Flwa riesling seminar for american culinary federation 9.17.12


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Flwa riesling seminar for american culinary federation 9.17.12

  1. 1. Finger Lakes Rieslings World-Class Rieslings from North America’s Premier Cool-Climate Wine RegionFor the American Culinary Federation Ravenwood Country Club September 17, 2012Lorraine Hems, MS, Rochester Institute of Technology Certifications CS, CWE, CSS, CWJ
  2. 2. Finger Lakes Wine AllianceIn our 11th year….. 40+ wineries working together to promote the visibility of the Finger Lakes as North America’s premier cool- climate winegrowing region.
  3. 3. Breathtaking Vineyard & Lake Views
  4. 4. Vineyards Planted on Sloping Lakeshores Seneca Lake
  5. 5. DEEP Lakes
  6. 6. 10,000 Years In the Making• South of Lake Ontario & Lake Erie to west• Atlantic Ocean to east• Carved by glaciers• 11 long, narrow, roughly parallel lakes, oriented north-south• Among the deepest lakes in North America 450 to 600 ft. deep• Main winegrowing lakes - Keuka, Seneca, Cayuga
  7. 7. The Winegrowing Puzzle• Climate – moderated continental related to proximity to water bodies• Weather – limitation of extremes of cold and heat with risk of rain during ripening season• Soils – glaciated, complex and somewhat vigorous• Vineyards – north to south rows at various distances and elevations from lakes• Varieties – native, hybrid, vinifera
  8. 8. Finger Lakes TopographyVarying Slopes and Aspects
  9. 9. Lake Effect: The CoolDifference• Lake Ontario to the north• Lake depth provides a beneficial “lake effect” to the vineyards that flank their shores.• Warmer minimum temperatures in winter• Cooler maximum temperature in summer• Variation in ripening – elevation, distance from water
  10. 10. Soils - the Real Dirt• Glacial activity has produced complex soil patterns.• Gravelly & low organic sites to loamy & fertile.• North 50% to 60% of Seneca and Cayuga Lakes include limestone base with pHs closer to 7 and south lower.• Due to ancient glacial activity & flooding, the Finger Lakes Region features includes shale.• Significance = diversity in fruit characteristics
  11. 11. Vineyards• Run north to south & vines face east and west• Moderately to moderate+ vigor due to soils and water availability• Critical – manage canopy – sun exposure – balanced to ripen fruit – ensure airflow to reduce disease pressure• Trellis – VSP, Scott Henry, Geneva Double Curtain
  12. 12. What It All Means• Regional complexity and variability• Producer and vintage specific regional expression• The Finger Lakes Region is ideally suited to the production of world-class and truly distinctive wines• Especially Rieslings & aromatic white wines• Reflective of winegrowing circumstances
  13. 13. History• 17th century with Dutch and Huguenot plantings in the Hudson Valley• 1862 first bonded winery in the US - Pleasant Valley Wine Company in Hammondsport• Dr. Frank promoted Vitis vinifera in New York – hired by Charles Fournier (French Champagne maker; Clicquot) and president of Gold Seal• 1962 Vinifera Wine Cellars founded (Dr. Frank)• New York Farm Winery Law passed in 1976
  14. 14. The Numbers Add Up 106+Finger Lakes wineries 1/3rd+ of NY wineries 9300 acres of grapes 65% is white grapes 20% Vinifera (most acreage is Riesling)1900 acres ~ 5800 tons ~ 350,000 cases NY grape, grape juice & wine industry$3.76 billion economic benefits in 2008
  15. 15. Riesling: King of Finger Lakes Whites• ~ 700 acres • Stylistic Diversity• + 26% since 2006 • Dry, Lean, taut• ~ 2100 tons • Off-Dry, lush, with• ~ 140,000 cases balanced acidity• ~ 7% of US • Sweet, dessert- Riesling market style (Ice Wine & Late-Harvest)
  16. 16. Finger Lakes Are In Good Company• Classic Riesling Regions - Alsace, Germany, Austria, Australia• United States - Finger Lakes, Washington, Oregon, Michigan** Finger Lakes ** Fresh, energetic, vibrant, balanced quality, value, local
  17. 17. Mosel River, Germany
  18. 18. Colmar, France
  19. 19. What the Experts Say“From dry to sweet versions, the Finger Lakes is slowly but steadily cementing its reputation as this country’s best source for Riesling.” ----James Molesworth, Senior Editor, Wine Spectator“Some of the best wines of New York’s Finger Lakes region are steely Rieslings.” ----Jancis Robinson, MW, How To Taste
  20. 20. What the Experts Say“The Rieslings from our region have been outstanding in quality for many years and now that Riesling in general is gaining in popularity we are thrilled.”---- Kevin Zraly, FingerLakesTravelJournal.com, April 2008“Americans are turned on to Riesling and the Finger Lakeshas what Riesling loves: life at the cool margins and layersand layers of slate. There’s no better place to find crisp,refreshing, mineral-tinged Riesling in the States.”----Joshua Greene, Publisher and Editor, Wine & SpiritsMagazine
  21. 21. What the Average ConsumerSays“I’m confused.”Are all Rieslings sweet? How can I tell bylooking at the label?
  22. 22. IRF Scale• Created by the International Riesling Foundation in late 2008. The scale now appears on back labels of more than 30,000,000 bottles of Riesling in the U.S. market. By simply looking at the back label, consumers can tell whether that wine is Dry, Medium Dry, Medium Sweet, or Sweet.• Examines relationship between acid and sugar, and pH• http://drinkriesling.com/wp- content/themes/irf/images/tasting-profile-standards.pdf• Voluntary
  23. 23. TheInternationalRieslingFoundation’sRiesling TasteProfilewww.drinkriesling.com
  24. 24. Tonight’s Dinner Wines• Swedish Hill Winery Riesling Cuvee 2011• Ravines Wine Cellars Dry Riesling 2011• Standing Stone Vineyards Riesling 2011• Fulkerson Winery William Vigne Juicy Sweet Riesling 2011
  25. 25. Swedish Hill Winery Riesling Cuvee 2011• Peterson family farm in Romulus near Cayuga Lake• 1969 – planted grapes to sell to other wineries• 1985 – started making their own wine and produced 1200 cases• Now making 60,000 cases annually• Goose Watch and Penguin Bay Wineries also
  26. 26. Ravines Wine Cellars Dry Riesling 2011• East side of Keuka Lake and new tasting room on west side of Seneca Lake• Morton Hallgren, owner and winemaker, is from Provence, France• 2003 – opened tasting room• Wine made to go with food
  27. 27. Standing Stone Vineyards Riesling 2011• East side of Seneca Lake in Hector• Tom and Marti Macinski• 1993 – started making their own wine and produced 800 cases• Now making 8,000 cases annually
  28. 28. Fulkerson William Vigne Juicy Sweet Riesling 2011• West side of Seneca Lake in Dundee• Fulkerson family started farm in 1805• 1830s – first vines planted, but expanded in 1970s• Owner and winemaker, Sayre Fulkerson, is 6th generation• William Vigne (Vin-Ya) was the first generation of Fulkerson’s in New Amsterdam in about 1619• 20+ wines produced and more than 33 varieties of fresh juices sold to home winemakers
  29. 29. Thank you