Lecture is a teaching method consist of explanation of
facts, principles which the teacher wishes the class to
Teacher talks more or less continuously to class.
The class listen takes notes.
It is a great art.
Oxford Dictionary : Lecture method is talk
giving specified information to class or
long serious speech.
A lecture is an
oral presentation intended to present
information or teach people about a
Lecture is derived from Latin word Lectare
which means to read aloud.
Middle English, act of reading, from Late
Latin lectura, First Known Use: 15th century.
Types of Lecture
A. Traditional oral essay
The teacher is an orator and the only speaker.
B. Participatory Lecture
begins with learners brainstorming ideas on the
lecture topic on what they have read in preparation.
Types of Lecture Cont…
C. Feedback Lecture
Consists with mini lectures with 10-minute small
opportunity to manipulate the lecture content.
D. Mediated Lecture
Use of media such as films, slides, Web-based
Purposes of Lecturing
Lectures can be an efficient means of introducing learners a new
It helps to clarify the concept
It can be used to stimulate students’ interest in a subject .
It can also be used to inspire people.
To integrate and synthesize a large body of knowledge. (Parker,
“The lecture is valuable where knowledge is advancing and up-
to-date textbooks are not available.” (Jones,1990)
It is an appropriate method making available for large group.
• Principle of aim.
• Principle of activity.
• Principle of co-relation.
• Principle of looking ahead.
• Good lecture effective preparation.
Advantages of the
1. It is economical in terms of student time.
A great deal of information can be communicated in
a one hour lecture.
More relevant information can be taught to a
2. The lecturer can supplement a textbook by enhancing
a topic and making it come to life.
Advantages of the Lecture Method
3.The teacher serves as a role model for students.
4. Lectures bring enjoyment to the learners.
5. It helps students develop their
Disadvantages of the Lecture Method
1. It lends itself to the teaching of the facts while
placing little emphasis on problem solving, decision
making, analytical thinking, or transfer of learning.
2. Lecturing is not conducive to meeting students’
3. Lecturing brings with it the problem of limited
attention span on the part of the learners.
4. Time consuming.
Technique of the Lecture
1. Control your anxiety.
An effective control mechanism is imaging.
Avoid reading to the class.
Do not write your lecture out in full sentences.
Rehearse the delivery at home.
Technique of the Lecture
3. Voice quality
Beware of lecturing in monotone.
4. Body language
Do not stand glued to the podium.
Use your hand for emphasis but not too much.
Be aware of your body language.
Maintain eye contact.
Technique of the Lecture Cont…
4. Speed of delivery
Affects both the learner’s comprehension and enjoyment
of the material.
5. Elicit feedback from student
To know how much student has received knowledge.
6. Time Management
Lecture should finish on time.
If it exceed gives tension to teacher and damages content.