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JOURNALISM
BY:- FIROZ QURESHI
DEPT. PSYCHIATRIC NURSING
JOURNALISM
• Journalism is gathering, processing and
dissemination of news and information related to
the news to an audie...
Cont….
• In modern society, the news media is the chief
purveyor of information and opinion about
public affairs. Journali...
Cont…
• In a democratic society, however, access to
free information plays a central role in
creating a system of checks a...
Cont…
• The role and status of journalism, along with
that of the mass media, has undergone
profound changes over the last...
DEFINITION:
Journalism is the activity of gathering,
assessing, creating, and presenting news and
information.
PURPOSE:
• The purpose of journalism is that to
provide citizens with the information they
need to make the best possible ...
PRINCIPLES OF JOURNALISM:
The following core principles of
Journalism:-
Cont…
1. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth:
Democracy depends on citizens having reliable,
accurate facts put ...
cont,…
2. Its first loyalty is to citizens:
• While news organizations answer to many
constituencies, including advertiser...
Cont…
3. Its essence is a discipline of verification:
• Journalists rely on a professional discipline for
verifying inform...
Cont…
4. Its practitioners must maintain an
independence from those they cover:
• Independence is an underlying requiremen...
Cont….
5. It must serve as an independent monitor of
power:
• Journalism has an unusual capacity to serve as
watchdog over...
Cont….
6. It must provide a forum for public criticism
and compromise:
• The news media are the common carriers of
public ...
Cont….
7. It must strive to make the significant
interesting and relevant:
• It should do more than gather an audience or
...
Cont….
8. It must keep the news comprehensive and
proportional:
• Keeping news in proportion and not leaving
important thi...
•MASS MEDIA
Cont….
• Mass media is a term used to denote a section of
the media specially envisioned and designed to
reach a very larg...
PURPOSES OF MEDIA
• Mass media can be used for various purposes;
• Advocacy, both for business and social concerns.
This c...
FUNCTIONS OF MASS MEDIA
• To inform
• To educate
• To entertain
• Consensus
• Using the media
NEGATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF
MASS MEDIA
• An ability to transmit implicit or hidden
knowledge.
• The manipulation of large ...
•FOLK MEDIA
Cont…
• Folk media is a genuine means of communication and a
true carrier culture amongst various people.
• It inspires pe...
TYPES OF FOLK MEDIA
• Tamasha
• keertana
• Yakshagana
• Nautanki
• Jatra
• Bhavai
• Therukoothu
• Rammlila and rashlila
• ...
TAMASHA-
• it is a commercial theatre like, widely popular
in Maharastra and inn other part of western
India. Female perfo...
KEERTANA(HARIKEERTAN)-
• it is a kind of monodrama, in which whole
presentation is operated or performed by single
actor. ...
YAKSHGANA-
• it is widely popular in Karnataka. It is
constituted basically on bhagabata, but
presented in addition with l...
• NAUTAKIN- it is most popular folk drama form,
can be seen in north india widely. It starts
with the presence of a ‘sutra...
JATRA-
• a popular folk drama that widely celebrated in east
and north-east india like,west Bengal,Orissa,Tripura
and assa...
BHAVAI-
• a stylized medieval dramatic form, bhavai is
extensively adored in gujrat. Basically it is
being operated initia...
• The program start with devotional song which
is dedicated to’amba’. The total programme
carries a lot of varieties like
...
• THERUKOOTHU- it is the most popular
traditional media of Tamilnadu.therukoothu
includes a combination of different puppe...
RAMMLILA AND RASHLILA-
• both of the programs, are widely adored and accepted
in rural society in India. Ramlila specifica...
• PUPPERTY- it is one of the most popular as
well as adored folk media that can attract the
children and adults equally. I...
ROLE OF FOLK MEDIA
• folk media play very important role on rural
citizen. The rural people are mostly illiterate,
simple ...
• As the major messages in folk media, are
delivered in the form of entertainment ,to the
audiences, who have no experienc...
ROLE OF FOLK MEDIA IN SOCIAL
CHANGE-
• In bringing change to the rural society, folk
media perform what, is conceded signi...
• As have wider flexibility, the folk medium, can
include any facts or event for delivering the same
through their present...
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
Journalism
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Journalism

  1. 1. JOURNALISM BY:- FIROZ QURESHI DEPT. PSYCHIATRIC NURSING
  2. 2. JOURNALISM • Journalism is gathering, processing and dissemination of news and information related to the news to an audience. The word applies to both the method of inquiring for news and the literary style which is used to disseminate it. • The media through which journalism is conducted vary diversely to include content published via newspapers and magazines (print), television and radio, and their digital versions published through digital media- news websites and applications.
  3. 3. Cont…. • In modern society, the news media is the chief purveyor of information and opinion about public affairs. Journalism, however, is not always confined to the news media or to news itself, as journalistic communication may find its way into broader forms of expression, including literature and cinema.
  4. 4. Cont… • In a democratic society, however, access to free information plays a central role in creating a system of checks and balance, and in distributing power equally amongst governments, businesses individuals and other media sources, which adhere to journalistic standards, can also be service to ordinary citizens, by empowering them with the tools.
  5. 5. Cont… • The role and status of journalism, along with that of the mass media, has undergone profound changes over the last two decades with the advance digital technology and publication of news on the internet.
  6. 6. DEFINITION: Journalism is the activity of gathering, assessing, creating, and presenting news and information.
  7. 7. PURPOSE: • The purpose of journalism is that to provide citizens with the information they need to make the best possible decisions about their lives, their communities, their societies, and their governments.
  8. 8. PRINCIPLES OF JOURNALISM: The following core principles of Journalism:-
  9. 9. Cont… 1. Journalism’s first obligation is to the truth: Democracy depends on citizens having reliable, accurate facts put in a meaningful context. Journalism does not pursue truth in an absolute or philosophical sense, but it can and must pursue it is a practical sense. This ‘journalistic truth’ is a process that begins with the professional discipline of assembling and verifying facts. Then Journalists try to convey a fair and reliable account of their meaning, valid for now, subject to further investigation.
  10. 10. cont,… 2. Its first loyalty is to citizens: • While news organizations answer to many constituencies, including advertisers and shareholders, the Journalists in those organizations must maintain allegiance to citizens and the larger public interest above any other if they are to provide the news without fear or favor.
  11. 11. Cont… 3. Its essence is a discipline of verification: • Journalists rely on a professional discipline for verifying information. When the concept of objectivity originally evolved, it did not imply that Journalists are free of bias. It called, rather, for a consistent method of testing information- a transparent approach to evidence- precisely so that personal and cultural biases would not undermine the accuracy of their work.
  12. 12. Cont… 4. Its practitioners must maintain an independence from those they cover: • Independence is an underlying requirement journalism, a cornerstone of its reliability. Independence of spirit and mind, rather than neutrality, is the principle journalists must keep in focus.
  13. 13. Cont…. 5. It must serve as an independent monitor of power: • Journalism has an unusual capacity to serve as watchdog over those whose power and position most affect citizens.
  14. 14. Cont…. 6. It must provide a forum for public criticism and compromise: • The news media are the common carriers of public discussion, and this responsibility forms a basis for our special privileges. This discussion serves society best when it is informed by facts rather than prejudice and supposition.
  15. 15. Cont…. 7. It must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant: • It should do more than gather an audience or catalogue the important.it must strive to make the significant interesting and relevant.journalist must continually ask what information has most value to citizens and in what form.
  16. 16. Cont…. 8. It must keep the news comprehensive and proportional: • Keeping news in proportion and not leaving important things out are also cornerstones of truthfulness.journalism is a form of cartography: it creats a map for citizens to navigate society.
  17. 17. •MASS MEDIA
  18. 18. Cont…. • Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specially envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. • It was coined in the 1920s with the advent of nationwide radio networks, mass circulation newspapers and magazines. • Although mass media ( like books and manuscripts) were present centuries before the term became common.
  19. 19. PURPOSES OF MEDIA • Mass media can be used for various purposes; • Advocacy, both for business and social concerns. This can include advertising, marketing, propaganda,public relations and political communication. • Enrichment and education. • Entertainment, traditionally through performances of acting, music, and sports, along with light reading; since the late 20^th century also through video and computer games. • Public service announcements.
  20. 20. FUNCTIONS OF MASS MEDIA • To inform • To educate • To entertain • Consensus • Using the media
  21. 21. NEGATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF MASS MEDIA • An ability to transmit implicit or hidden knowledge. • The manipulation of large groups of people through media outlets, for the benefit of a particular interest party and/or group of people. • Bias, political or otherwise, towards favoring a certain individual, outcome or resolution of an event.
  22. 22. •FOLK MEDIA
  23. 23. Cont… • Folk media is a genuine means of communication and a true carrier culture amongst various people. • It inspires people to perceive the message or information more effectively • Traditional folk forms in India can be effectively utilized for social developmental communication. • It is also called traditional media or basic media or community media. • It is face to face communication process and very effective as audience have direct interaction with medium or communicator.
  24. 24. TYPES OF FOLK MEDIA • Tamasha • keertana • Yakshagana • Nautanki • Jatra • Bhavai • Therukoothu • Rammlila and rashlila • Puppetry
  25. 25. TAMASHA- • it is a commercial theatre like, widely popular in Maharastra and inn other part of western India. Female performer carries on the programme of singing ‘on demand’ as proposed by the patrons among the audiences. Such programme does not convey any message on religion or morals of life or social values. Only ‘Dholki- baris’, is a refined form of ‘Tamasha’, delivers such effective messages.
  26. 26. KEERTANA(HARIKEERTAN)- • it is a kind of monodrama, in which whole presentation is operated or performed by single actor. Such a single actor enter into topic, by acting different character lying in it. Here one actor performs various roles simultaneously, at a time to tell the stories of all character. The uniqueness of keertana is that a single person carries the entire programme by holding charm of the programas well. Such harikeertana is widely popular in many state in india like maharastra,Karnataka,Bengal etc.
  27. 27. YAKSHGANA- • it is widely popular in Karnataka. It is constituted basically on bhagabata, but presented in addition with local flavor,as to produce extra charm into it. Here, narrator sings and explains then the theme to the audiences.it is a mass medium for educating as well as entertaining the people as well.
  28. 28. • NAUTAKIN- it is most popular folk drama form, can be seen in north india widely. It starts with the presence of a ‘sutradhar’ who is narrator of the story,that taken from ancient epic or historical events. A small group or unit, take part in such drama’nautakin’,as to perform other roles pertaining to the story chosen for this purpose. It renders messages through its presentation is, both educative and entertaining as well.
  29. 29. JATRA- • a popular folk drama that widely celebrated in east and north-east india like,west Bengal,Orissa,Tripura and assam. It is an organized teamwork and well set up groups or units, who are professionally engaged for better presentation to the audiences, as to move forward this social and cultural form of folk media. In an well set up stage outfit, equipped by light and sound system, the whole programme creats an environment of charming and attractive moods for the audiences. It goes through a choosen story, taken from history, ancient epic, social or political matter, which is well written by script writer.jatra is really aducative as well as an entertain form of rural folk media.
  30. 30. BHAVAI- • a stylized medieval dramatic form, bhavai is extensively adored in gujrat. Basically it is being operated initially, by Ranglo’ and Naik followed by other characters. Ranglo is consider to be a ‘stock charater’ and jester at the samerime.naik, is a sutradher who delivers the dialogoes abundantly in attractive style.
  31. 31. • The program start with devotional song which is dedicated to’amba’. The total programme carries a lot of varieties like dialosongs,music,songs, dances and acrobatics, that can not signify its excellence or improved quality rather than individual uniqueness.
  32. 32. • THERUKOOTHU- it is the most popular traditional media of Tamilnadu.therukoothu includes a combination of different puppetry like, puravi attam, nizhal attam,kazhai koothu. It is a charming street theatre, composed in accordance with the music, drama and dance of classical flavoured.
  33. 33. RAMMLILA AND RASHLILA- • both of the programs, are widely adored and accepted in rural society in India. Ramlila specifically, celebrated in northern India. It presents, a series of stories on lord Rama. It includes the stories, starting from the birth of prince Rama, childhood of Rama,sworn in as the king of Ayoddhya, marriage with Sita and so on, a long lasted dramatic play, that can attract and entertain so many viewers easily. Raslila, on the other hand, is also, could be seen to be celebrated widely in northern state of India, Maharastra, Kerala and in other places in our country. Rashlila is an enchanting play that presents the stories all about the relative matters between lord Krishna and Radha.
  34. 34. • PUPPERTY- it is one of the most popular as well as adored folk media that can attract the children and adults equally. In India, puppetry can be seen in four types .it is widely seen in Orissa, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and west Bengal. There are 4 types of puppetry.Sutradharika, Rod puppetry, Shadow puppetry and Hand puppetry.
  35. 35. ROLE OF FOLK MEDIA • folk media play very important role on rural citizen. The rural people are mostly illiterate, simple and ignorant as well, and this is why ‘folk media ‘have come to be very suitable to them all. As the messages all, delivered by the folk media, are easy and understandable as well, so, the villager can enjoy and understand programme .folk media carry a diverse messages of education, political, social and healthcare and agricultural innovation as to inform rural citizen.
  36. 36. • As the major messages in folk media, are delivered in the form of entertainment ,to the audiences, who have no experience or any tastes for ither type of entertainment at all like other urban citizen,tend come to closer with such easily available rural media of interest and themselves stick to its presented programmes all with greater emphasis of rural people ,has been mostly utilized by the folk media ,through their presentation of varied program,that contribute to the development of rural sector.
  37. 37. ROLE OF FOLK MEDIA IN SOCIAL CHANGE- • In bringing change to the rural society, folk media perform what, is conceded significantly. It can act as the mover of ‘rural education and culture’ in one hand, and act as the ‘surveillant’ of the rural society on the other hand. The folk media possess wider flexibility that determines the viability of this medium for rural communication..
  38. 38. • As have wider flexibility, the folk medium, can include any facts or event for delivering the same through their presentation, to the audience immediately. The other medium of mass communication, have no such opportunity or way to execute the same. Such interactive part done satisfactorily, can command a successful communication which may lead in developing the rural society with the utilization of rendered ideas and thoughts as available from it.

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