[Metropolia Student Project Seminar 24.5.] Innovative Building Materials


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[Metropolia Student Project Seminar 24.5.] Innovative Building Materials

  1. 1. Innovative Building Materials: A Report on Oriented Strand Board, Plywood &Similars, CO2 Absorbing Concrete, and Reactive Powder Concrete Mikhail Shandalovich Zachary Hawkins Deniz Löktas Peteris Putelis
  2. 2. Sustainable development is development that meets the needs ofthe present without compromising the ability of future generationsto meet their own needs.
  3. 3. A sustainable material meets the needs of this generation, withoutcompromising the ability of the next generation to repurpose or recyclethat material to meet their own needs. Does your material cost less to produce than standard materails? Yes NO Does your material perfom on a scale that is Does your material out perform existing better than its percentage of existing materials marterials on a scale equal to its cost cost increase? Yes No Yes No
  4. 4. Innovative Materials Oriented Strand Board Plywood and it’s Simalars CO2 Absorbing Concrete Reactive Powder Concrete
  5. 5. Oriented Strand Board
  6. 6. Oriented Strand Board OSB is an engineered wood product formed by layering strands (chips) of wood in specific orientations. Created in Canada in the late 1970s, OSB is a result of waffle board development. http://image.made-in-china.com/2f0j00HBvQptWavMzj/OSB- Board-1.jpg
  7. 7. Production Layers are laid down sequentially: longitudinal, transverse and longitudinal.Adhesive resin is sprayedwith a rotating disks. http://www.cambridge-biopolymers.com/images/OSB%20and%20resin.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/71/OSB_production.jpg
  8. 8. Classification: - OSB1 - OSB2 - OSB3 - OSB4Materials:- Pine wood (originally)- White birch- Maple- Amber wood- Rubber tree- Eucalyptus http://i00.i.aliimg.com/img/pb/805/275/245/1272427387103_hz_fileserver3_1952093
  9. 9. Implementation Why to use OSB in construction? - No shrinkage - No design restrictions - Lower price - Expedited construction SustainabilityOSB recycles woodenproduction waste material:chips and other woodenparticles.
  10. 10. PLYWOOD and Similars
  11. 11. PLYWOOD and similars Plywood is a wood product which is made of layers parallel to each other with 0 or 90  degrees angle. It is possible to be covered by any other material. Photos by Deniz Löktas 2012
  12. 12. Any thickness and extra material layer.Any color is possible. Photos by Deniz Löktas 2012
  13. 13. InterviewsLars Ostenfeld Eric Pollock - Jouni KalliomäkiRiemann - METROPOLIA - METROPOLIARAMBOLL Photos by Deniz Löktas 2012
  14. 14. InnovationWood materials have been started to beconsidered as materials to make buildings withseismic strength.For this purpose, a 7 storey wooden buildingwas tested in Japan against earthquake, in2007 by Italian Professor Ario Ceccotti,University of Venice, Civil EngineeringDepartment.There are similar researches made in USA byNational Science Foundation, under the name Prof. Ario Ceccottiof NEESWood Project. www.dolomitipro.it/foto/anteprima/prof_ario_ceccotti_cnrivalsa,17.jpg
  15. 15. X-LAM Test by Prof.Ario Ceccotti, University of Venice Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T08KRyVhyeo
  16. 16. CO2 Absorbing Concrete
  17. 17. Supplementary cementing materials Fly ash Blast-furnace slag Silica fume
  18. 18. Benefits Buildings are more energy efficient Concrete absorbs CO2 throughout its lifetime Concrete incorporates recycled industrial byproducts
  19. 19. Reactive PowderConcrete
  20. 20. Steel fibers .2mm in diameter and 11-15 mm in length Silica Fume seen under a microscope Sand .1-.2 mm in diameterhttp://www.alibaba.com/product-gs/437429074/2850Mpa_Micro_steel_fiber_manufacturer_.html http://www.freefoto.com/preview/904-34-3088/Sand-Texture http://www.concrete.elkem.com/dav/2c7d946881.pdf
  21. 21. http://www.branz.co.nz/cms_show_download.php?id=58b96f3b1316d9c1a8c0aea4259a02d5f9497fa7
  22. 22. http://www.ductal-lafarge.com/wps/portal/ductal/2_3_1-Detail?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/wps/wcm/connectlib_ductal/Site_ductal/English_version/Page.Navigation.Structural.Footbridges/KeyProjectDuctal%20Page/KeyProjectDuctal_1278712507168&Rdt=On
  23. 23. ThankYou