (comparative) and –est (superlative) You’ll be HAPPIER if you go to a hotel. -Some 2 syllable adjectives add the same suffixes: happ-y, simp-le, clev-er. -LONG ADJECTIVES: add MORE before them -The view is MORE WONDERFUL from this room. THAN is used before the thing or person in comparison. Living in Madrid is cheaper than living in London Living in London is………………..………………………………………….MORE EXPENSIVE THAN living in Madrid. Living in Madrid is not…………….……………………………………….AS EXPENSIVE AS living in London.
  2. 2. COMPARISON 2. INFERIORITY Tom is LESS hardworking THAN his sister. Tom is LESS TALL THAN his brother We use LESS + adjective + THAN to compare inferior qualities with all the adjectives. 3. EQUALITY: English cars are AS GOOD AS French cars. To compare equal qualities, we use AS+ adjective (positive form) AS. The negative form paraphrases SUPERIORITY and INFERIORITY comparison: 1.English cars are as good as French cars. ARE NOT WORSE French cars …………..………………………………...than English cars. 2. German cars run faster than French cars. AS FAST AS French cars don’t run…………………………………………………German cars.
  3. 3. TOO+ADJECTIVE/ NOT+ADJECTIVE+ ENOUGH - The pattern TOO + adjective can be paraphrased with a negative pattern and an opposite adjective: - Tom is TOO SHORT to play basketball - We have to find the OPPOSITE ADJECTIVE (TALL) followed by the adverb ENOUGH: - Then, we transform the sentence in a negative sentence: - Tom is NOT /ISN’T TALL ENOUGH to play basketball. - This cinema is too expensive for the people of the town. This cinema is……………N…O…T… …CH……EA…P… …E…N…O…U…G…H………………..for the people of the town.
  4. 4. COMPARISON: Paraphrasing - My shoes are cleaner than my brother’s DIRTIER THAN My brother’s shoes are…………..………………………………………………..MINE AS CLEAN AS My brother’s shoes aren’t…………………………………………………………mine
  5. 5. COMPARISON: PRACTICE 1. Your bedroom is tidier than mine. AS TIDY AS My bedroom isn’t …………………………………………………..yours. 2. Garry doesn’t do the washing-up as fast as Paul. FASTER THAN/NOT AS SLOWLY AS* Paul does the washing-up………………..……………………………………………………………............Gerry. 3. The new armchair isn’t nearly as confortable as the old one. MORE CONFORTABLE THAN *More than 3 words The old armchair is much ………………….……………………………………………………………..the new one. 4. Every evening, Sally does a lot of more homework than Rachel. LESS HOMEWORK THAN Every evening, Rachel does a lot of …………………………………………………………………………….Sally. 5. This music isn’t nearly as bad as the music they play on radio 2. WORSE THAN The music they play on Radio 2 is far………………..………………………………………….this music.
  6. 6. COMPARISON: PRACTICE 1. Your bedroom is tidier than mine. LESS TIDY THAN My bedroom is…………..………………………………………………..yours. 2. Garry doesn’t do the washing-up as fast as Paul. AS SLOWLY AS Paul doesn’t do the washing-up………….……………………………………………………………............Gerry. 3. The new armchair is less confortable than the old one. AS CONFORTABLE AS The new armchair isn’t …………………………………………………………………..the new one. 4. Every evening, Sally does a lot of more homework than Rachel. AS MUCH HOMEWORK Every evening, Rachel does do …………………………..…………………………………………………….as Sally. 5. This music is better than the music they play on radio 2. AS GOOD AS The music they play on Radio 2 isn’t as………..…………………………………………….this music.

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