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Craig abbey

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Craig abbey

  1. 1. Research UniversityPerformance and Financing Craig W. Abbey 25 June 2012
  2. 2. What’s the Center for Measuring University Performance?• Academic research center started by former UF President and Provost• Annual publication The Top American Research Universities (TARU) highlights importance on using data to measure and track university performance over time• The Center’s mission is to be a source for reliable and valid national data for US research universities• Website provides access to data files (http://mup.asu.edu)• New effort on international benchmarking with UNU• Proponent for rewarding good performance
  3. 3. Writings on Research University Issues• The Myth of Number One• Quality Engines: The Competitive Context for Research Universities• University Organization, Governance and Competitiveness• The Sports Imperative• Medicine , Engineering and Research Competiveness
  4. 4. What Sets TARU Apart from Rankings?• Not a commercial product, so we have a different audience• Data not weighted• Measures stable• Use only non-subjective data from government agencies/national organizations• Groupings vs. rankings
  5. 5. How is TARU Used?• Universities use it for… – Benchmarking Performance / Peer Analysis – Setting Goals / Strategic Planning – Public Relations• Governing boards/ officials use it for… – Allocating Resources – Presidential Evaluation• Also used to set Carnegie Classifications
  6. 6. MUP Data vs. Raw Data• Data available from the original source (i.e., raw data) often include universities that have multiple campuses but without making distinctions• MUP data only include single campuses to ensure comparability• Other unique elements of MUP data: – Missing data replaced with estimates – Small number of measures – National and private/public ranks – Downloadable Excel spreadsheets
  7. 7. Nine Key Measures Research 1. Total research expenditures 2. Federal research expendituresPrivate Support 3. Endowment assets 4. Annual giving Advanced Training 5. Doctorates awarded 6. Postdoctoral appointees Faculty Quality 7. Faculty awards 8. National Academy members Undergraduate Quality 9. SAT scores
  8. 8. Measures Summary – TARU 2011 (Over $40m Federal R&D) # Times # Times 26-50 # Times # TimesControl Institution 25 Natl Natl 25 Ctrl 26-50 CtrlPublic U of Florida 3 4 8 1Private U of Miami 0 1 3 4Public Florida State U 0 1 0 6Public U of South Florida 0 0 0 3Public Florida International U 0 0 0 1Public U of Central Florida 0 0 0 0 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  9. 9. Academic R&D (Over $40m Federal R&D) Total Total Fed Fed Total Natl Ctrl Federal Natl Ctrl Control Institution R&D Rank Rank R&D Rank RankPublic U of Florida $592M 21 15 $233M 47 25Public U of South Florida $310M 62 41 $191M 57 34Private U of Miami $248M 76 25 $172M 60 24Public Florida State U $195M 93 64 $117M 87 54Public U of Central Florida $113M 127 90 $65M 126 85Public Florida International U $91M 145 102 $53M 145 102 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  10. 10. Research and Development Other Institutions Total FederalFlorida A&M $41,896 $26,311Florida Atlantic U. $30,282 $16,457Florida Institute of Technology $11,427 $8,903Embry-Riddle Aeronautical U. $12,189 $8,241Nova Southeastern U. $9,740 $5,669U. of North Florida $6,316 $4,516Florida Gulf Coast U. $3,841 $2,661U. of West Florida $4,079 $2,310Barry U. $897 $897New College of Florida $617 $514Eckerd College $327 $275Jacksonville U. $335 $9$ in thousands, FY 2010 Source: Higher Education R&D Survey
  11. 11. Florida’s Market Share of Federal R&D 2.71% 2.77% 2.32% 2.40% 2.33%1.78% 1.80%1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 Source: Higher Education R&D Survey
  12. 12. Federal R&D Share Top Fifteen States California 12.8% New York 8.0% Maryland 6.6% Texas 6.0% Pennsylvania 5.9%Massachusetts 5.4%North Carolina 4.0% Illinois 3.8% Ohio 3.4% Michigan 3.1% Florida 2.8% Georgia 2.7% Washington 2.5% Colorado 2.3% Wisconsin 1.9% 0% 2% 4% 6% 8% 10% 12% 14% Source: Higher Education R&D Survey, FY 2010
  13. 13. Endowment & Giving Endow Endow Giving Giving Natl Ctrl Natl Ctrl Control Institution Endow Rank Rank Giving Rank RankPublic U of Florida $1105M 54 18 $183M 31 15Private U of Miami $618M 94 61 $159M 33 18Public Florida State U $453M 136 50 $54M 111 67Public U of South Florida $296M 181 69 $36M 140 82Public U of Central Florida $103M 354 132 $32M 159 92Public Florida International U $95M 373 140 $39M 133 80 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  14. 14. National Academy & Faculty Awards Natl Natl Fac Fac Acad Acad Awd Awd Natl Natl Ctrl Fac Natl Ctrl Control Institution Acad Rank Rank Awd Rank RankPublic U of Florida 23 47 26 22 26 14Private U of Miami 8 78 36 4 126 42Public Florida State U 7 87 48 9 73 46Public U of South Florida 3 111 65 6 102 69Public Florida International U 2 133 79 11 60 37Public U of Central Florida 1 161 98 4 126 85 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  15. 15. Doctorates & Postdocs Post Post Doc Doc doc doc Natl Ctrl Post Natl Ctrl Control Institution Doc Rank Rank doc Rank RankPublic U of Florida 771 4 4 597 23 12Public Florida State U 340 49 34 258 66 40Public U of South Florida 243 76 51 261 64 38Public U of Central Florida 231 79 53 74 136 94Private U of Miami 181 96 29 240 70 27Public Florida International U 114 138 96 43 163 113 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  16. 16. SAT SAT Natl SAT Ctrl Control Institution SAT Rank RankPrivate U of Miami 1275 95 84Public U of Florida 1250 119 20Public Florida State U 1200 183 41Public U of Central Florida 1180 224 56Public U of South Florida 1155 274 76Public Florida International U 1100 426 124 Source: Top American Research Universities 2011
  17. 17. FINANCING PUBLIC HIGHEREDUCATION
  18. 18. Who Pays? Who Should Pay? Quality Access Efficiency
  19. 19. Input Costs are Rising Inflation indexes 1983 to 2009 350 300Index Value (1983=100) 250 200 150 100 1983 1985 1987 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 Source: Commonfund
  20. 20. State Support is Dropping 50 state total higher education expenditures per $1,000 disposable income: FY1961 to FY2012$12.00$10.00 $8.00 $6.00 $4.00 $2.00 $- 1961 1966 1971 1976 1981 1986 1991 1996 2001 2006 2011 Source: Postsecondary Education Opportunity
  21. 21. Florida’s Support is Dropping Too ($ in billions)$5.0$4.5 4.12 $4.45 3.96$4.0 $4.39 $4.11$3.5 $3.70 $3.77 $3.62$3.0$2.5$2.0$1.5 with Federal Stabilization State Tax Support$1.0$0.5$0.0 FY 06-07 FY 07-08 FY 08-09 FY 09-10 FY 10-11 FY 11-12 Source: Grapevine Annual Compilation of State Fiscal Support for HE
  22. 22. State Support per Capita FY 11-12 Mississippi (8) $320 Alabama (10) $306 Georgia (16) $268State and Rank () California (20) $256 Texas (21) $252 New York (25) $239 Florida (37) $190 S. Carolina (38) $184 $0 $50 $100 $150 $200 $250 $300 $350 Source: Grapevine Annual Compilation of State Fiscal Support for HE
  23. 23. State Support per $1k Personal Income FY 11-12 Mississippi (6) $10.02 Alabama (8) $8.88 Georgia (14) $7.46State and Rank () Texas (18) $6.39 California (24) $5.78 S. Carolina (27) $5.46 Florida (33) $4.81 New York (34) $4.78 $0 $2 $4 $6 $8 $10 $12 Source: Grapevine Annual Compilation of State Fiscal Support for HE
  24. 24. Prices are Increasing Published and net in-state tuition and fees for public four-year institutions 1996-2012 in constant 2011 dollars$9,000 Published$8,000$7,000$6,000$5,000$4,000 Net$3,000$2,000$1,000 $- 1996-97 1999-00 2002-03 2005-06 2008-09 2011-12 (Est) Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing
  25. 25. Price in Florida & Median StatePublished tuition and fees for public four-year institutions 2005-2012 $9,000 $7,906 $8,000 $7,000 Median State $2,280 $6,000 $5,000 $4,594 $5,626 $4,000 $1,540 $3,000 Florida $3,054 $2,000 $1,000 $- 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing
  26. 26. Published Tuition and Fees at Public “Flagships” FY 11-12 California (7) $12,835 S. Carolina (16) $10,168 Texas (18) $9,794State and Rank () Georgia (27) $8,693 Alabama (29) $8,600 New York (35) $7,482 Mississippi (45) $5,792 Florida (48) $5,657 $0 $2,000 $4,000 $6,000 $8,000 $10,000 $12,000 $14,000 Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing
  27. 27. Student Share of Revenue Stream at Public Research Universities90%80%70%60%50% UCF USF FSU40% UF30%20%10%0% Source: IPEDS Finance and Enrollment Surveys, FY2009-10
  28. 28. Student Indebtedness is Growing ConcernPublic Four Year: Average Total Debt Levels of Bachelor’s Degree Recipients in Constant 2010 Dollars, 1999-2000 to 2009-10$22,500$22,000$21,500$21,000$20,500$20,000$19,500$19,000$18,500$18,000 1999-00 2001-02 2003-04 2005-06 2007-08 2009-10 Source: College Board, Trends in Student Aid
  29. 29. Pell and Federal Loan Take-up Rates Public 4-year, Fall 2011Mississippi 57% 45% Alabama 53% 37%S. Carolina 52% 30% Georgia 48% 41% Texas 45% 40% New York 39% 40% Same 37% Pell California 40% Rate Florida 29% 40% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% Federal Loan Pell Source: College Board, Trends in College Pricing
  30. 30. Who Pays? Who Should Pay? Quality Access Efficiency
  31. 31. CONCLUDING REMARKS

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