Mmf Ali Zaman


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  • Mmf Ali Zaman

    1. 1. Global Trends in Man-made Fibres
    2. 2. Natural Fibres vs MMF <ul><li>Natural Fibres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cotton, silk, wool and linen, all of which occur in nature, the opposite of fibres which are made from synthetics or chemicals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Man made Fibres </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A fibre which is manufactured rather than occurring naturally, also called manufactured fibre such as such as acetate, nylon, polyester, acrylic etc. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Cotton and MMF Production Growth <ul><li>source: PCI Fibres and cotton inc </li></ul>Cotton output stagnating
    4. 4. <ul><li>Polyester Staple Fiber and PFY </li></ul><ul><li>Viscose </li></ul><ul><li>Lycra (Filament form) </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon (Filament form) </li></ul><ul><li>Flax </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Polyamide </li></ul><ul><li>Chlorofibre </li></ul><ul><li>Polycarbamide </li></ul><ul><li>Conjugate Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Glass Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Polyethylene Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Metal Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Polypropylene </li></ul><ul><li>Metallic Polyurethane </li></ul><ul><li>Modal </li></ul><ul><li>Pp Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon </li></ul><ul><li>Rubber Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Olefin </li></ul><ul><li>Saran </li></ul><ul><li>Pe Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Sigrafil </li></ul><ul><li>Nano fibre </li></ul><ul><li>Acetate </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic </li></ul>MMF consumed in the Rest of the World (ROW) MMF consumed in Pakistan MMF Produced in Pakistan <ul><li>Polyester Staple Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Polyester Filament yarn </li></ul><ul><li>Viscose </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic </li></ul><ul><li>Lycra (Filament form) </li></ul><ul><li>Nylon (Filament form) </li></ul><ul><li>Flax </li></ul><ul><li>Polypropylene </li></ul><ul><li>Polyester Staple Fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Polyester Filament yarn </li></ul><ul><li>Viscose </li></ul><ul><li>Acrylic </li></ul>
    5. 5. Global Scenario – Fibres Mill Consumption <ul><li>source: PCI Fibres 2007 estimates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan – Estimated numbers </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Global Scenario – Fibres Demand at the Consumer Level <ul><li>source: PCI Fibres 2007 estimates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pakistan – Estimated numbers </li></ul></ul>MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 10 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 8 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 2kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 1.6 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 2kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 12 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 1.1 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 1.6 kgs MMF PER CAPITA DEMAND: 11 kgs
    7. 7. Reasons for Low MMF Consumption in Pakistan <ul><li>Low demand for Industrial Textiles and Non-Textile applications e.g. for the automobile industry, Geo Textiles, Filters, Carpets, Tents etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Climatic conditions (Hot/Humid) more suitable for cotton fabric usage </li></ul><ul><li>Preference for Cotton based fabrics and end products </li></ul><ul><li>Economics do not allow consumers to purchase quality items with varying blends </li></ul><ul><li>Higher cost of doing business opposite competing nations </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived as a low quality producer globally </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of marketing skills down the value added chain </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of technical skills for producing high quality products down the value added chain </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of machinery for high end products (Airjet/Waterjet vs Shuttleless looms, CAD etc.) </li></ul>
    8. 8. Pakistan’s Textile Industry Opposite Regional Players <ul><li>Pakistan </li></ul><ul><li>Textile exports at USD 10.8bn </li></ul><ul><li>Perceived as a low quality manufacturer of semi-finished goods </li></ul><ul><li>Hardly any investment in the downstream over the last 5 years </li></ul><ul><li>No investment in product development </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of skill – Finishing processes </li></ul><ul><li>China </li></ul><ul><li>Textile exports at USD 144bn </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to offer full range products in the textile value chain </li></ul><ul><li>Largest purchaser of textile machinery in the world </li></ul><ul><li>Skill development for all products in the textile value chain </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous focus on product development </li></ul><ul><li>Runs education/innovation programs for textile </li></ul><ul><li>India </li></ul><ul><li>Textile exports at USD 15.2bn </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous product development adding to the product portfolio of the country </li></ul><ul><li>Various textile institutes to focus on the entire textile value chain </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous focus on product development </li></ul>
    9. 9. Key entities – Their Role ? <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducive, financially and politically stable business environment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law and Order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and Development Institutes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Market Access (bi-lateral, regional etc. agreements) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost of doing business </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Even playing field opposite other regional competitors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consistent Policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating Awareness </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Key entities – Their Role ? <ul><li>Entrepreneurs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous and active Market Research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and development of staff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous upgradation of machinery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous improvement in conversion efficiencies (world class) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Continuous product development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertical Integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International brands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Effective Associations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Work WITH the Govt. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Vendor development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global Industry developments </li></ul></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Initiatives taken by China to Enhance use of MMF <ul><li>11 th 5 year plan for the “Chemical Fibres” Industry already being implemented: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fully implement the “Scientific Development” concept whereby there is focus on qualitative development and not quantitative development to cater to the high quality requirements of the developed nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upgrade traditional chemical fiber industry with high tech reformation, focus on knowledge economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for developing differentiated and functional products to improve added value of goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Global demand for non-apparel and automotive sectors usage for chemical fibers is expected to increase opposite stagnant demand growth for textile fibers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for developing environment friendly and regenerated fibers (biodegradable such as viscose) which is a basic requirement in western markets as per the REACH program in Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in China by European technology leaders </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop biomass engineering technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed up development of hi-tech fibers and realize the industrialization of major products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enhance engineering strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on brand creation - current 25 brands in the chemical industry of china has earned recognition from international players who request specifically for that particular brand of fiber even for value added textiles </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Initiatives taken by India to Enhance use of MMF <ul><li>11 th 5 year plan for the “Chemical Fibres” Industry already underway: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Industry to be pushed in a new direction whereby advancement in technology is used to ensure economical production </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure continued benchmarking with the international players </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply stringent control over cost components visa vis power, labour and other overheads to ensure domestic margins are comfortably aligned with international margins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of specialty/high value added products – Investment in marketing and R&D for the development of technical textile which is a fast emerging market in India with a global share of 4% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on capturing non-apparels market through technology development and a well established marketing plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Being followed up aggressively as 59% of the global demand for man-made fibers is for the non-apparels market </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large investments in downstream industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>India has taken up over 30 initiatives trade agreements and focus on these will continue </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Initiatives taken by Korea to Enhance use of MMF <ul><li>Undertaking projects to develop strategic new fiber technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligent fibers (smart materials, medical care, stealth functional textiles) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital Fiber (inserted in IT equipments, ubiquitous information and communication fiber technology) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Super fiber (carbon fiber, aramid fiber etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nano hybrid fiber (fiber technology for future transportation equipments, complex material production technology for energy/environment control) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Introducing IT in textile industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating I-fashion infrastructure with 3D scanners which ensures customer satisfaction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Building an intimate cooperation and information-sharing system among textile companies by applying IT innovation network business using electronic tags in the textile industry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introducing IT to dyeing and processing procedures and digital printing systems </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Building a production base for industrial fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conducting research on future industrial demands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishing a hub center for industrial fiber technology and center for applying nano fiber in practical use </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Refurbishing systems to cope with environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Coping with climate change and global environment preservation </li></ul><ul><li>Fair trading system and competitive order </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure active countermeasures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensify protection of intellectual properties </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. Initiatives by Japan to Enhance use of MMF <ul><li>Development of low energy spinning, easily recyclable fiber, ultra high speed draw texturing yarn, one step conjugate fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Development of Super bio-mimetic fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Development of new functional fibers and textiles using Nanotechnology </li></ul><ul><li>Development of super high tenacity/high heat resistance fibers in Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Development of industrialization generic technology of high-performance aliphatic poly-ketone fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Development of eco fiber and eco-friendly technology </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on market cultivation </li></ul>