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FIWARE Global Summit - Introduction to LoRa Alliance and Technology

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Presentation by Richard Stamvik (Multitech) and Rémi Demerlé (SemTech)

FIWARE Global Summit
8-9 May, 2018
Porto, Portugal

Published in: Technology
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FIWARE Global Summit - Introduction to LoRa Alliance and Technology

  1. 1. Introduction to LoRa Alliance and technology FIWARE SUMMIT May 8th, 2018 in Porto
  2. 2. 2 LPWAN MARKET: COMPLEMENTARY TECHNOLOGIES FOR WIDE VARIETY OF MARKET APPLICATIONS Image Credit: MultiTech CONNECTED DEVICES: ACCESS LAN Short Range Communicating Devices CELLULAR Long Range w/ Power Traditional M2M LOW POWER WAN Long Range w/ Battery Internet of Objects 3G+/H+ 4G Well established standards Good for: Mobile, In-home, Short range Not good for: Battery life, Long range Good for: Long range, High data-rate, Coverage Not good for: Battery Life Well established standards Good for: Long range, Long battery, Low cost Not good for: High data-rate Emerging PHY standards
  3. 3. 3 LPWAN Market Update LoRaWAN™ is demonstrating its readiness across multiple vertical markets LoRaWAN market is maturing from the sensor up with the magic combination of sensors that are: Growth in quantity of easily deployable, complete solutions for specific verticals LONG LIFE AVAILABLE IN VOLUMES COST EFFECTIVE GLOBAL REACH OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE DEPLOYMENT MODELS MULTI-PURPOSE OR USE-CASE SPECIFIC OPPORTUNITIES TO ENABLE NEW ROAMING MODELS
  4. 4. 4LPWAN Techology Stack Leveraging LoRa® and LoRaWAN™ • LoRaWAN™ is an open networking protocol that delivers secure bi-directional communication, mobility and localization services • LoRa® is the physical (PHY) layer or the wireless modulation used to create the long-range communication link LoRa® is a registered trademark of Semtech corporation.
  5. 5. LoRa Benefits for the internet of things
  6. 6. 50 kbit/s KEY PRINCIPLE ENABLED WITH LORA: VARIABLE BITRATE TO OPTIMIZE SENSITIVITY AND TIME ON AIR Low rate Fast rate The slower the transmission is, The better the sensitivity and penetration in building can be. RANGE ENERGY « SF12, 11, 10» The faster I can transmit, then the lower energy I consume, and the longer the battery life will be. « SF 5, 6 ,7, FSK» Different datarate « Spreading factor » SMART CAPACITY Several km range in line of sight on outdoor Hard to reach endpoints in deep indoor A few km range Long battery autonomy Indoor/Outdoor 300 bit/s Source: Semtech
  7. 7. Adaptive Data Rate (ADR) Energy / Tim e on air Bitrate SF12 11 10 9 8 7 14km 10km 8km 6km 4km 290bps 530 970 Avg bitrate ~1300bps 2D simulation (flat environment) Source: Semtech
  8. 8. LoRaWAN supports 3 communication classes for the end node 5/14/18 « ALL » « BEACON » « CONTINUOUS » Use case examples: Smart bin – Smart water meter Reports status/index a few times per day. Few uplinks and downlinks for extremely low energy Temperature sensor - smart meter with valve Reports frequent levels of moisture, temperature,etc. Turns valves on or off with some latency. Few uplinks and downlinks per day. Street Lighting For remote monitoring and actuation, plus reports for maintenance and status a few times per day. Constantly listens for network command with low latency actuation. Source: Semtech
  9. 9. 9LoRaWAN™ Network Architecture for LPWANs
  10. 10. 10 Why the LoRa Alliance™ & LoRaWAN™ Protocol? Key Benefits • Based on Open Standards – Future Proof • Openly available specification • Large Open Ecosystem “from Silicon to Solutions” • Open global certification program • “Open for Business”
  11. 11. LoRaWAN™ IoT Ecosystem –– Multi-Source Value Chain Silicon to Solutions 11
  12. 12. LoRaWAN™ NETWORKS 12 80 Network Operators 54 Alliance Members Operating in 45 Countries ~100 Countries with LoRaWAN Deployments
  13. 13. 132017 LoRa Alliance Key Facts & Figures
  14. 14. Fastest-Growing Global Technology Alliance 14
  15. 15. 15LoRaWAN™ Protocol: Unique & Sustainable Differences SECURITY DEVICE UNIQUE NETWORK APPLICATION COVERAGE SCALABLE BI-DIRECTIONAL BROADCAST ENERGY EFFICIENCY COIN-CELL BATTERIES ENERGY HARVESTING DEVICE CLASSES GEOLOCATION INCREASE VALUE NETWORK-DRIVEN INDOOR/OUTDOOR DEPLOYMENT OPTIONS PUBLIC OR PRIVATE NETWORKS EASE OF SETUP FUTURE PROOF OPEN STANDARD FIRMWARE UPDATES OVER THE AIR
  16. 16. 16 Focused on end-user adoption Technology is market-ready • Alliance has a strong track record of membership growth • Now, we’re leveraging our broad ecosystem to showcase LoRaWAN o Accessibility o Availability o Easy of Use o Real-world Readiness • Wide range of end-to-end solutions are deployed and in development, as all key infrastructure pieces are proven across a variety of counties
  17. 17. • Confidence & Reliability • End-user reassurance that the device works as intended • Reduced support costs • Prevent product failure “later,” when more expensive to repair • Marketing • Mark of quality and supported by promotional activity • Cost impact on operations • Poor device performance increases number of gateways needed BENEFITS OF LoRaWAN™ CERTIFICATION & RF Performance Testing 17 Why Certifying is So Valuable:
  18. 18. 18Millions of LoRaWAN™ Devices • Large member ecosystem actively developing LoRaWAN products • Products deployed in wide range of vertical markets • Products leverage global LoRaWAN network coverage • Real solutions being delivered now across a wide range of use cases
  19. 19. 19Geolocation: differentiating feature of LoRaWAN Comparison of Geolocation Technologies LoRaWAN TDOA/RSSI Lowest cost solution Works natively with any LoRaWAN sensor LoRaWAN enables long battery life use cases TDOA: 20-200m accuracy range depending on conditions RSSI: 1000-2000m accuracy Wi-Fi Location Cost efficient solution for outdoor and indoor solution Accuracy increases with hotspot density BLE Requires a BLE beaconing system Indoor solution GPS/AGPS 1 GPS adds $5-$10 to the BOM Most accurate but power consuming solution AGPS brings battery consumption improvement GPS does not work indoors Image credit: LoRa Alliance Geolocation Whitepaper, Jan. 2018
  20. 20. 20No Limit to What We Can Achieve! Orange is pausing its NB-IoT plans amid an immature ecosystem and better options with LTE-M and LoRaWAN technology, Mobile Europe can reveal.
  21. 21. 21LoRaWAN updates LoRaWAN™ Specification v1.1 https://lora-alliance.org/resource-hub/lorawantm-specification-v11 LoRaWAN™ Regional Parameters v1.1rB https://lora-alliance.org/resource-hub/lorawantm-regional- parameters-v11rb LoRaWAN™ Certification https://lora-alliance.org/lorawan-certification LoRa Alliance Geolocation Whitepaper https://lora-alliance.org/resource-hub/lora-alliance-geolocation- whitepaper
  22. 22. 22LoRaWAN stack • LoRaWAN specification defined by the LoRa Alliance • Open source stack for ARM Cortex-M MCUs • Portable to other MCU or CPU architectures, recently added support for MCHP / Atmel SAML21 • Option 1: GitHub • https://github.com/Lora-net/LoRaMac-node (Master & develop branches) • http://stackforce.github.io/LoRaMac-doc/ (Documentation) • Option 2: ARM mbed • https://developer.mbed.org/teams/Semtech/code/ • Many sample applications on mbed™ platform
  23. 23. THANK YOU 23
  24. 24. Business Models to Connect Assets Unlicensed Good for: • Low OPEX or Low CAPEX • Business model flexibility • Power consumption • Deep rural locations • Mobility (LoRaWAN 1.1) • Technology migration mitigation • Security (esp. LoRaWAN 1.1) • Cost - TCO Not good for: • QoS • Latency • Higher data rates within LPWA Licensed Good for: • QoS • Latency • Mission critical use cases • Lower CapEx • Mobility (LTE Cat M1) • Voice & IMS Services (Cat-M1) • Security – VPNs & Firewalls • Power consumption (NB-IoT) Not good for: • Low OPEX • Many sensors in a LAN • Mobility (NB-IoT) | Proprietary & Confidential | © 2018 Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 24
  25. 25. Types of Networks Public Subscription Based Just like a cell phone Well-established network providers Good for: • Low CapEX • Mobility • Speed of deployment Not good for: • Low OpEx • Network Management Private Single Site-based Easy to Deploy Targeted data and/or geographical needs Good for: • Low OpEx • Data Protection • Speed of deployment Not good for: • Low CapEx • Network Management Enterprise Owner Operated Mission-Critical System Well established companies Good for: • Low OpEx • Data Protection • Network Management Not good for: • Low CapEx • Speed of deployment Lower Capital Expense Higher Capital Expense © 2018 Multi-Tech Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. 25

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