F O R U M F O RWOMEN IN DEMOCRACY FOWODE Uganda@50 E-NEWS 5 E U S SI , 2 1 0 2 E N U J- LI R P A FINANCING GENDER EQUALITY A PREREQUISITE FOR UGANDA ♀ Making the FY 2012/13 national budget people-centred ♀ Denying women land is denying women life-but what a shame ♀ Social political corner: the rain drop ♀ Women in Uganda’s villages influence local budgets and policies :koobecaF .gro.edowof.www :beW gro.edowof@edowof :liamE .dR awakaN adnitN ,esolC aybuV 51 tolP | adnagU alapmaK ,6717 XOB O.P ,SWEN-E EDOWOF http://facebook.com/FowodeUganda
Making the FY 2012/13 national budget people-centred budget Government’s target • Government resources increased from9, 630bn FYIn June this year, the Minister for Finance, Agriculture 2011/12 to Shs11, 157 billion FY2012/13.Planning and Economic Development released In FY 2011/12, the agricultural sector recordedthe national budget for the Financial Year an annual growth of 3.0% which is attributed to • 75% of budget will be financed from domestic(FY) 2012/13 with the theme “Priorities for the increased cash and food crop production resources.Renewed Economic Growth and following favourable rains in the first plantingDevelopment.” In this edition, the highlights season of the last year. To further support the • 25% of the National Budget will be from Grants andof this budget and the key recommendations sector which employs over 80% of Ugandans, Loans.for government’s consideration are shared this FY 2012/13, Agriculture is set to receivewith you. 5.2% of the national budget i.e. 585bn in the FY • Revenue collections for next financial year are 2012/13 an increase from 447bn for the FY projected at Shs7, 251 billion.This time the national budget was released at 2011/12, to support its priorities of ensuringa time when inflation was high (18%), youth food security, providing raw materials and • Total debt service including interest payments areUnemployment was at 32.2%, the central bank enhancing export revenue. projected to amount to Shs1, 101 billion in financiallending rates was at 21% and commercial year 2012/13.banks lending rates were at an average of 26- Government is credited for adopting the27%, there was general decline in purchasing commodity based approach to complementpower and a depreciating Uganda shilling. Government’s Agricultural Zoning Strategy. The of 12% and short grace period of 3-6 yet approach will concentrate on eleven (11) agriculture is long term investment.Inflation and Interest Rates selected agriculture commodities and to implement this successfully, government will Key concernsInflation was majorly caused by increase of focus on the provision of improved seed and • The commodity based approach is afood prices (50.4%). The Bank of Uganda farm inputs and implements, supporting seed welcome venture as it will give small scaleidentified inflation as a key macroeconomic industry and provision of improved breeding farmers an opportunity to benefit fromproblem and placed emphasis on keeping stock for the selected commodities; and government assistance. The major concerninflation low, raising interest rates limiting completing the ongoing rehabilitation of however is that irrigation schemes haveaggregate spending which makes credit less irrigation schemes and embarking on appeared in the last three budget speechesaffordable to borrowers and brings about establishing of new ones. It is anticipated that but there has been limited action andnegative impact on growth and investment. this approach will help Uganda produce progress.This implies that the cost of borrowing will sufficient quantities that will support domesticcontinue to be prohibitive especially for the and regional trade, as well as agro • Under MAAIF, only 10% of civil works for thesmall scale business enterprises largely owned industrialization to add value and create non- rehabilitation of Doho irrigation schemeby the poor and women. In 2011/12, growth farm jobs required for the youth. In addition have been finalised, while 15% of works forin industrial production slowed to 1.1% during concentrating in a specific zone will allow the Mobuku irrigation scheme had beenthe year, and the hardest hit industrial sub- efficient provision of relevant services such as undertaken by end of half of the FYsector was formal manufacturing sub sector, extension services, roads, electricity and 2011/12.where growth contracted by 4.4%. financial services. Trade and Private SectorsKey recommendation Furthermore, Government maintained the To simplify requirements, reduce discretionary• Bank of Uganda should identify the real Agricultural Credit Facility to finance post- powers, and eliminate redundant procedures, social economic problems and address harvest activity and the purchase of equipment. Government will in FY 2012/13, eliminate them rather than the consequences. However, the facility faces some key about 27 licenses all of which were found to be constraints in that although over 37.5 billion either obsolete or redundant and establish an• If government is to effectively deal with had been disbursed by Bank of Uganda to electronic licenses registry that will serve as a inflation, an increased investment in commercial banks, only 5.5 billion UGX (15%) repository for all approved business licensing in agriculture and target food production has been borrowed by the farmers in FY Uganda. Government also plans to establish a rather that inflation targeting is highly 2011/12. Secondly, was the high interest rates One Stop Centre to provide online registration services for the various licenses required to start a business. In addition, a Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Business Guide has been developed to provide SMEs with information on available financial, business development services (BDSs), and business licensing information. Key recommendations • These proposals have been overdue and will contribute to reducing the cost of running business. It is however proposed that these services should be decentralized to allow local companies to benefit from the initiative. We also want government to include agricultural market information and prices in the business guide. Creating Employment Opportunities In this financial year, government intends to allocate an additional 3bn to the Youth Capital Venture Fund although in FY 2011/12. Additionally government is to establish the Graduate Venture Capital Fund with an allocation Shs. 16 billion to address the needs
A doctor examining a child in a local health center • Limited resource allocation to the sector as shown in the figure below remains a challenge to service delivery. The sector has a long way to go in supporting primary growth across other development sectors as hoped in the Uganda’s National Development Plan. Education sector In its efforts to continue enhancing the quality and relevance of education at all levels, the education sector budget has increased to 1.6bn. Government is commended for its pronouncement to improve the quality of education by: training inspectors of schools (2bn), monitoring UPE (1.1bn) monitoring USE (1.3bn). Key recommendations • The completion rate for school going children is at a low of 25%, the classroom pupil ratio is at 85:1 against theof graduates who have bankable project Government should establish a maternal health recommended national standard of 55:1.proposals but lack the requisite funding. fund to deal with maternal and infant 92% of P3 pupils tested could not correctly mortality concerns. read a P2 level English story, 78% of P3The major concern is the current performance pupils could not solve numericals of P2of the Youth Capital Venture fund, which is Water and environment level, and according to the Budgetvery low. Out of 25 billion UGX, only 8bn has Government’s focus under this sector is to provide Monitoring Report 2011, the ministry wastesso far been accessed by only 3000 youth water for production and CSBAG applauds 25bn UGX a year in ghost schools, ghost(youth constitute 65% of the Uganda government efforts of increasing the water sector pupils and ghost teachers. Civil society callsPopulation). budget from Shs. 271 billion in the last FY to Shs. for the finalization of the probe into the 355 billion FY 2012/13 a factor that resulted from misuse of universal primary and secondaryKey recommendations transferring the water for production budget from education funds by the Judicial Commission◦ Government should develop operational Ministry of Agriculture to water and sector. To of inquiry and implementation of its modalities and clear guidelines on how the date the rural population has 65% access to clean recommendations. youth should access the fund. And this water and 72% have access to adequate sanitation, should not be left to the private sector. however the rural sanitation coverage has wide • Government should increase allocations for Such ventures should be proposed based on disparities with some districts like Amudat school inspection to enable School clear policy frameworks. District (2.0%), Kotido District(11.5%), Moroto Inspectors effectively inspect and monitor◦ Government should broaden the job District (6.6%), and Nakapiripirit (2%) recording school progress. The sector is registering creation schemes and ventures to coverage that is far below the national target. high levels of absenteeism among the employment programs. teachers and pupils, conflicts in schools, According to the Water and sanitation sector teachers under performance and low Health Sector performance report 2011, Uganda’s target 50% syllabus coverage hence poor performanceDespite increases over time, a decade after hand washing by 2015 but the current coverage is due to poor inspection.the Abuja Health financing commitment, the at 23%average percentage share of government • Girl child education needs to be made aallocation to health is still below 15%. In FY Key Concerns priority and the Gender in education policy2011/12, the health sector was reported to needs to implemented. • Government’s proposal to reinstate VAT onhave achieved progress by increasing water at 18%, although estimated to generateavailability of basic medicines, achieving Improving Government Effectiveness Shs.21.7bn might hamper its efforts and reduceimmunization rates of children against major access to clean and safe water. In most caseskiller diseases of 90% and reducing infant and This is an area that needs government’s water points have been privatized and in a adequate attention, there is too muchmaternal mortality rates from 62.47/1000 to situation where a 20-litre jerry can of water54 per thousand persons and 352 per hundred wastage of government resources and service was costing between Shs 150 and Shs 200, the delivery continues to suffer. The cost ofthousand persons, respectively. The sector user fees might double or go higher. It is fearedhowever is still faced with key challenges of running government business is increasing, in with this increase, water prices will rise and FY 2012/13, for example close to 2 trillionlow access to quality basic health care for all, institutions like schools, manufacturingmaternal and child mortality, the sector’s Uganda Shillings will be spent on running industries might end up transferring the burden government Accountability (590.76bn), Publicfailure to deal with emerging diseases such as to the final consumer by increasing commoditythe nodding disease and its poor staffing Administration (234.88bn), Public sector prices and this might push the poor to use management (1,020bn) and the Legislaturecapacity currently at 50% unsafe and contaminated water.Key recommendations The health budget has gone down from Shs 804bn to Shs 752.5bn. This allocation (8.2%) is still below the NDP target of 11.3% and with the NMS budget remaining constant, the challenges of drug stock out will be difficult to achieve. Government needs to significantly increase the percentage allocation to health if it’s to meet the Abuja target of 15%.
Improving service deliveryImproving service delivery is one of the key focus areas and assuch it has featured in the previous five budget themes.The concern however is that although the national budgetallocations are highly focusing on social and productive sectors, Comparisons between the Publicmost of the funds are concentrated at the centre with Administration Budget with other ationgovernment ministries and agencies, rather than at front line sectors (FY 2012/13service delivery points (which are mainly at local government ocallevels). In addition, service delivery has been affected by the erviceunprecedented district creation in Uganda a factor which hasallowed districts that are unviable to operate.The other challenge is that Service delivery is greatly beingaffected by the declining non clining non-wage recurrent budget. rentUnfortunately, the problem seems unlikely to be addressed inthe coming FY 2012/13, as government intends to maintain thecurrent level of allocations.There are too many government agencies that are duplicatingservices and this has rendered the ministries redundant and our es ministriesrecommendation is the proper coordination of theseinstitutions. We also call for the review of multiplication of s.new sub counties and districts. Revenue Generation Domestic revenue for FY 2011/12 is expected to experience Supplementary budgets shortfalls due to slow economic growth and persistent inflationThe credibility of the budget has continued to be eroded by pressures. By the middle of FY 2011/12, revenue in real terms had fincreasing supplementary budget appropriations, which reached declined by 7% compared to the previous half of FY 2010/11.a record high of 38% in FY 2011 2011/12. Although supplementary .spending is unavoidable, these appropriations continue to The tax to GDP ratio has stagnated between 12% 13% due to a tax 12%-13% Distribution of the Supplementary Schedule 1 FY 2011/12 system that is not responsive to GDP growth. Reasons for the Reasons Local Governments stagnation of the revenue effort include the following; low effort 1% voluntary compliance, the large informal sector much of which is not taxed, and tax incentives to promote investment Security 9% Key recommendations Trade and Education Industry 9% • The increase in PAYE threshold is welcome if it’s to contribute to ncrease 3% resource redistribution and addresses the gap between the poor and the rich. However the wealth redistribution should not be Justice Law & limited to only the employment sector. The same principle Public should be applied to other sectors such as trade and investment. investment. Order 14% Administration • The government is only recycling tax policies and imposing 64% simultaneous taxes on the same taxable people There is need to people. here expand our tax base to include the informal sector which is engaging in import and export business. • Government should review and streamline tax exemption review policies and practices if it’s to increase revenue generation. Tax compliance and administration The porous borders and very small business which have failed to register have failed URA in enforcing tax compliance. Smuggling Smugglingbenefit public administration and security sectors depriving goods across the borders cause unequal competition among businessspending on social and productive sectors. It has also become a and breeds corruption. The country is witnessing traces ofculture of the executive to use supplementary budgets as a tool corruption in the tax system e.g. specifically under the Oil business. specificallyto divert budget expenditure priorities. ConclusionRecommendation Government is commended for its budget proposals that aimed at overnment • The legislature (Parliament) should amend the law on improving economic growth However in the implementation of this ing growth. owever supplementary budget to strengthen the oversight budget, government needs to avoid supplementary requests and function of parliament and remove the provision for maintain sector allocations as budgeted especially for discretionary retrospective approval of supplementary spending which approval items or non priority sec sectors, not to disrupt budget implementation o implementation. should only be for critical and emergency cases suc as such With regard to service delivery at the local government level, given epidemics, security and natural calamities. the budget constraints in the next FY 2012/13, government get Ministries and Departments should provide the required backup to Departments JLOS &Accountability local governments in respec ive sectors to ensure services are respectiveUganda is experiencing high levels of corruption and despite delivered to the population.this trend there are minimum efforts in allocating resources tofight corruption. The small budget line in the JLOS Sector is Secto For effective budget implementation, government institutions and governmentdedicated to human rights observers yet JLOS institutions are CSOs should actively get involved in monitoring of the budget toamong the top human rights violators in Uganda. uman It is avoid wastage, laxity and corruption. It is further recommended corruption. edrecommended that government should focus on strengthening that mainstreaming of gender and equity issues in sector budgetsthe inspectorate system of government as a means of curbing should become a prerequisite for approval of institutional budgetscorruption in Uganda. in the next FY 2012/13 budget. xt
Winnie Byanyima: No ordinary woman Instead, she lived the very opposite of such type- redress historic imbalances. In 1995, she cast roles; magnetised to politics by her father’s became a founding member and first chair of example, studying engineering at university mainly the Forum for Women in Democracy to defy society’s expectations of girls and (FOWODE), which grew out of the caucus. excelling at it and winning a scholarship. She FOWODE extended the caucus’ scope by refused the token seat and beat men in hotly- promoting gender equality in all decision- contested Women member of Parliamentary making through advocacy, training research elections, spearheading censure of the corrupt, and publishing. actively contributing to a guerrilla war effort when she was aged 22, being vice chairman to a After two terms as Mbarara Municipality’s group in opposition to the government she once representative in Parliament, she voluntarily worked for and founding, and directing, stepped down in 2004. Hers is an example organisations devoted to bettering the very immediate as Uganda currently debates circumstances of women. the presidential term limits. Leading by example Ironically, she has expressed interest in The impact on Ugandan society and women in standing for President, come 2016. If she particular is as wide-ranging as the various facets does, she will be the third woman, after of her personality. Where her father was once Miria Kalule Obote in 2006 and Betty KamyaAt a time when even colleagues in her National Chairman of the Democratic Party, she in 2011, to stand for president.political party regarded the idea of a ended up being the third Vice-Chair of the Reformwoman running for office as political Agenda, before it evolved into the FDC. She aided Popular opinion maintains she might be thesuicide, she did not only run but won its transformation from an Elect Kizza Besigye first one with a serious chance of succeedinga parliamentary seat. It was only one Task Force into a party formed on July 12, 2002, where even her husband has yet to. of her daring acts that proved to aimed at achieving political reforms for goodwomen and Ugandans at large that all governance, sustainable national unity, democracy was possible, writes Brian Magoba. and national development. Published by the Daily Monitor Her election in 1994 to the parliamentary seat forImagine a picture captioned with “Mrs. Mbarara Municipality was one small step for her,Winifred Besigye, aeronautical engineer but one giant leap for Ugandan women. At the Education:for the Uganda Space Programme, time, she was one of the few women who stood Mt St Mary’s College, Namagunga. Has a degreeconducting orientation for entrants to the for direct election when others were content with in Aeronautical Engineering, the first femaleFlight Engineers Training Workshop”. the seats available to them on government’s Ugandan to become an Aeronautical Engineer.Feels strange on the tongue and mind if affirmative action.you are Ugandan, doesn’t it? Profession Background: Aeronautical “The day I was first elected, women ran out on engineer, politician and diplomat. ByanyimaIt gives the impression that someone other the streets, sat in the middle of the road, they worked as a flight engineer for the now defunctthan Winnie Byanyima, Ugandan politician climbed on top of the cars, ululating and even Uganda Airlines. She has served as the Directorand women-rights activist, is the subject. taking off their tops”, she recounted in a 2004 of the Gender Team in the Bureau forPerhaps this is as it should be, because for interview with the magazine Feminist Africa. Development Policy at the United Nationsa long time, Byanyima has been Development Programme (UNDP) since 2006.phenomenal in proving that it is only Partly, the euphoria was because she was on thechallenging, not impossible, for a woman road to fulfilling her pledge to campaign for equalto score successes while working with or Political Background: Byanyima is a value in government policies for women and member of the FDC party, although she hasagainst patriarchal structures. children. Partly, it was because she had dared significantly reduced her participation in partisan Ngoma Ngime, an incumbent Constituent Assembly Ugandan politics since she became a UgandanBesides rather than behind delegate, on President Museveni’s own home turf.In hindsight, it seems like a deliberate diplomat in 2006.branding strategy on her part for never Political jobs she has held over the years: But more than dare, she actually had beaten aovertly using her husband’s name to get sitting National Political Commissar who had theahead, since her 1999 marriage to retired • She was a member of the Constituent resources of the NRM’s machinery at his disposalColonel Kizza Besigye, leader of the Assembly that drafted the Ugandan 1995 while her strongly feminist platform seemed likeopposition party Forum for Democratic Constitution political suicide and won her no favours from herChange (FDC). Her example proves that • She served two consecutive terms as a party, despite her longer track record andwomen can be besides successful men, Member of Parliament, representing achievements.instead of behind them as the popular Mbarara Municipality, from 1994 untiladage maintains. 2004. Leveling the political ground for women In Parliament, she formed the Women’s Caucus, • Appointed Director of the Directorate ofShe could have scripted her bucket list which was instrumental in creating a Women, Gender and Development at thelike most girls: understudy other women constitutional basis for a Uganda where the headquarters of the African Union infor the role of wife and mother; study genders were equal. The women’s caucus helped Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, in 2004. She left“soft” courses if the family was either shape the writing of the 1995 Constitution in this for appointment at UNDP.willing or able to send her to school and gender-sensitive language.have many babies really quickly. She email@example.com have settled for talking about and It sponsored the inclusion of an explicit statementleaving women’s issues at the village well, of equality before the law, which invalidates allnever dabbling in politics beyond voting other laws, cultures, traditions or customs thatpassively, and generally being satisfied undermine the dignity and well-being of women,with whichever dream, life or her and provides affirmative action for women tohusband, allowed her to chase.
Denying women land is denying women Caucusing for increased effectiveness in Lif e-but what a shame! advocacy “I got to learn that some of them at the age of 80, After the 2011 general elections, FOWODE had never had a piece of land to call their own, yet trained 320 councilors from 12 districts in they had ideally produced food to feed hundreds” effective legislative engagement, advocacy and gender. The trained councilors most of whom were new to these positions were encouraged to form caucuses in order to more effectively advocate for their special interest groups within their communities. To date the women’s caucuses are increasingly becoming more effective in their advocacy for gender equality and women’s rights. For example, a Woman councilor, also a Gulu caucus member moved a council motion for a borehole construction which was passed. In Patiko a councilor moved a motion to construct a maternity ward with toilets and bathrooms and, with support from the PRDP program construction of the maternity ward is under way. The Kibuku caucus was able to monitor health facilities in their district and presented their findings of understaffing In 2011, I had the opportunity to visit Well, since human beings seem to thrive best and poor infrastructure to the sectoral different districts in Uganda to assess the on laws, the issue of women’s land ownership committee for social services. The Kabale situation of women and their rights to land. was clearly captured in Policy Statement caucus prioritized issues of women in From Pader to Apac, Gulu to Kyenjojo, Hoima number 66 of the Draft National Land Policy detention, girl child education, early to Kabarole and Jinja, the message written on marriage, and justice for child abusers and the women’s faces was simple and clear, “We Statement number 66 of the Draft National to mark the 2012 women’s day they are tired of being marginalized”. Land Policy, spelling out government’s organized resources and provided items commitment to ensure that inequalities like soap and clothing to women in Almost wherever I travelled, I could see against women over land are stamped out. detention. mostly women tilling the land. As I visited However, Ugandans must recall that our different homes, I saw women arriving from country is often said to be one of those with The caucuses have contributed to giving the fields with food stuffs on their heads and very rosy legislations but very little to show in women a unified voice and FOWODE plans children on their backs. Little wonder it’s said terms of implementation. Already the to continue strengthening this structure in that over 80% of all the food consumed in National Land Policy still drags on and has not order to increase women councilors’ Uganda is produced by women. This been approved one year after the final draft, effectiveness while in leadership. notwithstanding, as I discussed with the and this could already tell of what to expect women, I got to learn that some of them at long after it has been passed. What Ugandans the age of 80, had never had a piece of land need to do at this point in time, is to surpass to call their own, yet they had ideally the law and implore human conscience over produced food to feed hundreds across women’s right to own land-only this way shall generations and lineages. we achieve natural justice. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Perhaps it’s also high time that every (UDHR) and other international and national individual family assessed its status over human rights legislations including the Uganda respect for women’s land rights before we can Constitution spell out clearly that all human demand government for any action. These beings are equal in everything including women certainly are our wives, our mothers, property ownership. As such, denying women our sisters or aunties-what have you done to a chance to own land on mere accord of being ensure security of their right to land in your women, is inhuman and must not be allowed household? At least for me, my wife can rest to happen in the 21st Century. It’s a question assured that whatever land we own shall be of simple logic that does not even necessarily hers to own and utilize for the benefit of our need legislation for anyone to observe that family unit. she who feeds the country deserves to own By: Tumusiime Kabwende Deo In August this year, 89.5 SPEAK FM a land as a key resource for production. Uganda Land Alliance community radio based in Gulu will be marking one year in operation. To mark firstname.lastname@example.org this great stride, FOWODE will officially Check out the fowode website launch the radio in Gulu district.The fowode website www.fowode.org is regularly updated to meet your information needs. There is everything including information about our programs, researches andassessment reports on gender equality, upcoming events, news etc... Check back often as there is always new information posted.
Government urged to focus on a pro-poor and gender sensitive budget Pupils of Rubona Primary School in Kabale . FOWODE is the current chair of the Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group (CS BAG) a coalition formed in 2004 to bring together CSOs at national and district levels to: Influence Government decisions on resource mobilization and utilization for equitable and sustainable development; Advocate for increased transparency and accountability in national priorities, financing and public spending at all levels; Promote transparency and accountability in the formulation and implementation of national policies, policy processes and programmes; Promote national, regional and international fiscal and monetary policies that are pro-poor, gender responsive and livelihoods orientedThe Civil Society Budget Advocacy Group Demanding more funding for health, Demanding for farmers’ bank(CSBAG) which is a consortium of non education.government organisations held a pre budget Civil society organizations asked government todialogue under the theme “Making the open an agricultural bank to facilitate farmers,national budget pro-poor, gender sensitive A Consortium of civil society organizations who are in need of financial services but cannotand equitable” on April 19 2012. are pushing for government reforms in the get them easily and at affordable terms. health and education sectors to amongDuring the public dialogue in Kampala, Julius others have the percentage of government The CSOs made the demand during the pre-Mukunda the Senior Programme Director for allocation to the health sector increased to budget dialogue held in Kampala in AprilForum for Women said public expenditure meet the Abuja Declaration target of 15 per 2012. They said an agricultural bank will focusshould be skewed in the direction that would cent. on farmers’ credit needs, hedge against risksmeet the needs and interests of the poor. He such as crop failures and volatilities in theurged government to focus on the most Boosting education prices of agro-products.priority sectors which benefit majority of thepublic. Mukunda further said unless Presenting their position paper before Mr. Julius Mukunda, the Senior Programmegovernment puts in place strict measures, it Parliament’s Social Services Committee Director at Forum for Women in Democracy,will continue spending lots of money but with recently, the Civil Society Budget Advocacy said most farmers fear to get loans because oflittle output. He cited the many government Group (CS BAG) led by Mr. Julius Mukunda of the harsh treatment defaulters get, but alsoexpenditures on a number of government Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWODE) the repayments period do not coincide withinstitutions which have duplicate duties, yet a recommended a 20 per cent budget allocation the harvest season.lot of money would be saved if some of these to boost the quality of Universal Primary andinstitutions were merged. Secondary Education. The group that “A bank that understands the seasons, plight advocates for pro-poor budget policies in the and language of farmers, can be the onlyCSBAG also advocated for the formation of country, also called for the review of solution,” Mr. Mukunda said. Many farmersregional governments in place and cutting on teachers’ salaries to Shs400, 000 from the have fallen prey to loan sharks, who lendthe number of parliamentary representatives current Shs270, 000. them money at high interest rates, which alsoso as to cut on public expenditures. frustrates most farmers who have no Health sector collateral recognized by commercial banks.Kenneth Mugambe the Commissioner Budgetsin the Ministry of Finance, Planning and Mr. Mukunda informed the parliamentary Mr. Richard Mugisha, an advocacy officer atEconomic Development during the public committee that, looking at the Budget Participatory Ecological Land Use Managementdialogue said that government has achieved Framework Paper, government allocated (PELUM), said access to credit to farmers issome success bringing services near to people. Shs800 billion to the health sector last one of the reasons the agricultural sector hasHe says the key strategic issues that the financial year but this figure had been been dwindling for the past years.government is working around include reduced it to Shs761 billion next financialmaintaining micro-economic stability, year. While the government has endeavored Since 2000, the agricultural sector growth hasincreasing agriculture productivity, improving to set up health facilities across the country, declined from 7.9 per cent to 0.9 per cent.service delivery and managing government a 2009/2010 report, the Uganda Localcontracts. Government Councils Score Card, by Advocates Coalition for Development and Published in the Daily Monitor Newspaper and Environment, shows that improvements are the Independent magazineCarol Namagembe the FOWODE only in infrastructure, especially in CSBAG members:, FOWODE, Action AID, Uganda Debt Network, SEATINI,Communications Officer mentioned that the construction of health centers, but the major PELUM Uganda, VEDCO, Uganda National Union of Women with Disabilitiespurpose of the dialogue was to get views from problems such as shortage of drugs, of Uganda , The Council for Economic Empowerment for Women of Africa- Uganda Chapter, Development Research and Training, The Eastern andthe public and integrate them in the civil understaffing, shortage of equipment, Southern Africa Small Scale Farmers Forum , The Human Rights Networksociety alternative budget proposal that will Uganda, The Centre for Women in Governance, Uganda Road Sector absenteeism of health workers, and weak Support Initiative, Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment,be presented to Parliamentary committees accountability mechanisms still exit. Environmental Alert, The Uganda National NGO Forum, African Centre for Trade and Development, Uganda Women’s Network, Action forwhen reviewing the budget framework paper. Development
Women’s Struggle to Own & Control propertyFormer MP Susan Nampijja suffered a tragic most societies do not recognise that women resources and undermines the potential ofexperience when her former companion can own property because they are considered women’s hard work and their ability asinflicted deep cuts to her head. Believing she transient citizens. The patriarchal society in entrepreneurs.was dead, the estranged Geoffrey Mukisa which we live has only worsened matters. Theattempted to commit suicide. All because he The World Development Report 2012, states ineffective mechanisms for the enforcementcould not let Nampijja keep property she had that the lives of girls and women have of women’s rights have also resulted in thereportedly acquired when their relationship changed dramatically over the past quarter denial of basic rights for millions of women inblossomed. century, the report mentions areas that need the country. Statistics show that 97 percent of to be worked on to ensure gender equality women have access to land, but only 8Nampijja is a daughter of Rubaga South MP and development. percent of women own land and only 7Ken Lukyamuzi. Together, they can petition percent have property rights. The report points to the need for propertythe powerful and when tragedy befell her, her rights for women which constrain theirfather gave an impassioned speech in “This year, Uganda will mark 50Parliament. Many came to her defence. bargaining power and the need to strengthen years and property ownership for the laws that provide for the right toPolice was quick to act; a search was women is one of the most stinging ownership of property.immediately set for the culprit. Though issues whose solution has no notMukisa was found unconscious, police stayed yet been found” Ann Kampire the Coordinator women’s Landguard at his room at Mulago Hospital lest he Rights at Uganda Land Alliance says women’s Byamukama says at the family level girls and property rights are limited by social normsgained strength and tried to escape women are not given property because of the and customs which make it hard for women toprosecution. He died on his hospital bed. belief that they will leave home and get access property. She says the most affected “This year, Uganda will markBut what if Mukisa had tried to usurp married in other families where they will have group are those who are widowed, separated 50 years and propertyproperty from an average Ugandan woman? access to property but this is not true. Usually or divorced and those who have born only ownership for women is oneIsn’t it instructive that when Dorcus Inzikuru, once these women are married off they are female children often have little or no access of the most stinging issuesshe of the Olympic Gold Medal fame, caught only allocated pieces of land for crop to ownership of property. whose solution has not yether husband with another woman in her prize cultivation strictly. been found”. Namagembe says such factors which constrainhouse in Arua, all she could do was to enlist Carol Namagembe, the Communication officer women make it hard for them to prosper inthe support of town youths to unroof the of Forum for Women in Democracy (FOWODE), their own right and it dents efforts put inhouse? She must have felt she had no power says while women own about 40 percent of place to help women enjoy equal rights asto drive the man out of her house. Yet if the private businesses in Uganda, their role in their male counterparts.man had caught Inzikuru cheating in his home, socio-economic development is still seen to bethe story would have been a different one. peripheral. They still have unequal access to In Mukono district only, a survey carried outFortunately for Nampijja, the sole ownership and control of productive assets like land with by International Justice Mission (IJM) betweenof the disputed property is now in her hands. only 20 percent of registered land owned by 2005 and 2007 reveals that out of 115 widows,But not many are as fortunate as her. women according to the 2010 National 41 percent have experienced propertyDora Byamukama, the East African Legislative Development Plan yet they contribute 70-75 grabbing, and this percentage increases to 51Assembly representative says although the percent to the total agricultural production percent if attempts/threats of property1995 Uganda Constitution provides for equal (Uganda Bureau of Statistics 2005). This grabbing are included. Continues on pg.10ownership of property for women and men affects their ability to access other productive
Women inUganda’svillages INFLUENCElocal budgetsand policies“Now that I am aware of my rights as a and responsibility to attend the village budget Along with health education and economiccitizen, I feel so empowered”, said Aber meetings so as to determine what services are empowerment, the Village Budget Clubs areEvalyn a 51 year-old woman from Uum village to come to us as citizens and especially as bringing dignity and ownership for manyin the North of Uganda after participating in women”. women. As Evalyn, who today serves as thetrainings held by the Forum for Women in trainings Chairperson of several communityDemocracy to increase women’s involvement Evalyn now attends all the meetings and groups, explains, “Before the Forum forin the decision-making processes at the contributes to debates and discussions to Women in Democracy’s trainings, I was acommunity level. solve collective issues. ‘nobody’ in my community. I could not speak Like Evalyn, many other women in the villages in any community meetings or raise anyA grantee of UN Women’s Fund for Gender of Uganda are now taking part in the pertinent questions that affected me andEquality, the Forum for Women in Democracy dialogues on local budgets. other women. The leadership role for me hastrained women in 16 communities in Uganda been possible because of the trainings thatto form Village Budget Clubs. These clubs are In Kasaala Parish village, Luwero District, opened up my eyes and showed me that myworking to ensure that women are actively Nakazi Edisa, a mother of four young children, views are required in the development of myinvolved in budget allocation and decisions also attended the Forum’s trainings. “For the community”, she concluded.regarding gender-sensitive policy measures at last two years, my children have not beenthe local level. Aber Evalyn is one of the 320 receiving adequate de-worming tablets, nor Along with the work at the village level,people who benefited from a three-day had they been immunized for measles, polio, FOWODE has trained legislators andtraining session designed to empower etc. It was very difficult for me to take the government officials in Uganda to ensure thatcommunities to demand accountability and four children to Kasana Health Center over gender-responsive programming is alsothe provision of better services from public five kilometers away, and private clinics in my effected at the national level.authorities. village are too expensive”, she explained. Submitted by FOWODE Gender Budget ProgramAccording to the 2006 Uganda Demographic Last year after the trainings, Edisa and the The VBC approach increases community activism,and Health survey (UDHS), while 35 per cent women of the Village Budget Club lobbied the checks corruption and brings leaders to accountof women make decisions regarding small District Councilor to set up a health facility in for their actions.daily household expenses on their own at the the village, along with petitioning the Chiefhousehold level, a striking 85 per cent have to Administrative Officer regarding drugs UPCOMING EVENT:consult their husbands about any major shortage at the Kasana health unit. The THE UGANDA FEMINIST FORUMhousehold choices. “After the training mobilization was successful and eventually the local authorities decided to build a health Theme: "Spreading our Wings"sessions, women are now aware of how ourtaxes on soap, cooking oil and many other centre in the village, which provides Date: 1st – 4th August 2012things, can eventually bring developmental immunization and essential medicine for children, free of cost. Host Secretariat: FOWODEactivities to our communities”, said AberEvalyn “We also know now that it is our right
SOCIAL POLITICAL CORNER: THE RAIN DROPThe look on the faces that surround her .‘she thinks of how a raindrop falling Is it really worth it? Risking my life in thepushes her feeling of triumph to the edge aimlessly from the sky, landed on the roof presence of loved ones... the thoughts goof guilt. A tornado of thoughts engulf above meandered along the corrugated roof on.her; what do they think of me? She till it finds a small unguarded crack in the Echoes from a dust filled, small blackponders. These worried faces; do they iron sheets, through which it descended on television caged in a rusting metallic boxwant me to stop? Is it worth it? Am I the ceiling below. It is unbelievable! How, just below the top corner of the hospitalbeing selfish, putting my friends and what began as a single raindrop has stained ward interrupts her thoughts.family through this? The questions cannot this ceiling above? It is inconceivable that astop, like an unending loop of a nagging single drop of rain left untouched has caused Breaking News!- IPC Women Riot against thesong they whirl on, through her head. She this ceiling to moulder. It is a shame that no Electoral Commission, She sees herself ondoes not know where they are coming one has done anything about this. It is only a TV, being hurled, stumped and slapped, herfrom and she cannot stop these matter of time before the whole ceiling dress is torn as she is roughed-up tossed andquestions. moulds and falls in. She thinks of the ceiling battered. She sees a body in uniformHer eyes sting with ripples of pain and how it will soon render this hospital spraying something in her face! She suddenlycomparable to none ever hosted in inhabitable, how one tiny raindrop can cause collapses, dragged and dumped on a policenerves. In the inevitable instances when such visible decay. truck. Seeing all this breaks her heart, sheshe has to blink, her heart skips a beat as can barely hold it, an icy liquid rolls slowly She thinks of this nation and sees how it isthough to take a bow for the surge of from her eyes down to her bruised cheek, decaying, just like the ceiling. The dirtypain that will follow. She can swear there she sees the same on the faces around her. smelly roads scattered with litter, silt andare a thousand tiny sharp needles lodged She thinks of the raindrop, and how we sewage clogged gutters; the systemunderneath her eyelids. She has to keep cannot let it in. She wipes her tears andher eyes open for unnatural paces of waits to strike again, another day.time. The look on her face can pass, with here is failing andflying colours, any interview for being an falling, the one tinyAskari, yet here she lies in pain, a raindrop found its waymother, possibly poisoned, confined to a in. The one drop ofhospital bed. greed, finding its way through faint hearts,May be I am an Askari, a Vote Askari? She once innocent mindscontemplates. Her lips part to unfold a falling to the drop ofbabyish smile, probably a toast to the temptation, of juicyweird thoughts in her head. “How can I fat deals, palmsmile with all these worried faces around greasing and kickbacks,me?” She seems to ponder as her smile causing these patches,vanishes almost unnoticed. She stares at these potholes,the brownish, ring-like stain patches on this damn electoral clique! She thinks ofthe once white soft-board ceiling above, By a member of the FOWODE Young Leaders Alumni herself having to wait in a line to vote whenher mind wanders and she is soon lost in Association (FYLAA) she knows her vote may be corrupted.yet another whirl of thoughts...
Women; why put your property in a FOWODE BRIEFSman’s name? Continued from pg.3Scott Adams a Media Relations Fellow at IJM Uganda anorganization that helps widows retain their property sayssome of the outstanding challenges to women’s andwidows’ land ownership include the myths about land lawand the belief by most women that they cannot ownproperty. The complicated land administration processes,weak laws and the laxity exercised in handling propertygrabbers make it hard for women to pursue their right toown property. Most times these women keep silent astheir property is grabbed from them because they have no bedforum to voice their views.This year, Uganda will mark 50 years and propertyownership for women is one of the most stinging issues Kabale District Technical staff, Hon. Katoto, Hon. Lucy Ajok and Hon. Ninsiima, members of thewhose solution has not yet been found. parliamentary Gender Responsive Budget (GRB) champions during a monitoring visit in Kabale district. The parliamentary GRB champions’ visits organized by Uganda Woman Parliamentary Association andByamukama says unless women are more enlightened FOWODE were conducted in Kabale, Lira and Busia districts to support efforts of increasing visibility onabout their rights, women will continue being denied this the importance of Gender Responsive Budgeting and also enhance the oversight function of Members ofright. She says women who are able to acquire property Parliament in promoting gender equality in Uganda. In 2011, FOWODE together with the Office of the Uganda.on their own should move away from the habit of Speaker of Parliament of Uganda and UWOPA identified gender responsive budget champions in the 9thregistering that property in either their husband’s or Parliament to champion the Gender equality campaign within the parliament.male relative’s name because this only proves the myth onlythat property can only be owned by the men.Patricia Munabi Babiiha the Executive Director of FOWODEsays the uneven, gender inequalities which continue tohinder the advancement of women only prove that womenhave to fight harder because they have not reached theircomfortable zone yet.Legislators are proposing amendments to the Succession uccessionAct to help women own property. The long awaitedMarriage and Divorce bill that recognizes joint ownershipof property is yet to be passed if affected into law it passed,would help many a number of women.By Rukiya Mukama, The Independent Magazine Richard Sunday, FOWODE field officer in Luwero explaining the village budget club model during the 2nd edition of the National CSO Fair, held in June 2012. The fair gathered over 5000 members of Civil Society1 under the theme “Act Together, Shape the Future, Civil Society in Uganda at 50,” in an effort to Civil showcase the important role played and contribution that civil society organizations have made and continue to make towards development over the past fifty years and into the future.The Young Leaders’ Camp was held for 30 young who underwentfun packed training on alternative and transformativeleadership. The training focused on raising the young leader’sconsciousness of gender equality and social justice. It furtherinculcated in the young leaders the values of equity and equality A district Councilor during a gender budget training in Kitgum in April 2012.between men and women in Uganda in a bid to make them FOWODE in partnership with Diakonia launched an 18 months program in April 2012. The project titled .socially conscious and responsible leaders. “Strengthening Communities and Civil Society to Promote Democratic Governance and Social Strengthening Accountability” is funded by the European Union through t Democratic Governance and A ed h the d Accountability Programme Uganda (DGAP and is implemented in Kitgum, K AP) , Kotido and Abim districts.
A Victor with Purpose Mary Kemirembe, like many girls in people’s lives by living positively and Nyakishenyi village in Rukungiri district, relating well with people in whose dropped out of school at an early age, midst I live. I feel more loved and while her brothers continued. She was useful to society now. Through the married off immediately and by the age trainings I attended, I have become of 21 she already had four children. She aware of my rights and deserve fair was later diagnosed with HIV/AIDS and in treatment from all. In fact, I now 2005 her husband succumbed to the counsel others and encourage them to disease leaving her with four children to be happy and focused. I will continue fend for. She inherited debts from her engaging in income generating deceased husband and was compelled to projects like piggery and making local take refuge in another village because of banana juice (Eshande / mubisi) from the difficult terms for debt payment since which I earn income. her income status was already very low. To fend for her family, she regularly I am grateful that we now have a forum as women where we meet and worked on people’s farms to earn a living. discuss factors for improving our Whilst sharing her life story, Mary says “I livelihoods. used to feel so stigmatized by the reality Mary is one the women from Kabale that my days are numbered because of my and Rukungiri districts who at the HIV/AIDS status. When FOWODE began its beginning of this year were organized trainings for the vulnerable women, I by FOWODE and equipped with skills in realized that I needed to appreciate life skills, leadership and myself more and to work hard for a better entrepreneurship development. TheLauriano (centre) making banana juice which she sells for future. women later formed groups through income I also appreciated the fact that as a which they work to improve their woman, I can also make a difference in economic status and wellbeing. HELL LET LOOSE!! So the question is, if these beings are quite (www.newvision.co.ug/D/8/12/664815). unique and amazingly special: Why then is Hon. Godi Akbar, an ex MP for Arua Domestic Violence on rampage? Why is it that Municipality in Northern Uganda was in on the things we love actually kill us? Globally, charges of murdering his wife in 2008. He one in three women and girls experience reportedly shot her twice using his pistol. He physical and / or sexual violence. 60% of complained of having read a text message on women in Uganda and 59% of married women his wife’s phone from her lover. Can we know have experienced physical violence since the whence this uproar, barbaric and age of fifteen mostly perpetuated by their excommunicated act comes and whence we husbands or partners according to an Isis- are heading? WICCE Report on Domestic Violence in Uganda. Poverty, absence of any sound religious background resulting into continuous mistrust Great men, women and several distinguished with alcohol as the catalyst; are all people, commonly referred to as ‘Humans’ contributors to life being so futile thus the have one fear, do you know what that is? No, I Hell in the homes! bet you don’t! The fear of the unknown! This is the sole cause of all hell breaking loose in How do YOU get rid of this craze of treating homes today. No one seems to know what the women like football? future holds which can at times lead to monotony of life resulting into mental Well the easiest remedy I can render is for retardation causing so many men to bit their both men and women to be respectful to one women. another, for them to preserve private time for their family, learn to control and manage‘‘Women have strengths that amaze me; There are chilling stories in the media and anger, to keep promises, to make fair They bear hardships and they carry Uganda’s entertainment industry detailing judgment, learn to work with emotional burdens, such incidents; for instance, the story; ‘Man intelligence, be innovative enough to provide But, they hold happiness, love and joy. Kills Wife over Love SMS’ which was in ‘New for the family, pray to God always and They smile when they want to scream.’ Vision, Monday 15th December 2008’. Abdul communicate with each other. Karim Ssengendo describes a man who "There is no THEM, it is all US. It is just ‘US’ – we are the world." Michael Jackson smashed the head of his wife causing her death because he had allegedly read a love SMS on her mobile Story by Flavia Kalule Image by Racheal Tobias, former Intern FOWODE