Italy and Spain Oct 13th.

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Italy and Spain October 13th, 2008
Professor Yannitas
Pines Campus

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Italy and Spain Oct 13th.

  1. 1. <ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ANNOUNCEMENTS </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Final date for students to DROP a course without penalty is Friday, October 17th </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2) &quot;The Friday Night Wine Tasting Series&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Weekly wine tasting hosted by Barry Alberts at </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Christabelle's-Coconut Grove @ 3157 Commodore Plaza </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Questions 305-793-3120 </li></ul><ul><li>Time: 7:00pm to 9:30 pm - No Reservations Required </li></ul><ul><li>Upcoming Tasting: </li></ul><ul><li>October 17, 2008 - Exceptional wines (91 pts +) </li></ul><ul><li>from California, Australia, Spain & France </li></ul><ul><li> 3) Check out wine blog by Fred Tasker of the Miami Herald: </li></ul><ul><li> http://miamiherald.typepad.com/wine_beneath_the_palms/ </li></ul>
  2. 2. Italy
  3. 3. <ul><li>Ancient Italy - Roman Empire </li></ul><ul><li>Mythology </li></ul><ul><li>Roman god of wine: Bacchus </li></ul><ul><li>Bacchanalia = wild festivals took place celebrating Roman god Bacchus </li></ul><ul><li>The term bacchanalia is often used to indicate wild, drunken &quot;partying&quot; </li></ul>
  4. 4. Italian Wine Laws <ul><li>Modeled after the French AOC system </li></ul><ul><li>Government controls began in 1960s; updated regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Main elements controlled by Italian Wine laws: </li></ul><ul><li>The geographical boundaries of each wine region </li></ul><ul><li>Grape varieties that can be used </li></ul><ul><li>Maximum yield per acre </li></ul><ul><li>Aging requirements in barrel or bottle* </li></ul><ul><ul><li>* the term RISERVA indicates longer aging </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Italian Wine Classifications from low to high <ul><li>Vino da Tavola (VdT) </li></ul><ul><li>> This level is INTENDED TO BE equal to French Vin de Table </li></ul><ul><li>Indicazione Geografica Tipica (IGT) </li></ul><ul><li>> Equal to French Vin de Pays </li></ul><ul><li>Denominazione di Origine Controllata (DOC) </li></ul><ul><li>> Equal to French AOC </li></ul><ul><li>Denominazione di Origine Controllata Garantita (DOCG) </li></ul><ul><li>> Since Italy does not have Grand Cru nor Premier Cru vineyards, these areas are considered the top sites </li></ul>
  6. 7. Italian Terms for &quot;Winery&quot; <ul><li>Azienda Agricola </li></ul><ul><li>Azienda Vinicola </li></ul><ul><li>Azienda Vitivinicola </li></ul><ul><li>Fattoria </li></ul><ul><li>Podere </li></ul><ul><li>Tenuta </li></ul>
  7. 8. Tuscany
  8. 9. Chianti (Tuscany) <ul><li>Main grape: Sangiovese </li></ul><ul><li>Chianti is a large region divided in 7 sub-areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classico * </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colli Aretini </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colli Fiorentini </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colline Pisane </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colli Senesi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Montalbano </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rufina </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Chianti Regions
  10. 11. DOCG Chianti Classico <ul><li>In 1996, Chianti Classico received its own DOCG </li></ul><ul><li>with production regulations different from those for other Chianti wines </li></ul><ul><li>Aging Requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chianti Classico = 1 year </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chianti Classico Riserva =2 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Grape variety </li></ul><ul><li>Sangiovese (at least 80%) </li></ul><ul><li>The remaining 20% is choice of producer </li></ul>
  11. 12. 2005: Gallo Nero &quot;Black Rooster&quot; trademark (used since 1716 by Chianti Classico producers) was made compulsory on all bottles of Chianti Classico
  12. 14. The Super Tuscan Phenomenon <ul><li>High-end Vino da Tavola wines made in the 1990s in Tuscany became known as “Super Tuscans” </li></ul><ul><li>Old style vs. new style wines </li></ul><ul><li>Use of non-traditional, </li></ul><ul><li>non-native grape varietals </li></ul><ul><li>Some famous producers: </li></ul><ul><li>Ornellaia ($150) </li></ul><ul><li>Sassicaia ($150) </li></ul><ul><li>Masseto by Ornellaia ($300) </li></ul>
  13. 15. <ul><li>Ornellaia blend: </li></ul><ul><li>Cabernet Sauvignon </li></ul><ul><li>Merlot </li></ul><ul><li>Cabernet Franc </li></ul><ul><li>Petit Verdot </li></ul><ul><li>Price = $150+ </li></ul>
  14. 16. Ornellaia winery building
  15. 17. Ornellaia vineyard view
  16. 18. Super Tuscan (by Ornellaia) 100% Merlot Price = $300+
  17. 19. DOC Bolgheri <ul><li>Tenuta dell’Ornellaia was </li></ul><ul><li>founded in 1981 - sold as Vino da Tavola until 1994 </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994 Ornellaia was granted DOC status in Bolgheri </li></ul><ul><li>Bolgheri is home to several Super Tuscans </li></ul>
  18. 20. Wine: Sassicaia <ul><li>Winery: </li></ul><ul><li>Tenuta San Guido </li></ul><ul><li>Owner: Marchese Nicolo Incisa della Roccheta </li></ul><ul><li>Started experimenting with Cabernet Sauvignon grapes in the 1940s </li></ul>
  19. 21. DOC Bolgheri Sassicaia <ul><li>In 1994, DOC Bolgheri granted a special DOC to the Super Tuscan Sassicaia , the first ever for a wine from a single estate </li></ul><ul><li>Sassicaia bottle price </li></ul><ul><li>$150+ </li></ul>
  20. 22. Tenuta San Guido - Sassicaia
  21. 27. The Piedmont Region
  22. 28. The Piedmont Region <ul><li>A few well-known red wines include: </li></ul><ul><li>DOC GRAPE </li></ul><ul><li>Barbera d'Alba Barbera </li></ul><ul><li>Barbera d'Asti Barbera </li></ul><ul><li>DOCG GRAPE </li></ul><ul><li>Barolo Nebbiolo </li></ul><ul><li>Barbaresco Nebbiolo </li></ul>
  23. 32. Pinot Grigio The Pinot Grigio grape is used in many DOC and IGT wines all over Italy
  24. 33. Spain
  25. 36. Spanish Wine Classifications from low to high <ul><li>Vino de Mesa (Table wine) </li></ul><ul><li>Vino de la Tierra (Country wines) </li></ul><ul><li>Vino de Calidad con Indicación Geografica (VCIG) </li></ul><ul><li>Created in 2003; after 5 years, wines can apply for DO status </li></ul><ul><li>Denominación de Origen (DO) Quality-wine regions (62) </li></ul><ul><li>Denominación de Origen Calificada (DOC) </li></ul><ul><li>>Regions with a proven track record of consistent quality </li></ul><ul><li>>Only 2 wine regions with this status: Rioja and Priorato </li></ul><ul><li>Denominación de Pago (DO de Pago) </li></ul><ul><li>>Created in 2003 for highest-quality single estates </li></ul><ul><li>>Spain’s answer to Super-Tuscans/Vino da Tavola </li></ul>
  26. 37. Spanish wine words… <ul><li>Cosecha = harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Vendimia = harvest </li></ul><ul><li>Tinto = red wine </li></ul><ul><li>Bodega = winery and/or wine shop </li></ul><ul><li>Cava = sparkling wine from Spain </li></ul>
  27. 38. Main grape varietals in Spain <ul><li>RED </li></ul><ul><li>Tempranillo a.k.a Tinto Fino, Tinto del Pais </li></ul><ul><li>Garnacha </li></ul><ul><li>Cariñena a.k.a Mazuelo </li></ul><ul><li>WHITE </li></ul><ul><li>Macabeo, Parellada & Xare-lo (for CAVA) </li></ul><ul><li>Albariño </li></ul><ul><li>Viura </li></ul>
  28. 39. Most well-known Spanish wine regions <ul><li>Rioja* </li></ul><ul><li>Ribera del Duero </li></ul><ul><li>Penedés * </li></ul><ul><li>Priorato </li></ul><ul><li>Rias Baixas </li></ul><ul><li>Navarra </li></ul><ul><li>Rueda </li></ul><ul><li>Jerez </li></ul>
  29. 40. RIOJA: Minimum Aging Requirements (before releasing for sale) <ul><li>Rioja wines are aged longer before release than any other wines in the world: </li></ul><ul><li>Crianza = aged 2 years, at least 1 year in oak </li></ul><ul><li>whites: 6 months in oak </li></ul><ul><li>Reserva = aged 3 years, at least 1 year in oak </li></ul><ul><li> whites: 1 year, at least 6 months in oak </li></ul><ul><li>Gran Reserva = aged 5 years, at least 2 years in oak </li></ul><ul><li>whites: aged 4 years, at least 6 months in oak </li></ul>
  30. 41. DOC Rioja <ul><li>Grapes: Tempranillo + Garnacha + Cariñena </li></ul>
  31. 42. Marqués de Riscal winery, Rioja
  32. 43. Marqués de Riscal winery designed by Frank Gehry
  33. 44. DO Penedés <ul><li>Spain’s sparkling wine — CAVA — is made by the same method as French Champagne, Méthode Champenoise; in Spain it is referred to as Metodo Tradicional </li></ul><ul><li>Most Cava in Spain (95%) is made in the Penedés region </li></ul><ul><li>Grapes used in CAVA (white): </li></ul><ul><li>Macabeo, Parellada & Xare-lo </li></ul>
  34. 45. Cava Label
  35. 46. Cava cellar (Codorniu winery)
  36. 47. Codorniu vineyard
  37. 48. Greece
  38. 49. Greek Wine in History <ul><li>Wine produced as early as 3,000 BC </li></ul><ul><li>Ancient Greeks worshipped Dionysus as god of wine (in ancient Rome known as Bacchus ) </li></ul><ul><li>Greek wine production went into decline during the middle ages </li></ul><ul><li>Greek wine revival began in 1990s </li></ul><ul><li>Retsina : Pine resin added to wine </li></ul>
  39. 50. Greek Wine Classifications <ul><li>OPAP = Appellation of Origin of High Quality (dry wines) </li></ul><ul><li>OPE = Controlled Appellation of Origin </li></ul><ul><li>(sweet wines) </li></ul><ul><li>Topikos Oinos (Regional Wines) </li></ul><ul><li>Table Wines </li></ul>
  40. 52. Next quiz: Monday October 20 <ul><li>Topics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alsace (France) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Austria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Italy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+ Wine Ratings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good Luck! </li></ul></ul>
  41. 54. Aromas/flavors <ul><li>Berries: strawberry, raspberry, cherry </li></ul><ul><li>Aged fruit: prunes, rasisins, dried cherries </li></ul><ul><li>Wood: oak, cedar, vanilla, char/toast </li></ul><ul><li>Forest floor: twigs, eucalyptus, earthiness </li></ul><ul><li>Caramel, spices, smoky/campfire </li></ul><ul><li>Leather, tar, tobacco, Worcestershire sauce </li></ul>
  42. 55. Wine: ________________________________________________ Price: _________ 1 = dislike _______ 2 = like _______ 3 = love ______ Description of Nose/Aroma _________________________________________________________________ Aroma intensity: barely perceptible_____ expressive ______concentrated/complex _____ On the Palate ACIDS soft _____ crisp _____ high/strong ______ TANNINS soft _____ medium ______ intense ______ SWEETNESS needs more ____ just right _____ noticeable _____ cloying/sticky______ OAK PRESENCE none _____ light _____ medium ______ heavy ______ BODY/WEIGHT light _____ medium _____ full ____ FINISH/PERSISTENCE ______ short ______ medium _______ lengthy Purchasing criteria Do not buy at any price_______ Buy only if &quot;priced right&quot;______ Buy at current price______ Buy a case! Great price/value ratio______ Buy for special occasions______ Buy only as collector/showcase item _______
  43. 57. Wine: ________________________________________________ Price: _________ 1 = dislike _______ 2 = like _______ 3 = love ______ Description of Nose/Aroma _________________________________________________________________ Aroma intensity: barely perceptible_____ expressive ______concentrated/complex _____ On the Palate ACIDS soft _____ crisp _____ high/strong ______ TANNINS soft _____ medium ______ intense ______ SWEETNESS needs more ____ just right _____ noticeable _____ cloying/sticky______ OAK PRESENCE none _____ light _____ medium ______ heavy ______ BODY/WEIGHT light _____ medium _____ full ____ FINISH/PERSISTENCE ______ short ______ medium _______ lengthy Purchasing criteria Do not buy at any price_______ Buy only if &quot;priced right&quot;______ Buy at current price______ Buy a case! Great price/value ratio______ Buy for special occasions______ Buy only as collector/showcase item _______
  44. 59. Wine: ________________________________________________ Price: _________ 1 = dislike _______ 2 = like _______ 3 = love ______ Description of Nose/Aroma _________________________________________________________________ Aroma intensity: barely perceptible_____ expressive ______concentrated/complex _____ On the Palate ACIDS soft _____ crisp _____ high/strong ______ TANNINS soft _____ medium ______ intense ______ SWEETNESS needs more ____ just right _____ noticeable _____ cloying/sticky______ OAK PRESENCE none _____ light _____ medium ______ heavy ______ BODY/WEIGHT light _____ medium _____ full ____ FINISH/PERSISTENCE ______ short ______ medium _______ lengthy Purchasing criteria Do not buy at any price_______ Buy only if &quot;priced right&quot;______ Buy at current price______ Buy a case! Great price/value ratio______ Buy for special occasions______ Buy only as collector/showcase item _______

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