The Human Right to Adequate Housing in the 27 Member States of the European Union––A Discourse Analysis

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A presentation given by Michael Kolocek, DE at a FEANTSA Research Conference on "Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe", York, September 2012

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The Human Right to Adequate Housing in the 27 Member States of the European Union––A Discourse Analysis

  1. 1. Insert your logo here The human right to adequate housing in the 27 Member States of the European Union – A discourse analysis Michael Kolocek, TU Dortmund, Germany michael.kolocek@udo.edu www.floorgroup.de European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  2. 2. Research project FLOOR A: Social Rights – Towards a Global Human Right to a Civic Minimum (Ulrike Davy, law, Bielefeld) FLOOR B: Social Cash Transfers – The Global Construction and Diffusion of the Right to a Monetary Minimum (Lutz Leisering, sociology, Bielefeld) FLOOR C: Socio-ecological Land Policy (Benjamin Davy, law, spatial planning, Dortmund) European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  3. 3. Research project FLOOR A: Social Rights – Towards a Global Human Right to a Civic Minimum (Ulrike Davy, law, Bielefeld) FLOOR B: Social Cash Transfers – The Global Construction and Diffusion of the Right to a Monetary Minimum (Lutz Leisering, sociology, Bielefeld) FLOOR C: Socio-ecological Land Policy (Benjamin Davy, law, spatial planning, Dortmund) European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  4. 4. PhD research Land Policy and the Global Social Floor to Housing European Research ConferenceAccess to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  5. 5. Human Right to Housing Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)International Covenant International Covenant on Civil and Political on Economic, Social and Rights (1966) Cultural Rights (1966) European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  6. 6. Human Right to Housing Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)International Covenant International Covenant on Civil and Political on Economic, Social and Rights (1966) Cultural Rights (1966) European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  7. 7. International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 160 Member States including the 27 EU Member States Housing is part of the right to an adequate standard of living (Article 11, ICESCR) Reporting system  Each Member State has to submit a report every five years to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights  470 States Parties reports as research data for a global discourse analysis  141 States Parties reports from the 27 EU Member States European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  8. 8. Research questions How do the 27 EU Member States respond to the right to adequate housing in their ICESCR States Parties reports?  What are the mentioned causes of and measures to respond to homelessness?  Which players are, from the perspective of the 27 EU Member States, responsible to respond to homelessness?  What are the main differences by responding to inadequate housing of the 27 EU ICESCR Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States? European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  9. 9. The social floor to housing Inadequate Housing Informal, illegal, irregular SettlementsHomelessness SPIH Squatters Emergency Shelters »Inadequate Slums Shelter« SPaces of Inadequate Housing European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  10. 10. Research questions How do the 27 EU Member States respond to the right to adequate housing in their ICESCR States Parties reports?  What are the mentioned causes of and measures to respond to homelessness?  Which players are, from the perspective of the 27 EU Member States, responsible to respond to homelessness?  What are the main differences by responding to inadequate housing of the 27 EU ICESCR Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States? European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  11. 11. European Research ConferenceAccess to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  12. 12. Research questions How do the 27 EU Member States respond to the right to adequate housing in their ICESCR States Parties reports?  What are the mentioned causes of and measures to respond to homelessness?  Which players are, from the perspective of the 27 EU Member States, responsible to respond to homelessness?  What are the main differences by responding to inadequate housing of the 27 EU ICESCR Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States? European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  13. 13. Mentioned causes of homelessness Individual Causes  Financial problems, economic debts, drug or alcohol abuse, health problems, psycho-sociological elements Structural Causes  Situation on housing market, housing crisis, expensive costs of living, unemployment Family and relationship breakdown  Domestic violence, separation, divorce, family breakdowns, eviction from home Other Causes  Turkish invasion in Cyprus, environmental disasters, accidents (fire) European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  14. 14. Mentioned measures to respond to homelessness Social support  Integration into society, health care programmes, nutrition programmes, drug rehabilitation Spatial measures  Small homes programmes, night shelters, temporary shelters, renovation, repair and improvement, reconstruction Financial measures  Assistance with living costs, credits, donations, housing subsidies, low cost housing Other measures  Field studies, research, street magazines Prevention  Often not specified and combined with one or more of the four categories above European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  15. 15. Research questions How do the 27 EU Member States respond to the right to adequate housing in their ICESCR States Parties reports?  What are the mentioned causes of and measures to respond to homelessness?  Which players are, from the perspective of the 27 EU Member States, responsible to respond to homelessness?  What are the main differences by responding to inadequate housing of the 27 EU ICESCR Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States? European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  16. 16. Many players respond to homelessnessthe government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–realestate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical information–different complex players European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  17. 17. Governmental NGO+ Market Othersthe government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–realestate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical information–different complex players European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  18. 18. Governmental NGO+ Market Othersthe government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–realestate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical information–different complex players European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  19. 19. Governmental NGO+ Market Othersthe government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–realestate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical information–different complex players European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  20. 20. Governmental NGO+ Market Otherthe government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–realestate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical information–different complex players European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  21. 21. Players responding to homelessness the government–non governmental organizations–private building sector–society–ministry of education and culture–friends or relatives–burgomasters–the bank–families–Maltese Charity 20% Services–authorities–the church–non profit associations– municipalities–European Union–media–Medicines du Monde– autonomous communities–private building industries–soup 60% kitchens–ministry of labour and social affairs–private owners–the 4% Länder–business associations–experts–religious institutions–self help (homeless people)–national housing institute–local authorities– development land cooperation–charitable associations–working 16% groups–welfare organizations–the parliamentary ombudsman–real estate management–youth institute–mobile medical service–national council for statistical informationGovernmental NGO+ Market Others N = 421 Quotations in 141 ICESCR States Parties reports European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  22. 22. Research questions How do the 27 EU Member States respond to the right to adequate housing in their ICESCR States Parties reports?  What are the mentioned causes of and measures to respond to homelessness?  Which players are, from the perspective of the 27 EU Member States, responsible to respond to homelessness?  What are the main differences by responding to inadequate housing of the 27 EU ICESCR Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States? European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  23. 23. Differences of EU Member States to Latin American and African ICESCR Member States More attention to homelessness than to SPIH Other forms of SPIH Boundaries between SPIH and homelessness blur Less attention to street children Greater focus on spatial measures and statistical information Global players do not play a very important role by responding to inadequate housing European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention! Michael Kolocek, TU Dortmund, Germany michael.kolocek@udo.edu www.floorgroup.de European Research Conference Access to Housing for Homeless People in Europe York, 21st September 2012

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