Agenda Part 1:  Being a Prepared Student Part 2:  Being an Effective Listener Part 3:  Taking Quality Notes Part 4:  Prepa...
Student Effectiveness  Starts With Being Prepared " Always have a plan and believe in it. Nothing good happens by acc...
Top 12 Study Skills Necessary for    Academic Success… <ul><li>Note taking </li></ul><ul><li>Goal Setting </li></ul><ul><l...
Being Prepared Means… <ul><li>Using a three-ring binder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pages can be easily removed for reviewing. <...
Effective Listening &quot; Learn how to listen and you will prosper even from those who talk badly. &quot;   ~ Plutarch (A...
Effective Listening is… <ul><li>Having a positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Being an active listener </li></ul><ul><li>Ad...
Effective Note-Taking &quot;Never use a sentence when you can use a phrase, or a phrase when you can use a word.”   ~Berke...
General Note-Taking Guidelines   <ul><li>Start each new lecture on a new page </li></ul><ul><li>Date & number each page </...
Include in Your Notes… <ul><li>Main Points with supporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts ...
Always Edit Your Notes… <ul><li>Review notes within 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Edit for illegible words and phrases </li><...
Note-Taking Systems <ul><li>The Cornell Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Outline Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Mapping Method <...
The Cornell Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2½ inch left-hand margin / 6 inch right-hand margin </li></ul></ul...
The Outline Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized space indention pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major...
The Mapping Method <ul><li>Method… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relates fact or idea to every other fact or idea </li></ul></ul><...
The Charting Method <ul><li>Method  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up paper...
The Sentence Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write every new thought, fact or topic numbered on a separate lin...
Note-Paper Generators <ul><li>http://www.simson.net/notepaper/index.cgi </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eleven21.com/notetake...
Testing Effectiveness  Starts With Being Prepared &quot;A good plan, violently executed now, is better than a perfect plan...
General Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Preparation for your first test begins the first day of class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Study...
General Test Taking Tips (continued) <ul><li>Go to class immediately before test </li></ul><ul><li>Review material from… <...
General Test Taking Tips (continued) <ul><li>No  all-nighters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep at least 3 hours </li></ul></ul>...
Specific Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Bring… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two pens/pencils with good erasers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><...
Post Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Check for grading mistakes  </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze & learn from your mistakes  </li></ul>...
Multiple Choice Strategies <ul><li>Read question first & determine the answer </li></ul><ul><li>Read all choices / Use pro...
Essay Test Strategies <ul><li>Read the directions / Follow them exactly </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you understand the que...
True-False Test Strategies <ul><li>Most tests have more true than false answers </li></ul><ul><li>Guess if no penalty appl...
Short Answer Test Strategies <ul><li>Create flashcards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front--key terms, dates and concepts </li></u...
Math Test-Taking Strategies <ul><li>Repetition = Results in Math </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice solving problems on each t...
Open Book Test-Taking Strategies <ul><li>Open book tests are usually difficult so… </li></ul><ul><li>Spend equal or greate...
Self-Sabotage Anxiety I keep the telephone of my mind open to peace, harmony, health, love and abundance.  Then, whenever ...
Test Anxiety = Stress <ul><li>So…What is stress? </li></ul><ul><li>… our perceptions of and reactions to the positive or n...
Fight or Flight Response <ul><li>Pituitary gland automatically releases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenocorticotropic hormone ...
Fight or Flight Response (continued) <ul><li>Automatic physiological responses to stress </li></ul><ul><li>Heart pounds </...
Fight or Flight Response (continued) <ul><li>Emotional responses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Three Levels of Stress <ul><li>Acute stress   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most manageable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart r...
Levels of Stress (continued) <ul><li>Episodic acute stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life gets the best of you </li></ul></ul>...
Levels of Stress (continued) <ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic stress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literally wears us out </l...
Effects of Stress <ul><li>Acute   Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digestive problems </l...
Managing Stress <ul><li>Take a Deep Breath & Count to 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Stand up and smile / Every cloud has a silver l...
Reducing Test Anxiety <ul><li>Be well prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Space out your studying </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a posi...
He has achieved success who has lived well, laughed often and loved much; who has gained the respect of intelligent men an...
References <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Addresses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.dartmouth.edu/~acski...
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Jrowan Note Taking Test Taking Test Anxiety

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Jrowan Note Taking Test Taking Test Anxiety

  1. 1. Agenda Part 1: Being a Prepared Student Part 2: Being an Effective Listener Part 3: Taking Quality Notes Part 4: Preparing for Tests Part 5: Dealing with Anxiety
  2. 2. Student Effectiveness Starts With Being Prepared &quot; Always have a plan and believe in it. Nothing good happens by accident. &quot; ~ Chuck Knox, NFL football coach
  3. 3. Top 12 Study Skills Necessary for Academic Success… <ul><li>Note taking </li></ul><ul><li>Goal Setting </li></ul><ul><li>Selecting Ideas from Texts and Lectures </li></ul><ul><li>Time Management </li></ul><ul><li>Problem Solving </li></ul><ul><li>Concentration and Attentional Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Test Preparation </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Inference Skills </li></ul><ul><li>Self-Directional Processes </li></ul><ul><li>Verbal Elaboration Ability </li></ul><ul><li>Imaginal Elaboration </li></ul>http://learningassistance.com/2007/september/printables/studyskillsprint.html
  4. 4. Being Prepared Means… <ul><li>Using a three-ring binder </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pages can be easily removed for reviewing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Handouts can be inserted into your notes for cross-referencing. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can insert your own out-of-class notes in the correct order. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bringing highlighters to class. Highlight when the instructor says… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;This is an important concept.“ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Make sure you understand this.&quot; </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reading assigned material and previous class notes before class. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Note concepts you don't understand. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look up vocabulary words that are unfamiliar to you. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Effective Listening &quot; Learn how to listen and you will prosper even from those who talk badly. &quot; ~ Plutarch (A.D. 46 - 120). Greek biographer and philosopher
  6. 6. Effective Listening is… <ul><li>Having a positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Being an active listener </li></ul><ul><li>Adapting to the direction of the lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Never </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calling the Subject Dull </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Criticizing the Speaker </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting Over-stimulated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Listening Only For Facts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trying To Outline Everything </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faking Attention </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tolerating Distraction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Choosing Only What's Easy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Letting Emotion-Laden Words Get In The Way </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wasting the Differential Between Speech and Thought Speed </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Effective Note-Taking &quot;Never use a sentence when you can use a phrase, or a phrase when you can use a word.” ~Berkeley
  8. 8. General Note-Taking Guidelines <ul><li>Start each new lecture on a new page </li></ul><ul><li>Date & number each page </li></ul><ul><li>Write on one side of the paper only </li></ul><ul><li>Leave blank spaces. </li></ul><ul><li>Make your notes as brief </li></ul><ul><li>Use abbreviations and symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>Note unfamiliar vocabulary / concepts </li></ul>
  9. 9. Include in Your Notes… <ul><li>Main Points with supporting </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explanations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussed enumerations or lists </li></ul><ul><li>Definitions, word for word </li></ul><ul><li>Material written on boards or transparencies </li></ul><ul><li>Drawings or charts.  </li></ul><ul><li>Repeated or spelled information </li></ul>
  10. 10. Always Edit Your Notes… <ul><li>Review notes within 24 hours </li></ul><ul><li>Edit for illegible words and phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Write out abbreviated words that might be unclear later </li></ul><ul><li>Edit with a different colored pen </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in key words / questions in the left-hand column </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight what you don't understand </li></ul><ul><li>Fill in notes from your textbook </li></ul>
  11. 11. Note-Taking Systems <ul><li>The Cornell Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Outline Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Mapping Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Charting Method </li></ul><ul><li>The Sentence Method </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Cornell Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2½ inch left-hand margin / 6 inch right-hand margin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take notes in 6 inch area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New point, skip a few lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean up notes after class--create summaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a cue in the left margin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review by covering notes with a card </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Say cue / say material underneath the card </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Move the card / see if what you said matches what is written </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized and systematic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy format for pulling out major concept and ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple and efficient </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saves time and effort </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages – None </li></ul><ul><li>When to Use - Any lecture </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Outline Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Organized space indention pattern </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Major points left / more specific right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Levels of importance = distance away from the major point </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space relationships will indicate the major/minor points </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Well-organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Records content / relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces editing / easy to review--turning main points into questions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires thought in class for accurate organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>May not show sequence relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be used if the lecture is too fast. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When to Use—When… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture presented in outline—deductive or inductive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sufficient time is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can handle the outlining regardless of the situation. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Mapping Method <ul><li>Method… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Relates fact or idea to every other fact or idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Graphic representation of lecture content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maximizes active participation / Emphasizes critical thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Visually track the lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationships can easily be seen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to edit by adding numbers, marks, and color coding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review by restructuring thought processes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May not hear changes from major points to facts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When to Use—When… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture content is heavy & well-organized </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A guest lecturer presents </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The Charting Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set up paper in advance by columns headed by categories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen & record information into appropriate categories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helps you track the lecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduces amount of writing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides easy review mechanism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for memorization of facts </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for study of comparisons and relationships </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning how to use the system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locating appropriate categories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When to Use—When… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Test focuses on facts and relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Content is heavy and presented fast </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You want to reduce the amount of time you spend editing and reviewing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You want an overview of the whole course on one big paper sequence </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. The Sentence Method <ul><li>Method </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write every new thought, fact or topic numbered on a separate line </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Slightly more organized than the paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gets more or all of the information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can’t determine major/minor points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to edit without rewriting to by clustering related points </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult to review unless editing cleans up relationship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>When to Use—When… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lecture is organized & heavy with content quickly delivered </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You hear different points, but don’t know how they fit together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor presents in point fashion without related groups </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Note-Paper Generators <ul><li>http://www.simson.net/notepaper/index.cgi </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eleven21.com/notetaker/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.botsko.net/Demos/notepad_generator/ </li></ul>
  18. 18. Testing Effectiveness Starts With Being Prepared &quot;A good plan, violently executed now, is better than a perfect plan next week.“ ~ General George S. Patton Jr.
  19. 19. General Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Preparation for your first test begins the first day of class </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Studying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Completing homework assignments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reviewing study materials on a regular basis. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manage your time </li></ul><ul><li>Go to any review sessions offer by the instructor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pay attention to hints </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take careful notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ask questions </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. General Test Taking Tips (continued) <ul><li>Go to class immediately before test </li></ul><ul><li>Review material from… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice tests </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Homework </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sample problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Review material </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The textbook </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class notes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Eat a light meal for energy and focus </li></ul>
  21. 21. General Test Taking Tips (continued) <ul><li>No all-nighters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sleep at least 3 hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set your alarm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set a backup alarm </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create a one page study sheet </li></ul><ul><li>Go to the bathroom before the test </li></ul><ul><li>Get to class 5 minutes before the test </li></ul>
  22. 22. Specific Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Bring… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two pens/pencils with good erasers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Calculator with enough batteries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Any other resources that your instructor allows </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep a positive attitude / Stay relaxed </li></ul><ul><li>Survey the entire test / pace yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Do easiest problems first / skip what you don’t know </li></ul><ul><li>Ask for clarification </li></ul><ul><li>Write legibly </li></ul><ul><li>Read the whole question / no assumptions </li></ul><ul><li>When done check over the complete test </li></ul><ul><li>Put your first and last name on the test </li></ul>
  23. 23. Post Test Taking Tips <ul><li>Check for grading mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze & learn from your mistakes </li></ul><ul><li>Take notes on correct answers </li></ul><ul><li>Seek make-up exam / extra credit </li></ul><ul><li>Study test for cumulative exams </li></ul>
  24. 24. Multiple Choice Strategies <ul><li>Read question first & determine the answer </li></ul><ul><li>Read all choices / Use process of elimination </li></ul><ul><li>Make educated guesses </li></ul><ul><li>Don't change your answer </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t choose &quot;All of the above&quot; if any distracter is false </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t choose &quot;None of the above&quot; if any distracter is true </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more distracters correct choose “All of the above” </li></ul><ul><li>A positive choice more likely to be true than a negative one </li></ul><ul><li>Correct answer / choice with the most information. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Essay Test Strategies <ul><li>Read the directions / Follow them exactly </li></ul><ul><li>Make sure you understand the question </li></ul><ul><li>Write everything you know about the question </li></ul><ul><li>Budget your time </li></ul><ul><li>Question asks for facts, give facts, not opinions </li></ul><ul><li>Write legibly / Be neat </li></ul><ul><li>Outline your essay so it is organized and flows </li></ul><ul><li>No long introductions & conclusions/ Spend time answering question(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on one main idea per paragraph. </li></ul><ul><li>Proofread & correct errors </li></ul><ul><li>Draw one line through a mistake </li></ul>
  26. 26. True-False Test Strategies <ul><li>Most tests have more true than false answers </li></ul><ul><li>Guess if no penalty applies </li></ul><ul><li>Read each statement carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to the qualifiers and keywords </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never, always, & every lead to a false answer. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually, sometimes, and generally&quot; mean lead to a true answer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Part false / All false </li></ul><ul><li>Part true / True or False </li></ul>
  27. 27. Short Answer Test Strategies <ul><li>Create flashcards </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Front--key terms, dates and concepts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Back--definition, event, and explanations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anticipate questions & prepare answers </li></ul><ul><li>No blanks--go for partial credit </li></ul><ul><li>Don't know--come back & make educated guess </li></ul><ul><li>Read question carefully / multiple parts </li></ul>
  28. 28. Math Test-Taking Strategies <ul><li>Repetition = Results in Math </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Practice solving problems on each topic in different levels of difficulty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solve problems on your own first, then check answers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create study sheet w/formulas & memorize them </li></ul><ul><li>When you get test write formulas in margins </li></ul><ul><li>Read directions carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Answer all parts of each question </li></ul><ul><li>Estimate answers </li></ul><ul><li>Show all your work </li></ul><ul><li>Write legibly </li></ul><ul><li>Don't erase work--go for partial credit </li></ul><ul><li>Check test when done--Make sure… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Redo questionable problems on a separate piece of paper </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compare reworked answer to test answer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for careless mistakes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copied the numbers correctly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Signs are correct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arithmetic is correct </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. Open Book Test-Taking Strategies <ul><li>Open book tests are usually difficult so… </li></ul><ul><li>Spend equal or greater amount of time preparing </li></ul><ul><li>Be Familiar with book & relevant materials </li></ul><ul><li>Create study sheet with most important information </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on main ideas & where they are located </li></ul><ul><li>Highlight important points </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use post-it notes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bookmarks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annotate book </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bring all resources instructor allows </li></ul><ul><li>Answer easy questions first </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t over-quote / Provide insight & commentary </li></ul>
  30. 30. Self-Sabotage Anxiety I keep the telephone of my mind open to peace, harmony, health, love and abundance. Then, whenever doubt, anxiety or fear try to call me, they keep getting a busy signal – and soon they’ll forget my number. ~Edith Armstrong
  31. 31. Test Anxiety = Stress <ul><li>So…What is stress? </li></ul><ul><li>… our perceptions of and reactions to the positive or negative situations that occur in our lives. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Fight or Flight Response <ul><li>Pituitary gland automatically releases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), which signals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenal glands to release the “stress hormones” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Adrenaline </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cortisol </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hormones help us </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on the situation at hand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed up reaction times </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporarily boost our physical strength and agility </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Fight or Flight Response (continued) <ul><li>Automatic physiological responses to stress </li></ul><ul><li>Heart pounds </li></ul><ul><li>Hands/Feet cooler than usual </li></ul><ul><li>Face warm/Cheeks & ears pink </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure headache </li></ul><ul><li>Mouth dry </li></ul><ul><li>Upset stomach or butterflies in stomach </li></ul><ul><li>Feel restless </li></ul><ul><li>Sweat / Hands clammy </li></ul>
  34. 34. Fight or Flight Response (continued) <ul><li>Emotional responses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Frustration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anger </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Virtually every organ and every chemical constituent of the human body is involved in the general stress reaction.” </li></ul><ul><li>~Dr. Hans Selye, The Stress of Life </li></ul>
  35. 35. Three Levels of Stress <ul><li>Acute stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most manageable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Heart rates jump </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blood pressures raise </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tension headaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Momentarily angry, elated, boisterous or resentful </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temporary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Step back to curb out of the path of a vehicle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Home team wins (or loses) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cry in joy, relief, frustration </li></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. Levels of Stress (continued) <ul><li>Episodic acute stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life gets the best of you </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Deserve a raise and/or promotion, but don’t ask </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Life spins out of control </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>One disaster after another </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Illness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of employment </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Symptoms </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Recurring headaches </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indigestion </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Levels of Stress (continued) <ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic stress </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Literally wears us out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Body & mind reacts / serious long-term physical and/or mental disorders. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Occurs when situations become impossible </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long ignored symptoms become invisible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Grinding teeth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tremors </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Confusion </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Forgetfulness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Over-eating </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Alcoholism </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Effects of Stress <ul><li>Acute Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Digestive problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eating disorders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insomnia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatigue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Episodic Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stroke </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chronic Stress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hopelessness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Constant anxiety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depression </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Paranoia and delusions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suicide </li></ul></ul>
  39. 39. Managing Stress <ul><li>Take a Deep Breath & Count to 10 </li></ul><ul><li>Stand up and smile / Every cloud has a silver lining </li></ul><ul><li>Take a short walk / Exercise / Participate in a sport </li></ul><ul><li>Stop and Smell the Roses / Take the time to enjoy life </li></ul><ul><li>Sleep on it / Take a nap / Get a good night's rest </li></ul><ul><li>Know your limitations / Dare to say no </li></ul><ul><li>Be pro-active in finding peace </li></ul><ul><li>Need help, ask for it / Talk to a friend </li></ul><ul><li>Eat healthily </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to your favorite music </li></ul><ul><li>Plan out your time and prioritize </li></ul><ul><li>Get a massage / Take a warm bath </li></ul><ul><li>Read a book / Watch TV / Play a game </li></ul>
  40. 40. Reducing Test Anxiety <ul><li>Be well prepared </li></ul><ul><li>Space out your studying </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain a positive attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise to help reduce stress. </li></ul><ul><li>Get a good night's sleep before the test </li></ul><ul><li>Be on time to class / Not too early </li></ul><ul><li>Stay relaxed / Use relaxation strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Read the directions slowly and carefully </li></ul><ul><li>Skim through the test / Pace yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Record formulas, facts, definitions, keywords in the margin </li></ul><ul><li>Build confidence / Do the simple questions first </li></ul><ul><li>Don't worry about how fast other people finish their test </li></ul><ul><li>Don't know, skip it & come back later </li></ul><ul><li>Focus / Don't let your mind wander </li></ul>
  41. 41. He has achieved success who has lived well, laughed often and loved much; who has gained the respect of intelligent men and the love of little children; who has filled his niche and accomplished his task; who has left the world better than he found it, whether by an improved poppy, a perfect poem, or a rescued soul; who has never lacked appreciation of earth's beauty or failed to express it; who has always looked for the best in others and given them the best he had; whose life was an inspiration; whose memory a benediction. — Bessie Stanley A Final Thought…
  42. 42. References <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Web Addresses </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.dartmouth.edu/~acskills/success/notes.html </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://jerz.setonhill.edu/writing/academic/notes-tips.htm </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http:// www.testtakingtips.com / </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.stressmanagementtips.com/ </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hipp, Earl (1995). Fighting Invisible Tigers. MN: Free Spirit Publishing. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smith, Brenda D. (2008). Bridging the Gap (9 TH ed.). NY: Pearson Education, Inc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mather, Peter and McCarthy, Rita (2007). Reading and All That Jazz (3 rd ed.). IL: McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>

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